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Wethersfield, Connecticut
—  Town  —
Joseph Webb and Isaac Stevens Houses
Official seal of Wethersfield, Connecticut
Seal
Location within Hartford County, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°42′04″N 72°40′10″W / 41.70111, -72.66944Coordinates: 41°42′04″N 72°40′10″W / 41.70111, -72.66944
Country United States
State Connecticut
NECTA Hartford
Region Capitol Region
Settled 1634
Incorporated 1822
Government
 • Type Council-manager
 • Town manager Jeff Bridges
 • Town council * Mayor Paul F. Montinieri (D)
  • Dep. Mayor Steve M. Barry (D)
  • Donna H. Hemmann (R)
  • Mike J. Hurley (R)
  • Jeffrey R. Kotkin (D)
  • Stathis Manousos (R)
  • Gerri Roberts (D)
  • Michael L. Rell (R)
  • Tony Martino (D)
Area
 • Total 13.1 sq mi (34.0 km2)
 • Land 12.3 sq mi (31.9 km2)
 • Water 0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
Elevation 45 ft (14 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 26,668
 • Density 2,000/sq mi (780/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 06109
Area code(s) 860
FIPS code 09-84900
GNIS feature ID 0213533
Website wethersfieldct.com

Wethersfield is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, USA, immediately south of Hartford along the Connecticut River. Many records from colonial times spell the name "Weathersfield", while Native Americans called it "Pyquag".[1] The town's motto is "Ye Most Auncient Towne in Connecticut",[2] and its population was 26,668 in the 2010 census.[3] The town is primarily served by Interstate 91. The neighborhood known as Old Wethersfield is the state's largest historic district, spanning two square miles and 1,100 buildings, dating back to the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries.

History[]

Founded in 1634 by a Puritan settlement party of "10 Men" including John Oldham, Robert Seeley, Thomas Topping and Nathaniel Foote, Wethersfield is arguably the oldest town in Connecticut,[4][5] depending on one's interpretation of when a remote settlement qualifies as a "town". Along with Windsor and Hartford, Wethersfield is represented by one of the three grapevines on the Flag of Connecticut, signifying the state's three oldest European settlements.[6][7] The town took its name from Wethersfield, a village in the English county of Essex.

Pequot War[]

During the Pequot War, on April 23, 1637, Wongunk chief Sequin attacked Wethersfield with Pequot help. They killed six men and three women, a number of cattle and horses, and took two young girls captive. They were daughters of Abraham Swain or William Swaine (sources vary) and were later ransomed by Dutch traders.[8]

Wethersfield witch trials[]

Four witch trials and three executions for witchcraft occurred in the town in the 17th century. Mary Johnson was convicted of witchcraft and executed in 1648, Joan and John Carrington in 1651.[9] Landowner Katherine Harrison was convicted, and although her conviction was reversed, she was banished and her property seized by her neighbors.[10][11]

Revolutionary War[]

Silas Deane, commissioner to France during the American Revolutionary War, lived in the town. His house is now part of the Webb-Deane-Stevens Museum. In May 1781, at the Webb House on Main Street, General George Washington and French Lt. Gen. Rochambeau planned the Siege of Yorktown, which culminated in the independence of the then rebellious colonies.

The Wethersfield Volunteer Fire Department was chartered by the Connecticut Legislature on May 12, 1803, making it the first formally chartered fire department in Connecticut, and is one of the oldest chartered volunteer fire department in continuous existence in the United States.[12]

Explorer Number
1 Nathaniel Foote
2 Abraham Finch
3 Robert Seeley
4 John Oldham
5 John Clarke
6 Nathaniel Dickinson
7 Andrew Ward
8 William Swayne
9 John Strictland
10 Leonard Chester

Wethersfield was "for a century at least, the centre of the onion trade in New England", during the late 1700s and early to middle 1800s.[13] "Outsiders dubbed the Connecticut village 'Oniontown,' with a crosshatch of affection and derision, for this was home of the world-famous Wethersfield red onion."[14]

In addition, the town was home to William G. Comstock, a well-known 19th century gardening expert and author of the era's most prominent gardening book, Order of Spring Work. In 1820, Comstock founded what would become Comstock, Ferre & Company,[15][16] currently America's oldest continuously operating seed company, pioneering the commercial sale of sealed packets of seeds as he had learned from the Amish. Other nationally prominent seed companies in and around the town are the offspring of this agricultural past.[14][17]

A meteorite fell on Wethersfield on November 8, 1982. It was the second meteorite to fall in the town in the span of 11 years, and crashed through the roof of a house without injuring the occupants, as the first Wethersfield meteorite had also done. The 1971 meteorite was sold to the Smithsonian, and the 1982 meteorite was taken up as part of a collection at the Yale Peabody Museum.[18][19]

Geography[]

Wethersfield is located at 41° 42' 43" North, 72° 39' 48" West (41.7122° -72.6636°).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 13.1 square miles (34.0 km2), of which 12.3 square miles (31.9 km2) is land and 0.81 square miles (2.1 km2), or 6.10%, is water.[3]

Wethersfield is bordered by Hartford on the north, Rocky Hill on the south, Newington on the west, and across the Connecticut River by East Hartford on the northeast and Glastonbury on the east.

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 3,825
1840 3,824
1850 2,523 −34.0%
1860 2,705 7.2%
1870 2,693 −0.4%
1880 2,173 −19.3%
1890 2,271 4.5%
1900 2,637 16.1%
1910 3,148 19.4%
1920 4,342 37.9%
1930 7,512 73.0%
1940 9,644 28.4%
1950 12,533 30.0%
1960 20,561 64.1%
1970 26,662 29.7%
1980 26,013 −2.4%
1990 25,651 −1.4%
2000 26,271 2.4%
2010 26,668 1.5%
Est. 2014 26,446 [20] 0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[21]

As of the 2000 census,[22] there were 26,268 people, 11,214 households, and 7,412 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,119.9 people per square mile (818.7/km²). There were 11,454 housing units at an average density of 924.3 per square mile (356.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.19% White, 2.09% Black or African American, 0.08% Native American, 1.58% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.82% from other races, and 1.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.19% of the population.

There were 11,214 households, out of which 25.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.89.

The town population was distributed with 20.1% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 23.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 86.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $53,289, and the median income for a family was $68,154. (These figures had risen to $66,044 and $86,432 respectively as of a 2007 estimate.)[23] Males had a median income of $43,998 versus $37,443 for females. The per capita income for the town was $28,930. About 2.4% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[]

The Connecticut Department of Correction and the Connecticut Department of Motor Vehicles have their headquarters in Wethersfield.[24][25]

The United States Postal Service operates the Wethersfield Post Office, zip code 06109.[26]

Authority[]

Wethersfield has as police station and 3 volunteer fire stations. [27]The year 2003 marked the formal 200th Anniversary of the Wethersfield Volunteer Fire Department. Wethersfield has the oldest volunteer fire company in Connecticut, and in New England.

Transportation[]

Greater Hartford's major system of public transportation is currently Connecticut Transit (CT Transit), a Connecticut Department of Transportation-owned bus service operating routes throughout the New Haven, Stamford, Hartford and other metro areas. Wethersfield is served by route numbers 20, 43, 47, 53, 55, 61, and 91.[28]

Major roads include:

  • Main Street in Old Wethersfield
  • Connecticut Route 287 (Prospect st.)
  • Connecticut Route 175 (Wells Road)
  • Connecticut Route 99 (Silas Deane Highway)
  • Connecticut Route 15 and U.S. Route 5 (Berlin Turnpike and Wilbur Cross Highway)
  • Connecticut Route 3 (Maple Street and Putnam Bridge)
  • Interstate 91 (Exits 25–26)

Wethersfield was once connected to Hartford by streetcar [29][30] and by passenger service on the Valley Railroad. Its tracks still provide a route for sporadic freight trains between Hartford and Old Saybrook.

Education[]

The Wethersfield public school system encompasses Wethersfield High School, Silas Deane Middle School, and five elementary schools: Highcrest School, Charles Wright School, Emerson-Williams School, Alfred W. Hanmer School, and Samuel B. Webb School.

Wethersfield is also the home of Corpus Christi School, which is a Catholic school of approximately 400 students from pre-kindergarten through 8th grade. It was one of only fifty private schools named as a 2012 National Blue Ribbon School by the U.S. Secretary of Education, in the category of "Exemplary High Performing."[31]

Culture[]

Landmarks and historic district[]

Three buildings in Wethersfield are designated as historic landmarks by the National Register of Historic Places:

  • Buttolph-Williams House — 249 Broad St. (added December 24, 1968)
  • Joseph Webb House — 211 Main St. (added November 15, 1966)
  • Silas Deane House — 203 Main St. (added November 6, 1970)

In 1970, Old Wethersfield, the district bounded by Hartford, the railroad tracks, I-91 and Rocky Hill, was added to the National Register of Historic Places. This is the largest historic district in Connecticut, with two square miles containing 1,100 buildings, many dating back to the 18th and 19th centuries.[14]

Other points of interest[]

Wethersfield Cove

  • Ancient Burying Ground
  • Broad Street Green
  • Roger Butler House
  • Captain James Francis House
  • Great Meadows[32]
  • Heritage Way — a "linear park" and multi-use path that connects Wethersfield's open areas and recreation facilities[33]
  • Hurlbut-Dunham House
  • Keeney Memorial Culture Center[34] — home of the Wethersfield Museum and Visitor Center
  • Millwoods Park/Pond
  • Wethersfield Cove
  • Wethersfield Historical Society[35]
  • Wethersfield Skate Park
  • Willard Pool
  • Wintergreen Woods — 100 acres (0.40 km2) forest with vernal pools and walking trails
  • Eleanor Buck Wolf Nature Center[36]
  • 9/11 Memorial Sports Center

Music[]

The historic First Church of Christ, Wethersfield, is the home of the Albert Schweitzer Organ Festival USA,[37] a major national competition for young organists held annually since 1998.

Appearances in popular culture[]

Wethersfield was the setting for the children's novel The Witch of Blackbird Pond by Elizabeth George Speare, as well as the setting of the one-act play The Valiant by Holworthy Hall and Robert Middlemass.

Actor-turned-author Thomas Tryon used his native Wethersfield as the setting for his action/romance novels The Wings of the Morning and In the Fire of Spring, as well as a mystery/horror novel and film The Other.

The short film Disneyland Dream features the Barstow family from Wethersfield, including footage of their neighborhood.

The novel Parrot and Olivier in America by two-time Booker Prize-winning Australian author Peter Carey was largely set in the town of Wethersfield. The novel touches on some hallmarks of its history including the predominance of onion farming and the old state prison.

Notable people[]

  • Charles McLean Andrews (1863–1943), historian
  • William Watson Andrews (1810–1897), clergyman
  • Steven Anzovin (1954-2005), American non-fiction author
  • Robbins Barstow (1919-2010), Producer of historically significant travelogues (most notably Disneyland Dream [1956]);[38] Director of Professional Development, Connecticut Education Association.
  • Elizabeth Canning (1734–1773), English maid notoriously exiled for perjury
  • William G. Comstock[39] (1810–1899), gardening expert, author, and founder of seed company
  • Kenneth F. Cramer (1894–1954), U.S. Army Major General and Chief of the National Guard Bureau
  • James Curtiss (1803–1859), Mayor of Chicago
  • Silas Deane (1737–1789), first American diplomat
  • John Deming (c.1615–1705), a founder of Wethersfield and an original patentee of Connecticut Colony
  • Tony DiCicco (born 1948), coach, United States women's national soccer team
  • Bruce Edwards (1954–2004), Tom Watson's caddy of almost 30 years
  • Krista Flanigan,[40][41] actress
  • Nathaniel Foote[42][43] (1592–1644), an original settler
  • Thomas Ian Griffith (born 1962), actor
  • Betsey Johnson (born 1942), fashion designer
  • Mark Linn-Baker (born 1954), actor and director
  • Colin McDonald (born 1984), professional hockey player
  • John Mehegan (1916–1984), jazz pianist
  • William J. Miller (1899-1950), Congressman from Connecticut
  • Stephen Mix Mitchell (1743–1835), United States Senator and Connecticut Chief Justice
  • Chris Murphy (born 1973), United States Senator
  • Tyler Murphy, Former quarterback for the University of Florida Gators, Starting quarterback for the Boston College Eagles
  • John Oldham (1592–1636), an original settler
  • John Pinone (born 1961), basketball player and coach
  • Annabella Sciorra (born 1960), actress
  • Robert Seeley (1602–1668), an original settler
  • Christopher Shinn (born 1975), playwright
  • Karen Smyers (born 1961), world champion triathlete
  • Charles Stillman (1810–1875), founder of Brownsville, Texas
  • Richard Treat (or Trott) (1584–1669), an original settler of Wethersfield and a Patentee of the Royal Charter of Connecticut
  • Tom Tryon (1926–1991), actor and novelist
  • Sophie Tucker (1887–1966), comedian and singer, interred in Emanuel Cemetery
  • Levi Warner (1831–1911), Congressman from Connecticut
  • Samuel B. Webb[44][45] (1753–1807), Brigadier General in the American Revolutionary War
  • Thomas Welles (1590–1660), Governor of Connecticut Colony
  • Elisha Williams (1694–1755), minister, legislator and judge
  • Benjamin Wright (1770–1842), chief engineer of the Erie Canal
  • Charles Wright (1811–1885), botanical explorer and collector
  • John Syv (1977), General Manager, beer connoisseur, Newport & Cape Cod enthusiast

References[]

  1. ^ Connecticut Towns in the Order of their Establishment, Secretary of the State of Connecticut. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
  2. ^ Official Web Site of the Town of Wethersfield
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Wethersfield town, Hartford County, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/G001/0600000US0900384900. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 
  4. ^ Clark, George Larkin (1914). A History of Connecticut: Its People and Institutions. G.P.Putnam's Sons.
  5. ^ Town Profile: Wethersfield. The Connecticut Economic Digest, Connecticut Department of Labor, January 2004
  6. ^ Virtual Tour of the Connecticut Supreme Court Courtroom. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
  7. ^ Historically Speaking: Stonington-born woman helped create flag, The Bulletin (Norwich), August 27, 2008
  8. ^ Konstantin, Phil (2002). This Day in North American Indian History. Da Capo Press, pp. 99-100.
  9. ^ List of New England witchcraft cases
  10. ^ Another list of New England witchcraft cases
  11. ^ Brief summary of Katherine Harrison case
  12. ^ Wethersfield Volunteer Fire Dept
  13. ^ A Great Trade Vanished. How Connecticut's Onion Monopoly Was Lost, New York Times, June 2, 1889
  14. ^ a b c Wethersfield, CT, and Onions, Yankee Magazine, August 1993
  15. ^ Connecticut seed company Comstock, Ferre & Co. returns to its roots, Boston Globe, October 16, 2011
  16. ^ Comstock, Ferre & Co
  17. ^ Wethersfield: The Cradle of American Seed Companies, Wethersfield Historical Society, January 23, 2012
  18. ^ The Wethersfield Meteorite, Yale Peabody Museum. Retrieved August 21, 2013.
  19. ^ The Wethersfield Meteorites, Wethersfield Historical Society, October 24, 2011
  20. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". http://www.census.gov/popest/data/cities/totals/2014/SUB-EST2014.html. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  21. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  22. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  23. ^ American FactFinder. Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved August 21, 2013.
  24. ^ Contact Us. Connecticut Department of Correction, 24 Wolcott Hill Road, Wethersfield, CT 06109. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
  25. ^ Contact Information. Connecticut Department of Motor Vehicles, 60 State Street, Wethersfield, CT 06161. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
  26. ^ Location Details. United States Postal Service, 67 Beaver Road, Wethersfield, CT 06109. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
  27. ^ "Department History". http://www.wvfd.org/department-history/. 
  28. ^ Routes & Schedules, Connecticut Transit. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
  29. ^ A Revolution in Horse Power, ConnecticutHistory.org. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  30. ^ They Even Survived Rocks on the Track, Wethersfield Historical Society, August 23, 2012
  31. ^ Corpus Christi School, Wethersfield CT
  32. ^ Great Meadows Conservation Trust, Wethersfield, Rocky Hill and Glastonbury CT
  33. ^ Introduction to Heritage Way, Wethersfield CT
  34. ^ Keeney Memorial Culture Center, Wethersfield CT
  35. ^ Wethersfield Historical Society, Wethersfield CT
  36. ^ Eleanor Buck Wolf Nature Center, Wethersfield CT
  37. ^ Albert Schweitzer Organ Festival, First Church of Christ, Wethersfield
  38. ^ Margalit Fox, Robbins Barstow, Home-Movie Maven, Dies at 91. New York Times, November 13, 2010. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
  39. ^ William G. Comstock, Smithsonian Libraries.
  40. ^ Troupes present light fare for summer audiences, The Blade (Toledo), July 15, 2010
  41. ^ Department of Theatre and Dance, Otterbein University, Summer 2012
  42. ^ Foote, Abram W. (1907). Foote Family, Comprising the Genealogy and History of Nathaniel Foote of Wethersfield, Conn., and his Descendants. Marble City Press.
  43. ^ Nathaniel Foote, New England Families. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
  44. ^ General Samuel Blatchley Webb, Town of Claverack, NY. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
  45. ^ Gen. Samuel B. Webb, FindAGrave.com. Retrieved December 22, 2013.

External links[]

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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Wethersfield, Connecticut. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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