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Voronezh Oblast
Воронежская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —
Flag of Voronezh Oblast.svg
Flag
Coat of arms of Voronezh Oblast.svg
Coat of arms
Anthem: none[1]
Voronezh in Russia.svg
Coordinates: 51°03′N 40°09′E / 51.05, 40.15Coordinates: 51°03′N 40°09′E / 51.05, 40.15
Political status
Country Russia
Federal district Central[2]
Economic region Central Black Earth[3]
Established June 13, 1934[4]
Oblast Day June 13[4]
Administrative center Voronezh[5]
Government (as of March 2011)
 - Governor[6] Alexey Gordeyev[7]
 - Legislature Oblast Duma[6]
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[8]
 - Total 52,400 km2 (20,231.8 sq mi)
Area rank 51st
Population (2010 Census)[9]
 - Total 2,335,380
 - Rank 22nd
 - Density[10] 44.57 /km2 (115.4 /sq mi)
 - Urban 63.7%
 - Rural 36.3%
Population (January 2015 est.)2,331,100 inhabitants[11]
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+04:00)[12]
ISO 3166-2 RU-VOR
License plates 36
Official languages Russian[13]
Official website

Voronezh Oblast (Russian: Воро́нежская о́бласть, Voronezhskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Voronezh. Its population was 2,335,380 as of the 2010 Census.[9]

Voronezh Oblast is the birthplace of Pavel Cherenkov, co-recipient of the 1958 Nobel Prize in Physics.

GeographyEdit

File:Voronezh on Europa map.jpg

Voronezh Oblast is located in the central belt of the European part of Russia, in a very advantageous strategic location, transport links to the site going to the industrial regions of Russia. Within the radius (12 hours of driving 80 km/h) 960 kilometers around Voronezh more than 50% of the population Russia, and 40% in Ukraine live.

The area of the region - 52.4 thousand sq. km, which is about one third of the whole area of Central Black Earth Region. The length of the region from north to south - 277.5 km, and from west to east - 352 km. Much of the area is steppe, among the predominant soil fertile soil black earth.

Main riversEdit

Don (Voronezh Oblast)

Don River Voronezh Oblast

The oblast has 738 lakes and ponds in 2408, in 1343 the river flows over 10 km long. The main river is the Don, 530 of its 1,870 km flows through the area, forming a drainage area of 422,000 square kilometers.

ClimateEdit

The climate in the region is temperate continental, with an average January temperatures of −4.5 °C (24 °F), and with an average July temperatures of +25 to +30 °C (
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  - Invalid output type
{4}="def", in {<font/>{Convert|+25|to|+30|def|...}<font/>}. ). Average annual temperature varies from +5 °C (41 °F) in the north to +6.5 °C (43.7 °F) in the south. Precipitation varies from 600 millimeters (24 in) in the northwest to 450 millimeters (18 in) in the southeast.

HistoryEdit

The oblast was established on June 13, 1934.[4]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Voronezh region map

Voronezh Oblast map

Voronezh Oblast is administratively divided into twenty-one districts (rayons), which are further divided into 335 rural okrugs. There are ten cities/towns in the oblast, as well as twenty urban-type settlements and 1,592 rural-type settlements.

Urban Okrugs (Circles)

Coat of Arms Name of
Urban okrug
Area
(km²)
Population
(2016).
Population
Rank
I Coat of arms of Voronezh Voronezh 596.5 1,032,895 1
II Coat of Arms of Borisoglebsk (Voronezh oblast) Borisoglebsk 1371.0 74,752 2
III Coat of Arms of Novovoronezh (Voronezh oblast) Novovoronezh 46.1 31,508 3


Rayons (Districts):

Coat of Arms Name of rayon Area
(km²)
Area
rank
Population
(2016)
Population
rank
Аdministrative
center
Population
(2016)
1 Coat of Arms of Anna rayon (Voronezh oblast) Anna 2098.0 7 40,403 Anna 16,729
2 Coat of Arms of Bobrov rayon (Voronezh oblast) Bobrov 2233.0 4 50,600 Bobrov 19,956
3 Coat of Arms of Boguchar rayon (Voronezh oblast) Boguchar 2180.0 5 35,620 Boguchar 11,162
4 Coat of Arms of Buturlinovsky rayon (Voronezh oblast) Buturlinovka 1802.0 47,152 Buturlinovka 25,230
5 Coat of Arms of Ertil rayon (Voronezh oblast) Ertil Rayon 1457.8 23,403 Ertil 10,740
6 Coat of Arms of Gribanovsky rayon (Voronezh oblast) Gribanovsky 2016.0 9 30,736 Gribanovsky 15,255
7 Coat of Arms of Kalacheyevsky rayon (Voronezh oblast) Kalach 2106.0 6 53,126 Kalach 19,248
8 Coat of Arms of Kamensky rayon (Voronezh oblast) Kamenka 999.0 30 18,617 Kamenka 8,594
9 Coat of Arms of Kantemirovsky rayon (Voronezh Oblast) Kantemirovka 2348.0 2 34,681 Kantemirovka 11,113
10 Coat of Arms of Kashirsky rayon (Voronezh oblast) Kashirskoye 1060.0 27 24,155 Kashirskoye 4,342
11 Coat of Arms of Khokholsky rayon (Voronezh oblast) small Khokholsky 1451.0 29,725 Khokholsky 7.549
12 Coat of Arms of Liskinsky rayon (Voronezh oblast) Liski 2033.0 8 101,020 Liski 54,788
13 Coat of Arms of Nizhnedevitsky rayon (Voronezh Oblast) Nizhnedevitsk 1196.0 18,694 Nizhnedevitsk 5,839
14 Coat of Arms of Novousmansky rayon (Voronezh oblast) Novaya Usman 1247.0 80,564 Novaya Usman 29.270
15 Coat of Arms of Novohopersky rayon (Voronezh oblast) Novokhopyorsk 2334.0 3 38,308 Novokhopyorsk 6,380
16 Coat of Arms of Olkhovatsky rayon (Voronezh oblast) Olkhovatka 1045.0 28 23,142 Olkhovatka 3,523
17 Coat of Arms of Ostrogozhsky rayon (Voronezh oblast) Ostrogozhsk 1725.0 58,642 Ostrogozhsk 32,944
18 Coat of Arms of Paninsky rayon (Voronezh oblast) Panino 1392.4 26,194 Panino 6,238
19 Coat of Arms of Pavlovsky rayon (Voronezh oblast) Pavlovsk 1886.0 55,858 Pavlovsk 25,081
20 Coat of Arms of Petropavlovsky rayon (Voronezh oblast) Petropavlovka 1644.0 17,810 Petropavlovka 5,878
21 Coat of Arms of Podgorensky rayon (Voronezh Oblast) Podgorensky 1579.0 25,000 Podgorensky 5,750
22 Coat of Arms of Povorinsky rayon (Voronezh Oblast) Povorino 1077.3 26 32,490 Povorino 17,286
23 Coat of Arms of Ramonsky rayon (Voronezh oblast) Ramon 1281.0 32,805 Ramon 8,381
24 Coat of Arms of Repyovsky rayon (Voronezh oblast) Repyovka 934.0 31 15,726 Repyovka 5,322
25 Coat of Arms of Rossoshansky rayon (Voronezh oblast) Rossosh 2371.0 1 93,137 Rossosh 62,688
26 Coat of Arms of Semilukisky rayon (Voronezh Oblast) Semiluki 1582.0 67,901 Semiluki 26,617
27 Coat of Arms of Talovsky rayon (Voronezh oblast) Talovaya 1910.0 39,128 Talovaya 11,736
28 Coat of Arms of Ternovsky rayon (Voronezh oblast) Ternovka 1391.0 19,459 Ternovka 4,800
29 Coat of Arms of Verkhnekhavsky rayon (Voronezh oblast) Verkhnyaya Khava 1253.0 24,454 Verkhnyaya Khava 8,800
30 Coat of Arms of Verhnemamonsky rayon (Voronezh oblast) Verkhny Mamon 1345.0 19,434 Verkhny Mamon 8.400
31 Coat of Arms of Vorobyovsky rayon (Voronezh oblast) Vorobyovka 1236.0 16,562 Vorobyovka 4,800

EconomyEdit

The structure of Voronezh Oblast the industrial-agrarian. As part of the industry is dominated by mechanical engineering, power systems engineering, food industry, processing industry of agricultural raw materials. They account for 4/5 of the total volume of industrial output. Industry specialization of the region is the food industry (27%), second place is occupied by engineering and metalworking (23%), third place - power (18%).

Industry of the region specializes in the production of machine tools, oil and gas equipment, rocket engines, metal bridge structures, press-forging and mining equipment, electronic equipment, passenger aircraft Airbus

AgricultureEdit

File:ApkVrn.png
Большое озеро

A lake near Voronezh

Voronezh Oblast is a major supplier of agricultural products. For the first time in the history of farming region in 2011 produced record crops: sugar beet (factory) - 6 million. 992 thousand. Tons (3.9 times more than in 2010) and sunflower - 1 million. 002 thousand tons (2, 4 times more than in 2010)

2014 Voronezh Oblast ranked first in Russia in terms of gross harvest of potatoes in farms of all categories have been collected 1.757 million tons of potatoes. In general, the profile of agriculture - with crops of sunflowers and grain crops, dairy and beef cattle, pigs. Beet, sugar beet industry in Voronezh Oblast in terms of gross production of sugar beets and making sugar beet is one of the largest in the country. In 2014, sugar mills were produced 495.1 ths. Tons of sugar.

Milk production in Voronezh Oblast in 2013 increased by 1.8% - up to 755,700. tons. In 2014, it increased by 4.2% to ↗788 000 tons, according to this indicator Voronezh Oblast takes first place in the Central Federal District. Milk yield per cow dairy herd in 2014 increased by 10.9% and amounted to 5545 kg.

SightsEdit

Вход в церковь Сицилийской иконы Божьей Матери

The cave church Sicilian Mother of God in the Big Divah Museum, Reserve Divnogorie, Liski district of Voronezh region

Kostyonki, It is known for high concentration of cultural remains of anatomically modern humans from the beginning of the Upper Paleolithic era. The first and oldest camp rights in Europe. A layer of Campanian volcanic ash from about 40,000 years ago has been found above some of the finds, showing that "unknown humans" inhabited the site before this. The earliest directly dated human remains from this site are dated to 32,600 ± 1,100 14C years and consist of tibia and fibula, with traits classifying the bones to European early modern humans.

In 2009, DNA was extracted from the remains of a male hunter-gatherer who lived 40,000 years BP and died aged 20–25. His maternal lineage was found to be U2. He was buried in an oval pit in a crouched position and covered with red ochre.

PoliticsEdit

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Voronezh CPSU Committee (who in reality had the biggest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament.

The Charter of Voronezh Oblast is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Voronezh Oblast is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.

DemographicsEdit

Population: 2,335,380 (2010 Census);[9] 2,378,803 (2002 Census);[14] 2,469,766 (1989 Census).[15]

  • Births (2012): 25 374 (Birth rate: 10.9)
  • Deaths (2012): 36 174 (Death rate: 15.6)[16]
  • Total fertility rate:[17]

2009 - 1.37 | 2010 - 1.36 | 2011 - 1.36 | 2012 - 1.45 | 2013 - 1.44 | 2014 - 1.47 | 2015 - 1.52(e)

Ethnic composition (2010):[9]

  • Russians - 95.5%
  • Ukrainians - 1.9%
  • Armenians - 0.5%
  • Romani people - 0.2%
  • Others - 1.9%
  • 110,749 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[18]

ReligionEdit

File:Voronezh oblast 7654.jpg



Circle frame

Religion in Voronezh Oblast (2015)[19]

  Unaffiliated Christian (3%)
  Spiritual but not religious (3%)
  Atheist (6%)
  Other or undeclared (7%)

According to a 2015 official survey 81% of the population of Voronezh Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, and 3% are unaffiliated generic Christians. In addition, 3% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 6% is atheist, and 7% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Article 12 of the Charter of Voronezh Oblast, which enumerates the symbols of Voronezh Oblast, does not include an anthem, nor has a separate law establishing an anthem been adopted in the oblast.
  2. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  3. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  4. ^ a b c Charter of Voronezh Oblast, Article 1
  5. ^ Charter of Voronezh Oblast, Article 5
  6. ^ a b Charter of Voronezh Oblast, Article 25
  7. ^ Official website of Voronezh Oblast. Alexey Vasilyevich Gordeyev, Governor of Voronezh Oblast (Russian)
  8. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_03.htm. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  9. ^ a b c d "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/perepis2010/croc/perepis_itogi1612.htm. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  10. ^ The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  11. ^ Voronezh Oblast Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Численность постоянного населения Воронежской области на 1 января 2015 года (Russian)
  12. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  13. ^ Official the whole territory of Russia according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  14. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  15. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg.php. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  16. ^ http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/edn12-12.htm
  17. ^ http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/doc_1137674209312
  18. ^ http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  19. ^ [1] http://www.vob-eparhia.ru/index.php?gr=20030

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit



This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Voronezh Oblast. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.