|Wayne County, West Virginia|
Location in the state of West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
|Founded||January 18, 1842|
|Named for||Anthony Wayne|
512 sq mi (1,326 km²)
506 sq mi (1,311 km²)
6 sq mi (16 km²), 1.2%
85/sq mi (33/km²)
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Wayne County is the westernmost county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,481. Its county seat is Wayne. The county was founded in 1842 and named for General "Mad" Anthony Wayne.
History[edit | edit source]
Settlement[edit | edit source]
There was no white settlement in the area that became Wayne County until after 1794 due to the constant threat of Indian attack, who were already present. The area was made safe for white settlement in 1794 through the defeat of the Shawnee at the Battle of Fallen Timbers by General "Mad" Anthony Wayne.
When the first permanent European settlers came to Wayne County around the year 1800, the area was part of Kanawha County. Most of the original pioneer settlers were self-sufficient farmers. They raised their own food, sheep for wool clothing, and made their buildings, furnishings and tools out of the surrounding forest. A few trading posts provided the manufactured goods the pioneers could not make for themselves. Later, grist mills at Wayne, Dickson, south of East Lynn and at Lavalette ground their corn into meal and their wheat into flour.
Geography[edit | edit source]
Rivers and Lakes[edit | edit source]
Major highways[edit | edit source]
- Interstate 64
- U.S. Highway 52
- U.S. Highway 60
- West Virginia Route 37
- West Virginia Route 152
- West Virginia Route 75
Adjacent counties[edit | edit source]
- Lawrence County, Ohio (north)
- Cabell County (northeast)
- Lincoln County (east)
- Mingo County (southeast)
- Martin County, Kentucky (south)
- Lawrence County, Kentucky (west)
- Boyd County, Kentucky (northwest)
Wayne County is one of two US counties (The other being Apache County, Arizona) to border two counties of the same name, neither of which is in the same state as the county itself (Lawrence County, Ohio and Lawrence County, Kentucky).
Demographics[edit | edit source]
As of the census of 2000, there were 42,903 people, 17,239 households, and 12,653 families residing in the county. The population density was 85 people per square mile (33/km²). There were 19,107 housing units at an average density of 38 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.79% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.23% Native Americans, 0.20% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. 0.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 17,239 households out of which 31.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.60% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 25.30% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $27,352, and the median income for a family was $32,458. Males had a median income of $31,554 versus $20,720 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,906. About 16.20% of families and 19.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.50% of those under age 18 and 15.20% of those age 65 or over.
Wayne County Railroads[edit | edit source]
- Norfolk Southern Railway's former N&W Kenova District
- CSX Transportation's former C&O Kanawha Sub
- Kanawha River Terminal Railroad
In popular culture[edit | edit source]
The following books take place in Wayne County:
- Last Train to Dunlow by Kay and Jack Dickinson. OCLC 66901525.
- On the Trail of the Powhatan Arrow by Kay and Jack Dickinson. ISBN 978-0-9774116-1-0.
- Discovering Lavalette by Gina Simmons. ISBN 978-1-4389-8707-1.
- Pioneers, Rebels and Wolves by Robert Thompson.
- Climbing Trout's Hill by Robert Thompson.
- East Lynn Booming by Robert Thompson. OCLC 363205071.
- Images Of East Lynn by Robert Thompson.
- Fear No Man by Robert Thompson.
- Aging Wonders by Robert Thompson.
- Few Among The Mountains by Robert Thompson.
Communities[edit | edit source]
Cities and towns[edit | edit source]
- City of Ceredo
- Town of Fort Gay
- City of Huntington (mostly in Cabell County)
- City of Kenova
- Town of Wayne
Unincorporated communities[edit | edit source]
- Buffalo Creek
- Cove Gap
- East Lynn
- Grandview Gardens
- Hidden Valley
- Mineral Springs
- Missouri Branch
- Oakview Heights
- Stiltner (defunct)
- Sweet Run
See also[edit | edit source]
- Beech Fork State Park
- East Lynn Lake
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Wayne County, West Virginia
References[edit | edit source]
- ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/54/54099.html. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- ^ http://www.wvculture.org/history/wvcounties.html
- ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
- ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
- ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/wv190090.txt. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
- ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
|Boyd County, Kentucky||Lawrence County, Ohio||Cabell County|
|Lawrence County, Kentucky||Lincoln County|
Wayne County, West Virginia
|Martin County, Kentucky||Mingo County|
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Wayne County, West Virginia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|