Wimbledon town centre
Wimbledon shown within Greater London
|OS grid reference|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||SW16 SW17 SW19 SW20|
|London Assembly||Merton and Wandsworth|
|List of places: UK • England • London|
Wimbledon // is a district and town of south-west London, England, 7.1 miles (11.4 km) south-west of the centre of London at Charing Cross, in the London Borough of Merton, south of Wandsworth, north-east of New Malden, north-west of Mitcham, west of Streatham and north of Sutton. Wimbledon had a population of 68,187 in 2011 which includes the electoral wards of Abbey, Dundonald, Hillside, Trinity, Village, Raynes Park and Wimbledon Park.
It is home to the Wimbledon Tennis Championships and New Wimbledon Theatre, and contains Wimbledon Common, one of the largest areas of common land in London along with a Wimbledon Tennis Club. The residential and retail area is split into two sections known as the "village" and the "town", with the High Street being the rebuilding of the original medieval village, and the "town" having first developed gradually after the building of the railway station in 1838.
Wimbledon has been inhabited since at least the Iron Age when the hill fort on Wimbledon Common is thought to have been constructed. In 1087 when the Domesday Book was compiled, Wimbledon was part of the manor of Mortlake. The ownership of the manor of Wimbledon changed between various wealthy families many times during its history, and the area also attracted other wealthy families who built large houses such as Eagle House, Wimbledon Manor House and Warren House. The village developed with a stable rural population coexisting with nobility and wealthy merchants from the city. In the 18th century the Dog and Fox public house became a stop on the stagecoach run from London to Portsmouth, then in 1838 the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) opened a station to the south-east of the village at the bottom of Wimbledon Hill. The location of the station shifted the focus of the town's subsequent growth away from the original village centre.
Wimbledon had its own borough larger than its historic boundaries while still in the county of Surrey; it was absorbed into the London Borough of Merton as part of the creation of Greater London in 1965. Since 2005, the north and west of the borough have been represented in Westminster by Stephen Hammond, a Conservative MP. The east and south of the Borough are represented by Siobhain McDonagh, a Labour MP.
Wimbledon, a small farming locality in New Zealand, was named after this district in the 1880s after a local resident shot a bullock from a considerable distance away. The shot was considered by onlookers to be worthy of the rifle-shooting championships held in Wimbledon at the time.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demography
- 4 Governance
- 5 Economy
- 6 The Tennis Championships
- 7 Sport
- 8 Theatres
- 9 Transport
- 10 Literature
- 11 Notable residents
- 12 Amenities
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
History[edit | edit source]
Early history[edit | edit source]
Wimbledon has been inhabited since at least the Iron Age when the hill fort on Wimbledon Common, the second-largest in London, is thought to have been constructed. The original nucleus of Wimbledon was at the top of the hill close to the common – the area now known locally as "the village".
The village is referred to as "Wimbedounyng" in a charter signed by King Edgar the Peaceful in 967. The name Wimbledon means "Wynnman's hill", with the final element of the name being the Celtic "dun" (hill). The name is shown on J. Cary's 1786 map of the London area as "Wimbleton", and the current spelling appears to have been settled on relatively recently in the early 19th century, the last in a long line of variations.
At the time the Domesday Book was compiled (around 1087), Wimbledon was part of the manor of Mortlake, and so was not recorded. The ownership of the manor of Wimbledon changed hands many times during its history. The manor was held by the church until 1398 when Thomas Arundel, Archbishop of Canterbury fell out of favour with Richard II and was exiled. The manor was confiscated and became crown property.
The manor remained crown property until the reign of Henry VIII when it was granted briefly to Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex, until Cromwell was executed in 1540 and the land was again confiscated. The manor was next held by Henry VIII's last wife and widow Catherine Parr until her death in 1548 when it again reverted to the monarch.
In the 1550s, Henry's daughter, Mary I, granted the manor to Cardinal Reginald Pole who held it until his death in 1558 when it once again become royal property. Mary's sister, Elizabeth I held the property until 1574, when she gave the manor house (but not the manor) to Christopher Hatton, who sold it in the same year to Sir Thomas Cecil, Earl of Exeter. The lands of the manor were given to the Cecil family in 1588 and a new manor house, Wimbledon Palace, was constructed and gardens laid out in the formal Elizabethan style.
17th century[edit | edit source]
Wimbledon's proximity to the capital was beginning to attract other wealthy families. In 1613 Robert Bell, Master of the Worshipful Company of Girdlers and a director of the British East India Company built Eagle House as a home at an easy distance from London. The Cecil family retained the manor for fifty years, before it was bought by Charles I in 1638 for his Queen, Henrietta Maria.
Following the King's execution in 1649, the manor passed rapidly among various parliamentarian owners, including the Leeds MP Adam Baynes and the civil war general John Lambert, but after the restoration of the monarchy in 1660, it was returned to Henrietta Maria (now as mother of the new King, Charles II).
The Dowager Queen sold the manor in 1661 to George Digby, Earl of Bristol, who employed John Evelyn to improve and update the landscape in accordance with the latest fashions, including grottos and fountains. On his death in 1677, the manor was sold again to the Lord High Treasurer, Thomas Osborne, Earl of Danby.
The Osborne family sold the manor to Sir Theodore Janssen in 1712. Janssen, a director of the South Sea Company, began a new house to replace the one built by the Cecils, but the spectacular collapse of the company meant it was never finished.
The next owner was Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, who increased the land belonging to the manor and completed the construction of a house to replace Jansen's unfinished effort in 1735. On her death in 1744, the property passed to her grandson, John Spencer, and subsequently to the first Earl Spencer.
The village continued to grow and the 18th-century introduction of stagecoach services from the Dog and Fox made the journey to London routine, although not without the risk of being held-up by highwaymen, such as Jerry Abershawe on the Portsmouth Road. The stagecoach horses would be stabled at the rear of the pub in what are now named Wimbledon Village Stables.
The 1735 manor house burnt down in the 1780s and was replaced in 1801 by Wimbledon Park House, built by the second Earl. At the time the manor estate included Wimbledon Common (as a heath) and the enclosed parkland around the manor house. Its area corresponded to the modern Wimbledon Park. The house stood east of St Mary's church.
Wimbledon House, a separate residence close to the village at the south end of Parkside (near Peek Crescent), was home in the 1790s to the exiled French statesman Vicomte de Calonne, and later to the mother of the writer Frederick Marryat. Their association with the area is recorded in the names of nearby Calonne and Marryat roads. Directly south of the common, the early 18th-century Warren House (Cannizaro House from 1841) was home to a series of grand residents.
19th-century development[edit | edit source]
The first decades of the 19th century were relatively quiet for Wimbledon, with a stable rural population coexisting alongside nobility and wealthy merchants from the city. Renewed upheaval came in 1838, when the opening of the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) brought a station to the south-east of the village, at the bottom of Wimbledon Hill. The location of the station shifted the focus of the town's subsequent growth away from the original village centre.
For several years Wimbledon Park was leased to the Duke of Somerset, who briefly in the 1820s employed a young Joseph Paxton as one of his gardeners, but in the 1840s the Spencer family sold the park off as building land. A period of residential development began with large detached houses in the north of the park. In 1864, the Spencers attempted to get parliamentary permission to enclose the common as a new park with a house and gardens and to sell part for building. Following an enquiry, permission was refused and a board of conservators was established in 1871 to take ownership of the common and preserve it in its natural condition.
Transport links improved further with railway lines to Croydon (Wimbledon and Croydon Railway, opened in 1855) and Tooting (Tooting, Merton and Wimbledon Railway, opened in 1868). The District Railway (now the London Underground District line) extended its service over new tracks from Putney in 1889.
In the second half of the century, Wimbledon experienced very rapid expansion of its population. From under 2,700 residents recorded in the 1851 census, the population grew by a minimum of 60 per cent each decade up to 1901, to increase fifteen-fold in fifty years. Large numbers of villas and terraced houses were built along the roads from the centre towards neighbouring Putney, Merton Park and Raynes Park.
The commercial and civic development of the town also accelerated. Ely's department store opened in 1876 and shops began to stretch along the Broadway towards Merton. Wimbledon built its first police station in 1870. Cultural developments included a Literary Institute by the early 1860s and the opening of Wimbledon Library in 1887. The religious needs of the growing population led to an Anglican church-building programme, starting with the rebuilding of St Mary's Church in 1849 and the construction of Christ Church (1859) and Trinity Church (1862).
Modern history[edit | edit source]
Wimbledon's population continued to grow in the early 20th century, as was recognised in 1905, when the urban district was incorporated as the Municipal Borough of Wimbledon, with the power to select a Mayor.
By 1910, Wimbledon had established the beginnings of the Wimbledon School of Art at the Gladstone Road Technical Institute and acquired its first cinema and the theatre. Unusually, the facilities at its opening included Turkish baths.
By the 1930s, residential expansion had peaked in Wimbledon and the new focus for local growth had moved to neighbouring Morden, which had remained rural until the arrival of the Underground at Morden station in 1926. Wimbledon station was rebuilt by the Southern Railway with a simple Portland stone facade for the opening of a new railway branch line from Wimbledon to Sutton in 1930.
Damage to housing stock in Wimbledon and other parts of London during the Second World War led to a final major building phase, when many earlier Victorian houses with large grounds in Wimbledon Park were sub-divided into flats or demolished and replaced with apartment blocks. Other parts of Wimbledon Park, which had previously escaped being built upon, saw local authority estates constructed by the borough council, to house some of those who had lost their homes.
In 1965, the London Government Act 1963 abolished the Municipal Borough of Wimbledon, Merton and Morden Urban District and the Municipal Borough of Mitcham, creating instead the London Borough of Merton. Initially, the new administrative centre was at Wimbledon Town Hall, but it moved to the 14-storey Crown House in Morden in the early 1990s.
During the 1970s and 1980s, Wimbledon town centre struggled to compete commercially with more developed centres at Kingston and Sutton. Part of the problem was the shortage of locations for large anchor stores to attract customers. After some years in which the council seemed unable to find a solution, The Centre Court shopping centre was developed on land next to the station, providing a much needed focus. The shopping centre incorporated the old town hall building. A new portico, in keeping with the old work, was designed by Sir George Grenfell-Baines, who had worked on the original designs over fifty years before.
Geography[edit | edit source]
Wimbledon lies in the south-west area of London, south of Wandsworth, west of Mitcham, north of Sutton and east of Kingston upon Thames, on the outskirts of Greater London. It is 7 miles (11.3 km) south-west of Charing Cross. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.
It is considered an affluent suburb with its grand Victorian houses, modern housing and low-rise apartments. The residential area splits into two sections: the village and the town, with the village near the common centred on the High Street, being part of the original medieval village, and now a prime residential area of London commanding high prices, and the "town" being part of the modern development, centred on The Broadway, since the building of the railway station in 1838.
The majority of the adult population of around 68,200 adults belong to the ABC1 social group. The population grew from around 1,000 at the start of the 19th century to around 55,000 in 1911, a figure which has remained reasonably stable since.
Demography[edit | edit source]
Wimbledon is covered by several wards in the London Borough of Merton, making it difficult to produce statistics for the town as a whole.
The largest ethnic groups (up to 10%) in the wards according to the 2011 census are:
- Village (northern areas and the village): 65% White British, 16% Other White
- Wimbledon Park (north-east): 60% White British, 18% Other White
- Hillside (west of centre): 56% White British, 20% Other White
- Dundonald (south of centre): 61% White British, 18% Other White
- Raynes Park (west of centre): 61% White British, 16% Other White
- Trinity (east from centre): 56% White British, 18% Other White
Informal area names[edit | edit source]
Locals, newsagents, tradesman and Estate Agents refer to certain streets informally after their "street name" themes: "The Battles" consist of Hamilton Road, Hardy Road, Nelson Road, Victory Road and Trafalgar Road. "The Ministers" of a grid of roads named after ministers and prime ministers (for example, Pelham, Palmerston, Southey, Montague, Russell, Gladstone, Balfour and Griffiths Roads), and "The Poets" of six streets named after literary figures – Wilfred Owen Close, Tennyson Road, Caxton Road, Dryden Road, Milton Road, Cowper Road and Garfield Road. "The Slopes" around Wimbledon's Edge Hill are named after the gradient descending from Ridgway in Wimbledon Village, including Denmark Avenue, Edge Hill, Ridgway Place, Spencer Hill, Thornton Hill, The Downs, and Arterberry, Crescent, Darlaston, Denmark, Cottenham Park, Malcolm, Murray, Raymond, St John's and Thornton Roads.
Governance[edit | edit source]
At the time the Domesday Book was compiled (around 1087), Wimbledon was part of the manor of Mortlake. From 1328 to 1536 a manor of Wimbledon was recorded as belonging to the Archbishop of Canterbury.
The manor of Wimbledon changed hands many times during its history. Wimbledon formed the name of a larger borough of Wimbledon within the county of Surrey. It was absorbed into the London Borough of Merton with the creation of Greater London in 1965. It is now in the Parliamentary constituency of Wimbledon, and since 2005 has been represented by the Conservative MP Stephen Hammond.
Economy[edit | edit source]
In 2012 the businesses in Wimbledon voted to introduce a Business Improvement District. "Love Wimbledon" was formed in April 2012, funded and managed by the business community to promote and enhance the town centre.
The UK's leading car-sharing company Zipcar has its UK headquarters in Wimbledon. Other notable companies and charitable organisations with head offices in Wimbledon include CIPD, Ipsotek, United Response, and the GMB trade union.
The Tennis Championships[edit | edit source]
In the 1870s, at the bottom of the hill on land between the railway line and Worple Road, the All-England Croquet Club had begun to hold its annual championships. But the popularity of croquet was waning as the new sport of lawn tennis began to spread, and after initially setting aside just one of its lawns for tennis, the club decided to hold its first Lawn Tennis Championship in July 1877. By 1922, the popularity of tennis had grown to the extent that the club's small ground could no longer cope with the numbers of spectators and the renamed All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club moved to new grounds close to Wimbledon Park.
Wimbledon historian Richard Milward recounts how King George V opened the new courts. "He (the king) gave three blows on a gong, the tarpaulins were removed, the first match started – and the rain came down." The club's old grounds continue to be used as the sports ground for Wimbledon High School.
Sport[edit | edit source]
Wimbledon has also been well known for another period of sporting fame. From a small, long-established non-League team, Wimbledon Football Club had from 1977 climbed quickly through the ranks of the Football League structure, reaching the highest national professional league in 1986 and winning the FA Cup against Liverpool in 1988.
However, the proximity of other more established teams, such as Chelsea and Fulham and the small size of its ground meant that the club struggled to increase its fan base to the size needed to maintain a top-flight team. In 2000 the team was relegated from the top division of English football after 14 years.
Wimbledon moved into a stadium at Plough Lane in 1912 and played there for 79 years, until beginning a ground share with Crystal Palace at Selhurst Park near Croydon, as their progress through the Football League meant that redeveloping Plough Lane to the required modern standards was impractical. The stadium stood dormant for 10 years until it was finally demolished in 2001. A housing development now occupies the site.
In May 2002, an FA commission controversially allowed the owners of the club to relocate 70 miles north to the town of Milton Keynes in Buckinghamshire, despite vehement fan protests. This represented a previously unheard-of acceptance by the FA of American-style sports-team franchising, and the decision was universally criticised.
As soon as The Football Association approved this move in May 2002, former Wimbledon F.C. supporters founded their own replacement club, the semi-professional AFC Wimbledon, and the club's support overwhelmingly shifted to the new team, who in their second and third seasons of existence earned successive promotions to the First then Premier Divisions of the Isthmian League. The club also won the Combined Counties League Premier Challenge Cup in 2004 and the Surrey Senior Cup in 2005 to complete consecutive league and cup doubles, in one of which finishing the season unbeaten in the league. Another great achievement by the Wimbledon Independent Supporters Association (WISA) saw the return of the Patrimony of Wimbledon F.C. in 2007 to the care of Merton Council There is now a permanent display in Morden Library. In 2008 and 2009, AFC Wimbledon earned two more promotions, via the Conference South into the Conference Premier. On 21 May 2011, promotion to the football league was achieved when AFC Wimbledon won their Conference Premier play-off against Luton Town on penalty kicks (after a goalless draw and extra time) at City of Manchester Stadium This put Wimbledon back into English Football League, a remarkable achievement in such a short time. AFC Wimbledon were promoted again to League One now in the division above the franchise club in Milton Keynes (formerly Wimbledon F.C.).
- Rifle shooting
In the 1860s, the newly formed National Rifle Association held its first competition on Wimbledon Common. The association and the annual competition grew rapidly and by the early 1870s, rifle ranges were established on the common. In 1878 the competitions were lasting two weeks and attracting nearly 2,500 competitors, housed in temporary camps set up across the common. By the 1880s, however, the power and range of rifles had advanced to the extent that shooting in an increasingly populated area was no longer considered safe. The last meeting was held in 1889 before the NRA moved to Bisley in Surrey.
- Horse Riding
Wimbledon Village Stables is the oldest recorded riding stables in England. The late Richard Milward MA, a local historian, researched the background of horses in Wimbledon over the years and found that the first recorded stables belonged to the Lord of the Manor, and are detailed in the Estate's accounts of 1236–37. Stables on the current site, behind the Dog & Fox pub in the High Street, were founded in 1915 by William Kirkpatrick and named Hilcote Stables; William's daughter Jean took over on his retirement and continued to visit the stables until her death in 2005. From 1969 Hilcote Stables were leased to Colin Crawford, and when they came up for sale in 1980 renamed Wimbledon Village Stables. It is now approved by the British Horse Society and the Association of British Riding Schools. It offers horse-riding lessons and hacks on Wimbledon Common and in Richmond Park.
- Horse racing
In 1792 the Rev. Daniel Lysons published The Environs of London: being an historical account of the towns, villages, and hamlets, within twelve miles of that capital in which he wrote: "In the early part of the present century there were annual races upon this common, which had then a King's plate." However, he gives no further details and does not say how successful the horse racing was or how long it lasted.
- Motorcycle Speedway
For many years Wimbledon Stadium hosted to Greyhound racing, as well as Stock car racing and Speedway. Speedway began at Wimbledon Stadium in 1928. The local team, the "Dons", was successful over the decades. It started out in 1929 as a member of the Southern League and operated until the Second World War. The track re-opened in 1946 and the Dons operated in the top flight for many years. In the 1950s the track was home to two World Champions: Ronnie Moore and Barry Briggs. In the Dons' last season, 2005, the team finished second in The National Conference League, but after the collapse of lease-renewal talks with the Greyhound Racing Association (owners of the stadium), the high increase in rent required meant the team was wound up. Greyhound racing and stock-car racing continue there.
There is an active running club in Wimbledon called the Windmilers. The club includes some top athletes as well as beginners. A Parkrun is held every Saturday morning at 9 am. It sees in excess of 300 runners complete the 5 km. The course starts and finishes at the Windmill. Prior to Parkrun, a similar event had been held as the Wimbledon Common Time Trial.
Theatres[edit | edit source]
New Wimbledon Theatre[edit | edit source]
The New Wimbledon Theatre is a Grade II listed Edwardian theatre built by J. B. Mullholland as the Wimbledon Theatre, on the site of a large house with spacious grounds. The theatre was designed by Cecil Aubrey Masey and Roy Young (possibly after a 1908 design by Frank H Jones). It opened on 26 December 1910 with the pantomime Jack and Jill. The theatre was very popular between the wars, with appearances by Gracie Fields, Sybil Thorndike, Ivor Novello, Markova and Noël Coward. Lionel Bart's Oliver! and Half A Sixpence, starring Tommy Steele, received their world premières at the theatre in the 1960s, before transferring to the West End.
The theatre was saved from redevelopment by the Ambassador Theatre Group in 2004. With several refurbishments, notably in 1991 and 1998, it retains its baroque and Adamesque internal features. The golden statue on the dome depicts Laetitia, the Roman Goddess of Gaiety, and was an original fixture back in 1910. Laetitia is holding a laurel crown as a symbol of celebration. The statue was removed during the Second World War, as it was thought to be a direction finder for German bombers. It was eventually replaced in 1991.
Polka Children's Theatre[edit | edit source]
The Polka Theatre is a children's theatre in Wimbledon, London Borough of Merton, for children up to 13. The theatre contains two performance spaces – a 300-seat main auditorium and a 70-seat studio dedicated to early-year performances. Polka also has a creative learning studio, a garden, an outdoor playground, indoor play area, exhibition spaces and a cafe. It is a producing theatre, which also tours shows nationally and internationally, and provides a range of education and community engagement programmes for children as a registered charity and an Arts Council England National Portfolio Organisation. It is also funded by the London Borough of Merton and a number of private charitable trusts and foundations, individuals and firms. The theatre (formerly the Holy Trinity Halls in Wimbledon) opened in November 1979.
Transport[edit | edit source]
- Wimbledon station
- Wimbledon Chase railway station
- Raynes Park railway station
- Wimbledon Park tube station
- South Wimbledon tube station
Literature[edit | edit source]
In literature, Wimbledon provides the principal setting for several comic novels by author Nigel Williams (including the best-selling The Wimbledon Poisoner and They Came from SW19), as well as for Elisabeth Beresford's series of children's stories about the Wombles.
Wimbledon was given as the site where the sixth Martian invasion cylinder landed in H.G. Wells' book The War of the Worlds and is mentioned briefly in the same author's The Time Machine and When the Sleeper Wakes.
Each October thousands attend the Wimbledon BookFest, which has been running since 2006. Over 60 events are held around Wimbledon, including at the Big Tent on the Common.
Notable residents[edit | edit source]
- Khalid Abdalla (born 1980) – actor, The Kite Runner and United 93
- Bob Astles (1924–2012) – former associate of Ugandan presidents Milton Obote and Idi Amin
- Ben Barnes (born 1981) – actor, The Chronicles of Narnia: Prince Caspian
- Joseph Bazalgette (1819–1891) – civil engineer; his creation in the mid 19th century of the sewer network for central London eliminated the incidence of cholera epidemics
- Gary Brabham (born 1961) – Australian international racing driver and convicted rapist, born in Wimbledon
- Raymond Briggs (born 1934) – cartoonist
- John Lyde-Brown (died 1787) – director of the Bank of England; resident of Cannizaro House; his collection of classical sculpture was acquired by Catherine II of Russia in 1787 and is held by the Hermitage Museum
- James Brunlees (1816–1892) – engineer, lived at Argyle Lodge, Parkside
- Josephine Butler (1828–1906) – feminist campaigner of the Victorian era, Blue Plaque at 8 North View, Wimbledon Common
- George Edward Cates (1892–1917) – World War I Victoria Cross recipient
- Duke & Duchess of Cannizaro
- Ernst Boris Chain (1906–1979) – joint winner of the 1945 Nobel Prize in Medicine for the discovery of penicillin. Blue Plaque at 9 North View, Wimbledon Common
- Mavis Cheek (born 1948) – novelist born and brought up in Wimbledon.
- Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (1660–1744) – close friend of Queen Anne
- Norman Coburn – actor played Donald Fisher in Australian soap opera Home and Away
- Annette Crosbie – actress, screen wife of One Foot in the Grave's Victor Meldrew.
- Sandy Denny (1947–1978) – singer, born at the Nelson Hospital
- Laurence Doherty (1875–1919) – winner of thirteen Wimbledon tennis championships and two Olympic gold medals
- Reginald Doherty (1872–1910) – winner of twelve Wimbledon tennis championships and three Olympic gold medals
- Hugh Dowding (1882–1970) – commander of RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain in 1940, Blue Plaque at 3 St Mary's Road
- Henry Dundas, Viscount Melville (1742–1811) – Home Secretary and Secretary of State for War to William Pitt the Younger, resident of Cannizaro House
- Maria Fetherstonhaugh (1847–1918), novelist, bought a house by Wimbledon Windmill in 1905, where Robert Baden-Powell as her guest wrote Scouting for Boys.
- Ford Madox Ford (1873–1939) – author; works include The Good Soldier and Parade's End
- John William Godward (1861–1922) – painter
- Charles Patrick Graves (1899–1971) – journalist
- Robert Graves (1895–1985) – poet
- Victoria Hamilton – actress
- George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen (1784–1860) – prime minister 1852–55; resident of Cannizaro House
- Georgette Heyer – novelist, was born and grew up in Wimbledon. She wrote her first five novels there. Two later novels, 'Pastel' and 'Behold, Here's Poison', are set in a suburb very like Wimbledon.
- Tom Holland (born 1996) – actor, Spider-Man: Homecoming
- Leslie Hore-Belisha, 1st Baron Hore-Belisha (1893–1957) – while Minister of Transport, 1934-7, he introduced the driving test and the Belisha Beacon; then Secretary of State for War, 1937–40
- Thomas Hughes (1822–1896) – author of Tom Brown's Schooldays which was written in Wimbledon
- James Hunt (1947–1993) – British racing driver and commentator. Formula 1 World Champion 1976
- John Innes – an English property developer and philanthropist
- Sir Theodore Janssen of Wimbledon (c.1658–1748) – director of the South Sea Company and founder-member of the Bank of England. The grounds of his house bordered the east side of the High Street.
- Hetty King famous Music Hall artiste and male impersonator. A blue commemorative plaque was erected on her home in Palmerston Road, Wimbledon by The Music Hall Guild of Great Britain and America in November 2010.
- Vanessa Kirby (born 1987) – actress, The Crown
- Don Lang – Britain's answer to Bill Haley; with his band, a mainstay of Britain's first television rock and roll programme Six-Five Special
- Alvar Lidell (1908–1981) – BBC radio announcer; his voice was well known during the Second World War
- Jenny Lind, the Swedish Nightingale, at Argyle Lodge, Parkside.
- Sir Joseph Norman Lockyer (1836–1920) – scientist and astronomer; joint discoverer of helium
- Frederick Marryat (1792–1848) – author, Blue Plaque at Gothic Lodge, 6 Woodhayes Road; also lived at Wimbledon House.
- Tony McGuinness – musician, Above and Beyond
- Michael McIntyre (born 1976) – comedian born in the area
- Thomas Ralph Merton (1888–1969) – physicist
- Marcus Mumford – musician, Mumford & Sons
- John Murray III (1808–1892) – publisher; significant publications include Charles Darwin's The Origin of Species; Murray built a house called "Newstead" on four acres at Somerset Road.
- Lord Horatio Nelson (1758–1805) – Admiral; Nelson's estate, Merton Place, included part of Wimbledon at the eastern end of the Broadway, though, strictly he was a resident of Merton the neighbouring parish
- Alan Pardew – football manager
- Michelle Paver – author, Chronicles of Ancient Darkness
- Charles Pepys, 1st Earl of Cottenham (1781–1851) – Lord Chancellor
- Sir William Henry Preece (1834–1913)- developed English telephone system; Blue Plaque at Gothic Lodge, 6 Woodhayes Road.
- Oliver Reed (1938–1999) – actor
- Margaret Rutherford (1892–1972) – actress. Blue Plaque at 4 Berkeley Place
- Arthur Schopenhauer (1788–1860) – philosopher, Blue Plaque at Eagle House where he lived in 1803
- Ridley Scott – film director; films include Blade Runner and Gladiator.
- Jay Sean – R&B singer
- Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia (1892–1975) – guest at a house in Parkside while in exile from Ethiopia owing to the Italian invasion; his statue stands in Cannizaro Park.
- Brian Sewell (1931–2015) – English art critic and media personality
- Mark Edgley Smith – composer
- Jamie T (born 1986) – musician
- John Horne Tooke (1736–1812) – politician, lived at Chester House on Wimbledon Common
- Arnold Toynbee (1852–1883) – economic historian, Blue Plaque at 49 Wimbledon Parkside
- Joseph Toynbee (1815–1866) – surgeon, Blue Plaque at 49 Wimbledon Parkside
- Ralph Tubbs – architect; his buildings include the Dome of Discovery and Charing Cross Hospital
- Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham (1730–1782) – twice Prime Minister
- The Wombles of Wimbledon Common
- William Wilberforce (1759–1833) – 19th century anti-slavery campaigner
Amenities[edit | edit source]
Major public open spaces[edit | edit source]
Museums[edit | edit source]
Schools[edit | edit source]
- Ricards Lodge High School, Lake Road, Wimbledon (girls)
- Rutlish School, Watery Lane, Merton Park (boys)
- Ursuline High School, Crescent Road, Wimbledon (RC, girls)
- Wimbledon College, Edge Hill, Wimbledon (RC, boys)
- Dundonald Primary School
- Garfield Primary school (Mixed) Garfield road, Wimbledon
- Hollymount Primary School (Mixed), Cambridge Road, West Wimbledon
- Holy Trinity Primary School, Church of England, Effra Road, Wimbledon
- St. Mary's Catholic Primary School, Russell Road, Wimbledon
- Wimbledon Chase Primary School, Merton Hall Road, Wimbledon
- Wimbledon Park Primary School, Havana Road, Wimbledon Park
- Allenswood Boarding Academy (Girls' School), Albert Road, Wimbledon - founded 1870, closed 1950s
- Donhead Lodge (Boys' School), Edge Hill, Wimbledon
- Hall School Wimbledon (Mixed School), The Downs, Wimbledon
- King's College School, Southside, Wimbledon
- The Norwegian School in London (Norwegian School), Arteberry Road, Wimbledon
- Wimbledon High School (Girls' School), Mansel Road, Wimbledon
- Old Central School, Church of England, Camp Road, Wimbledon – founded 1758, closed 1960s
Places of worship[edit | edit source]
- All Nations' Church (evangelical), Mansel Rd, SW19
- All Saints' Church. South Wimbledon. SW19
- Bethel Baptist Church, Broadway, SW19
- Chabad Wimbledon Synagogue, St George's Road, SW19 4ED (Jewish)
- Congregational Church, Dundonald Rd, SW19
- Everyday Church, Queens Road, SW19 8LR
- Christ Church, Colliers Wood. SW19 2NY.
- Christ Church, West Wimbledon (Church of England), SW20
- Christian Science Reading Room, Worple Rd, SW19
- Church of Christ the King (Catholic), Crescent Gardens, SW19
- Elim Pentecostal Church, SW19
- Emmanuel Church (Church of England), Ridgway, SW19
- Hillside Church (non-denominational), Worple Rd, SW19
- Holy Trinity Church (Church of England), Broadway, SW19
- Kairos Church (inter-denominational), Kingston Rd, SW19
- Kingdom Hall (Jehovah's Witnesses), Haydons Rd, SW19
- Our Lady and St Peter's Church (Catholic), Victoria Drive, SW19
- Sacred Heart Church (Catholic), Edge Hill, SW19
- St Andrews Church (Church of England), Herbert Rd, SW19
- Saint John the Divine Merton, SW19
- St John the Baptist (Church of England), Spencer Hill, SW19
- St Luke's Church (Church of England), Ryfold Road, Wimbledon Park SW19 8BZ
- St Mary's Church (Church of England), St Mary's Rd, SW19
- St Winefride's Church, (Catholic), Latimer Rd, SW19
- Salvation Army, Kingston Rd, SW19
- Shree Ghanapathy Temple (Hindu), Effra Rd, SW19
- Thai Temple (Buddhist), Colonne Rd, SW19
- The Open Door (non-denominational), Worple Rd, SW19
- Trinity United Reformed Church, Mansel Rd, SW19
- Wimbledon and District Synagogue (Reform Jewish)
- Wimbledon Mosque (Islam), Durnsford Rd, SW19
- Wimbledon Quaker Meeting, Spencer Hill Rd, SW19
- Wimbledon Spiritualist Church, SW19
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- ^ http://data.london.gov.uk/2011-census-ward-pop
- ^ "Wimbledon". NZHistory. https://nzhistory.govt.nz/keyword/wimbledon. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
- ^ Edward Kemp. The parks, gardens, etc., of London and its suburbs, described and illustrated, for the guidance of strangers. John Weale, 1851. p. 29. https://books.google.com/books?id=52MDAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA29&dq=Wimbledon+Common#v=onepage&q=Wimbledon%20Common&f=false. Retrieved 20 February 2011.
- ^ Room, Adrian: "Dictionary of Place-Names in the British Isles", Bloomsbury, 1988
- ^ a b "Wimbledon". British History Online. www.british-history.ac.uk. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=45395. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
- ^ , 25 November 1864.
- ^ , 25 November 1870.
- ^ , 18 August 1871.
- ^ "Wimbledon's Danish links". http://www.yourlocalguardian.co.uk/news/local/wimbledonnews/10267280.Wimbledon_s_Danish_link_and_where_our_pub_names_come_from/.
- ^ Wimbledon Turkish Bath.
- ^ Mayor of London (February 2008). "London Plan (Consolidated with Alterations since 2004)". Greater London Authority. http://www.london.gov.uk/thelondonplan/docs/londonplan08.pdf.
- ^ a b "Short Term Property To Rent; Wimbledon, Cowes, Sandbanks, & St Andrews; Primelocation". www.primelocation.com. http://www.primelocation.com/articles/short-term-rental-properties/. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
- ^ "Primary Residential Areas in London". www.kipb.ae. http://www.kipb.ae/areas.html#wim. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
- ^ Christopher Hibbert; Ben Weinreb. The London Encyclopaedia. Pan Macmillan, 2008. p. 1026. https://books.google.com/books?id=wN_H-__MBpYC&pg=PA1026&dq=wimbledon+village#v=onepage&q=wimbledon%20village&f=false. Retrieved 20 February 2011.
- ^ "Location Report". www.nsdatabase.co.uk. http://www.nsdatabase.co.uk/locationdetail.cfm?locationid=1682. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
- ^ "Wimbledon Museum". www.wimbledonmuseum.org.uk. http://www.wimbledonmuseum.org.uk/tour.php?cat=19th&page=1. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
- ^ Good Stuff IT Services. "Village – UK Census Data 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. http://www.ukcensusdata.com/village-e05000472. Retrieved 2017-07-14.
- ^ Good Stuff IT Services. "Wimbledon Park – UK Census Data 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. http://www.ukcensusdata.com/wimbledon-park-e05000474. Retrieved 2017-07-14.
- ^ Good Stuff IT Services. "Hillside – UK Census Data 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. http://www.ukcensusdata.com/hillside-e05000462. Retrieved 2017-07-14.
- ^ Good Stuff IT Services. "Dundonald – UK Census Data 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. http://www.ukcensusdata.com/dundonald-e05000459. Retrieved 2017-07-14.
- ^ Good Stuff IT Services. "Raynes Park – UK Census Data 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. http://www.ukcensusdata.com/raynes-park-e05000469#sthash.VXG9AP6T.dpbs. Retrieved 2018-01-05.
- ^ Good Stuff IT Services. "Trinity – UK Census Data 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. http://www.ukcensusdata.com/trinity-e05000471. Retrieved 2017-07-14.
- ^ "Areas of Wimbledon". http://www.winchester-white.co.uk/about/property-guides/wimbledon. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
- ^ "Area guide and history of Wimbledon". http://www.ellisons.uk.com/About-Us/Area-Guide/Wimbledon. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
- ^ Richard John Milward. New Short History of Wimbledon. Wimbledon Society, 1989. http://www.wcraltd.co.uk/id15.html. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
- ^ "Homepage". http://www.zipcar.com/london/office.
- ^ "Plough Lane – Wimbledon". Old Football Grounds. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. https://web.archive.org/web/20110724094806/http://www.oldgrounds.co.uk/plough_lane_wimbledon.htm.
- ^ "New Wimbledon Theatre – architecture – Merton Council". www.merton.gov.uk. http://www.merton.gov.uk/leisure/history-heritage/architecture/open_house_new_wimbledon_theatre.htm. Retrieved 14 April 2011.
- ^ "The New Wimbledon Theatre". www.arthurlloyd.co.uk. http://www.arthurlloyd.co.uk/WimbledonTheatre.htm. Retrieved 14 April 2011.
- ^ Christopher Hibbert, Ben Weinreb. The London encyclopaedia. Pan Macmillan, 2008. p. 1026. https://books.google.com/books?id=wN_H-__MBpYC&pg=PA1026&dq=new+Wimbledon+Theatre+history#v=onepage&q=new%20Wimbledon%20Theatre%20history&f=false. Retrieved 14 April 2011.
- ^ "New Wimbledon Theatre Centenary – find fun things to do in London & Surrey with Time & Leisure". www.timeandleisure.co.uk. http://www.timeandleisure.co.uk/articles/history/390-wimbledon-theatre-centenary.html. Retrieved 14 April 2011.
- ^ "Charity Commission". http://www.charity-commission.gov.uk/Showcharity/RegisterOfCharities/CharityWithPartB.aspx?RegisteredCharityNumber=256979&SubsidiaryNumber=0.
- ^ "Arts Council England". http://www.artscouncil.org.uk/funding/browse-regularly-funded-organisations/npo/polka-theatre/.
- ^ "London Borough of Merton Arts Strategy". http://www.merton.gov.uk/council/arts_strat_new_proof.pdf.
- ^ The Wimbledon Society. "From London's sewers to the fresh air of Wimbledon". Wimbledon Guardian. http://www.wimbledonguardian.co.uk/heritage/news/9603435.print/. Retrieved 11 October 2014.
- ^ a b c The Friends of Cannizaro Park – History
- ^ a b English Heritage – List of Blue Plaques, B
- ^ Findagrave.com
- ^ "The Duke and Duchess Cannizarro". wimbledonguardian.co.uk. 2 March 2012. http://www.wimbledonguardian.co.uk/heritage/news/9566343.Colourful_story_of_Cannizaro_gets_another_hearing/. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
- ^ Publisher biography: Retrieved 2 April 2012.
- ^ English Heritage – List of Blue Plaques, D
- ^ Wimbledon Guardian, 22 February 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
- ^ "Complete Works of Ford Madox Ford, with picture of birthplace in Kingston Road, Wimbledon". https://books.google.com/books?id=s24bAgAAQBAJ&pg=PT9&lpg=PT9&dq=ford+madox+ford+kingston+road&source=bl&ots=97eEgS0ai0&sig=p_oQPR-Y_p9jMrK5DU62IgLEHn4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=lxbtUvDINabQ7Ab444CoDA&ved=0CDUQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=ford%20madox%20ford%20kingston%20road&f=false. Retrieved 3 February 2014.
- ^ http://www.wimbledonguardian.co.uk/news/13316513.Stephen_Fry_unveils_plaque_to_Wimbledon_author_Georgette_Heyer/
- ^ "England: Teile von verschiedenen Regionen". Universitat Bern. http://biblio.unibe.ch/web-apps/maps/zoomify.php?pic=Ryh_1813_24.jpg&col=ryh. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- ^ "This is the news – with Alvar Lidell". Wimbledon Guardian. http://www.wimbledonguardian.co.uk/heritage/news/10135731.This_is_the_news___with_Alvar_Lidell/. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
- ^ "The Wimbledon Society". http://www.wimbledonguardian.co.uk/heritage/news/9577848.print/. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
- ^ London Borough of Merton, Nelson
- ^ http://www.wimbledonguardian.co.uk/heritage/news/9529869.Oliver_Reed_-_Wimbledon_s_wildest_rebel/
- ^ English Heritage – List of Blue Plaques, R
- ^ English Heritage – List of Blue Plaques, S
- ^ "Wimbledon Music Festival". http://www.wimbledonmusicfestival.co.uk/wimbledon.html. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
- ^ The Friends of Cannizaro Park – Statue of Haile Selassie
- ^ a b English Heritage – List of Blue Plaques, T
- ^ "The Museum of Wimbledon". http://www.wimbledonmuseum.org.uk/index.php/on-view/georgian-era/politics. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
- ^ "The Theologian". http://www.theologian.org.uk/churchhistory/wilberforce.html. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
- ^ "About us". Chabad Wimbledon. http://www.chabadwimbledon.com/templates/articlecco_cdo/aid/2511481/jewish/About-Us.htm. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
- ^ "Find us". Everyday Church. http://everyday.org.uk/find-us. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
- ^ "Wimbledon Spiritualist Church". Wimbledon Spiritualist Church. http://www.WimbledonSpiritualistChurch.co.uk. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
- Bartlett, William A., History of Antiquities of the Parish of Wimbledon, Simpkin, Marshall, & co., 1865
- Brown, John W., Lysons's History of Wimbledon, Local History Reprints, 1991, ISBN 1-85699-021-4
- Milward, Richard, Historic Wimbledon, Caesar's Camp to Centre Court, The Windrush Press and Fielders of Wimbledon, 1989, ISBN 0-900075-16-3
- Milward, Richard, New Short History of Wimbledon, Wimbledon Society, 1989
[edit | edit source]
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for London/Wimbledon.|
- Local authorities
- british-history.ac.uk The Environs of London: Volume 1: County of Surrey, 1792, "Wimbledon", pp. 519–540, Daniel Lysons
- british-history.ac.uk A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4, 1912, "Parishes: Wimbledon", pp. 120–125, H. E. Malden (editor)
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Wimbledon, London. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|