We-Sorts (also Wesorts) is a name (regarded as derogatory by some) for a group of Native Americans in Maryland who are from the Piscataway tribe. Piscataways have always claimed to be Native American people. The Piscataway were powerful at the time of European encounter. Individuals with the surnames Proctor, Newman, Savoy, Queen, Butler, Thompson, Swann, Gray and Harley, claim that Native heritage. Historian Frank Sweet lists "Wesorts" as among a group of "derogatory epithets given by mainstream society, not self-labels". Additionally, "Some members of the Piscataway Indian groups now consider the name Wesort derogatory."
In the early 1930s, weekend-farmer Alice Ferguson noticed that people were finding small artifacts in her fields and decided to do some digging around, according to newspaper reports. Between 1935 and 1939, she uncovered at least five mass-burial pits containing the 300-year-old remains of about 500 Piscataway Indians. Over the years, she gave most of the remains, the bones from about 467 individuals, to the Smithsonian. She called the trust to come pick up what was left -- the very partial remains of 36 individuals -- said Hughes. The trust has determined that the remains are of Piscataway Indians. State officials say that most of the about 25,000 American Indians who live in Maryland are Piscataway.
In literature[edit | edit source]
Wayne Karlin's novel The Wished For Country (2002) represents the origins and struggles of the Wesorts as a multicultural people in the early days of Maryland's first European settlement at St. Mary's City. The Los Angeles Times reviewed The Wished-For Country as a contribution to the history of "the common people," calling the book "an attempt in novel form to bring to life the original Wesorts and their turbulent world."
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- ^ Sweet, Frank (n.d.). "Melungeons, Redbones, and other U.S. Maroons (E3)". http://knol.google.com/k/melungeons-redbones-and-other-u-s-maroons-e3#. Retrieved 3 March 2011.
- ^ Sims, Leah C. (n.d.). "Unraveling a Deceptive Oral History: The Indian Ancestry Claims of Philip S. Proctor and His Descendants". http://www.eskimo.com/~lcsims/tayacfraud.htm. Retrieved 3 March 2011.
- ^ Silva, Amy T. (19 December 2000). "Indian Relics Languish in Museums as Maryland Tribes Fight for Recognition". Capital News Service. http://www.journalism.umd.edu/cns/wire/2000-editions/12-December-editions/001219-Tuesday/ReturningRelics_CNS-UMCP.html. Retrieved 3 March 2011.
- ^ Day, Anthony (27 September 2002). "A Story of Marginalized Colonists Not in History Books (review of The Wished For Country)". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2002/sep/27/news/lv-books27. Retrieved 3 March 2011.
[edit | edit source]
- Article by William Harlen Gilbert, Jr., of the Library of Congress, 1946 - see Section X, Wesorts of Southern Maryland
- The Cedarville Band of Piscataway Indians
- Piscataway Indian Nation
- Piscataway Indians, Catholic Encyclopedia, 1911
- Thomas Ford Brown, "Ethnic Identity Movements and the Legal Process: The Piscataway Revival", Lamar University host
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