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Yaroslav Vladimirovich Osmomysl, Prince of Halych, was born 1135 to Vladimir Volodarevich of Zvenigorod (1104-1153) and Sophia of Hungary (bef1101-c1148) and died 1 October 1187 in Halych, Halych Rayon, Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast, Ukraine of unspecified causes. He married Olga Yuryevna of Kiev (c1110-1189) . Notable ancestors include Charlemagne (747-814), Alfred the Great (849-899). Ancestors are from Germany, France, Belgium, the Byzantine Empire, the United Kingdom, Russia, Ukraine, Sweden.


Yaroslav Vladimirovich Osmomysl (c1135-October 1, 1187, Halych) - Prince of Halych (1153-1187), son of Vladimir Volodarevich . Mother (presumably) - Sofia of Hungary, daughter of King Kalman Knizhnik (1070-1116). Osmomysl means "one who has eight minds", that is, very clever.

Biography

See also: The internecine war in Russia (1158-1161)

In 1149, Yaroslav married Olga, daughter of Yuri Dolgoruky, in commemoration of his father's alliance with him against Izyaslav Mstislavich, the Grand Prince of Kiev. After his father's death, in 1153. he fought with Izyaslav because of the cities captured in Volhynia by his father. The battle of Trembovl was bloody, in its finale the Halych lost many people prisoners. Izyaslav retreated in exchange for the recognition of Yaroslav his seniority.

In 1158 Yaroslav had a quarrel with Izyaslav Davydovich, who was in Kiev, because of the expelled Zvenigorod prince Ivan Rostislavich Berladnik, a cousin of Yaroslav, whom Izyaslav supported in his quest to restore the throne of Halych. In alliance with other princes and with the support of the King of Hungary and the princes of Poland, Yaroslav demanded from Izyaslav the extradition of Berladnik, but in vain. Izyaslav, instigated by Berladnik[, who was invited to rule the dissatisfied Yaroslavl Galicians, along with the Polovtsians, Torquay and Berendey went to Yaroslav. Yaroslav's ally Mstislav Izyaslavich Prince of Volhynia was besieged by this army in Belgorod-Kiev. Soon, due to the betrayal of the Berendeys, Izyaslav was to flee from Belgorod. Yaroslav and Mstislav gave the throne of Kiev to Rostislav Mstislavich (1159). Ivan Berladnik died in exile in a foreign land, and Yaroslav until his death without rivals owned the Principality of Halych]], enjoying great influence among the then Russian princes. His friends participated in campaigns against the Polovtsians and he was threatened by these nomads.

Yaroslav was in close and kinship with the Byzantine emperors. Byzantine prince Andronikos Komnenos (1164), persecuted by Emperor Manuel, found refuge in Byelorussia. Soon Andronikos reconciled with Emperor Manuel, and Yaroslav concluded with the latter an alliance against the Hungarians (1167).

In 1170, Yaroslav helped Mstislav Izyaslavich, who was exiles from Kiev, to return the grand reign (see Siege of Vyshgorod (1170)).

In general, Yaroslav had great influence in the disputes of the princes for the grand prince's table in Kiev. On the power can be judged from the words of a contemporary, the singer of the Lay of Igor's Host :

« " Eight-minded Yaroslav of Halych! You sit high on your gold-forged throne; you have braced the Hungarian mountains with your iron troops; you have barred the [Hungarian] king's path; you have closed the Danube's gates, hurling weighty missiles over the clouds, spreading your courts to the Danube. Your thunders range over lands; you open Kiev's gates; from the paternal golden throne you shoot at sultans beyond the lands "...


No less respect for contemporaries acquired Yaroslav and his worries about the welfare of Galician Russia. With it, trade, industry and agriculture flourished; The Galician land maintained trade relations with Bulgaria and Byzantium; owning Maly Galich, Yaroslav held in his hands the key of the Danube trade. Not without reason for his careful, wise reign Yaroslav received the name Osmomysl (that is, thinking for eight, another common interpretation - owning eight languages).


Fighting the boyars

Ярослав Осмомысл

250px}Boyars of Halych drag Anastasya, the lover of prince Yaroslav Osmomysl to burn her on a stake. Drawing by Klavdia Lebedeva

Despite all his power, Yaroslav had to face opposition from the boyars of Halych, who, like the neighboring Polish and Hungarian nobility, had developed into a powerful and wealthy aristocracy. The dissension between Yaroslav and the boyars was especially evident during the break of Yaroslav with his wife Olga, who had been forced to flee to Poland in 1171 with her son Vladimir. At that time Yaroslav was in love with another woman, a certain Nastaska, and preferred her and their illegitimate son Oleg to his lawful wife and son. The party of dissatisfied boyars arranged in Halych a rebellion, seized and burned Nastaska alive, and made the prince swear that he would live in harmony with his wife. The following year, however, Olga and her son were to flee from Halych to Vladimir. Yaroslav was able to restore his power over the boyars and reconcile with his son Vladimir.

In 1172, Vladimir Yaroslavich again left his father, this time in Lutsk, to the ally Smolensk Rostislavich and opponent of Svyatoslav of Chernigov Yaroslav Izyaslavich. Yaroslav Osmomysl with the Poles burned two Volynian cities, and that had to send Vladimir to Torchesk, to Mikhail Yuryevich. He sent him to Suzdal through Chernigov, but Vladimir stayed in Chernigov, and then was given to Smolensk Rostislavich as an exchange for Mikhail Vsevolodovich's brother and Mstislav's nephew. Rostislavichi recognized Yaroslav Izyaslavich as the senior candidate for Kiev and returned Vladimir to Halych, and Yaroslav Osmomysl gave them an army against Andrei of Bogolyubovo (1173).

Death

Yaroslav died in Halych and was buried in the Dormition Cathedral, Halych. Dying (1187), he left the throne of the Principality of Halych to his illegitimate son, Oleg, and to his elder and legal, Vladimir only the Principality of Przemysl. Soon, however, Oleg (nicknamed "Nastasiich" by his mother) was poisoned, and power passed to Vladimir.

Yaroslav's remains were discovered in 1937 by archaeologist Yaroslav Pasternak .

Family

Yaroslav Osmomysl tomb поховання Ярослава Осмомсила фото2017року

A niche with the burial of Yaroslav Osmomysl in the Cathedral of St. George in Lviv. Photo of 2017

He was buried in the Dormition Cathedral, Halych. In 1937, during excavations in Halych, archaeologist Yaroslav Pasternak discovered a sarcophagus with the remains of Yaroslav Osmomysl. However, in September 1939 the Second World War began - Galicia was forcibly joined forces of the USSR. The remains of Yaroslav Osmomysl were hidden from the invaders at the crypt of St. George's Cathedral, Lviv, and Jaroslaw Pasternak himself emigrated to Canada, where he died in 1969. The remains of Yaroslav Osmomysl were found again only in 1991 during the excavations in the crypt after the return of the church of the UGCC. In 1995, Yaroslav Osmomysl's portrait was reconstructed. The picture of the sarcophagus in the underground of the church of Krylos can be seen in the journal Chronicle of the Red Kalina (No. 10, October 1937 - S. 7).

Family

1st wife - Olga Yuryuevna, daughter of the Grand Prince of Kiev Yuri Dolgoruky . Their children:

2nd wife - Nastaska Chagrovna from the Polovtsian family Charga.

Literary image

The life of Yaroslav Osmomysl is dedicated to the historical novel by Mikhail Kazovsky "The Golden On Black" (2002).

See also

Literature

  • ВТ-ЭСБЕ+ Ярослав Владимиркович}}
  • ВТ-РБС Галицкие (князья)|Корсакова В.}}
  • Фроянов И. Я. Древняя Русь IX—XIII веков. Народные движения. Княжеская и вечевая власть. Мoscow Русский издательский центр, 2012. С. 489—502.
  • Ипатьевская летопись
  • Все монархии мира



Children


Offspring of Yaroslav Vladimirovich Osmomysl and Olga Yuryevna of Kiev (c1110-1189)
Name Birth Death Joined with
NN Yaroslavna of Halych (c1150-c1176) 1150 1176 Mstislav Rostislavich of Novgorod (c1143-1180)

Vladimir Yaroslavich of Halych (1151-1199) 1151 1199
Eufrosinya Yaroslavna of Halych (c1155-c1202) 1155 1202 Igor Svyatoslavich of Chernigov (1151-1202)

Vyacheslava Yaroslavna of Halych (c1157-c1202) 1200 Odon of Poznań (c1149-1194)

Offspring of Yaroslav Vladimirovich Osmomysl and Nastaska Chagrovna (c1140-1171)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Oleg Yaroslavich of Halych (c1163-1188) 1163 1188 Halych, Halych Rayon, Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast, Ukraine

Residences

 


Namesakes of Yaroslav Vladimirovich Osmomysl (c1135-1187)

 Birth placeDeath placeFatherMotherJoined with
Yaroslav II Vsevolodovich of Vladimir (1191-1246)KarakorumVsevolod III Yuryevich of Vladimir (1154-1212)Mariya Shvarnovna of Ossetia (1155-1205)NN Yuryevna of Cumania (c1192-c1212) + Rostislava Mstislavna of Smolensk (c1202-1244) + Feodosya Igoryevna of Ryazan (1194-1244)
Yaroslav I Vladimirovich of Kiev (c978-1054)Vladimir I Svyatoslavich of Kiev (c958-1015)Rogneda Rogvolodovna of Polotsk (962-1002)NN + Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden (1001-1050)
Yaroslav Yaroslavich of Tver (1230-1272)Yaroslav II Vsevolodovich of Vladimir (1191-1246)Rostislava Mstislavna of Smolensk (c1202-1244)Natalya (c1230-1252) + Kseniya Yuryevna of Tarusa (c1246-1312)
Yaroslav Aleksandrovich of Goroden (c1405-1435)Tver, Tver Oblast, RussiaGoroden, Konakovo Rayon, Tver Oblast, RussiaAleksandr Ivanovich of Tver (1379-1425)Fedora Fyodorovna Molozhskaya (c1385-c1450)
Yaroslav Ingvarevich of Lutsk (c1185-c1230)Ingvar Yaroslavich of Kiev (c1152-1220)Daughter of Roman Rostislavich of Smolensk
Yaroslav Mstislavich Red (c1140-1199)Mstislav Yuryevich of Novgorod (c1117-1166)NN Petrovna of Novgorood (c1122-c1270)
Yaroslav Mstislavich (c1213-c1240)Mstislav Mstivlavich Udatnyi of Novgorod (c1170-1228)Maria of Cumania (c1185-c1260)
Yaroslav Svyatoslavich of Chernigov (1074-1129)Svyatoslav II Yaroslavich of Kiev (1027-1076)Oda von Babenberg (c1040-c1087)NN + Irina
Yaroslav Vladimirovich Osmomysl (c1135-1187)Halych, Halych Rayon, Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast, UkraineVladimir Volodarevich of Zvenigorod (1104-1153)Sophia of Hungary (bef1101-c1148)Olga Yuryevna of Kiev (c1110-1189) + Nastaska Chagrovna (c1140-1171)
Yaroslav Vladimirovich of Novgorod (c1155-c1208)Vladimir III Mstislavich of Kiev (1132-1171)Unnamed daughter of Beloš (c1130-c1190)Unnamed Alan princess (c1160-1201)
Yaroslav II Yuryevich of Pinsk (c1154-1187)Yuri Yaroslavich of Turov (c1109-1167)Anna Vsevolodovna of Goroden (c1127-1190)Yefrosiya Borisovna (c1150-c1200)
Yaroslav Yuryevich of Murom (c1215-c1250)Yuri Davydovich of Murom (c1195-1237)
Yaroslav Yuryevich (c1270-c1320)Yuri Yaroslavich (c1235-c1280)
Yaroslav Yuryevich (c1114-1166)Yuri I Vladimirovich Dolgoruky of Kiev (c1090-1157)Anna of Cumania (c1092-c1135)




Footnotes (including sources)

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