|Union County, New Jersey|
Location in the state of New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
105 sq mi (272 km²)
103 sq mi (267 km²)
2 sq mi (5 km²), 2.06%
5,058/sq mi (1,953/km²)
|Congressional districts||6th, 7th, 10th|
Union County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 536,499. It is part of the New York Metropolitan Area. Its county seat is Elizabeth. Union County ranks 93rd among the highest-income counties in the United States. It also ranks 74th in the United States by personal per-capita income. A study by Forbes.com determined Union County pays the second-highest property taxes of all counties in the nation. With more than 5,000 persons per square mile on average, Union County is one of the most densely populated counties in America.
Union County was formed on March 19, 1857, from portions of Essex County.
Geography[edit | edit source]
Much of Union County is relatively flat and low-lying. Only in the northwestern corner does any significant relief appear as the Watchung Mountains cross the county. It is there that highest elevations, two areas approximately 560 feet (171 m) above sea level, are found in Berkeley Heights. The lowest elevation is sea level along the eastern shore.
Adjacent counties[edit | edit source]
- Essex County, New Jersey – north
- Hudson County, New Jersey – east
- Richmond County, New York – east
- Middlesex County, New Jersey – south
- Somerset County, New Jersey – west
- Morris County, New Jersey – northwest
Demographics[edit | edit source]
|historical census data source:|
As of the census of 2000, there were 522,541 people, 186,124 households, and 133,264 families residing in the county. The population density was 5,059 people per square mile (1,953/km²). There were 192,945 housing units at an average density of 1,868 per square mile (721/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.51% White, 20.78% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 3.83% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 6.37% from other races, and 3.25% from two or more races. 19.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 13.1% were of Italian, 8.6% Irish, 6.5% Polish and 5.8% German ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 186,124 households out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.60% were married couples living together, 14.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.40% were non-families. 23.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.28.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 31.30% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $55,339, and the median income for a family was $65,234. Males had a median income of $44,544 versus $32,487 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,992. About 6.30% of families and 8.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 8.00% of those age 65 or over.
Union County is extremely diverse. Berkeley Heights, New Providence, Westfield, Summit, Cranford, Kenilworth, Clark, Linden, Union, Springfield and Scotch Plains have a very high number of Italian American residents, as well as a large number of Irish Americans and residents of Northern European descent in general. Plainfield, Roselle, Linden, Union, Rahway and Elizabeth all have large African American communities. Roselle Park has a notably large Indian American community, while Roselle Park, Linden, Rahway, Plainfield and particularly Elizabeth have fast-growing Hispanic and Portuguese populations. There are fair-sized Jewish-American communities in Springfield, Scotch Plains, Elizabeth, Hillside, Cranford, Westfield and Summit, although not at the level of Essex County.
Government[edit | edit source]
Union County is governed by a nine-member Board of Chosen Freeholders. The members are elected at large to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with three seats coming up for election each year. The Freeholder Board sets policies for the operation of the County. Actual day-to-day operation of departments is supervised by an appointed County Manager, George W. Devanney.
The Freeholders perform the county's legislative and executive functions. In their legislative role, they formulate and adopt a budget and set county policies and procedures. In their executive role, they oversee county spending and functioning. Many of the administrative duties are delegated by the Board of Chosen Freeholders to the County Manager George Devanney.
Each of the freeholders serves on various committees and boards as a part of their duties. These include the Economic Development Committee, the Parks and Recreation Board, the Libraries Committee, and the Policy Committee, to name a few. In addition, the Board oversees the county's Open Space Trust Fund.
As of the January 2010 reorganization, Union County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairperson Daniel P. Sullivan (Elizabeth), Freeholder Vice Chairperson Deborah P. Scanlon (Union), Angel G. Estrada (Elizabeth), Mohamed S. Jalloh (Roselle), Bette Jane Kowalski (Cranford), Alexander Mirabella (Fanwood), Rick Proctor (Rahway), Rayland Van Blake (Plainfield) and Nancy Ward (Westfield).
Politics[edit | edit source]
Education[edit | edit source]
Union County College is the two-year community college for Union County, one of a network of 19 county colleges statewide. Union County College was founded in 1933 and has campuses throughout the county, in Cranford, Elizabeth, Plainfield and Scotch Plains.
Transportation[edit | edit source]
The county is served by numerous transportation modes including rail, air, highways and ports.
Major highways which traverse the county include the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95), Garden State Parkway, Interstate 78, Interstate 278, U.S. Route 1, U.S. Route 9, U.S. Route 22 and the Goethals Bridge.
Passenger rail service is provide by New Jersey Transit via the Northeast Corridor, North Jersey Coast Line, Raritan Valley Line, the Morristown Line and the Gladstone Branch. Freight service is provided by on Conrail's Lehigh Line and Chemical Coast Branch.
Freight and passenger rail service was once provided by the Rahway Valley Railroad from 1897 up till 1992 when the small short line closed due to lack of customers.
The southern portion of Newark Liberty International Airport is located in Elizabeth, within Union County.
Municipalities[edit | edit source]
Boroughs[edit | edit source]
- Fanwood (6)
- Garwood (5)
- Kenilworth (8)
- Mountainside (3)
- New Providence (2)
- Roselle Park (9)
- Roselle (10)
Cities[edit | edit source]
Towns[edit | edit source]
- Westfield (4)
Townships[edit | edit source]
- Berkeley Heights (21)
- Clark (14)
- Cranford (16)
- Hillside (19)
- Scotch Plains (20)
- Springfield Township (17)
- Union Township (18)
- Winfield Township (15)
Parks[edit | edit source]
- Ash Brook Reservation
- Black Brook Park
- Brian Park
- Cedar Brook Park
- Echo Lake Park
- Elizabeth River Park
- Green Brook Park
- Hidden Valley Park
- Leanpe Park
- Madison Aenue Park
- Mattano Park
- McConnell Park
- Milton Lake Park
- Nomahagen Park
- Oak Ridge Park
- Passaic River Park
- Phil Rizzuto Park
- Rahway River Park
- Rahway River Parkway
- Tamaques Park
- Unami Park
- Warinanco Park
Other Park Facilities[edit | edit source]
- Ash Brook Golf Course
- Galloping Hill Golf Course
- Oak Ridge Archery Range
- Trailside Nature and Science Center
- Warinanco Ice Skating Rink
- Watchung Reservation
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- ^ 250 Highest Per Capita Personal Incomes of the 3111 Counties in the United States, 2006, Bureau of Economic Analysis Accessed May 2, 2008.
- ^ Woolsey, Matt. "Who Pays America's Highest Property Taxes?". Forbes.com. http://www.forbes.com/2009/01/23/taxes-homes-property-forbeslife-cx_mw_0123realestate_slide_25.html. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- ^ "New Jersey Resident Population by County: 1880–1930". http://www.wnjpin.net/OneStopCareerCenter/LaborMarketInformation/lmi01/poptrd5.htm.
- ^ "Geostat Center: Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://fisher.lib.virginia.edu/collections/stats/histcensus/. Retrieved 2007-03-02.
- ^ "The Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010". U.S. Census Bureau. 2011-02-03. http://2010.census.gov/news/xls/st34-final_newjersey.xls. Retrieved 2011-02-05.
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ a b Board of Chosen Freeholders, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed March 5, 2010.
- ^ New Jersey Presidential Election Returns by County 2004, Eagleton Institute of Politics at Rutgers University. Accessed August 31, 2008.
- ^ "About UCC (Union County College)". http://www.ucc.edu/AboutUCC/default.htm.
[edit | edit source]
- Changing Landscape of Union County 
The Official Website of Union County New Jersey 
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Union County, New Jersey. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|