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York County, Pennsylvania
Seal of York County, Pennsylvania
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting York County
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Map of the U.S. highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
Founded August 19, 1749
Seat York
Largest city York
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

910 sq mi (2,357 km²)
904 sq mi (2,341 km²)
6 sq mi (16 km²), 0.64%
 - (2010)
 - Density

481/sq mi (185.8/km²)

York County is a county in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of 2010, the population was 434,972. It is in the Susquehanna Valley, a large fertile agricultural region in South Central Pennsylvania.

York County was created on August 19, 1749, from part of Lancaster County and named either for the Duke of York, an early patron of the Penn family, or for the city and shire of York in England. Its county seat is the city of York.[1]

Based on the Articles of Confederation having been adopted in York by the Second Continental Congress on November 15, 1777, the local government and business community began referring to York in the 1960s as the first capital of the United States of America. The designation has been debated by historians ever since.[2] Congress considered York, and the borough of Wrightsville, on the eastern side of York County along the Susquehanna River, as a permanent capital of the United States before Washington, D.C. was selected.[3]

Geography[edit | edit source]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 910 square miles (2,358 km²), of which 904 square miles (2,343 km²) is land and 6 square miles (15 km²) (0.64%) is water. The county is bound to its eastern border by the Susquehanna River. Its southern border is the Mason-Dixon Line, which separates Pennsylvania and Maryland.

Adjacent counties[edit | edit source]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 37,535
1800 25,643 −31.7%
1810 31,958 24.6%
1820 38,759 21.3%
1830 42,859 10.6%
1840 47,010 9.7%
1850 57,450 22.2%
1860 68,200 18.7%
1870 76,134 11.6%
1880 87,841 15.4%
1890 99,489 13.3%
1900 116,413 17.0%
1910 136,405 17.2%
1920 144,521 5.9%
1930 167,135 15.6%
1940 178,022 6.5%
1950 202,737 13.9%
1960 238,336 17.6%
1970 272,603 14.4%
1980 312,963 14.8%
1990 339,574 8.5%
2000 381,751 12.4%
2010 434,972 13.9%

A farm in York County, Pennsylvania

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 381,751 people, 148,219 households, and 105,531 families residing in the county. The population density was 422 people per square mile (163/km²). There were 156,720 housing units at an average density of 173 per square mile (67/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.76% White, 3.69% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.39% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.96% of the population. 42.0% were of German, 12.6% American, 7.7% Irish, 6.4% English and 5.1% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.8% spoke English and 2.9% Spanish as their first language.

There were 148,219 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 23.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males.

The York-Hanover Metropolitan Statistical Area is the fastest-growing metro area in the Northeast region, and is ranked nationally among the fastest-growing in the nation, according to the "2006 Population Estimates for Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas" (U.S. Census Bureau). The estimates listed York-Hanover as the 95th fastest-growing metro area in the nation, increasing 9.1 percent between 2000 and 2006.

York County is home to Martin's Potato Chips in Thomasville, Utz Quality Foods, Inc. in Hanover, Snyder's of Hanover in Hanover, Gibble's Potato Chips in York, Wolfgang Candy in York, The Bon-Ton in York, Dentsply in York, and a major manufacturing branch of Harley-Davidson Motor Company.

Politics and government[edit | edit source]

As of November 2008, there are 299,414 registered voters in York County[7].

County commissioners[edit | edit source]

  • M. Steve Chronister, Chairman, Republican
  • Christopher B. Reilly, Vice-chairman, Republican
  • Doug Hoke, Democrat

Other county offices[edit | edit source]

  • Clerk of Courts, Don O'Shell, Republican
  • Controller, Robb Green, Republican
  • Coroner, Barry Bloss, Republican
  • District Attorney, Thomas Kearney, Republican
  • Prothonotary, Pamela S. Lee, Republican
  • Recorder of Deeds, Randy Reisinger, Republican
  • Register of Wills, Bradley C. Jacobs, Republican
  • Sheriff, Richard P. Keuerleber III, Republican
  • Treasurer, Barbara Bair, Republican

Pennsylvania House of Representatives[edit | edit source]

District Representative Party
47 Keith J. Gillespie Republican
92 Scott Perry Republican
93 Ronald E. Miller Republican
94 Stanley E. Saylor Republican
95 Eugene A. DePasquale Democrat
193 Steven R. Nickol Republican
196 Seth Grove Republican

United States House of Representatives[edit | edit source]

District Representative Party
19 Todd Platts Republican

Municipalities[edit | edit source]

Map of York County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Cities and Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are in York County:

Cities[edit | edit source]

Boroughs[edit | edit source]

Townships[edit | edit source]

Census-designated places[edit | edit source]

Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.

Education[edit | edit source]

Map of York County, Pennsylvania School Districts

Public School Districts[edit | edit source]

Public Vo-Tech Schools[edit | edit source]

Public Charter Schools[edit | edit source]

  • Helen Thackston Charter School (6-8) - York [8]
  • Crispus Attucks Youthbuild Charter School (K-6) - York
  • Lincoln Charter School - York
  • New Hope Academy Charter School (K-6) - York
  • York Academy Regional Charter School
  • York Adams Academy (formerly York County High School)

Independent Schools[edit | edit source]

Intermediate Unit[edit | edit source]

Lincoln Intermediate Unit (IU#12) region includes: Adams County, Franklin County and York County. The agency offers school districts, home schooled students and private schools many services including: special education services, combined purchasing, and instructional technology services. It runs Summer Academy which offers both art and academic strands designed to meet the individual needs of gifted, talented and high achieving students. Additional services include: Curriculum Mapping, Professional Development for school employees, Adult Education, Nonpublic School Services, Business Services, Migrant & ESL (English as a Second Language), Instructional Services, Management Services, and Technology Services. It also provides a GED program to adults who want to earn a high school diploma and literacy programs. The Lincoln Intermediate Unit is governed by a 13 member Board of Directors, each a member of a local school board from the 25 school districts. Board members are elected by school directors of all 25 school districts for three-year terms that begin the first day of July.[9] There are 29 intermediate units in Pennsylvania. They are funded by school districts, state and federal program specific funding and grants. IUs do not have the power to tax.

Notable residents[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ McClure, Jim (December 9, 2007). "York: 'The first capital of the United States?'". York Town Square. York Daily Record/Sunday News. Retrieved 2009-05-17. 
  3. ^ "1776-1789". York Daily Record/Sunday News. September 14, 2006. Retrieved 2009-05-16. 
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ Pennsylvania Operating Charter Schools 2009-10, Pennsylvania Department oF Education Report September 2009
  9. ^ "Lincoln Intermediate Unit 12". Retrieved April 24, 2010. 

External links[edit | edit source]

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Coordinates: 39°55′N 76°44′W / 39.92, -76.73

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