A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entitiesWp globe tiny.gif of the United StatesWp globe tiny.gif (although four states use the official title commonwealthWp globe tiny.gif). The separate state governmentWp globe tiny.gifs and the federal governmentWp globe tiny.gif share sovereigntyWp globe tiny.gif, in that an "AmericanWp globe tiny.gif" is a citizen both of the federal entity and of his or her state of residence. However, state citizenshipWp globe tiny.gif is very flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states (with the exception of convicts on paroleWp globe tiny.gif).

The United States ConstitutionWp globe tiny.gif allocates power between the two levels of government in general terms. By ratifying the Constitution, each state transfers certain sovereign powers to the federal government and agrees to share other powers. Under the Tenth AmendmentWp globe tiny.gif, all powers not explicitly transferred or shared are retained by the states and the people. Historically, the tasks of public education, public health, transportation and other infrastructure have been considered primarily state responsibilities, although all have significant federal funding and regulation as well.

Over time, the Constitution has been amended, and the interpretation and application of its provisions have changed. The general tendency has been toward centralization, with the federal government playing a much larger role than it once did. There is a continuing debate over "states' rightsWp globe tiny.gif," which concerns the extent and nature of the powers that the states have given to the federal government.

List of states

The following sortable table lists each of the 50 states of the United States of AmericaWp globe tiny.gif with the following information:

The 50 United States of America
State Official Name USPS Date Population Capital Most Populous City Flag
AlabamaWp globe tiny.gif State of AlabamaWp globe tiny.gif AL 181912141819-12-14Wp globe tiny.gif 04,599,030 MontgomeryWp globe tiny.gif BirminghamWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Alabama.svg
AlaskaWp globe tiny.gif State of AlaskaWp globe tiny.gif AK 195901031959-01-03Wp globe tiny.gif 00,670,053 JuneauWp globe tiny.gif AnchorageWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Alaska.svg
ArizonaWp globe tiny.gif State of ArizonaWp globe tiny.gif AZ 191202141912-02-14Wp globe tiny.gif 06,166,318 PhoenixWp globe tiny.gif PhoenixWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Arizona.svg
ArkansasWp globe tiny.gif State of ArkansasWp globe tiny.gif AR 183606151836-06-15Wp globe tiny.gif 02,810,872 Little RockWp globe tiny.gif Little RockWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Arkansas.svg
CaliforniaWp globe tiny.gif State of CaliforniaWp globe tiny.gif CA 185009091850-09-09Wp globe tiny.gif 36,457,549 SacramentoWp globe tiny.gif Los AngelesWp globe tiny.gif Flag of California.svg
ColoradoWp globe tiny.gif State of ColoradoWp globe tiny.gif CO 187608011876-08-01Wp globe tiny.gif 04,753,377 DenverWp globe tiny.gif DenverWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Colorado.svg
ConnecticutWp globe tiny.gif State of ConnecticutWp globe tiny.gif CT 178801091788-01-09Wp globe tiny.gif 03,504,809 HartfordWp globe tiny.gif BridgeportWp globe tiny.gif[4] Flag of Connecticut.svg
DelawareWp globe tiny.gif State of DelawareWp globe tiny.gif DE 178712071787-12-07Wp globe tiny.gif 00,853,476 DoverWp globe tiny.gif WilmingtonWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Delaware.svg
FloridaWp globe tiny.gif State of FloridaWp globe tiny.gif FL 184503031845-03-03Wp globe tiny.gif 18,089,888 TallahasseeWp globe tiny.gif JacksonvilleWp globe tiny.gif[5] Flag of Florida.svg
GeorgiaWp globe tiny.gif State of GeorgiaWp globe tiny.gif GA 178801021788-01-02Wp globe tiny.gif 09,363,941 AtlantaWp globe tiny.gif AtlantaWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg
HawaiiWp globe tiny.gif State of Hawai`iWp globe tiny.gif
Moku`a-ina o Hawai`iWp globe tiny.gif
HI 195908211959-08-21Wp globe tiny.gif 01,285,498 HonoluluWp globe tiny.gif HonoluluWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Hawaii.svg
IdahoWp globe tiny.gif State of IdahoWp globe tiny.gif ID 189007031890-07-03Wp globe tiny.gif 01,466,465 BoiseWp globe tiny.gif BoiseWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Idaho.svg
IllinoisWp globe tiny.gif State of IllinoisWp globe tiny.gif IL 181812031818-12-03Wp globe tiny.gif 12,831,970 SpringfieldWp globe tiny.gif ChicagoWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Illinois.svg
IndianaWp globe tiny.gif State of IndianaWp globe tiny.gif IN 181612111816-12-11Wp globe tiny.gif 06,313,520 IndianapolisWp globe tiny.gif IndianapolisWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Indiana.svg
IowaWp globe tiny.gif State of IowaWp globe tiny.gif IA 184612281846-12-28Wp globe tiny.gif 02,982,085 Des MoinesWp globe tiny.gif Des MoinesWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Iowa.svg
KansasWp globe tiny.gif State of KansasWp globe tiny.gif KS 186101291861-01-29Wp globe tiny.gif 02,764,075 TopekaWp globe tiny.gif WichitaWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Kansas.svg
KentuckyWp globe tiny.gif Commonwealth of KentuckyWp globe tiny.gif KY 179206011792-06-01Wp globe tiny.gif 04,206,074 FrankfortWp globe tiny.gif LouisvilleWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Kentucky.svg
LouisianaWp globe tiny.gif State of LouisianaWp globe tiny.gif
État de LouisianeWp globe tiny.gif
LA 181204301812-04-30Wp globe tiny.gif 04,287,768 Baton RougeWp globe tiny.gif New OrleansWp globe tiny.gif[6] Flag of Louisiana.svg
MaineWp globe tiny.gif State of MaineWp globe tiny.gif ME 182003151820-03-15Wp globe tiny.gif 01,321,574 AugustaWp globe tiny.gif PortlandWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Maine.svg
MarylandWp globe tiny.gif State of MarylandWp globe tiny.gif MD 178804281788-04-28Wp globe tiny.gif 05,615,727 AnnapolisWp globe tiny.gif BaltimoreWp globe tiny.gif[7] Flag of Maryland.svg
MassachusettsWp globe tiny.gif Commonwealth of MassachusettsWp globe tiny.gif MA 178802061788-02-06Wp globe tiny.gif 06,437,193 BostonWp globe tiny.gif BostonWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Massachusetts.svg
MichiganWp globe tiny.gif State of MichiganWp globe tiny.gif MI 183701261837-01-26Wp globe tiny.gif 10,095,643 LansingWp globe tiny.gif DetroitWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Michigan.svg
MinnesotaWp globe tiny.gif State of MinnesotaWp globe tiny.gif MN 185805111858-05-11Wp globe tiny.gif 05,167,101 Saint PaulWp globe tiny.gif MinneapolisWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Minnesota.svg
MississippiWp globe tiny.gif State of MississippiWp globe tiny.gif MS 181712101817-12-10Wp globe tiny.gif 02,910,540 JacksonWp globe tiny.gif JacksonWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Mississippi.svg
MissouriWp globe tiny.gif State of MissouriWp globe tiny.gif MO 182108101821-08-10Wp globe tiny.gif 05,842,713 Jefferson CityWp globe tiny.gif Kansas CityWp globe tiny.gif[8] Flag of Missouri.svg
MontanaWp globe tiny.gif State of MontanaWp globe tiny.gif MT 188911081889-11-08Wp globe tiny.gif 00,944,632 HelenaWp globe tiny.gif BillingsWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Montana.svg
NebraskaWp globe tiny.gif State of NebraskaWp globe tiny.gif NE 186703011867-03-01Wp globe tiny.gif 01,768,331 LincolnWp globe tiny.gif OmahaWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Nebraska.svg
NevadaWp globe tiny.gif State of NevadaWp globe tiny.gif NV 186410311864-10-31Wp globe tiny.gif 02,495,529 Carson CityWp globe tiny.gif Las VegasWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Nevada.svg
New HampshireWp globe tiny.gif State of New HampshireWp globe tiny.gif NH 178806211788-06-21Wp globe tiny.gif 01,314,895 ConcordWp globe tiny.gif ManchesterWp globe tiny.gif[9] Flag of New Hampshire.svg
New JerseyWp globe tiny.gif State of New JerseyWp globe tiny.gif NJ 178712181787-12-18Wp globe tiny.gif 08,724,560 TrentonWp globe tiny.gif NewarkWp globe tiny.gif[10] Flag of New Jersey.svg
New MexicoWp globe tiny.gif State of New MexicoWp globe tiny.gif
Estado de Nuevo MéxicoWp globe tiny.gif
NM 191201061912-01-06Wp globe tiny.gif 01,954,599 Santa FeWp globe tiny.gif AlbuquerqueWp globe tiny.gif Flag of New Mexico.svg
New YorkWp globe tiny.gif State of New YorkWp globe tiny.gif NY 178807261788-07-26Wp globe tiny.gif 19,306,183 AlbanyWp globe tiny.gif New YorkWp globe tiny.gif Flag of New York.svg
North CarolinaWp globe tiny.gif State of North CarolinaWp globe tiny.gif NC 178911211789-11-21Wp globe tiny.gif 08,856,505 RaleighWp globe tiny.gif CharlotteWp globe tiny.gif Flag of North Carolina.svg
North DakotaWp globe tiny.gif State of North DakotaWp globe tiny.gif ND 188911021889-11-02Wp globe tiny.gif 00,635,867 BismarckWp globe tiny.gif FargoWp globe tiny.gif Flag of North Dakota.svg
OhioWp globe tiny.gif State of OhioWp globe tiny.gif OH 180303011803-03-01Wp globe tiny.gif 11,478,006 ColumbusWp globe tiny.gif ColumbusWp globe tiny.gif[11] Flag of Ohio.svg
OklahomaWp globe tiny.gif State of OklahomaWp globe tiny.gif OK 190711161907-11-16Wp globe tiny.gif 03,579,212 Oklahoma CityWp globe tiny.gif Oklahoma CityWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Oklahoma.svg
OregonWp globe tiny.gif State of OregonWp globe tiny.gif OR 185902141859-02-14Wp globe tiny.gif 03,700,758 SalemWp globe tiny.gif PortlandWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Oregon.svg
PennsylvaniaWp globe tiny.gif Commonwealth of PennsylvaniaWp globe tiny.gif PA 178712121787-12-12Wp globe tiny.gif 12,440,621 HarrisburgWp globe tiny.gif PhiladelphiaWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Pennsylvania.svg
Rhode IslandWp globe tiny.gif State of Rhode Island and Providence PlantationsWp globe tiny.gif RI 179005291790-05-29Wp globe tiny.gif 01,067,610 ProvidenceWp globe tiny.gif ProvidenceWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Rhode Island.svg
South CarolinaWp globe tiny.gif State of South CarolinaWp globe tiny.gif SC 178805231788-05-23Wp globe tiny.gif 04,321,249 ColumbiaWp globe tiny.gif ColumbiaWp globe tiny.gif[12] Flag of South Carolina.svg
South DakotaWp globe tiny.gif State of South DakotaWp globe tiny.gif SD 188911021889-11-02Wp globe tiny.gif 00,781,919 PierreWp globe tiny.gif Sioux FallsWp globe tiny.gif Flag of South Dakota.svg
TennesseeWp globe tiny.gif State of TennesseeWp globe tiny.gif TN 179606011796-06-01Wp globe tiny.gif 06,038,803 NashvilleWp globe tiny.gif MemphisWp globe tiny.gif[13] Flag of Tennessee.svg
TexasWp globe tiny.gif State of TexasWp globe tiny.gif TX 184512291845-12-29Wp globe tiny.gif 23,507,783 AustinWp globe tiny.gif HoustonWp globe tiny.gif[14] Flag of Texas.svg
UtahWp globe tiny.gif State of UtahWp globe tiny.gif UT 189601041896-01-04Wp globe tiny.gif 02,550,063 Salt Lake CityWp globe tiny.gif Salt Lake CityWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Utah.svg
VermontWp globe tiny.gif State of VermontWp globe tiny.gif VT 179103041791-03-04Wp globe tiny.gif 00,623,908 MontpelierWp globe tiny.gif BurlingtonWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Vermont.svg
VirginiaWp globe tiny.gif Commonwealth of VirginiaWp globe tiny.gif VA 178806251788-06-25Wp globe tiny.gif 07,642,884 RichmondWp globe tiny.gif Virginia BeachWp globe tiny.gif[15] Flag of Virginia.svg
WashingtonWp globe tiny.gif State of WashingtonWp globe tiny.gif WA 188911111889-11-11Wp globe tiny.gif 06,395,798 OlympiaWp globe tiny.gif SeattleWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Washington.svg
West VirginiaWp globe tiny.gif State of West VirginiaWp globe tiny.gif WV 186306201863-06-20Wp globe tiny.gif 01,818,470 CharlestonWp globe tiny.gif CharlestonWp globe tiny.gif Flag of West Virginia.svg
WisconsinWp globe tiny.gif State of WisconsinWp globe tiny.gif WI 184805291848-05-29Wp globe tiny.gif 05,556,506 MadisonWp globe tiny.gif MilwaukeeWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Wisconsin.svg
WyomingWp globe tiny.gif State of WyomingWp globe tiny.gif WY 189007101890-07-10Wp globe tiny.gif 00,515,004 CheyenneWp globe tiny.gif CheyenneWp globe tiny.gif Flag of Wyoming.svg

Admission of states into the union

Since the establishment of the United States, the number of states has expanded from 13 to 50. The ConstitutionWp globe tiny.gif is rather laconic on the process by which new states can be added, noting only that "New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union", and forbidding a new state to be created out of the territory of an existing state without the consent of both that state's legislature and of Congress.

In practice, nearly all states admitted to the union after the original thirteen have been formed from U.S. territoriesWp globe tiny.gif (that is, land under the sovereignty of the United States federal government but not part of any state) that were organizedWp globe tiny.gif (given a measure of self-ruleWp globe tiny.gif by Congress). Generally speaking, the organized government of a territory would make known the sentiment of its population in favor of statehood; Congress would then direct that government to organize a constitutional conventionWp globe tiny.gif to write a state constitution. Upon acceptance of that Constitution, Congress would then admit that territory as a state. The broad outlines in this process were established by the Northwest OrdinanceWp globe tiny.gif, which actually predated the ratification of the Constitution.

However, Congress has ultimate authority over the admission of new states, and is not bound to follow this procedure. A few U.S. states outside of the original 13 have been admitted that were never organized territories of the federal government:

  • Vermont, an unrecognized but de facto independent republicWp globe tiny.gif until its admission in 1791
  • Kentucky, a part of Virginia until its admission in 1792
  • Maine, a part of Massachusetts until its admission in 1820 following the Missouri CompromiseWp globe tiny.gif
  • Texas, a recognized independent republic until its admission in 1845
  • California, created as a state (as part of the Compromise of 1850Wp globe tiny.gif) out of the unorganized territoryWp globe tiny.gif of the Mexican CessionWp globe tiny.gif in 1850 without ever having been a separate organized territory itself
  • West Virginia, created from areas of Virginia that rejoined the union in 1863, after the 1861 secession of Virginia to the Confederate States of AmericaWp globe tiny.gif

Congress is also under no obligation to admit states even in those areas whose population expresses a desire for statehood. For instance, the Republic of Texas requested annexation to the United States in 1836, but fears about the conflict with Mexico that would result delayed admission for nine years. Utah TerritoryWp globe tiny.gif was denied admission to the union as a state for decades because of discomfort with The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day SaintsWp globe tiny.gif' dominance in the territory, and particularly with the MormonWp globe tiny.gif elite's then-current practice of polygamyWp globe tiny.gif.


Naming issues: Commonwealths, republics, and states

Four of the states bear the formal title of CommonwealthWp globe tiny.gif: KentuckyWp globe tiny.gif, MassachusettsWp globe tiny.gif, PennsylvaniaWp globe tiny.gif, and VirginiaWp globe tiny.gif. In these cases, this is merely a name and has no legal effect. Somewhat confusingly, two U.S. territories — Puerto RicoWp globe tiny.gif and the Northern MarianasWp globe tiny.gif — are also referred to as commonwealths, and do have a legal statusWp globe tiny.gif different from the states.

The Republic of TexasWp globe tiny.gif was an independent nation for nine years, and the Republic of HawaiʻiWp globe tiny.gif, formerly the Kingdom of HawaiʻiWp globe tiny.gif, was also an independent nation. There is debate over whether Vermont was ever an independent nation; however it was the first future state to write its own Constitution. The so-called "California RepublicWp globe tiny.gif" was actually a flag raised by Americans in the town of SonomaWp globe tiny.gif after they expelled the local Mexican official. Ten days later the U.S. ArmyWp globe tiny.gif took over.

See also List of official names of the states of the USAWp globe tiny.gif.

State governments

States are free to organize their state governmentWp globe tiny.gifs any way they like, as long as they conform to the sole requirement of the U.S. Constitution that they have "a Republican Form of Government". In practice, each state has adopted a three branch system of governmentWp globe tiny.gif generally along the sames lines as that of the federal government—though this is not a requirement. There is nothing that could stop a state from adopting a parliamentary system—with a fusion of powers, as opposed to a separation of powers—if it so choses.


Origin of states' names

State names speak to the circumstances of their creation. (See the lists of U.S. state name etymologiesWp globe tiny.gif and U.S. county name etymologiesWp globe tiny.gif for more detail.)

British

Southeastern states on the AtlanticWp globe tiny.gif coast originated as British coloniesWp globe tiny.gif named after British monarchWp globe tiny.gifs: GeorgiaWp globe tiny.gif, the CarolinasWp globe tiny.gif, VirginiaWp globe tiny.gif, and MarylandWp globe tiny.gif. Some northeastern states, also former British colonies, take their names from places in the British IslesWp globe tiny.gif: New HampshireWp globe tiny.gif, New JerseyWp globe tiny.gif, and New YorkWp globe tiny.gif. PennsylvaniaWp globe tiny.gif, meaning "Penn's woods," in Latin, takes its name from the father of its founder, William PennWp globe tiny.gif. DelawareWp globe tiny.gif is named after Thomas West, Lord De La WarrWp globe tiny.gif, an early colonist and governor of the Jamestown ColonyWp globe tiny.gif.

Native American

Many states' names are those of Native AmericanWp globe tiny.gif tribes or are from Native American languagesWp globe tiny.gif: AlabamaWp globe tiny.gif, AlaskaWp globe tiny.gif, ArkansasWp globe tiny.gif, ConnecticutWp globe tiny.gif, the DakotasWp globe tiny.gif, IllinoisWp globe tiny.gif, IowaWp globe tiny.gif, KansasWp globe tiny.gif, KentuckyWp globe tiny.gif, MassachusettsWp globe tiny.gif, MichiganWp globe tiny.gif, MinnesotaWp globe tiny.gif, MississippiWp globe tiny.gif, MissouriWp globe tiny.gif, NebraskaWp globe tiny.gif, OhioWp globe tiny.gif, OklahomaWp globe tiny.gif, TennesseeWp globe tiny.gif, TexasWp globe tiny.gif, UtahWp globe tiny.gif, WisconsinWp globe tiny.gif and others. Additionally, the name of IdahoWp globe tiny.gif was presented as a Native American word by eccentric lobbyist George M. WillingWp globe tiny.gif, though it was later revealed that he likely made it up. IndianaWp globe tiny.gif means literally "land of Indians". HawaiiWp globe tiny.gif is a PolynesiaWp globe tiny.gifn name.

Spanish

Because they are on territories previously controlled by SpainWp globe tiny.gif or MexicoWp globe tiny.gif, many states in the southeast and southwest have SpanishWp globe tiny.gif names. They include ColoradoWp globe tiny.gif, FloridaWp globe tiny.gif, NevadaWp globe tiny.gif, MontanaWp globe tiny.gif, and, ultimately of Native American origin, New MexicoWp globe tiny.gif. CaliforniaWp globe tiny.gif is also believed to be of Spanish origin, though this is not entirely clear (see Origin of the name CaliforniaWp globe tiny.gif).

French

Because it was previously a FrenchWp globe tiny.gif colony, LouisianaWp globe tiny.gif is named after Louis XIVWp globe tiny.gif (the King of FranceWp globe tiny.gif at the time). MaineWp globe tiny.gif may also be named after the historical French province of MaineWp globe tiny.gif, although another theory derives "Maine" from "mainland," differentiating it from the outlying islandsWp globe tiny.gif. VermontWp globe tiny.gif is derived from the French term for "green mountains", a reference to its mountainous but forested terrain.

Other

Formally referred to as the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Rhode IslandWp globe tiny.gif likely gained its name through the supposed similarity of Aquidneck IslandWp globe tiny.gif (the body of land known as Rhode Island, which contains the city of NewportWp globe tiny.gif and the towns of PortsmouthWp globe tiny.gif and MiddletownWp globe tiny.gif) to the GreekWp globe tiny.gif Isle of RhodesWp globe tiny.gif. Providence PlantationsWp globe tiny.gif, which makes reference to the mainland that surrounds Narragansett BayWp globe tiny.gif, was named by its religious founders for God's divine providenceWp globe tiny.gif. The state of WashingtonWp globe tiny.gif was named after George WashingtonWp globe tiny.gif. ArizonaWp globe tiny.gif may come from a BasqueWp globe tiny.gif term, or it may be of Native American origin.

Origin Unknown

The origin of OregonWp globe tiny.gif is not certain, although various theories exist, but is most likely to be of Native American origin.

Grouping of the states in regions

U.S. Census Bureau regions:
The WestWp globe tiny.gif, The MidwestWp globe tiny.gif, The SouthWp globe tiny.gif and The NortheastWp globe tiny.gif. Note that Alaska and Hawaii are shown at different scales, and that the Aleutian IslandsWp globe tiny.gif and the uninhabitedWp globe tiny.gif Northwestern Hawaiian IslandsWp globe tiny.gif are omitted from this map.

States may be grouped in regions; there are endless variations and possible groupings, as most states are not defined by obvious geographic or cultural borders. For further discussion of regions of the U.S., see the list of regions of the United StatesWp globe tiny.gif.

State lists

External links

References

  1. ^ "Official USPS Abbreviations" (HTMLWp globe tiny.gif). United States Postal ServiceWp globe tiny.gif. 1998Wp globe tiny.gif. http://www.usps.com/ncsc/lookups/abbreviations.html. Retrieved 2007-02-26. 
  2. ^ "Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for the United States and States, and for Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006" (CSVWp globe tiny.gif). 2006 Population Estimates. United States Census BureauWp globe tiny.gif, Population Division. 2006-12-22Wp globe tiny.gif. http://www.census.gov/popest/states/tables/NST-EST2006-01.csv. Retrieved 2007-02-26. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005" (CSVWp globe tiny.gif). 2005 Population Estimates. United States Census BureauWp globe tiny.gif, Population Division. 2006-06-20Wp globe tiny.gif. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2005-ip.csv. Retrieved 2007-02-26. 
  4. ^ The Hartford-West Hartford-Willimantic Combined Statistical AreaWp globe tiny.gif is the most populous metropolitan area in ConnecticutWp globe tiny.gif.
  5. ^ The Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach Metropolitan Statistical AreaWp globe tiny.gif is the most populous metropolitan area in FloridaWp globe tiny.gif.
  6. ^ The United States Census BureauWp globe tiny.gif estimates that, as of 2005-07-01Wp globe tiny.gif, the population of the City of New OrleansWp globe tiny.gif was 454,863 and the population of the City of Baton RougeWp globe tiny.gif was 222,064. After Hurricane KatrinaWp globe tiny.gif struck LouisianaWp globe tiny.gif, New Orleans lost a significant portion of its population while the population of Baton Rouge increased substantially.
  7. ^ Baltimore CityWp globe tiny.gif and the 12 MarylandWp globe tiny.gif countiesWp globe tiny.gif of the Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical AreaWp globe tiny.gif form the most populous metropolitan region in Maryland.
  8. ^ The City of Saint LouisWp globe tiny.gif and the 8 MissouriWp globe tiny.gif countiesWp globe tiny.gif of the St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington Combined Statistical AreaWp globe tiny.gif form the most populous metropolitan region in Missouri.
  9. ^ The 5 southeastern New HampshireWp globe tiny.gif countiesWp globe tiny.gif of the Boston-Worcester-Manchester Combined Statistical AreaWp globe tiny.gif form the most populous metropolitan region in New Hampshire.
  10. ^ The 13 northern New JerseyWp globe tiny.gif countiesWp globe tiny.gif of the New York-Newark-Bridgeport Combined Statistical AreaWp globe tiny.gif form the most populous metropolitan region in New Jersey.
  11. ^ The Cleveland-Akron-Elyria Combined Statistical AreaWp globe tiny.gif is the most populous metropolitan area in OhioWp globe tiny.gif.
  12. ^ The Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Combined Statistical AreaWp globe tiny.gif is the most populous metropolitan area in South CarolinaWp globe tiny.gif.
  13. ^ The Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Columbia Combined Statistical AreaWp globe tiny.gif is the most populous metropolitan area in TennesseeWp globe tiny.gif.
  14. ^ The Dallas-Fort Worth Combined Statistical AreaWp globe tiny.gif is the most populous metropolitan area in TexasWp globe tiny.gif.
  15. ^ The 10 VirginiaWp globe tiny.gif countiesWp globe tiny.gif and 6 Virginia citiesWp globe tiny.gif of the Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical AreaWp globe tiny.gif form the most populous metropolitan region in Virginia.


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