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Vsevolod IV Svyatoslavich Chermnyi (the Red) of Kiev, Prince of Starodub, Prince of Chernigov, Princes of Novgorod, Grand Prince of Kiev, was born circa 1157 to Svyatoslav III Vsevolodovich of Kiev (c1123-1194) and Mariya Vasilkovna of Polotsk (c1125-c1180) and died August 1212 Chernigov of unspecified causes. He married Maria of Poland (1164-1194) 1178 JL .

Vsevolod Svyatoslavich Chermnyi (baptised Daniel, c1157-1212 [1] or September 1215 [2]) - Prince of Starodub (1198-1202), Prince of Chernigov (1202 [3][4]-1210 (according to L. Voitovich, Prince of Novgorod (1202-1204), Prince of Chernigov (1204-1210) and from 1212 ), Grand Prince of Kiev (1206-1207 and 1210-1212 [5][6][7]). Vsevolod was the son of Svyatoslav Vsevolodovich, Prince of Chernigov and of Mariya Vasilkovna of Polotsk (c1125-c1180). He had nickname Chermnyi (red).

Biography

In November 1178 he married Maria, the daughter of the Polish prince Casimir II. He was an active participant in the struggle for Kiev (first in union with Ryurik Rostislavich against Roman Mstislavich of Halych, and after Roman's death, against Ryurik Rostislavich) and often called the Polovtsians for help.

After Roman Mstislavich's death, Vsevolod helped establish his second cousin Vladimir Igorevich as ruler of Halych. After the attempt of Vsevolod Yuryevich's son Yaroslav Vsevolodovich to take Halych (1206), Vsevolod Chermnyi broke the peace, drove Ryurik Rostislavich out of Kiev, and Yaroslav from Pereyaslavl, installing his son Mikhail in his place. Ryurik went to Ovruch, his son Rostislav Ryurikovich - to Vyshgorod, and his nephew Mstislav Romanovich - to Belgorod. But in the same year, Ryurik, in connection with his sons and nephews, drove the Olgovichi from Kiev and Pereyaslavl, tool the reign of Kiev, and installed his son Vladimir Ryurikovich in Pereyaslavl. Vsevolod Chermnyi appeared in the winter with his brothers and the Polovtsians to take Kiev, stood under its walls for three weeks, but could not take it and left emptyhanded.

In 1207, Vsevolod Chermnyi, joining with Svtatopolk of Turov and Vladimir Igorevich, proceeded to Kiev. Ryurik fled to Ovruch; Trepol, Belgorod, and Torchesk were also taken from Monomachichi. Vsevolod Chermnyi reigned in Kiev]]. In the same year, Ryurik suddenly came to Kiev and drove t Vsevolod Chermnyi out, immediately after the successful campaign of Vsevolod Yuryevich with the Novgorodians to Ryazan, originally announced as a campaign against Chernigov.

Only in 1210 , after the deterioration of relations between Vsevolod Yuryevich and Smolensk Rostislavichi because of Novgorod, Vsevolod Chermnyi managed to return Kiev [8], sending ambassadors to Vsevolod Yuryevich with a prayer, according to the version of the Laurentian Chronicle. Kiev went to Chermnoi, and Chernigov to Ryurik Rostislavich[9]. In commemoration of the union, in 1211 he married his daughter Agafia to the Yuri Vsevolodovich,Prince of Suzdal. In the same year he recognized Yuri Vsevolodovich as the heir of the Grand Principality of Vladimir, in violation of the rights of his elder brother Konstantin, married to Mariya Mstislavna.

In 1212 , after the death of Ryurik Rostislavich in Chernigov, Vsevolod attempted to deprive the princes of Smolensk of the part in the Russian land, placing responsibility for the hanging of the two Igorevichs in Halych (1211), and in response was expelled from the city by Mstislav Udatniy, who placed Mstislav Romanovich on the throne of Kiev. In 1215, the Laurentian Chronicle already mentions Gleb Svyatoslavich, Vsevolod's younger brother, as a prince of Chernigov.

Family and children

Wife (c 1179 ) - Maria-Anastasia (1164-1194), daughter of the Polish prince Casimir II .

Children

Mikhail Vsevolodovich of Chernigov (1179-1246) - Prince of Chernigov, Novgorod, Kiev, Galich.

  • Andrei Vsevolodovich (died 1263 ) - Prince of Chernigov.
  • Agafia Vsevolodovna (1195-1238) - from 1211 the wife of Yuri Vsevolodovich of Vladimir.
  • Vera-Olena Vsevolodovna (c1190-c1250) she was married to Mikhail Vsevolodovich of Pronsk
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Святослав Ярославич
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Олег Святославич
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Килликия
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Всеволод Ольгович Черниговский
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Святослав Всеволодович Черниговский
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Владимир Всеволодович Мономах
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Мстислав Владимирович Великий
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Гита Уэссекская
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Мария Мстиславна, княжна киевская
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Инге I Старший
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Кристина Ингесдоттер, принцесса шведская
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Хелена Сигторнсдоттер
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Всеволод Святославич Чермный
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Всеслав Брячиславич Полоцкий
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Святослав Всеславич Полоцко-Витебский
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Василько Святославич Полоцко-Витебский
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Мария Васильковна, княжна полоцко-витебская
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Notes

  1. ^ . 
  2. ^ История Российская. pp. 118. 
  3. ^ Пресняков А. Е. - Княжое право в Древней Руси. Лекции по русской истории - Мoscow, Наука, 1993
  4. ^ Грушевский М. С. Історія України-Руси. Том II. Розділ V. Стор. 2.
  5. ^ Бережков Н. Г. Хронология русского летописания. М. 1963. С. 87
  6. ^ Горский А.А. Русские земли в XIII—XIV веках. Пути исторического развития. Script error: No such module "webarchive".
  7. ^ Грушевский М. С. История Украины-Руси. Том III. Раздел I. Стр. 2.
  8. ^ Template:ВТ-МЭСБЕ
  9. ^ In another version, Ryurik Olgovich. see. Konstantin Olgovich

Примечания

Template:Примечания

Литература

  • Воскресенская летопись. 
  • Войтович Л.: Княжеские династии Восточной Европы||[http://litopys.org.ua/dynasty/dyn29.htm Ольговичі. Чернігівські і сіверські князі
  • Татищев В. Н. (1964). История Российская. 3. p. 360. 
  • ВТ-РБС - Черниговские, князья - Экземплярский А. В.

Bibliography




Children



Offspring of Vsevolod Svyatoslavich of Kiev and Maria of Poland (1164-1194)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Mikhail Vsevolodovich of Chernigov (1179-1246) 1185 20 September 1246 Sarai, Kharabali Rayon, Astrakhan Oblast, Russia Yelena Romanovna of Halych (c1190-c1237)
Agafia Vsevolodovna (c1195-1238) 1195 1238 Vladimir Yuri II Vsevolodovich of Vladimir (1189-1238)
Vera-Olena Vsevolodovna (c1190-c1250)










Siblings

Residences

Footnotes (including sources)

Ω Birth
  • year of birth from father
Vsevolod Svyatoslavich
Rurikovich
Born: c1157 Died: 1212
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Oleg Svyatoslavich
Prince of Starodub-Seversky
1198–1202
Succeeded by
Gleb Svyatoslavich
Preceded by
Oleg Svyatoslavich
Prince of Chernigov
1204–1210
Succeeded by
Ryurik Rostislavich
Preceded by
Ryurik Rostislavich
Grand Prince of Kiev
1206-1207
Succeeded by
Ryurik Rostislavich
Preceded by
Ryurik Rostislavich
Grand Prince of Kiev
1210–1212
Succeeded by
Ingvar Yaroslavich
Preceded by
Ryurik Rostislavich
Prince of Chernigov
1214–1215
Succeeded by
Gleb Svyatoslavich
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