Union County, North Carolina
Seal of Union County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Union County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1842
Seat Monroe
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

640 sq mi (1,658 km²)
637 sq mi (1,650 km²)
2 sq mi (5 km²), 0.35%
 - (2010)
 - Density

303/sq mi (117/km²)
Website www.co.union.nc.us

Union County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of 2010, the population was 208,292,[1] an increase from its 2000 population of 123,677. Its county seat is Monroe[2].

History[edit | edit source]

Old Union County Courthouse

The county was formed in 1842 from parts of Anson County and Mecklenburg County. Its name was a compromise between Whigs, who wanted to name the new county for Henry Clay, and Democrats, who wanted to name it for Andrew Jackson. The Helms's, Starnes's, McRorie's, and Belk's took a major part in the Monroe and Charlotte, North Carolina. Most of these family's came from Goose Creek Township.

Law and government[edit | edit source]

Union County is a member of the regional Centralina Council of Governments.

Geography[edit | edit source]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 640 square miles (1,657 km²), of which, 637 square miles (1,651 km²) of it is land and 2 square miles (6 km²) of it (0.35%) is water.

Townships[edit | edit source]

The county is divided into nine townships: Goose Creek, Jackson, Marshville, Monroe, New Salem, Vance , Buford , Lanes Creek, and Sandy Ridge, Indian trail.

Adjacent counties[edit | edit source]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 123,677 people, 43,390 households, and 34,278 families residing in the county. The population density was 194 people per square mile (75/km²). There were 45,695 housing units at an average density of 72 per square mile (28/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 82.83% White, 12.52% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.64% from other races, and 1.02% from two or more races. 6.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 43,390 households out of which 39.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.30% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.00% were non-families. 17.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.10% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 33.20% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 9.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $50,638, and the median income for a family was $56,197. Males had a median income of $37,125 versus $26,577 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,978. About 5.80% of families and 8.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.60% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit | edit source]

Map of Union County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Annual events in Union County[edit | edit source]

  • Brooklandwood in the Union County town of Mineral Springs is the site of the Queens Cup Steeplechase, one of steeplechase horse racing's major annual events. The program consists of several races, and is held the last Saturday of April. The schedule of events also features a Jack Russell Terrier judging contest. Over 10,000 people descend on Mineral Springs from all parts of the country to take part in this day long event of races and other activities.

Local universities and high schools[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

Coordinates: 34°59′N 80°32′W / 34.99, -80.53

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