Vitebsk Region
Віцебская вобласць (Belarusian)
Витебская область (Russian)

Flag

Coat of arms
Administrative center Vitsebsk
Largest cities Vitsebsk - 342,400
Orsha - 125,300
Navapolatsk - 101,300
Raions 21
Cities - 19
Urban localities - 26
City raions 5
Area
 • Total 40,049.99 km2 (15,463.39 sq mi)
Population (2009 census)
 • Total 1,230,821
 • Density 31/km2 (80/sq mi)
HDI (2017) 0.785[1]
high · 6th
Website www.vitebsk-region.gov.by

Vitebsk Region, Vitsebsk Voblast, or Vitebsk Oblast (Belarusian: Ві́цебская во́бласць, Viciebskaja Vobłasć, pronounced [ˈvʲit͡sʲɛpskaja ˈvɔblast͡sʲ]; Russian: Ви́тебская о́бласть, tr. Vitebskaya Oblast, IPA: [ˈvʲitʲɪpskəjə ˈobləsʲtʲ]) is a region (voblast) of Belarus with its administrative center being Vitebsk (Vitsebsk). It is located near the border with Russia.

As of a 2011, the region had a population of 1,221,800.[2] It has the lowest population density in Belarus at 30.6 p/km².

Important cities within the region include Vitebsk, Orsha, and Polotsk/Navapolatsk.

Geography[edit | edit source]

Map of the administrative subdivisions of the Vitsebsk Voblast.

Vitsebsk Region covers an area of 40,000 km²,[2] which is about 19.4% of the national total. It is bordered on the north by Pskov Oblast of Russia, by Smolensk Oblast of Russia on the east, on the south by Minsk Region and by Mogilev Region, on the southwest by Minsk Region and Grodno Region, and on the west and northwest by Vilnius and Utena counties of Lithuania and Dagda, Daugavpils, Krāslava and Zilupe municipalities of Latvia.

The northern extreme point of Belarus is situated in Verkhnyadzvinsk District of Vitebsk Region, north of Lake Osveya.[3]

In 2000 Belarusian scientists Alexey Solomonov and Valery Anoshko published a report in which they stated that the geographic centre of Europe was located near Lake Sho (Belarusian: Шо) in the Vitsebsk Voblast. [1]

The region is known for its numerous lakes. The largest lakes of the Vitebsk Region are: Osveyskoye (2nd largest in Belarus), Lukomskoye (4th largest), Drivyaty(5th largest in Belarus and the largest of Braslav Lakes), Nescherdo, Snudy, Lisno, Ezerische, Strusto, Richi, Losvido, Lepelskoye.[4]

The region has more national parks, nature reserves, and wildlife preserves of national importance than any other region of Belarus. Braslav Lakes and Naroch National Parks and Berezinski Biosphere Reserve comprise 3,4% of the whole region's territory, and 22 wildlife preserves of national importance make up 4,1% of the region.[5]

Economy[edit | edit source]

Vitebsk Region has a number of important transport connections with Russia, Ukraine, the Baltic countries, and Poland.

Tourism[edit | edit source]

The number of travel agencies in Vitebsk Region has been growing, from 25 in 2000 to 83 in 2010; most provide both agent and operator activities.[6][7] The numerous lake resorts attract tourists for several-night stays. Polotsk and Vitebsk are the most popular cultural tourism destinations of the region.

Administrative subdivisions[edit | edit source]

The Vitebsk Region is subdivided into 21 districts, 2 cities of oblast subordinance, 19 additional cities, 249 selsovets, and 26 urban-type settlements.

Cities[edit | edit source]

Towns[edit | edit source]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

As of 2008, the birth rate was 9.7 per 1000, while the death rate was 15.5 per 1000.[8]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab" (in en). https://hdi.globaldatalab.org/areadata/shdi/. 
  2. ^ a b "Main Geographic Characteristics of the Republic of Belarus. Territory and population density of Belarus by region as of January 1, 2011". The Scientific and Production State Republican Unitary Enterprise “National Cadastre Agency” of the State Property Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. http://landofancestors.com/travel/statistics/geography/236-territory-and-population-density-by-region-as-of-january-1-2011.html. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  3. ^ "Coordinates of the extreme points of the state frontier". 2012. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. http://landofancestors.com/travel/statistics/geography/235-coordinates-of-the-extreme-points-of-the-state-frontier.html. Retrieved 30 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Main characteristics of the largest lakes of Belarus". Data of the Research Laboratory for Lake Study of the Belarus State University.. 2011. Archived from the original on 29 September 2013. http://landofancestors.com/travel/statistics/geography/238-main-characteristics-of-the-largest-lakes-of-belarus.html. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  5. ^ "Nature reserves and national parks, wildlife preserves and nature sanctuaries". Data of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. Archived from the original on 29 September 2013. http://landofancestors.com/travel/statistics/resources/culture-and-arts/297-nature-reserves-and-national-parks-wildlife-preserves-and-nature-sanctuaries.html. Retrieved 29 November 2013. 
  6. ^ Ministry of Sports and Tourism of the Republic of Belarus. (2011). "Number of organizations engaged in tourist activities in 2010 in Belarus". National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. Archived from the original on 13 October 2013. http://landofancestors.com/travel/statistics/250-number-of-organizations-engaged-in-tourist-activities-in-2010-in-belarus.html. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 
  7. ^ Ministry of Sports and Tourism of the Republic of Belarus. (2011). "Number of organisations engaged in tourist activities in Belarus by region". National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. Archived from the original on 13 October 2013. http://landofancestors.com/travel/statistics/252-number-of-organisations-engaged-in-tourist-activities-in-belarus-by-region.html. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-09-18. https://web.archive.org/web/20090918013106/http://belstat.gov.by/homep/ru/news/news85.php. Retrieved 2008-12-29. 

External links[edit | edit source]

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