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Utah County, Utah
East (closer) at Historic Utah County Courthouse, Jul 15.jpg
Historic Utah County Courthouse
Map of Utah highlighting Utah County
Location in the state of Utah
Map of the U.S. highlighting Utah
Utah's location in the U.S.
Founded January 31, 1850 (created)
April 18, 1852 (organized)
Named for Ute Tribe
Seat Provo
Largest city Provo
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

2,144 sq mi (5,553 km²)
2,003 sq mi (5,188 km²)
141 sq mi (365 km²), 6.6
Population
 -  Density


Congressional districts 3rd, 4th
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.utahcounty.gov

Utah County is a county in the U.S. state of Utah. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 665,665, [1] thus making it Utah's second-most populous county. The county seat and largest city is Provo,[2] which is the state's third-largest city.

Utah County is part of the Provo-Orem, UT Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Salt Lake City-Provo-Orem, UT Combined Statistical Area.

In 2010, the center of population of Utah was in Utah County, in the city of Saratoga Springs.[3]

Utah County is one of seven counties in the United States to have the same name as its state. The other six counties are Arkansas County, Hawaii County, Idaho County, Iowa County, and New York County (known commonly as Manhattan).[4]

History[]

The legislature of the State of Deseret created a county on January 31, 1850,[5] to govern the civic affairs of Utah Valley, which by the 1850s was bustling with newly arrived settlers. The county name derived from the valley name, which derived from the Spanish name (Yuta) for the Ute Indians. The State of Deseret was dissolved soon after (April 5, 1851), but the counties it had set in place continued in existence. There is little record of any official activity conducted by the fledgling county until April 18, 1852, when a full slate of county officials was published and recordkeeping began. The first courthouse was built in central Provo in 1866–67. It was soon outgrown, and was replaced by a second courthouse (1872–73). By the 1920s this building was also cramped, and the decision was made to erect a combined city-county building, which was completed in 1926.[6]

The county's boundaries were adjusted in 1852, 1854, 1856, 1862, 1880, and 1884. It has retained its present boundary since 1884.[7]

Geography[]

Utah County terrain ranges from stiff mountain ranges in the east (the Wasatch Range), dropping steeply to a large lake-filled valley. Most of the comparatively level ground is dedicated to agriculture or developed uses, while most of the steep terrain is covered with arid-climate forestation.[8] The county generally slopes to the west and north, with its highest point (Mt. Nebo in the southern part of the county), at 11,928' (3636m) ASL.[9] The county has an area of 2,144 square miles (5,550 km2), of which 2,003 square miles (5,190 km2) is land and 141 square miles (370 km2) (6.6%) is water.[10]

Utah Valley lies at the center of the county, lined by the mountains of the Wasatch Range on the east. Utah Lake occupies a large part of the valley. The elevation ranges from 4,487 feet (1,368 m) above sea level at the lake to 11,928 feet (3,636 m) at the peak of Mount Nebo.

Major highways[8][]

  • Interstate 15
  • U.S. Route 6
  • U.S. Route 89
  • U.S. Route 189
  • Utah State Route 68
  • Utah State Route 73
  • Utah State Route 77
  • Utah State Route 85
  • Utah State Route 92
  • Utah State Route 146
  • Utah State Route 147
  • Utah State Route 198

Adjacent counties[]

A partial view of Utah Valley seen here from outside of Salem

Protected areas[8][]

  • Ashley National Forest (part)
  • Black Hawk Campground (US Forest Service)
  • Finish of the Provo River Parkway
  • Manti-La Sal National Forest (part)
  • Mount Timpanogos
  • Powell Slough Waterfowl Management Area
  • Rock Island Waterfowl Management Area
  • Scofield State Park (part)
  • Starvation Wildlife Management Area
  • Timpanogos Cave National Monument
  • Uinta-Wasatch-Cache National Forest (part)
  • Utah Lake State Park

Lakes[8][]

  • Utah Lake
  • Provo Bay (an extension of Utah Lake)
  • Scofield Reservoir (part)

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 2,026
1860 8,248 307.1%
1870 12,203 48.0%
1880 17,973 47.3%
1890 23,768 32.2%
1900 32,456 36.6%
1910 37,942 16.9%
1920 40,792 7.5%
1930 49,021 20.2%
1940 57,382 17.1%
1950 81,912 42.7%
1960 106,991 30.6%
1970 137,776 28.8%
1980 218,106 58.3%
1990 263,590 20.9%
2000 368,540 39.8%
2010 516,564 40.2%
US Decennial Census[11]
1790–1960[12] 1900–1990[13]
1990–2000[14] 2010–2019[1] 2020[15]

2000 census[]

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 516,564 people, 140,602 households, and 114,350 families in the county. The population density was 258/sqmi (99.6/km2). There were 148,350 housing units, at an average density of 74.1/sqmi (28.6/km2). The county's racial makeup was 89.4% White, 0.5% Black or African American, 0.6% American Indian or Alaska Native, 1.4% Asian, 0.8% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 4.6% some other race, and 2.7% from two or more races. 10.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 140,602 households, out of which 47.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.9% were headed by married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.7% were non-families. 11.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.4% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.57, and the average family size was 3.88.

The county's population was spread out, with 35.2% under the age of 18, 15.8% from 18 to 24, 28% from 25 to 44, 14.5% from 45 to 64, and 6.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males.

At the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the county was $45,833, and the median income for a family was $50,196. Males had a median income of $37,878 versus $22,656 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,557. About 6.80% of families and 12.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.40% of those under age 18 and 4.80% of those age 65 or over.

The five most reported ancestries in Utah County are:[16]

  • English-30%
  • German-10%
  • Danish-7%
  • Mexican-5%
  • Scottish-4%

Religion[]

Religion in Utah County as of 2014[17]
Religion Percent
Latter-day Saints
  
88.1%
None
  
10.1%
Other faiths
  
1.8%

Government[]

View of the cities of Lehi, American Fork, Pleasant Grove, Lindon and Orem along Interstate 15 and the northeast shore of Utah Lake

The government is a three-member elected county commission elected at-large. Other elected officials include the county sheriff, the county clerk, county recorder, county assessor, county surveyor, county treasurer, and the county attorney.

In 2020, Utah County voters rejected Proposition 9, which would have changed the county's government to a five-member elected county council with an elected county mayor.[18]

Social issues[]

Utah County saw high rates of opioid and other prescription drug addiction from the mid-2000s onwards, foreshadowing the national opioid crisis. The 2008 documentary Happy Valley examined the problem.[19]

Giving USA, which reports on charitable giving in the US, named Utah County as one of the three most generous counties in philanthropic donations, alongside San Juan County, Utah and Madison County, Idaho.[20]

In 2019, one in eight people and one in six children in the county did not have sufficient food.[21]

Infrastructure[]

The I-15 CORE project added multiple lanes on Interstate 15 through most of Utah County. This expanded 24 miles (39 km) of freeway and was completed in 2012.[22] Other construction projects by UDOT have been done on I-15 since then, including the Technology Corridor project and the Point of the Mountain project.

Politics[]

Utah County has been referred to as "the most Republican county in the most Republican state in the United States".[23] It has only supported a Democrat for president nine times since statehood, and has not supported a Democrat for president since 1964. Indeed, 1964 is the last time a Democrat has even managed 35 percent of the county's vote.

In the 1992 presidential election, George H. W. Bush received the most votes and Bill Clinton was third in votes received. In the 2004 presidential election, 85.99% voted for George W. Bush.[24] In the 2008 U.S. presidential election, the county voted for John McCain by a 58.9% margin over Barack Obama, compared to McCain winning by 28.1% statewide.[25] Eight other Utah counties voted more strongly in favor of McCain.[26] In the 2012 election, Mitt Romney received 88.32% of the vote. In the 2016 election, it gave a slim majority of the vote to Donald Trump, and over 30% of the vote to independent candidate Evan McMullin, who outperformed Hillary Clinton in the county. This was McMullin's largest share of the vote in any county in Utah and his second best nationwide after Madison County, Idaho. In 2020, Joe Biden received over 75,000 votes - the Democrats had never previously received more than 30,000 votes in the county. Indeed, he was the first Democrat to even win a quarter of the county's vote since 1968.

United States presidential election results for Utah County, Utah[27]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 192,812 66.69% 76,033 26.30% 20,256 7.01%
2016 102,182 50.18% 28,522 14.01% 72,938 35.82%
2012 156,950 88.32% 17,281 9.72% 3,482 1.96%
2008 122,224 77.71% 29,567 18.80% 5,488 3.49%
2004 128,269 85.99% 17,357 11.64% 3,547 2.38%
2000 98,255 81.70% 16,445 13.67% 5,556 4.62%
1996 69,653 71.05% 18,291 18.66% 10,087 10.29%
1992 61,398 56.76% 14,090 13.02% 32,690 30.22%
1988 68,134 77.23% 18,533 21.01% 1,560 1.77%
1984 72,284 82.61% 14,801 16.91% 419 0.48%
1980 71,859 83.44% 12,166 14.13% 2,096 2.43%
1976 49,328 69.48% 18,327 25.82% 3,338 4.70%
1972 42,179 70.94% 10,828 18.21% 6,453 10.85%
1968 29,226 59.01% 16,629 33.57% 3,673 7.42%
1964 20,912 46.63% 23,936 53.37% 0 0.00%
1960 23,057 53.99% 19,626 45.95% 25 0.06%
1956 25,371 66.56% 12,747 33.44% 0 0.00%
1952 20,913 57.71% 15,327 42.29% 0 0.00%
1948 13,395 44.82% 16,191 54.18% 300 1.00%
1944 9,946 38.68% 15,722 61.14% 45 0.18%
1940 8,740 36.48% 15,168 63.32% 48 0.20%
1936 6,173 29.83% 14,387 69.52% 135 0.65%
1932 7,953 38.73% 12,140 59.12% 443 2.16%
1928 8,771 52.19% 7,955 47.33% 81 0.48%
1924 6,946 46.28% 5,226 34.82% 2,838 18.91%
1920 7,752 53.34% 6,377 43.88% 403 2.77%
1916 5,201 37.45% 8,235 59.30% 451 3.25%
1912 4,185 35.45% 4,636 39.26% 2,986 25.29%
1908 6,373 54.82% 4,984 42.87% 269 2.31%
1904 6,490 59.15% 4,243 38.67% 239 2.18%
1900 5,698 50.97% 5,391 48.22% 90 0.81%
1896 2,039 21.66% 7,375 78.34% 0 0.00%



Utah County is split between two congressional districts. Most of the county is in the 3rd District, represented by Republican John Curtis. The northern portion is in the 4th District, represented by Republican Burgess Owens.

The county's Republican bent runs right through state and local politics. All five state senators representing the county, as well as all 14 state representatives,[28] are Republicans.

Education[]

School districts[]

  • Alpine School District
  • Provo School District
  • Nebo School District.[29]

Universities[]

  • Brigham Young University (private)
  • Utah Valley University (Utah State owned)
  • Mountainland Technical College (Utah State owned)

Communities[]

Utah Valley, Utah County as seen from Traverse Ridge in Lehi

Mount Timpanogos in the Wasatch Range is visible from much of Utah County.

Cities[]

Towns[]

  • Cedar Fort
  • Fairfield
  • Genola
  • Goshen

Census-designated places[]

  • Benjamin
  • Elberta
  • Lake Shore
  • Palmyra
  • Spring Lake
  • West Mountain

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Birdseye
  • Colton
  • Soldier Summit (part)
  • Vivian Park

Former communities[]

  • Caryhurst (now within Provo city limits)
  • Christmas City (area is now partially in Provo and partially in Orem)
  • Dividend
  • Forest City
  • Homansville
  • Ironton (now within Provo city limits)
  • Leland (absorbed by Spanish Fork)
  • Manila (former township, annexed by Pleasant Grove in 1998)
  • Manning
  • Mill Fork
  • Mosida
  • Thistle
  • Tucker
  • West Portal

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Utah County, Utah

References[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/49/49049.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "Centers of Population by State: 2010". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/geo/reference/docs/cenpop2010/CenPop2010_Mean_ST.txt. 
  4. ^ The other six are Arkansas, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, New York, and Oklahoma Counties. Joseph Nathan Kane; Charles Curry Aiken (2005). The American Counties: Origins of County Names, Dates of Creation, and Population Data, 1950-2000. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-5036-1. https://books.google.com/books?id=yC9vFvCuW84C. 
  5. ^ The Utah County website "History" cites January 28, 1850 as the date of establishing Utah County [1]
  6. ^ "Historic Utah County Courthouse" Utah County website (accessed 26 March 2019)
  7. ^ "Utah: Individual County Chronologies". Newberry Library. 2008. http://publications.newberry.org/ahcbp/documents/UT_Individual_County_Chronologies.htm. 
  8. ^ a b c d Utah County UT Google Maps (accessed 26 March 2019)
  9. ^ "Utah County High Points" Peakbagger (accessed 26 March 2019)
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/counties_list_49.txt. 
  11. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ut190090.txt. 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  15. ^ 2020 Population and Housing State Data | Utah
  16. ^ "Utah County, Utah, Ancestry & Family History". ePodunk Inc.. http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/genealogyInfo.php?locIndex=22854. 
  17. ^ "Utah County, Utah (UT) Religion Statistics Profile - Provo, Orem, Pleasant Grove, American Fork, Springville". City-data.com. http://www.city-data.com/county/religion/Utah-County-UT.html. 
  18. ^ Cleary, Kaela (2020-11-05). "Utah County voters say 'no' to Prop 9" (in en-US). https://universe.byu.edu/2020/11/04/prop-9-election-results/. 
  19. ^ "Happy Valley (2008)". Amazon.com. https://www.amazon.com/dp/B001CK7OOW. 
  20. ^ (PDF) Giving USA 2003 (Report). AAFRC Trust for Philanthropy (www.afpnet.org). http://www.afpnet.org/files/ContentDocuments/ACF1409.pdf. 
  21. ^ Smith, Dave (Aug 18, 2019). "Community Action: With 13% of the county struggling with hunger, how to host a food drive in Utah" (in en). https://www.heraldextra.com/news/community/community-action-with-of-the-county-struggling-with-hunger-how/article_429b871b-e51b-54ee-86b4-cd1f4df4ed9c.html. 
  22. ^ "New changes on I-15 in Utah County". http://www.deseretnews.com/article/705393062/New-changes-on-I-15-in-Utah-County.html. 
  23. ^ Krakauer, Jon (2003). Under the Banner of Heaven. New York: Doubleday. p. 78. https://archive.org/details/isbn_9780965778404. 
  24. ^ "Utah County General Election, Official Results". UtahCounty.Gov, the Official Website of Utah County Government (http://www.utahcounty.gov).+November 2, 2004. http://www.utahcounty.gov/Dept/ClerkAud/Elections/ElectRslts/2004_gen/index.htm#1. 
  25. ^ "US Election Atlas". United States Presidential Election Results. David Leip. http://www.uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/. 
  26. ^ "State of Utah County Election Results". NPR. November 21, 2008. http://www-cdn.npr.org/news/specials/election2008/presCounty.php?state=Utah. 
  27. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  28. ^ Hesterman, Billy. "Lawmakers say Utah County did well in redistricting process". Daily Herald. http://www.heraldextra.com/news/local/govt-and-politics/legislature/article_f8184661-d34c-5959-bcf8-280bb2fedf5c.html. 
  29. ^ "Utah School Districts & Charter Schools" (PDF). Utah State Office of Education. July 25, 2012. http://www.schools.utah.gov/finance/Quick-Links/District-and-Charter-School-Info.aspx. 

External links[]

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Coordinates: 40°07′N 111°40′W / 40.12, -111.67

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