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Vrancea County
Județul Vrancea
—  County   —

Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Vrancea county highlighted
Coordinates: 45°47′N 26°58′E / 45.79, 26.97Coordinates: 45°47′N 26°58′E / 45.79, 26.97
Country Romania
Development region Sud-Est
Historical region Moldavia, Muntenia
Capital Focșani
 • Total 4,857 km2 (1,875 sq mi)
Area rank 31st
Population (2002)
 • Total 387,632
 • Rank 27th
 • Density 80/km2 (210/sq mi)
Telephone code (+40) 237 or (+40) 337[1]
ISO 3166 code RO-VN
Website County Council

Vrancea (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈvrant͡ʃe̯a]) is a county (judeţ) in Romania, with its seat at Focşani. It is mostly in the historical region of Moldavia but the southern part, below the Milcov River, is in Muntenia.

Demographics[edit | edit source]

In 2002, it had a population of 387,632 and a population density of 80/km².

Year County population[3]
1948 290,183
1956 326,532
1966 351,292
1977 369,740
1992 393,408
2002 387,632

Geography[edit | edit source]

Hills near the Milcov River, which divides Moldavia from Muntenia.

Vrancea County's area is of 4,857 km².

A curvedly shaped mountainous area, known in Romanian as Carpaţii de Curbură, lies in the western part of the county, at the Southern end of Eastern Carpathians, with heights over 1400 m. To the East, the heights decrease into hilly areas and the lower valley of Siret River.

The main tributary of the Siret River, which crosses the county, is the Putna.

The area is a seismically active one, with yearly earthquakes whose epicenter depths are between 80 and 160 km.

Neighbours[edit | edit source]

Economy[edit | edit source]

Vineyards near Focşani, the seat of Vrancea County.

The county is famous for its wines, being the biggest wine producer in Romania. Over 11% of the county surface is covered with vines. The county's renown wine regions are Panciu - 8100 ha, Odobeşti - 7000 ha, and Coteşti.

County's main industries:

  • Foods and beverages;
  • Textiles;
  • Paper manufacturing and furniture making;
  • Mechanical parts and components.
  • Cookware and bakeware production

Tourism[edit | edit source]

County's main destinations:

Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]

Vrancea County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 68 communes

References[edit | edit source]

  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie"
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 şi 2002"
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