|York County, Pennsylvania|
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
|Founded||August 19, 1749|
910 sq mi (2,357 km²)
904 sq mi (2,341 km²)
6 sq mi (16 km²), 0.64%
481/sq mi (185.8/km²)
York County was created on August 19, 1749, from part of Lancaster County and named either for the Duke of York, an early patron of the Penn family, or for the city and shire of York in England. Its county seat is the city of York.
Based on the Articles of Confederation having been adopted in York by the Second Continental Congress on November 15, 1777, the local government and business community began referring to York in the 1960s as the first capital of the United States of America. The designation has been debated by historians ever since. Congress considered York, and the borough of Wrightsville, on the eastern side of York County along the Susquehanna River, as a permanent capital of the United States before Washington, D.C. was selected.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Politics and government
- 4 Municipalities
- 5 Education
- 6 Notable residents
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Geography[edit | edit source]
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 910 square miles (2,358 km²), of which 904 square miles (2,343 km²) is land and 6 square miles (15 km²) (0.64%) is water. The county is bound to its eastern border by the Susquehanna River. Its southern border is the Mason-Dixon Line, which separates Pennsylvania and Maryland.
Adjacent counties[edit | edit source]
Demographics[edit | edit source]
As of the census of 2000, there were 381,751 people, 148,219 households, and 105,531 families residing in the county. The population density was 422 people per square mile (163/km²). There were 156,720 housing units at an average density of 173 per square mile (67/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.76% White, 3.69% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.39% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.96% of the population. 42.0% were of German, 12.6% American, 7.7% Irish, 6.4% English and 5.1% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.8% spoke English and 2.9% Spanish as their first language.
There were 148,219 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 23.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males.
The York-Hanover Metropolitan Statistical Area is the fastest-growing metro area in the Northeast region, and is ranked nationally among the fastest-growing in the nation, according to the "2006 Population Estimates for Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas" (U.S. Census Bureau). The estimates listed York-Hanover as the 95th fastest-growing metro area in the nation, increasing 9.1 percent between 2000 and 2006.
York County is home to Martin's Potato Chips in Thomasville, Utz Quality Foods, Inc. in Hanover, Snyder's of Hanover in Hanover, Gibble's Potato Chips in York, Wolfgang Candy in York, The Bon-Ton in York, Dentsply in York, and a major manufacturing branch of Harley-Davidson Motor Company.
Politics and government[edit | edit source]
As of November 2008, there are 299,414 registered voters in York County.
County commissioners[edit | edit source]
- M. Steve Chronister, Chairman, Republican
- Christopher B. Reilly, Vice-chairman, Republican
- Doug Hoke, Democrat
Other county offices[edit | edit source]
- Clerk of Courts, Don O'Shell, Republican
- Controller, Robb Green, Republican
- Coroner, Barry Bloss, Republican
- District Attorney, Thomas Kearney, Republican
- Prothonotary, Pamela S. Lee, Republican
- Recorder of Deeds, Randy Reisinger, Republican
- Register of Wills, Bradley C. Jacobs, Republican
- Sheriff, Richard P. Keuerleber III, Republican
- Treasurer, Barbara Bair, Republican
Pennsylvania House of Representatives[edit | edit source]
|47||Keith J. Gillespie||Republican|
|93||Ronald E. Miller||Republican|
|94||Stanley E. Saylor||Republican|
|95||Eugene A. DePasquale||Democrat|
|193||Steven R. Nickol||Republican|
United States House of Representatives[edit | edit source]
Municipalities[edit | edit source]
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are in York County:
Cities[edit | edit source]
Boroughs[edit | edit source]
Townships[edit | edit source]
Census-designated places[edit | edit source]
Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.
Education[edit | edit source]
Public School Districts[edit | edit source]
- Central York School District
- Dallastown Area School District
- Dover Area School District
- Eastern York School District
- Hanover Public School District
- Northeastern York School District
- Northern York County School District
- Red Lion Area School District
- South Eastern School District
- South Western School District
- Southern York County School District
- Spring Grove Area School District
- West Shore School District
- West York Area School District
- York City School District
- York Suburban School District
Public Vo-Tech Schools[edit | edit source]
Public Charter Schools[edit | edit source]
- Helen Thackston Charter School (6-8) - York 
- Crispus Attucks Youthbuild Charter School (K-6) - York
- Lincoln Charter School - York
- New Hope Academy Charter School (K-6) - York
- York Academy Regional Charter School
- York Adams Academy (formerly York County High School)
Independent Schools[edit | edit source]
Intermediate Unit[edit | edit source]
Lincoln Intermediate Unit (IU#12) region includes: Adams County, Franklin County and York County. The agency offers school districts, home schooled students and private schools many services including: special education services, combined purchasing, and instructional technology services. It runs Summer Academy which offers both art and academic strands designed to meet the individual needs of gifted, talented and high achieving students. Additional services include: Curriculum Mapping, Professional Development for school employees, Adult Education, Nonpublic School Services, Business Services, Migrant & ESL (English as a Second Language), Instructional Services, Management Services, and Technology Services. It also provides a GED program to adults who want to earn a high school diploma and literacy programs. The Lincoln Intermediate Unit is governed by a 13 member Board of Directors, each a member of a local school board from the 25 school districts. Board members are elected by school directors of all 25 school districts for three-year terms that begin the first day of July. There are 29 intermediate units in Pennsylvania. They are funded by school districts, state and federal program specific funding and grants. IUs do not have the power to tax.
Notable residents[edit | edit source]
- John Andrews, born in York County was a United States Navy sailor awarded the Medal of Honor for actions during the Korean Expedition in 1872.
- James Kelly, member of the United States House of Representatives from 1805–1809
- James Alonzo Stahle, member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1895–1897
- John Kuhn, NFL football player
- Brian Keene, best-selling novelist
- Craig Sheffer, actor
- Cody Darrah, Sprint car driver who races for Sprint cup driver Kasey Kahne
See also[edit | edit source]
- Rehmeyer's Hollow – location of the 1928 Hex Hollow murder
- List of municipal authorities in York County, Pennsylvania
- Lee's Diner
- National Register of Historic Places listings in York County, Pennsylvania
- Rabbit Transit
References[edit | edit source]
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- ^ McClure, Jim (December 9, 2007). "York: 'The first capital of the United States?'". York Town Square. York Daily Record/Sunday News. http://www.yorktownsquare.com/2007/12/first-capital-et-al-1.html. Retrieved 2009-05-17.
- ^ "1776-1789". York Daily Record/Sunday News. September 14, 2006. http://ydr.inyork.com/ntbf/ci_4336786. Retrieved 2009-05-16.
- ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov
- ^ http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu/
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ 
- ^ Pennsylvania Operating Charter Schools 2009-10, Pennsylvania Department oF Education Report September 2009
- ^ "Lincoln Intermediate Unit 12". iu12.org. http://www.iu12.org/default.asp. Retrieved April 24, 2010.
[edit | edit source]
- York County official website
- Official Travel and Tourism site
- York County Heritage Trust
- York County history from the York Daily Record/Sunday News
- York County USGenWeb Project: good resource for History and Genealogy in York County
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at York County, Pennsylvania. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|