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Winn Parish, Louisiana
Map of Louisiana highlighting Winn Parish
Location in the state of Louisiana
Map of the U.S. highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1852
Named for Louisiana state legislator Walter Winn
Seat Winnfield
Largest city Winnfield
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

957 sq mi (2,478 km²)
950 sq mi (2,462 km²)
6 sq mi (17 km²), 0.67%
 - (2000)
 - Density

18/sq mi (7/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Winn Parish (French: Paroisse de Winn is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. Its seat is Winnfield. In 2000, its population was 16,894.

History[edit | edit source]

Winn Parish was established in 1852 from lands which had belonged to the parishes of Catahoula, Natchitoches, and Rapides.

During the American Civil War, Winn Parish refused to secede from the Union and was a de facto Union enclave in the Confederate state of Louisiana.

Winn Parish is the traditional home of the former Long political dynasty. It is the birthplace of Huey Pierce Long, Jr., Earl Kemp Long, and Oscar K. Allen, former governors of Louisiana. Earl Long is buried in a public square in Winnfield, the site of the Louisiana Political Museum and Hall of Fame, which opened in 1993.

Geography[edit | edit source]

The parish has a total area of 2,478 km² (957 sq mi). 2,462 km² (950 sq mi) of it is land and 17 km² (6 sq mi) of it (0.67%) is water.

Major Highways[edit | edit source]

Adjacent parishes[edit | edit source]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 16,894 people, 5,930 households, and 4,234 families residing in the parish. The population density was 7/km² (18/sq mi). There were 7,502 housing units at an average density of 3/km² (8/sq mi). The racial makeup of the parish was 66.27% White, 32.03% Black or African American, 0.50% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 0.87% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,930 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.80% were married couples living together, 15.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the parish the population was spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 110.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 113.20 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $25,462, and the median income for a family was $31,513. Males had a median income of $29,094 versus $17,939 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $11,794. About 17.00% of families and 21.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.40% of those under age 18 and 24.20% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit | edit source]

Map of Winn Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

Coordinates: 31°57′N 92°38′W / 31.95, -92.64


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