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Washington Parish, Louisiana
Map of Louisiana highlighting Washington Parish
Location in the state of Louisiana
Map of the U.S. highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1819
Named for President George Washington
Seat Franklinton
Largest city Bogalusa
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

676 sq mi (1,751 km²)
670 sq mi (1,734 km²)
6 sq mi (17 km²), 0.95%
 - (2000)
 - Density

66/sq mi (25/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Washington Parish (French: Paroisse de Washington) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. Its parish seat is Franklinton. In 2000, its population was 43,926.

Washington Parish is part of the Bogalusa Micropolitan Statistical Area as well as the New OrleansMetairie–Bogalusa Combined Statistical Area.


Washington Parish was formed in 1819 by splitting off from St. Tammany Parish. Franklinton became the parish seat on February 10, 1821. Washington Parish is the most northeasterly of what are called the Florida Parishes, for it was prior to 1821 a legal part of Spanish West Florida.

There are two articles about the history of Washington Parish:

There is also a book which is online, "Bogalusa Story" by C. W. Goodyear.

Law and government[]

The Washington Parish Government is a Home Rule Charter or “President-Council” form of Government. Its current President is Richard N. Thomas, Jr.


The parish has a total area of 676 square miles (1,750 km2), of which, 670 square miles (1,700 km2) of it is land and 6 square miles (16 km2) of it (0.95%) is water.

Major highways[]

  • Louisiana 10.svg Louisiana Highway 10
  • Louisiana 16.svg Louisiana Highway 16
  • Louisiana 21.svg Louisiana Highway 21
  • Louisiana 25.svg Louisiana Highway 25

Adjacent counties and parishes[]

National protected area[]

  • Bogue Chitto National Wildlife Refuge (part)


Washington Parish is currently known for its agriculture, particularly watermelons, as well as its timber and paper industry.

In 1906, The Great Southern Lumber Company started a sawmill in Bogalusa. It was the first to introduce reforestation in order to sustain the timber industry locally. It later started a paper mill and other related businesses in the area.

The Great Southern Lumber Company was bought several times and is now called Temple-Inland Corporation which is the largest employer in the parish.


Census Pop.
1900 9,628
1910 18,886 96.2%
1920 24,164 27.9%
1930 29,904 23.8%
1940 34,443 15.2%
1950 38,371 11.4%
1960 44,015 14.7%
1970 41,987 −4.6%
1980 44,207 5.3%
1990 43,185 −2.3%
2000 43,926 1.7%
Est. 2006 44,750 [1] 1.9%
Washington Parish Census Data[2]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 43,926 people, 16,467 households, and 11,642 families residing in the parish. The population density was 66 people per square mile (25/km²). There were 19,106 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 67.42% White, 31.53% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.11% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. 0.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 16,467 households out of which 32.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.30% were married couples living together, 17.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the parish the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $24,264, and the median income for a family was $29,480. Males had a median income of $27,964 versus $17,709 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $12,915. About 19.40% of families and 24.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.20% of those under age 18 and 20.40% of those age 65 or over.

National Guard[]

Bogalusa is home to the headquarters of the 205th Engineer Battalion of the 225th Engineer Brigade.

Cities towns, and places[]

Map of Washington Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels


Students outside of the city of Bogalusa attend Washington Parish School System.

Students within the city of Bogalusa attend Bogalusa City Schools.

Louisiana Technical College - Sullivan Campus is located in Bogalusa.

Notable natives and residents[]

  • Henry "Tank" Powell (born 1945), state representative from Tangipahoa Parish from 1996–2008; member of the Louisiana Board of Pardons since 2008
  • B.B. "Benny" Rayburn, Jr. (1944–2006), served as a Washington Parish sheriff.
  • B.B. "Sixty" Rayburn, Sr. (1916–2008), lawmaker.
  • Lawrence A. "Buster" Sheridan, member of the Louisiana House of Representative from 1960–1988
  • Jerry Aroe Thomas (born 1953), Franklinton physician, former Washington Parish coroner, and a member of both houses of the Louisiana State Legislature from 1988-2004.
  • Tom Thornhill (born 1952), Slidell trial lawyer and former state representative from St. Tammany Parish


Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections operates the B.B. "Sixty" Rayburn Correctional Center in an unincorporated section of Washington Parish.[4]

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Washington Parish, Louisiana


External links[]


Coordinates: 30°51′N 90°02′W / 30.85, -90.04

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Washington Parish, Louisiana. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.