Main Births etc
Zărnești
(German: Molkendorf, Zernescht
Hungarian: Zernest)
—  Town  —
View of Zărnești in winter

Coat of arms



Zărnești is located in Romania
Zărnești
Location of Zărnești in Romania



Zărnești is located in Braşov County
Zărnești
Location of Zărnești in Brașov County
Coordinates: 45°34′N 25°20′E / 45.567, 25.333
Country  Romania
County Brașov County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Dorel Valeriu Bârladeanu (SDP)
Area
 • Total 204.75 km2 (79.05 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 26,520
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website Website

Zărnești (German: Molkendorf, Zernescht; Hungarian: Zernest) is a town in Brașov County, Transylvania, Romania, with a population of 26,520. It administers one village, Tohanu Nou.

It is located near the Piatra Craiului Mountains, which are part of the Southern Carpathians mountains range. Its close proximity to the Piatra Craiului make it a common start point for tourists and hikers wishing to explore "The Piatra Craiului National Park".

History[edit | edit source]

During the Roman period, soldiers of the Legio XIII Gemina were buried in the territory that is modern day Zărnești. It is first mentioned in the year 1373 under the name Zârna and also referred to as "possessio regalis Zerne" in the year 1395. Other names that appeared after 1437 are Zerna, Villa Czerne, and Zernyest.

Modern day Zărnești developed in the same location as the historic one. The commune of Tohan, which is now part of the town, was first mentioned in the year 1294, and remains among the oldest settlements in Romanian which have kept their name and location unchanged.

In the year 1951, Zărnești was declared a town, of which Tohanul Vechi (Old Tohan) became a part of. In the year 1968, the commune of Tohanul Nou (New Tohan) was included in Zărnești proper.

Due to the topographical diversity of Zărneşti and surrounding area, agriculture became the primary occupation for its residents until not too long ago. Industrialization began sometime in the 1800s, with the construction of the paper manufacturing plant in 1852, then called Celuloza, now called Celohart - EcoPaper”[1]), and the weapons plant "6 Martie" in 1936. These projects turned Zărneşti from a predominantly rural to an urban town.

The town of Zărneşti developed largely in the communist era, bringing its population to 25,000 people, which contributed to the addition of a few neighborhoods of communist era blocs. After the [Romanian Revolution] of 1989, the plants closed, only to be sold piece by piece to private buyers.

Currently, Zărnești has enjoyed a spike in tourism, relieving some of the pressure of unemployment, which followed the ăă revolution. The tourism industry has promising prospects for the future of the town.

Notable people[edit | edit source]

Photo gallery[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. ^ "Celohart Zarnesti". Celohart Zărneşti. http://www.ecopaper.ro/main_ro.htm. Retrieved 24 August 2008. 

External links[edit | edit source]


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