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Verkhuslava Vsevolodna of Novgorod was born 1125 to Vsevolod Mstislavich of Pskov (c1095-1138) and died 15 March 1162 of unspecified causes. Ancestors are from Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Sweden, the Byzantine Empire.


Verkhuslava of Novgorod
High Duchess consort of Poland
Tenure 1146–1162?
Spouse Bolesław IV the Curly of Poland (c1125-1173)
Issue
Salyusha Piast (c1150-c1180)
Bolesław of Poland (1156-1172)
Leszek of Poland (c1162-1186)
House House of Rurik
Father Vsevolod Mstislavich of Pskov (c1095-1138)
Mother daughter of Svyatoslav Davidovich

Verkhuslava (Viacheslava) of Novgorod (Russian: Вячеслава новгородская, Polish: Wierzchosława Nowogrodzka; b. ca. 1125 – d. 15 March 1162), was a Kievan Rus' princess member of the House of Rurik and by marriage Duchess of Masovia and Kuyavia and High Duchess of Poland since 1146.

She was the daughter of Vsevolod Mstislavich, Prince of Novgorod and Pskov by his wife, a daughter of Svyatoslav Davidovich, Prince of Chernigov.[1][2]

Life

Nothing is known about Verkhuslava's first years; she was one of five children. She had three brothers, Ivan (who died very young), Vladimir (who was confused in several sources as husband of Princess Richeza of Poland) and Mstislav Vsevolodovich (1128-1168)|Mstislav]]. Both died unmarried and apparently childless. Her sister Anna died as a child.

Around 1137 she was married with Bolesław, son of the Polish Duke Bolesław III Wrymouth. The wedding was probably orchestrated by Bolesław's mother Salomea of Berg, who wanted to secure a Russian alliance against her stepson, the later Władysław II the Exile. On 11 February 1138 Prince Vsevolod died and on 28 October of that year Duke Bolesław III also died, leaving in his will his domains divided between his sons. Prince Bolesław received the Masovian state as Duke of Masovia and Kuyavia, and Verkhuslava became in the Duchess consort.

In 1141 Verkhuslava accompanied her husband at the meeting of Łęczyca, convened at the initiative of her mother-in-law Dowager Duchess Salomea. In 1146 Verkhuslava became in the new High Duchess of Poland when her husband expelled his older half-brother Władysław II and became the ruler of Kraków and High Duke of Poland.

Verkhuslava probably died during the 1160s, because by 31 December 1167 High Duke Bolesław married his second wife Maria. She was probably was buried beside her husband in the Płock Cathedral.

Duchess Anastasia's Gospel Book

After Verkhuslava's death, her husband gave to the cisternian monastery a Gospel Book bound in silver in her memory, called Duchess Anastasia's Gospel Book. Anastasia was probably the Latin or Greek equivalent of her name, according to her chronicler Jan Długosz. Also, he named Verkhuslava Princess of Halyc and placed her death in 1158 during childbirth. The wedding date of 1151 given by the chronicler is incorrect. The Gospel Book was probably made around 1160.

Issue

According to almost all the known sources, Verkhuslava gave birth to her first child around 1156, after almost twenty years of marriage. This child, a son, was named Bolesław after his father and grandfather. Before 1160, she bore a second child, a daughter, later wife (1172) of Vasilko Iaropolkovich, Prince of Shumsk and later Prince of Dorohychyn.

Earlier literature stated that Bolesław's second son Leszek was born from his second marriage with Maria; however, after the discovery of coins upon which Leszek called himself son of Anastasia, this theory proved to be inaccurate.[3]

Prince Bolesław died in 1172 aged sixteen, and reportedly his father was devastated by his early death. One year later (1173), High Duke Bolesław IV died, leaving his Masovian-Kujavian principality to his second and only surviving son Leszek, at the age of eleven or less. As overlord and holder of Kraków and Gniezno, he however was succeeded by his next brother Mieszko III the Old, Duke of Greater Poland.

Bibliography

  • Oswald Balzer, Genealogia Piastów, vol. II, Kraków 2005.
  • Marcin Spórna and Piotr Wierzbicki, Słownik władców Polski i pretendentów do tronu polskiego, Kraków 2003.
  • Temat: Polska, Skarby kultury, Katowice 2004.

References

  1. ^ Cawley, Charles, RUSSIA, Rurikids, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/RUSSIA,%20Rurik.htm#ViacheslavaVsevolodovnadiedafter1148, retrieved August 2012 ,
  2. ^ Marek, Miroslav. "Complete Genealogy of the House of Rurik". Genealogy.EU. http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik8.html#VV. 
  3. ^ Borys Paszkiewicz, O matce Lestka Bolesławica i początkach mennictwa mazowieckiego, Przegląd Historyczny, vol. 92 (2001), pp. 1-14.

Siblings


Offspring of Vsevolod Mstislavich of Pskov and Unnamed daughter of Svyatoslav Davydovich (c1103-c1160)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Ivan Vsevolodovich of Novgorod (1124-1128) 1124 Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia 1128
Verkhuslava Vsevolodovna of Novgorod (1125-1162) 1125 15 March 1162 Bolesław IV the Curly of Poland (c1125-1173)

Vladimir Vsevolodovich of Novgorod (c1126-c1141) 1126 1141
Mstislav Vsevolodovich (1128-1168) 1128 1168
Anna Vsevolodovna (1127-1128) 1127 10 April 1128
Verkhuslava Vsevolodovna of Novgorod (1125-1162)
Born: ca. 1125 Died: 15 March by 1162?
Royal titles
Preceded by
Agnes of Babenberg
High Duchess consort of Poland
1146–1162?
Succeeded by
Maria



Children


Offspring of Bolesław IV the Curly and Verkhuslava Vsevolodovna of Novgorod (1125-1162)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Salyusha Piast (c1150-c1180) 1150 1180 Vasilko Yaropolkovich (c1125-1182)

Bolesław of Poland (1156-1172)
Leszek of Poland (c1162-1186)

|children-g1= Salyusha Piast (c1150-c1180) + Bolesław of Poland (1156-1172) + Leszek of Poland (c1162-1186) |children-g1 sources= |children-g1 notes= |children-g2= |children-g2 sources= |children-g2 notes= }}

Siblings


Offspring of Vsevolod Mstislavich of Pskov and Unnamed daughter of Svyatoslav Davydovich (c1103-c1160)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Ivan Vsevolodovich of Novgorod (1124-1128) 1124 Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia 1128
Verkhuslava Vsevolodovna of Novgorod (1125-1162) 1125 15 March 1162 Bolesław IV the Curly of Poland (c1125-1173)

Vladimir Vsevolodovich of Novgorod (c1126-c1141) 1126 1141
Mstislav Vsevolodovich (1128-1168) 1128 1168
Anna Vsevolodovna (1127-1128) 1127 10 April 1128

Residences

Footnotes (including sources)

Contributors

  Afil

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