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Yaroslavl Oblast
—  Federal Subject of Russia  —
Ярославская область
Flag of Yaroslavl Oblast.png
Flag
Coat of arms of Yaroslavl Oblast.png
Coat of arms of Yaroslavl Oblast
Map of Russia - Yaroslavl Oblast (2008-03).svg
Coordinates: 57°52′N 39°12′E / 57.867, 39.2Coordinates: 57°52′N 39°12′E / 57.867, 39.2
Country Russia
Political status Oblast
Federal District Central
Economic Region Central
Official language Russian
Established March 11, 1936
Administrative center Yaroslavl
Government
 • Type Legislature
 • Body Oblast Duma
 • Governor Sergei Vakhrukov
Area
 • Federal Subject of Russia 36,400 km2 (14,100 sq mi)
Area rank 60th
Population (2010)
 • Federal Subject of Russia 1,272,500
 • Rank 39st
 • Urban 82.2%
 • Rural 17.8%
ISO 3166 code RU-YAR
Vehicle registration 76
Website http://www.adm.yar.ru


Yaroslavl Oblast (Russian: Яросла́вская о́бласть, Yaroslavskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), which is located in the Central Federal District, surrounded by Tver, Moscow, Ivanovo, Vladimir, Kostroma, and Vologda Oblasts. This geographic location affords the oblast the advantages of proximity to Moscow and St. Petersburg. Additionally, the administrative center of the oblast—the city of Yaroslavl—is an intersection of major highways, railroads, and waterways.

HistoryEdit

Yaroslavl Oblast was established on March 11, 1936.

NatureEdit

The climate is moderate continental, with snowy winters and a short but rather hot summer. Formerly almost all territory was covered with thick conifer forest (fir, pine), but now a large portion of it has been replaced with birch-and-aspen secondary forests and crop fields. Swamps also take considerable areas.

Large animals have been much reduced in numbers, but there are still some bears, wolves, foxes, elk and wild boar.

A great number of wild birds live and nest in the Oblast.

In cities, most common birds are pigeons, jackdaws, hooded crows, rooks, house sparrows, and great tits.

The Volga River flows through Yaroslavl Oblast, with two major dams constructed at Uglich and Rybinsk. The Rybinsk Reservoir, filled between 1941 and 1947, is one of the largest in Europe; its filling flooded the town of Mologa and several hundreds of villages, necessitating the relocation of some 150,000 in Yaroslavl, Vologda, and Kalinin (now Tver) Oblasts.

Mineral resources are limited to construction materials (such as sand, gravel, clay) and peat. There are also mineral water springs and wells.

DemographicsEdit

Mosque in Yaroslavl

A mosque in Yaroslavl

These are population figures according to the Census of 2002:

  • Total population: 1,367,398
  • Males: 617,889
  • Females: 749,509
  • Urban population: 1,106,805
  • Rural population: 260,593

Life expectancy:

  • Average: 63 years
  • Males: 57 years
  • Females: 71 years

98% of residents are citizens of Russia.

EconomyEdit

  • Total volume of output for 12 months of the year 1997: 15,933.1 billion rubles1)
  • Total balance profit of enterprises for 12 months of the year 1997: 1,227.4 billion roubles2)
  • Total tax collection for 12 month of the year 1997: 4,781.8 billion rubles (including Federal budget accruals in the amount of 1,999.3 billion roubles)
  • Unemployment level: 2.4% of total workforce

1) large and medium-sized enterprises.
2) including industry, agriculture, construction, transport.

Yaroslavl Oblast N

Administrative subdivisions of Yaroslavl Oblast

==Administrative divisions==

The oblast includes 17 rayons (districts) and 3 urban okrugs (circles).


Urban Okrugs (Circles)

Coat of Arms Name of
Urban okrug
Area
(km²)
Population
(2010).
Population
Rank
I Coat of Arms of Yaroslavl (1995) Yaroslavl 205.37 591 500 1
II Coat of Arms of Pereslavl-Zalessky (Yaroslavl oblast) Pereslavl-Zalessky 23.0 42 199 3
III Coat of Arms of Rybinsk (Yaroslavl oblast) Rybinsk 101.0 206 746 2



Rayons (Districts):

Coat of Arms Name of rayon Area
(km²)
Area
rank
Population
'000 (2006)
Population
rank
Аdministrative
center
Population
'000 (2006)
1 Coat of Arms of Bolsheselskiy rayon Bolshoe Selo Rayon 1353 14 9,423 16 Bolshoe Selo 3,818
2 Coat of Arms of Borisoglebsky rayon (Yaroslavl oblast) Borisogleb Rayon 1750 12 13,283 13 Borisogleb 5,523
3 Coat of Arms of Breitovo rayon (Yaroslavl oblast) Breitovo Rayon 2160 7 7,705 17 Breitovo 3,722
4 Coat of Arms of Gavrilov-Yam district (Yaroslavl oblast) Gavrilov-Yam Rayon 1120 16 27,650 6 Gavrilov-Yam 18,077
5 Coat of Arms of Danilovsky District of Yaroslavl oblast (2009) Danilov Rayon 2230 6 26,470 7 Danilov 15,781
6 Lyubim Rayon 1960 10 12,448 14 Lyubim 5,642
7 Coat of Arms of Myshkin (2002) Myshkin Rayon 1111 17 10,803 15 Myshkin 5,770
8 Nekouz (Yaroslav oblast), coat of arms Nekouz Rayon 1954 9 17,439 11 Novyi Nekouz 3,816
9 Coat of Arms of Nekrasovsky rayon (Yaroslavl oblast) Nekrasovskoye Rayon 1380 15 22,350 8 Nekrasovskoye 6,104
10 Pervomaysk Rayon 2270 5 11,916 Prechistoye 4,868
11 Coat of Arms of Pereslavl rayon (Yaroslavl oblast) Pereslavl Rayon 3130 3 20,355 10 Pereslavl-Zalessky
12 Coat of Arms of Poshekhonsky District of Yaroslavl oblast Poshekhone Rayon 4400 1 15,826 12 Poshekhone 6,250
13 Coat of Arms of Rostov District Rostov Rayon 2073 8 67,832 1 Rostov 32,318
14 Coat of Arms of Rybinsk (Yaroslavl oblast) Rybinsk Rayon 3150 2 29,083 5 Rybinsk
15 Tutaev emblem Tutayev Rayon 1444 13 57,718 2 Tutayev 41,188
16 Coat of Arms of Uglich (Yaroslavl oblast) Uglich Rayon 2568 4 48,265 4 Uglich 34,528
17 Coat of Arms of Yaroslavl (1995) Yaroslavl Rayon 1937 11 51,920 3 Yaroslavl


The oldest town is Rostov.

The town of Mologa (known since the 13th century) has been engulfed by the Rybinsk artificial lake in 1940s.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Yaroslavl Oblast. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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