(From Wikipedia with acknowledgment)
 
(wp links- maybe later point to ours when we have them)
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<!--{{Politics of the United States}}-->
 
<!--{{Politics of the United States}}-->
A '''U.S. state''' is any one of the fifty [[state (country subdivision)|subnational entities]] of the [[United States]] (although four states use the official title ''[[Commonwealth (United States)|commonwealth]]''). The separate [[state government]]s and the [[federal government of the United States|federal government]] share [[sovereignty]], in that an "[[United States|American]]" is a citizen both of the federal entity and of his or her state of residence. However, [[state citizenship]] is very flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states (with the exception of convicts on [[parole]]).
+
A '''U.S. state''' is any one of the fifty {{wp|state (country subdivision)|subnational entities}} of the {{wp|United States}} (although four states use the official title ''{{wp|Commonwealth (United States)|commonwealth}}''). The separate {{wp|state government}}s and the {{wp|federal government of the United States|federal government}} share {{wp|sovereignty}}, in that an "{{wp|United States|American}}" is a citizen both of the federal entity and of his or her state of residence. However, {{wp|state citizenship}} is very flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states (with the exception of convicts on {{wp|parole}}).
   
The [[United States Constitution]] allocates power between the two levels of government in general terms. By ratifying the Constitution, each state transfers certain sovereign powers to the federal government and agrees to share other powers. Under the [[Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution|Tenth Amendment]], all powers not explicitly transferred or shared are retained by the states and the people. Historically, the tasks of public education, public health, transportation and other infrastructure have been considered primarily state responsibilities, although all have significant federal funding and regulation as well.
+
The {{wp|United States Constitution}} allocates power between the two levels of government in general terms. By ratifying the Constitution, each state transfers certain sovereign powers to the federal government and agrees to share other powers. Under the {{wp|Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution|Tenth Amendment}}, all powers not explicitly transferred or shared are retained by the states and the people. Historically, the tasks of public education, public health, transportation and other infrastructure have been considered primarily state responsibilities, although all have significant federal funding and regulation as well.
   
Over time, the Constitution has been amended, and the interpretation and application of its provisions have changed. The general tendency has been toward centralization, with the federal government playing a much larger role than it once did. There is a continuing debate over "[[states' rights]]," which concerns the extent and nature of the powers that the states have given to the federal government.
+
Over time, the Constitution has been amended, and the interpretation and application of its provisions have changed. The general tendency has been toward centralization, with the federal government playing a much larger role than it once did. There is a continuing debate over "{{wp|states' rights}}," which concerns the extent and nature of the powers that the states have given to the federal government.
   
 
==List of states==
 
==List of states==
<!--[[Image:Map of USA with state names.svg|center|640px]]
+
<!--XXImage:Map of USA with state names.svg|center|640px]]
 
<br clear=all /> -->
 
<br clear=all /> -->
The following sortable table lists each of the 50 states of the [[United States of America]] with the following information:
+
The following sortable table lists each of the 50 states of the {{wp|United States of America}} with the following information:
*The [[political divisions of the United States#States of the United States|common state name]],
+
*The {{wp|political divisions of the United States#States of the United States|common state name}},
*The [[list of official names of the states of the USA|official state name or names]],
+
*The {{wp|list of official names of the states of the USA|official state name or names}},
*The [[United States Postal Service]] (USPS) two-character [[United States postal abbreviations|state abbreviation]]<ref name=USPSabbrev>{{cite web | url = http://www.usps.com/ncsc/lookups/abbreviations.html | title = Official USPS Abbreviations | format = [[HTML]] | publisher = [[United States Postal Service]] | date = [[1998]] | accessdate = 2007-02-26 }}</ref><br/>(also used as the [[International Organization for Standardization]] (ISO) Standard [[ISO 3166-2|3166-2]] [[ISO 3166-2:US|country subdivision code]]),
+
*The {{wp|United States Postal Service}} (USPS) two-character {{wp|United States postal abbreviations|state abbreviation}}<ref name=USPSabbrev>{{cite web | url = http://www.usps.com/ncsc/lookups/abbreviations.html | title = Official USPS Abbreviations | format = {{wp|HTML}} | publisher = {{wp|United States Postal Service}} | date = {{wp|1998}} | accessdate = 2007-02-26 }}</ref><br/>(also used as the {{wp|International Organization for Standardization}} (ISO) Standard {{wp|ISO 3166-2|3166-2}} {{wp|ISO 3166-2:US|country subdivision code}}),
*The date the state [[List of U.S. states by date of statehood|ratified]] the [[United States Constitution]] or was [[List of U.S. states by date of statehood|admitted]] to the [[United States|Union]],
+
*The date the state {{wp|List of U.S. states by date of statehood|ratified}} the {{wp|United States Constitution}} or was {{wp|List of U.S. states by date of statehood|admitted}} to the {{wp|United States|Union}},
*The [[United States Census Bureau]] estimate of state population as of [[2006-07-01]],<ref name=PopEstStates>{{cite web | url = http://www.census.gov/popest/states/tables/NST-EST2006-01.csv | title = Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for the United States and States, and for Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006 | format = [[comma-separated values|CSV]] | work = 2006 Population Estimates | publisher = [[United States Census Bureau]], Population Division | date = [[2006-12-22]] | accessdate = 2007-02-26 }}</ref>
+
*The {{wp|United States Census Bureau}} estimate of state population as of {{wp|2006-07-01}},<ref name=PopEstStates>{{cite web | url = http://www.census.gov/popest/states/tables/NST-EST2006-01.csv | title = Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for the United States and States, and for Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006 | format = {{wp|comma-separated values|CSV}} | work = 2006 Population Estimates | publisher = {{wp|United States Census Bureau}}, Population Division | date = {{wp|2006-12-22}} | accessdate = 2007-02-26 }}</ref>
*The [[List of capitals in the United States|state capital]],
+
*The {{wp|List of capitals in the United States|state capital}},
*The most populous [[incorporated place]] or [[census-designated place]] within the state as of [[2005-07-01]], as estimated by the U.S. Census Bureau,<ref name=PopEstCities>{{cite web | url = http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2005-ip.csv | title = Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005 | format = [[comma-separated values|CSV]] | work = 2005 Population Estimates | publisher = [[United States Census Bureau]], Population Division | date = [[2006-06-20]] | accessdate = 2007-02-26 }}</ref> and
+
*The most populous {{wp|incorporated place}} or {{wp|census-designated place}} within the state as of {{wp|2005-07-01}}, as estimated by the U.S. Census Bureau,<ref name=PopEstCities>{{cite web | url = http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2005-ip.csv | title = Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005 | format = {{wp|comma-separated values|CSV}} | work = 2005 Population Estimates | publisher = {{wp|United States Census Bureau}}, Population Division | date = {{wp|2006-06-20}} | accessdate = 2007-02-26 }}</ref> and
*An image of the [[flags of the U.S. states|state flag]].
+
*An image of the {{wp|flags of the U.S. states|state flag}}.
   
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
Line 30: Line 30:
 
! Flag
 
! Flag
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Alabama]]
+
| {{wp|Alabama}}
| [[State of Alabama]]
+
| {{wp|State of Alabama}}
 
| align=center | AL
 
| align=center | AL
| <span style="display:none">18191214</span>[[1819-12-14]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18191214</span>{{wp|1819-12-14}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>4,599,030
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>4,599,030
| [[Montgomery, Alabama|Montgomery]]
+
| {{wp|Montgomery, Alabama|Montgomery}}
| [[Birmingham, Alabama|Birmingham]]
+
| {{wp|Birmingham, Alabama|Birmingham}}
| [[Image:Flag of Alabama.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Alabama.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Alaska]]
+
| {{wp|Alaska}}
| [[State of Alaska]]
+
| {{wp|State of Alaska}}
 
| align=center | AK
 
| align=center | AK
| <span style="display:none">19590103</span>[[1959-01-03]]
+
| <span style="display:none">19590103</span>{{wp|1959-01-03}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>670,053
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>670,053
| [[Juneau, Alaska|Juneau]]
+
| {{wp|Juneau, Alaska|Juneau}}
| [[Anchorage, Alaska|Anchorage]]
+
| {{wp|Anchorage, Alaska|Anchorage}}
| [[Image:Flag of Alaska.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Alaska.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Arizona]]
+
| {{wp|Arizona}}
| [[State of Arizona]]
+
| {{wp|State of Arizona}}
 
| align=center | AZ
 
| align=center | AZ
| <span style="display:none">19120214</span>[[1912-02-14]]
+
| <span style="display:none">19120214</span>{{wp|1912-02-14}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>6,166,318
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>6,166,318
| [[Phoenix, Arizona|Phoenix]]
+
| {{wp|Phoenix, Arizona|Phoenix}}
| [[Phoenix, Arizona|Phoenix]]
+
| {{wp|Phoenix, Arizona|Phoenix}}
| [[Image:Flag of Arizona.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Arizona.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Arkansas]]
+
| {{wp|Arkansas}}
| [[State of Arkansas]]
+
| {{wp|State of Arkansas}}
 
| align=center | AR
 
| align=center | AR
| <span style="display:none">18360615</span>[[1836-06-15]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18360615</span>{{wp|1836-06-15}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,810,872
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,810,872
| [[Little Rock, Arkansas|Little Rock]]
+
| {{wp|Little Rock, Arkansas|Little Rock}}
| [[Little Rock, Arkansas|Little Rock]]
+
| {{wp|Little Rock, Arkansas|Little Rock}}
| [[Image:Flag of Arkansas.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Arkansas.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[California]]
+
| {{wp|California}}
| [[State of California]]
+
| {{wp|State of California}}
 
| align=center | CA
 
| align=center | CA
| <span style="display:none">18500909</span>[[1850-09-09]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18500909</span>{{wp|1850-09-09}}
 
| align=right | 36,457,549
 
| align=right | 36,457,549
| [[Sacramento, California|Sacramento]]
+
| {{wp|Sacramento, California|Sacramento}}
| [[Los Angeles, California|Los Angeles]]
+
| {{wp|Los Angeles, California|Los Angeles}}
| [[Image:Flag of California.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of California.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Colorado]]
+
| {{wp|Colorado}}
| [[State of Colorado]]
+
| {{wp|State of Colorado}}
 
| align=center | CO
 
| align=center | CO
| <span style="display:none">18760801</span>[[1876-08-01]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18760801</span>{{wp|1876-08-01}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>4,753,377
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>4,753,377
| [[Denver, Colorado|Denver]]
+
| {{wp|Denver, Colorado|Denver}}
| [[Denver, Colorado|Denver]]
+
| {{wp|Denver, Colorado|Denver}}
| [[Image:Flag of Colorado.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Colorado.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Connecticut]]
+
| {{wp|Connecticut}}
| [[State of Connecticut]]
+
| {{wp|State of Connecticut}}
 
| align=center | CT
 
| align=center | CT
| <span style="display:none">17880109</span>[[1788-01-09]]
+
| <span style="display:none">17880109</span>{{wp|1788-01-09}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>3,504,809
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>3,504,809
| [[Hartford, Connecticut|Hartford]]
+
| {{wp|Hartford, Connecticut|Hartford}}
| [[Bridgeport, Connecticut|Bridgeport]]<ref name=Hartford>The [[Hartford-West Hartford-Willimantic Combined Statistical Area]] is the most populous metropolitan area in [[Connecticut]].</ref>
+
| {{wp|Bridgeport, Connecticut|Bridgeport}}<ref name=Hartford>The {{wp|Hartford-West Hartford-Willimantic Combined Statistical Area}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{wp|Connecticut}}.</ref>
| [[Image:Flag of Connecticut.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Connecticut.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Delaware]]
+
| {{wp|Delaware}}
| [[State of Delaware]]
+
| {{wp|State of Delaware}}
 
| align=center | DE
 
| align=center | DE
| <span style="display:none">17871207</span>[[1787-12-07]]
+
| <span style="display:none">17871207</span>{{wp|1787-12-07}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>853,476
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>853,476
| [[Dover, Delaware|Dover]]
+
| {{wp|Dover, Delaware|Dover}}
| [[Wilmington, Delaware|Wilmington]]
+
| {{wp|Wilmington, Delaware|Wilmington}}
| [[Image:Flag of Delaware.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Delaware.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Florida]]
+
| {{wp|Florida}}
| [[State of Florida]]
+
| {{wp|State of Florida}}
 
| align=center | FL
 
| align=center | FL
| <span style="display:none">18450303</span>[[1845-03-03]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18450303</span>{{wp|1845-03-03}}
 
| align=right | 18,089,888
 
| align=right | 18,089,888
| [[Tallahassee, Florida|Tallahassee]]
+
| {{wp|Tallahassee, Florida|Tallahassee}}
| [[Jacksonville, Florida|Jacksonville]]<ref name=Miami>The [[Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach Metropolitan Statistical Area]] is the most populous metropolitan area in [[Florida]].</ref>
+
| {{wp|Jacksonville, Florida|Jacksonville}}<ref name=Miami>The {{wp|Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach Metropolitan Statistical Area}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{wp|Florida}}.</ref>
| [[Image:Flag of Florida.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Florida.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Georgia (U.S. state)|Georgia]]
+
| {{wp|Georgia (U.S. state)|Georgia}}
| [[State of Georgia]]
+
| {{wp|State of Georgia}}
 
| align=center | GA
 
| align=center | GA
| <span style="display:none">17880102</span>[[1788-01-02]]
+
| <span style="display:none">17880102</span>{{wp|1788-01-02}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>9,363,941
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>9,363,941
| [[Atlanta, Georgia|Atlanta]]
+
| {{wp|Atlanta, Georgia|Atlanta}}
| [[Atlanta, Georgia|Atlanta]]
+
| {{wp|Atlanta, Georgia|Atlanta}}
| [[Image:Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Hawaii]]
+
| {{wp|Hawaii}}
| [[State of Hawai`i]]<br/>[[Moku`a-ina o Hawai`i]]
+
| {{wp|State of Hawai`i}}<br/>{{wp|Moku`a-ina o Hawai`i}}
 
| align=center | HI
 
| align=center | HI
| <span style="display:none">19590821</span>[[1959-08-21]]
+
| <span style="display:none">19590821</span>{{wp|1959-08-21}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,285,498
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,285,498
| [[Honolulu, Hawaii|Honolulu]]
+
| {{wp|Honolulu, Hawaii|Honolulu}}
| [[Honolulu, Hawaii|Honolulu]]
+
| {{wp|Honolulu, Hawaii|Honolulu}}
| [[Image:Flag of Hawaii.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Hawaii.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Idaho]]
+
| {{wp|Idaho}}
| [[State of Idaho]]
+
| {{wp|State of Idaho}}
 
| align=center | ID
 
| align=center | ID
| <span style="display:none">18900703</span>[[1890-07-03]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18900703</span>{{wp|1890-07-03}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,466,465
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,466,465
| [[Boise, Idaho|Boise]]
+
| {{wp|Boise, Idaho|Boise}}
| [[Boise, Idaho|Boise]]
+
| {{wp|Boise, Idaho|Boise}}
| [[Image:Flag of Idaho.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Idaho.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Illinois]]
+
| {{wp|Illinois}}
| [[State of Illinois]]
+
| {{wp|State of Illinois}}
 
| align=center | IL
 
| align=center | IL
| <span style="display:none">18181203</span>[[1818-12-03]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18181203</span>{{wp|1818-12-03}}
 
| align=right | 12,831,970
 
| align=right | 12,831,970
| [[Springfield, Illinois|Springfield]]
+
| {{wp|Springfield, Illinois|Springfield}}
| [[Chicago]]
+
| {{wp|Chicago}}
| [[Image:Flag of Illinois.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Illinois.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Indiana]]
+
| {{wp|Indiana}}
| [[State of Indiana]]
+
| {{wp|State of Indiana}}
 
| align=center | IN
 
| align=center | IN
| <span style="display:none">18161211</span>[[1816-12-11]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18161211</span>{{wp|1816-12-11}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>6,313,520
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>6,313,520
| [[Indianapolis, Indiana|Indianapolis]]
+
| {{wp|Indianapolis, Indiana|Indianapolis}}
| [[Indianapolis, Indiana|Indianapolis]]
+
| {{wp|Indianapolis, Indiana|Indianapolis}}
| [[Image:Flag of Indiana.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Indiana.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Iowa]]
+
| {{wp|Iowa}}
| [[State of Iowa]]
+
| {{wp|State of Iowa}}
 
| align=center | IA
 
| align=center | IA
| <span style="display:none">18461228</span>[[1846-12-28]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18461228</span>{{wp|1846-12-28}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,982,085
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,982,085
| [[Des Moines, Iowa|Des Moines]]
+
| {{wp|Des Moines, Iowa|Des Moines}}
| [[Des Moines, Iowa|Des Moines]]
+
| {{wp|Des Moines, Iowa|Des Moines}}
| [[Image:Flag of Iowa.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Iowa.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Kansas]]
+
| {{wp|Kansas}}
| [[State of Kansas]]
+
| {{wp|State of Kansas}}
 
| align=center | KS
 
| align=center | KS
| <span style="display:none">18610129</span>[[1861-01-29]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18610129</span>{{wp|1861-01-29}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,764,075
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,764,075
| [[Topeka, Kansas|Topeka]]
+
| {{wp|Topeka, Kansas|Topeka}}
| [[Wichita, Kansas|Wichita]]
+
| {{wp|Wichita, Kansas|Wichita}}
| [[Image:Flag of Kansas.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Kansas.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Kentucky]]
+
| {{wp|Kentucky}}
| [[Commonwealth of Kentucky]]
+
| {{wp|Commonwealth of Kentucky}}
 
| align=center | KY
 
| align=center | KY
| <span style="display:none">17920601</span>[[1792-06-01]]
+
| <span style="display:none">17920601</span>{{wp|1792-06-01}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>4,206,074
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>4,206,074
| [[Frankfort, Kentucky|Frankfort]]
+
| {{wp|Frankfort, Kentucky|Frankfort}}
| [[Louisville, Kentucky|Louisville]]
+
| {{wp|Louisville, Kentucky|Louisville}}
| [[Image:Flag of Kentucky.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Kentucky.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Louisiana]]
+
| {{wp|Louisiana}}
| [[State of Louisiana]]<br/>[[État de Louisiane]]
+
| {{wp|State of Louisiana}}<br/>{{wp|État de Louisiane}}
 
| align=center | LA
 
| align=center | LA
| <span style="display:none">18120430</span>[[1812-04-30]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18120430</span>{{wp|1812-04-30}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>4,287,768
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>4,287,768
| [[Baton Rouge, Louisiana|Baton Rouge]]
+
| {{wp|Baton Rouge, Louisiana|Baton Rouge}}
| [[New Orleans, Louisiana|New Orleans]]<ref name=Katrina>The [[United States Census Bureau]] estimates that, as of [[2005-07-01]], the population of the [[New Orleans, Louisiana|City of New Orleans]] was 454,863 and the population of the [[Baton Rouge, Louisiana|City of Baton Rouge]] was 222,064. After [[Hurricane Katrina]] struck [[Louisiana]], New Orleans lost a significant portion of its population while the population of Baton Rouge increased substantially.</ref>
+
| {{wp|New Orleans, Louisiana|New Orleans}}<ref name=Katrina>The {{wp|United States Census Bureau}} estimates that, as of {{wp|2005-07-01}}, the population of the {{wp|New Orleans, Louisiana|City of New Orleans}} was 454,863 and the population of the {{wp|Baton Rouge, Louisiana|City of Baton Rouge}} was 222,064. After {{wp|Hurricane Katrina}} struck {{wp|Louisiana}}, New Orleans lost a significant portion of its population while the population of Baton Rouge increased substantially.</ref>
| [[Image:Flag of Louisiana.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Louisiana.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Maine]]
+
| {{wp|Maine}}
| [[State of Maine]]
+
| {{wp|State of Maine}}
 
| align=center | ME
 
| align=center | ME
| <span style="display:none">18200315</span>[[1820-03-15]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18200315</span>{{wp|1820-03-15}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,321,574
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,321,574
| [[Augusta, Maine|Augusta]]
+
| {{wp|Augusta, Maine|Augusta}}
| [[Portland, Maine|Portland]]
+
| {{wp|Portland, Maine|Portland}}
| [[Image:Flag of Maine.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Maine.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Maryland]]
+
| {{wp|Maryland}}
| [[State of Maryland]]
+
| {{wp|State of Maryland}}
 
| align=center | MD
 
| align=center | MD
| <span style="display:none">17880428</span>[[1788-04-28]]
+
| <span style="display:none">17880428</span>{{wp|1788-04-28}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>5,615,727
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>5,615,727
| [[Annapolis, Maryland|Annapolis]]
+
| {{wp|Annapolis, Maryland|Annapolis}}
| [[Baltimore, Maryland|Baltimore]]<ref name=Maryland>[[Baltimore, Maryland|Baltimore City]] and the 12 [[Maryland]] [[county (United States)|counties]] of the [[Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area]] form the most populous metropolitan region in Maryland.</ref>
+
| {{wp|Baltimore, Maryland|Baltimore}}<ref name=Maryland>{{wp|Baltimore, Maryland|Baltimore City}} and the 12 {{wp|Maryland}} {{wp|county (United States)|counties}} of the {{wp|Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area}} form the most populous metropolitan region in Maryland.</ref>
| [[Image:Flag of Maryland.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Maryland.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Massachusetts]]
+
| {{wp|Massachusetts}}
| [[Commonwealth of Massachusetts]]
+
| {{wp|Commonwealth of Massachusetts}}
 
| align=center | MA
 
| align=center | MA
| <span style="display:none">17880206</span>[[1788-02-06]]
+
| <span style="display:none">17880206</span>{{wp|1788-02-06}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>6,437,193
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>6,437,193
| [[Boston, Massachusetts|Boston]]
+
| {{wp|Boston, Massachusetts|Boston}}
| [[Boston, Massachusetts|Boston]]
+
| {{wp|Boston, Massachusetts|Boston}}
| [[Image:Flag of Massachusetts.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Massachusetts.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Michigan]]
+
| {{wp|Michigan}}
| [[State of Michigan]]
+
| {{wp|State of Michigan}}
 
| align=center | MI
 
| align=center | MI
| <span style="display:none">18370126</span>[[1837-01-26]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18370126</span>{{wp|1837-01-26}}
 
| align=right | 10,095,643
 
| align=right | 10,095,643
| [[Lansing, Michigan|Lansing]]
+
| {{wp|Lansing, Michigan|Lansing}}
| [[Detroit, Michigan|Detroit]]
+
| {{wp|Detroit, Michigan|Detroit}}
| [[Image:Flag of Michigan.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Michigan.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Minnesota]]
+
| {{wp|Minnesota}}
| [[State of Minnesota]]
+
| {{wp|State of Minnesota}}
 
| align=center | MN
 
| align=center | MN
| <span style="display:none">18580511</span>[[1858-05-11]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18580511</span>{{wp|1858-05-11}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>5,167,101
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>5,167,101
| [[Saint Paul, Minnesota|Saint Paul]]
+
| {{wp|Saint Paul, Minnesota|Saint Paul}}
| [[Minneapolis, Minnesota|Minneapolis]]
+
| {{wp|Minneapolis, Minnesota|Minneapolis}}
| [[Image:Flag of Minnesota.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Minnesota.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Mississippi]]
+
| {{wp|Mississippi}}
| [[State of Mississippi]]
+
| {{wp|State of Mississippi}}
 
| align=center | MS
 
| align=center | MS
| <span style="display:none">18171210</span>[[1817-12-10]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18171210</span>{{wp|1817-12-10}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,910,540
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,910,540
| [[Jackson, Mississippi|Jackson]]
+
| {{wp|Jackson, Mississippi|Jackson}}
| [[Jackson, Mississippi|Jackson]]
+
| {{wp|Jackson, Mississippi|Jackson}}
| [[Image:Flag of Mississippi.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Mississippi.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Missouri]]
+
| {{wp|Missouri}}
| [[State of Missouri]]
+
| {{wp|State of Missouri}}
 
| align=center | MO
 
| align=center | MO
| <span style="display:none">18210810</span>[[1821-08-10]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18210810</span>{{wp|1821-08-10}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>5,842,713
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>5,842,713
| [[Jefferson City, Missouri|Jefferson City]]
+
| {{wp|Jefferson City, Missouri|Jefferson City}}
| [[Kansas City, Missouri|Kansas City]]<ref name=Saint_Louis>The [[St. Louis, Missouri|City of Saint Louis]] and the 8 [[Missouri]] [[county (United States)|counties]] of the [[St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington Combined Statistical Area]] form the most populous metropolitan region in Missouri.</ref>
+
| {{wp|Kansas City, Missouri|Kansas City}}<ref name=Saint_Louis>The {{wp|St. Louis, Missouri|City of Saint Louis}} and the 8 {{wp|Missouri}} {{wp|county (United States)|counties}} of the {{wp|St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington Combined Statistical Area}} form the most populous metropolitan region in Missouri.</ref>
| [[Image:Flag of Missouri.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Missouri.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Montana]]
+
| {{wp|Montana}}
| [[State of Montana]]
+
| {{wp|State of Montana}}
 
| align=center | MT
 
| align=center | MT
| <span style="display:none">18891108</span>[[1889-11-08]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18891108</span>{{wp|1889-11-08}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>944,632
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>944,632
| [[Helena, Montana|Helena]]
+
| {{wp|Helena, Montana|Helena}}
| [[Billings, Montana|Billings]]
+
| {{wp|Billings, Montana|Billings}}
| [[Image:Flag of Montana.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Montana.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Nebraska]]
+
| {{wp|Nebraska}}
| [[State of Nebraska]]
+
| {{wp|State of Nebraska}}
 
| align=center | NE
 
| align=center | NE
| <span style="display:none">18670301</span>[[1867-03-01]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18670301</span>{{wp|1867-03-01}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,768,331
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,768,331
| [[Lincoln, Nebraska|Lincoln]]
+
| {{wp|Lincoln, Nebraska|Lincoln}}
| [[Omaha, Nebraska|Omaha]]
+
| {{wp|Omaha, Nebraska|Omaha}}
| [[Image:Flag of Nebraska.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Nebraska.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Nevada]]
+
| {{wp|Nevada}}
| [[State of Nevada]]
+
| {{wp|State of Nevada}}
 
| align=center | NV
 
| align=center | NV
| <span style="display:none">18641031</span>[[1864-10-31]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18641031</span>{{wp|1864-10-31}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,495,529
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,495,529
| [[Carson City, Nevada|Carson City]]
+
| {{wp|Carson City, Nevada|Carson City}}
| [[Las Vegas, Nevada|Las Vegas]]
+
| {{wp|Las Vegas, Nevada|Las Vegas}}
| [[Image:Flag of Nevada.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Nevada.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[New Hampshire]]
+
| {{wp|New Hampshire}}
| [[State of New Hampshire]]
+
| {{wp|State of New Hampshire}}
 
| align=center | NH
 
| align=center | NH
| <span style="display:none">17880621</span>[[1788-06-21]]
+
| <span style="display:none">17880621</span>{{wp|1788-06-21}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,314,895
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,314,895
| [[Concord, New Hampshire|Concord]]
+
| {{wp|Concord, New Hampshire|Concord}}
| [[Manchester, New Hampshire|Manchester]]<ref name=Rockingham>The 5 southeastern [[New Hampshire]] [[county (United States)|counties]] of the [[Boston-Worcester-Manchester Combined Statistical Area]] form the most populous metropolitan region in New Hampshire.</ref>
+
| {{wp|Manchester, New Hampshire|Manchester}}<ref name=Rockingham>The 5 southeastern {{wp|New Hampshire}} {{wp|county (United States)|counties}} of the {{wp|Boston-Worcester-Manchester Combined Statistical Area}} form the most populous metropolitan region in New Hampshire.</ref>
| [[Image:Flag of New Hampshire.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of New Hampshire.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[New Jersey]]
+
| {{wp|New Jersey}}
| [[State of New Jersey]]
+
| {{wp|State of New Jersey}}
 
| align=center | NJ
 
| align=center | NJ
| <span style="display:none">17871218</span>[[1787-12-18]]
+
| <span style="display:none">17871218</span>{{wp|1787-12-18}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>8,724,560
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>8,724,560
| [[Trenton, New Jersey|Trenton]]
+
| {{wp|Trenton, New Jersey|Trenton}}
| [[Newark, New Jersey|Newark]]<ref name=New_Jersey>The 13 northern [[New Jersey]] [[county (United States)|counties]] of the [[New York-Newark-Bridgeport Combined Statistical Area]] form the most populous metropolitan region in New Jersey.</ref>
+
| {{wp|Newark, New Jersey|Newark}}<ref name=New_Jersey>The 13 northern {{wp|New Jersey}} {{wp|county (United States)|counties}} of the {{wp|New York-Newark-Bridgeport Combined Statistical Area}} form the most populous metropolitan region in New Jersey.</ref>
| [[Image:Flag of New Jersey.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of New Jersey.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[New Mexico]]
+
| {{wp|New Mexico}}
| [[State of New Mexico]]<br/>[[Estado de Nuevo México]]
+
| {{wp|State of New Mexico}}<br/>{{wp|Estado de Nuevo México}}
 
| align=center | NM
 
| align=center | NM
| <span style="display:none">19120106</span>[[1912-01-06]]
+
| <span style="display:none">19120106</span>{{wp|1912-01-06}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,954,599
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,954,599
| [[Santa Fe, New Mexico|Santa Fe]]
+
| {{wp|Santa Fe, New Mexico|Santa Fe}}
| [[Albuquerque, New Mexico|Albuquerque]]
+
| {{wp|Albuquerque, New Mexico|Albuquerque}}
| [[Image:Flag of New Mexico.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of New Mexico.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[New York]]
+
| {{wp|New York}}
| [[State of New York]]
+
| {{wp|State of New York}}
 
| align=center | NY
 
| align=center | NY
| <span style="display:none">17880726</span>[[1788-07-26]]
+
| <span style="display:none">17880726</span>{{wp|1788-07-26}}
 
| align=right | 19,306,183
 
| align=right | 19,306,183
| [[Albany, New York|Albany]]
+
| {{wp|Albany, New York|Albany}}
| [[New York City|New York]]
+
| {{wp|New York City|New York}}
| [[Image:Flag of New York.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of New York.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[North Carolina]]
+
| {{wp|North Carolina}}
| [[State of North Carolina]]
+
| {{wp|State of North Carolina}}
 
| align=center | NC
 
| align=center | NC
| <span style="display:none">17891121</span>[[1789-11-21]]
+
| <span style="display:none">17891121</span>{{wp|1789-11-21}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>8,856,505
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>8,856,505
| [[Raleigh, North Carolina|Raleigh]]
+
| {{wp|Raleigh, North Carolina|Raleigh}}
| [[Charlotte, North Carolina|Charlotte]]
+
| {{wp|Charlotte, North Carolina|Charlotte}}
| [[Image:Flag of North Carolina.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of North Carolina.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[North Dakota]]
+
| {{wp|North Dakota}}
| [[State of North Dakota]]
+
| {{wp|State of North Dakota}}
 
| align=center | ND
 
| align=center | ND
| <span style="display:none">18891102</span>[[1889-11-02]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18891102</span>{{wp|1889-11-02}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>635,867
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>635,867
| [[Bismarck, North Dakota|Bismarck]]
+
| {{wp|Bismarck, North Dakota|Bismarck}}
| [[Fargo, North Dakota|Fargo]]
+
| {{wp|Fargo, North Dakota|Fargo}}
| [[Image:Flag of North Dakota.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of North Dakota.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Ohio]]
+
| {{wp|Ohio}}
| [[State of Ohio]]
+
| {{wp|State of Ohio}}
 
| align=center | OH
 
| align=center | OH
| <span style="display:none">18030301</span>[[1803-03-01]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18030301</span>{{wp|1803-03-01}}
 
| align=right | 11,478,006
 
| align=right | 11,478,006
| [[Columbus, Ohio|Columbus]]
+
| {{wp|Columbus, Ohio|Columbus}}
| [[Columbus, Ohio|Columbus]]<ref name=Cleveland>The [[Cleveland-Akron-Elyria Combined Statistical Area]] is the most populous metropolitan area in [[Ohio]].</ref>
+
| {{wp|Columbus, Ohio|Columbus}}<ref name=Cleveland>The {{wp|Cleveland-Akron-Elyria Combined Statistical Area}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{wp|Ohio}}.</ref>
| [[Image:Flag of Ohio.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Ohio.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Oklahoma]]
+
| {{wp|Oklahoma}}
| [[State of Oklahoma]]
+
| {{wp|State of Oklahoma}}
 
| align=center | OK
 
| align=center | OK
| <span style="display:none">19071116</span>[[1907-11-16]]
+
| <span style="display:none">19071116</span>{{wp|1907-11-16}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>3,579,212
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>3,579,212
| [[Oklahoma City, Oklahoma|Oklahoma City]]
+
| {{wp|Oklahoma City, Oklahoma|Oklahoma City}}
| [[Oklahoma City, Oklahoma|Oklahoma City]]
+
| {{wp|Oklahoma City, Oklahoma|Oklahoma City}}
| [[Image:Flag of Oklahoma.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Oklahoma.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Oregon]]
+
| {{wp|Oregon}}
| [[State of Oregon]]
+
| {{wp|State of Oregon}}
 
| align=center | OR
 
| align=center | OR
| <span style="display:none">18590214</span>[[1859-02-14]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18590214</span>{{wp|1859-02-14}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>3,700,758
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>3,700,758
| [[Salem, Oregon|Salem]]
+
| {{wp|Salem, Oregon|Salem}}
| [[Portland, Oregon|Portland]]
+
| {{wp|Portland, Oregon|Portland}}
| [[Image:Flag of Oregon.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Oregon.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Pennsylvania]]
+
| {{wp|Pennsylvania}}
| [[Commonwealth of Pennsylvania]]
+
| {{wp|Commonwealth of Pennsylvania}}
 
| align=center | PA
 
| align=center | PA
| <span style="display:none">17871212</span>[[1787-12-12]]
+
| <span style="display:none">17871212</span>{{wp|1787-12-12}}
 
| align=right | 12,440,621
 
| align=right | 12,440,621
| [[Harrisburg, Pennsylvania|Harrisburg]]
+
| {{wp|Harrisburg, Pennsylvania|Harrisburg}}
| [[Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|Philadelphia]]
+
| {{wp|Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|Philadelphia}}
| [[Image:Flag of Pennsylvania.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Pennsylvania.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Rhode Island]]
+
| {{wp|Rhode Island}}
| [[State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations]]
+
| {{wp|State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations}}
 
| align=center | RI
 
| align=center | RI
| <span style="display:none">17900529</span>[[1790-05-29]]
+
| <span style="display:none">17900529</span>{{wp|1790-05-29}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,067,610
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,067,610
| [[Providence, Rhode Island|Providence]]
+
| {{wp|Providence, Rhode Island|Providence}}
| [[Providence, Rhode Island|Providence]]
+
| {{wp|Providence, Rhode Island|Providence}}
| [[Image:Flag of Rhode Island.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Rhode Island.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[South Carolina]]
+
| {{wp|South Carolina}}
| [[State of South Carolina]]
+
| {{wp|State of South Carolina}}
 
| align=center | SC
 
| align=center | SC
| <span style="display:none">17880523</span>[[1788-05-23]]
+
| <span style="display:none">17880523</span>{{wp|1788-05-23}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>4,321,249
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>4,321,249
| [[Columbia, South Carolina|Columbia]]
+
| {{wp|Columbia, South Carolina|Columbia}}
| [[Columbia, South Carolina|Columbia]]<ref name=Greenville>The [[Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Combined Statistical Area]] is the most populous metropolitan area in [[South Carolina]].</ref>
+
| {{wp|Columbia, South Carolina|Columbia}}<ref name=Greenville>The {{wp|Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Combined Statistical Area}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{wp|South Carolina}}.</ref>
| [[Image:Flag of South Carolina.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of South Carolina.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[South Dakota]]
+
| {{wp|South Dakota}}
| [[State of South Dakota]]
+
| {{wp|State of South Dakota}}
 
| align=center | SD
 
| align=center | SD
| <span style="display:none">18891102</span>[[1889-11-02]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18891102</span>{{wp|1889-11-02}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>781,919
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>781,919
| [[Pierre, South Dakota|Pierre]]
+
| {{wp|Pierre, South Dakota|Pierre}}
| [[Sioux Falls, South Dakota|Sioux Falls]]
+
| {{wp|Sioux Falls, South Dakota|Sioux Falls}}
| [[Image:Flag of South Dakota.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of South Dakota.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Tennessee]]
+
| {{wp|Tennessee}}
| [[State of Tennessee]]
+
| {{wp|State of Tennessee}}
 
| align=center | TN
 
| align=center | TN
| <span style="display:none">17960601</span>[[1796-06-01]]
+
| <span style="display:none">17960601</span>{{wp|1796-06-01}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>6,038,803
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>6,038,803
| [[Nashville, Tennessee|Nashville]]
+
| {{wp|Nashville, Tennessee|Nashville}}
| [[Memphis, Tennessee|Memphis]]<ref name=Nashville>The [[Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Columbia Combined Statistical Area]] is the most populous metropolitan area in [[Tennessee]].</ref>
+
| {{wp|Memphis, Tennessee|Memphis}}<ref name=Nashville>The {{wp|Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Columbia Combined Statistical Area}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{wp|Tennessee}}.</ref>
| [[Image:Flag of Tennessee.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Tennessee.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Texas]]
+
| {{wp|Texas}}
| [[State of Texas]]
+
| {{wp|State of Texas}}
 
| align=center | TX
 
| align=center | TX
| <span style="display:none">18451229</span>[[1845-12-29]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18451229</span>{{wp|1845-12-29}}
 
| align=right | 23,507,783
 
| align=right | 23,507,783
| [[Austin, Texas|Austin]]
+
| {{wp|Austin, Texas|Austin}}
| [[Houston, Texas|Houston]]<ref name=Dallas>The [[Dallas-Fort Worth Combined Statistical Area]] is the most populous metropolitan area in [[Texas]].</ref>
+
| {{wp|Houston, Texas|Houston}}<ref name=Dallas>The {{wp|Dallas-Fort Worth Combined Statistical Area}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{wp|Texas}}.</ref>
| [[Image:Flag of Texas.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Texas.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Utah]]
+
| {{wp|Utah}}
| [[State of Utah]]
+
| {{wp|State of Utah}}
 
| align=center | UT
 
| align=center | UT
| <span style="display:none">18960104</span>[[1896-01-04]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18960104</span>{{wp|1896-01-04}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,550,063
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,550,063
| [[Salt Lake City, Utah|Salt Lake City]]
+
| {{wp|Salt Lake City, Utah|Salt Lake City}}
| [[Salt Lake City, Utah|Salt Lake City]]
+
| {{wp|Salt Lake City, Utah|Salt Lake City}}
| [[Image:Flag of Utah.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Utah.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Vermont]]
+
| {{wp|Vermont}}
| [[State of Vermont]]
+
| {{wp|State of Vermont}}
 
| align=center | VT
 
| align=center | VT
| <span style="display:none">17910304</span>[[1791-03-04]]
+
| <span style="display:none">17910304</span>{{wp|1791-03-04}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>623,908
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>623,908
| [[Montpelier, Vermont|Montpelier]]
+
| {{wp|Montpelier, Vermont|Montpelier}}
| [[Burlington, Vermont|Burlington]]
+
| {{wp|Burlington, Vermont|Burlington}}
| [[Image:Flag of Vermont.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Vermont.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Virginia]]
+
| {{wp|Virginia}}
| [[Commonwealth of Virginia]]
+
| {{wp|Commonwealth of Virginia}}
 
| align=center | VA
 
| align=center | VA
| <span style="display:none">17880625</span>[[1788-06-25]]
+
| <span style="display:none">17880625</span>{{wp|1788-06-25}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>7,642,884
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>7,642,884
| [[Richmond, Virginia|Richmond]]
+
| {{wp|Richmond, Virginia|Richmond}}
| [[Virginia Beach, Virginia|Virginia Beach]]<ref name=Virginia>The 10 [[Virginia]] [[county (United States)|counties]] and 6 [[independent cities#Virginia|Virginia cities]] of the [[Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area]] form the most populous metropolitan region in Virginia.</ref>
+
| {{wp|Virginia Beach, Virginia|Virginia Beach}}<ref name=Virginia>The 10 {{wp|Virginia}} {{wp|county (United States)|counties}} and 6 {{wp|independent cities#Virginia|Virginia cities}} of the {{wp|Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area}} form the most populous metropolitan region in Virginia.</ref>
| [[Image:Flag of Virginia.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Virginia.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Washington]]
+
| {{wp|Washington}}
| [[State of Washington]]
+
| {{wp|State of Washington}}
 
| align=center | WA
 
| align=center | WA
| <span style="display:none">18891111</span>[[1889-11-11]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18891111</span>{{wp|1889-11-11}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>6,395,798
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>6,395,798
| [[Olympia, Washington|Olympia]]
+
| {{wp|Olympia, Washington|Olympia}}
| [[Seattle, Washington|Seattle]]
+
| {{wp|Seattle, Washington|Seattle}}
| [[Image:Flag of Washington.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Washington.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[West Virginia]]
+
| {{wp|West Virginia}}
| [[State of West Virginia]]
+
| {{wp|State of West Virginia}}
 
| align=center | WV
 
| align=center | WV
| <span style="display:none">18630620</span>[[1863-06-20]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18630620</span>{{wp|1863-06-20}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,818,470
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,818,470
| [[Charleston, West Virginia|Charleston]]
+
| {{wp|Charleston, West Virginia|Charleston}}
| [[Charleston, West Virginia|Charleston]]
+
| {{wp|Charleston, West Virginia|Charleston}}
| [[Image:Flag of West Virginia.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of West Virginia.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Wisconsin]]
+
| {{wp|Wisconsin}}
| [[State of Wisconsin]]
+
| {{wp|State of Wisconsin}}
 
| align=center | WI
 
| align=center | WI
| <span style="display:none">18480529</span>[[1848-05-29]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18480529</span>{{wp|1848-05-29}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>5,556,506
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>5,556,506
| [[Madison, Wisconsin|Madison]]
+
| {{wp|Madison, Wisconsin|Madison}}
| [[Milwaukee, Wisconsin|Milwaukee]]
+
| {{wp|Milwaukee, Wisconsin|Milwaukee}}
| [[Image:Flag of Wisconsin.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Wisconsin.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Wyoming]]
+
| {{wp|Wyoming}}
| [[State of Wyoming]]
+
| {{wp|State of Wyoming}}
 
| align=center | WY
 
| align=center | WY
| <span style="display:none">18900710</span>[[1890-07-10]]
+
| <span style="display:none">18900710</span>{{wp|1890-07-10}}
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>515,004
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>515,004
| [[Cheyenne, Wyoming|Cheyenne]]
+
| {{wp|Cheyenne, Wyoming|Cheyenne}}
| [[Cheyenne, Wyoming|Cheyenne]]
+
| {{wp|Cheyenne, Wyoming|Cheyenne}}
| [[Image:Flag of Wyoming.svg|45px]]
+
| XXImage:Flag of Wyoming.svg|45px]]
 
|}
 
|}
   
Line 484: Line 484:
 
== Legal relationship ==
 
== Legal relationship ==
 
=== Union as a single nation ===
 
=== Union as a single nation ===
Upon the adoption of the [[Articles of Confederation|Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union]], the states became a [[confederation]], a single sovereign political entity as defined by [[international law]] &mdash; empowered to levy war and to conduct [[international relations]] &mdash; albeit with a very loosely structured and inefficient [[central government]]. After the failure of the union under the Articles of Confederation, the [[Thirteen Colonies|thirteen states]] joined the modern union via the process of ratifying the [[United States Constitution]], which took effect in [[1789]].
+
Upon the adoption of the {{wp|Articles of Confederation|Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union}}, the states became a {{wp|confederation}}, a single sovereign political entity as defined by {{wp|international law}} &mdash; empowered to levy war and to conduct {{wp|international relations}} &mdash; albeit with a very loosely structured and inefficient {{wp|central government}}. After the failure of the union under the Articles of Confederation, the {{wp|Thirteen Colonies|thirteen states}} joined the modern union via the process of ratifying the {{wp|United States Constitution}}, which took effect in {{wp|1789}}.
   
 
=== Relationship among the states ===
 
=== Relationship among the states ===
Under [[Article Four of the United States Constitution|Article IV of the Constitution]], which outlines the relationship between the states, the [[United States Congress]] has the power to admit new states to the union. The states are required to give "[[Full Faith and Credit Clause|full faith and credit]]" to the acts of each other's legislatures and courts, which is generally held to include the recognition of legal contracts, marriages, criminal judgments, and&mdash;at the time&mdash;slave status. States are prohibited from discriminating against citizens of other states with respect to their [[Human rights|basic rights]], under the [[Privileges and Immunities Clause]]. The states are guaranteed military and [[civil defense]] by the federal government, which is also required to ensure that the government of each state remains a republic.
+
Under {{wp|Article Four of the United States Constitution|Article IV of the Constitution}}, which outlines the relationship between the states, the {{wp|United States Congress}} has the power to admit new states to the union. The states are required to give "{{wp|Full Faith and Credit Clause|full faith and credit}}" to the acts of each other's legislatures and courts, which is generally held to include the recognition of legal contracts, marriages, criminal judgments, and&mdash;at the time&mdash;slave status. States are prohibited from discriminating against citizens of other states with respect to their {{wp|Human rights|basic rights}}, under the {{wp|Privileges and Immunities Clause}}. The states are guaranteed military and {{wp|civil defense}} by the federal government, which is also required to ensure that the government of each state remains a republic.
   
[[Image:US states by date of statehood_RWB.PNG|thumb|220px|U.S. states by [[List of U.S. states by date of statehood|date of statehood]]]]
+
XXImage:US states by date of statehood_RWB.PNG|thumb|220px|U.S. states by {{wp|List of U.S. states by date of statehood|date of statehood}}]]
   
 
===Commerce clause===
 
===Commerce clause===
The [[SCOTUS|Supreme Court of the United States]] has interpreted the [[Constitution of the United States]] such that the [[commerce clause]] allows for a wide scope of [[federal power]]. For example, Congress can regulate railway traffic across state lines, but it may also regulate rail traffic solely within a state, on the theory that wholly intrastate traffic can still have an impact on interstate commerce.
+
The {{wp|SCOTUS|Supreme Court of the United States}} has interpreted the {{wp|Constitution of the United States}} such that the {{wp|commerce clause}} allows for a wide scope of {{wp|federal power}}. For example, Congress can regulate railway traffic across state lines, but it may also regulate rail traffic solely within a state, on the theory that wholly intrastate traffic can still have an impact on interstate commerce.
   
Another source of Congressional power is its "spending power" -- the ability of Congress to allocate funds, for example to the [[Interstate Highway System|Eisenhower Interstate Highway System]]. The system is mandated and partially funded by the federal government but also serves the interests of the states. By threatening to withhold [[Federal Highway|federal highway]] funds, Congress has been able to persuade state legislatures to pass a variety of laws. Although some object on the ground that this infringes on states' rights, [[Supreme court|the Supreme Court]] has upheld the practice as a permissible use of the Constitution's Spending Clause.
+
Another source of Congressional power is its "spending power" -- the ability of Congress to allocate funds, for example to the {{wp|Interstate Highway System|Eisenhower Interstate Highway System}}. The system is mandated and partially funded by the federal government but also serves the interests of the states. By threatening to withhold {{wp|Federal Highway|federal highway}} funds, Congress has been able to persuade state legislatures to pass a variety of laws. Although some object on the ground that this infringes on states' rights, {{wp|Supreme court|the Supreme Court}} has upheld the practice as a permissible use of the Constitution's Spending Clause.
 
-->
 
-->
 
===Admission of states into the union===
 
===Admission of states into the union===
 
<!--{{main|List of U.S. states by date of statehood}}-->
 
<!--{{main|List of U.S. states by date of statehood}}-->
<!--[[Image:US states by date of statehood3.gif|thumb|The order in which the original 13 states ratified the constitution, then the order in which the others were admitted to the union]] -->
+
<!--XXImage:US states by date of statehood3.gif|thumb|The order in which the original 13 states ratified the constitution, then the order in which the others were admitted to the union]] -->
Since the establishment of the United States, the number of states has expanded from 13 to 50. [[Constitution|The Constitution]] is rather laconic on the process by which new states can be added, noting only that "New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union", and forbidding a new state to be created out of the territory of an existing state without the consent of both that state's legislature and of Congress.
+
Since the establishment of the United States, the number of states has expanded from 13 to 50. {{wp|Constitution|The Constitution}} is rather laconic on the process by which new states can be added, noting only that "New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union", and forbidding a new state to be created out of the territory of an existing state without the consent of both that state's legislature and of Congress.
   
In practice, nearly all states admitted to the union after the original thirteen have been formed from [[United States territories|U.S. territories]] (that is, land under the sovereignty of the United States federal government but not part of any state) that were [[Organized territory|organized]] (given a measure of [[Self-governance|self-rule]] by Congress). Generally speaking, the organized government of a territory would make known the sentiment of its population in favor of statehood; Congress would then direct that government to organize a [[Constitutional convention (political meeting)|constitutional convention]] to write a state constitution. Upon acceptance of that Constitution, Congress would then admit that territory as a state. The broad outlines in this process were established by the [[Northwest Ordinance]], which actually predated the ratification of the Constitution.
+
In practice, nearly all states admitted to the union after the original thirteen have been formed from {{wp|United States territories|U.S. territories}} (that is, land under the sovereignty of the United States federal government but not part of any state) that were {{wp|Organized territory|organized}} (given a measure of {{wp|Self-governance|self-rule}} by Congress). Generally speaking, the organized government of a territory would make known the sentiment of its population in favor of statehood; Congress would then direct that government to organize a {{wp|Constitutional convention (political meeting)|constitutional convention}} to write a state constitution. Upon acceptance of that Constitution, Congress would then admit that territory as a state. The broad outlines in this process were established by the {{wp|Northwest Ordinance}}, which actually predated the ratification of the Constitution.
   
 
However, Congress has ultimate authority over the admission of new states, and is not bound to follow this procedure. A few U.S. states outside of the original 13 have been admitted that were never organized territories of the federal government:
 
However, Congress has ultimate authority over the admission of new states, and is not bound to follow this procedure. A few U.S. states outside of the original 13 have been admitted that were never organized territories of the federal government:
   
*'''Vermont,''' an unrecognized but ''de facto'' [[Vermont Republic|independent republic]] until its admission in 1791
+
*'''Vermont,''' an unrecognized but ''de facto'' {{wp|Vermont Republic|independent republic}} until its admission in 1791
 
*'''Kentucky,''' a part of Virginia until its admission in 1792
 
*'''Kentucky,''' a part of Virginia until its admission in 1792
*'''Maine,''' a part of Massachusetts until its admission in 1820 following the [[Missouri Compromise]]
+
*'''Maine,''' a part of Massachusetts until its admission in 1820 following the {{wp|Missouri Compromise}}
 
*'''Texas,''' a recognized independent republic until its admission in 1845
 
*'''Texas,''' a recognized independent republic until its admission in 1845
*'''California,''' created as a state (as part of the [[Compromise of 1850]]) out of the [[unorganized territory]] of the [[Mexican Cession]] in 1850 without ever having been a separate organized territory itself
+
*'''California,''' created as a state (as part of the {{wp|Compromise of 1850}}) out of the {{wp|unorganized territory}} of the {{wp|Mexican Cession}} in 1850 without ever having been a separate organized territory itself
*'''West Virginia,''' created from areas of Virginia that rejoined the union in 1863, after the 1861 secession of Virginia to the [[Confederate States of America]]
+
*'''West Virginia,''' created from areas of Virginia that rejoined the union in 1863, after the 1861 secession of Virginia to the {{wp|Confederate States of America}}
   
Congress is also under no obligation to admit states even in those areas whose population expresses a desire for statehood. For instance, the Republic of Texas requested annexation to the United States in 1836, but fears about the conflict with Mexico that would result delayed admission for nine years. [[Utah Territory]] was denied admission to the union as a state for decades because of discomfort with [[The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints]]' dominance in the territory, and particularly with the [[Mormon]] elite's then-current practice of [[polygamy]].
+
Congress is also under no obligation to admit states even in those areas whose population expresses a desire for statehood. For instance, the Republic of Texas requested annexation to the United States in 1836, but fears about the conflict with Mexico that would result delayed admission for nine years. {{wp|Utah Territory}} was denied admission to the union as a state for decades because of discomfort with {{wp|The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints}}' dominance in the territory, and particularly with the {{wp|Mormon}} elite's then-current practice of {{wp|polygamy}}.
   
 
<!--
 
<!--
 
=== Secession ===
 
=== Secession ===
The Constitution is silent on the issue of the [[secession]] of a state from the union. The Articles of Confederation had stated that the earlier union of the colonies "shall be perpetual," and the [[Preamble to the United States Constitution|preamble to the Constitution]] states that Constitution was intended to "form a more perfect union." In 1860 and 1861, several states attempted to secede, but were brought back into the Union by force of arms during the [[American Civil War|Civil War]]. Subsequently, the federal [[Judiciary|judicial system]], in the case of ''[[Texas v. White]],'' established that states do not have the right to secede without the consent of the other states.
+
The Constitution is silent on the issue of the {{wp|secession}} of a state from the union. The Articles of Confederation had stated that the earlier union of the colonies "shall be perpetual," and the {{wp|Preamble to the United States Constitution|preamble to the Constitution}} states that Constitution was intended to "form a more perfect union." In 1860 and 1861, several states attempted to secede, but were brought back into the Union by force of arms during the {{wp|American Civil War|Civil War}}. Subsequently, the federal {{wp|Judiciary|judicial system}}, in the case of ''{{wp|Texas v. White}},'' established that states do not have the right to secede without the consent of the other states.
 
-->
 
-->
   
 
=== Naming issues: Commonwealths, republics, and states ===
 
=== Naming issues: Commonwealths, republics, and states ===
Four of the states bear the formal title of [[Commonwealth (United States)|Commonwealth]]: [[Kentucky]], [[Massachusetts]], [[Pennsylvania]], and [[Virginia]]. In these cases, this is merely a name and has no legal effect. Somewhat confusingly, two U.S. territories &mdash; [[Puerto Rico]] and the [[Northern Marianas]] &mdash; are also referred to as commonwealths, and do have a [[legal status]] different from the states.
+
Four of the states bear the formal title of {{wp|Commonwealth (United States)|Commonwealth}}: {{wp|Kentucky}}, {{wp|Massachusetts}}, {{wp|Pennsylvania}}, and {{wp|Virginia}}. In these cases, this is merely a name and has no legal effect. Somewhat confusingly, two U.S. territories &mdash; {{wp|Puerto Rico}} and the {{wp|Northern Marianas}} &mdash; are also referred to as commonwealths, and do have a {{wp|legal status}} different from the states.
   
The [[Republic of Texas]] was an independent nation for nine years, and the [[Republic of Hawaii|Republic of Hawai{{okina}}i]], formerly the [[Kingdom of Hawaii|Kingdom of Hawai{{okina}}i]], was also an independent nation. There is debate over whether Vermont was ever an independent nation; however it was the first future state to write its own Constitution. The so-called "[[California Republic]]" was actually a flag raised by Americans in the town of [[Sonoma, California|Sonoma]] after they expelled the local Mexican official. Ten days later the [[United States Army|U.S. Army]] took over.
+
The {{wp|Republic of Texas}} was an independent nation for nine years, and the {{wp|Republic of Hawaii|Republic of Hawai{{okina}}i}}, formerly the {{wp|Kingdom of Hawaii|Kingdom of Hawai{{okina}}i}}, was also an independent nation. There is debate over whether Vermont was ever an independent nation; however it was the first future state to write its own Constitution. The so-called "{{wp|California Republic}}" was actually a flag raised by Americans in the town of {{wp|Sonoma, California|Sonoma}} after they expelled the local Mexican official. Ten days later the {{wp|United States Army|U.S. Army}} took over.
   
See also [[List of official names of the states of the USA]].
+
See also {{wp|List of official names of the states of the USA}}.
   
 
=== State governments===
 
=== State governments===
   
States are free to organize their [[state government]]s any way they like, as long as they conform to the sole requirement of the U.S. Constitution that they have "a Republican Form of Government". In practice, each state has adopted a three branch [[Form of government|system of government]] generally along the sames lines as that of the federal government—though this is not a requirement. There is nothing that could stop a state from adopting a parliamentary system—with a fusion of powers, as opposed to a separation of powers—if it so choses.
+
States are free to organize their {{wp|state government}}s any way they like, as long as they conform to the sole requirement of the U.S. Constitution that they have "a Republican Form of Government". In practice, each state has adopted a three branch {{wp|Form of government|system of government}} generally along the sames lines as that of the federal government—though this is not a requirement. There is nothing that could stop a state from adopting a parliamentary system—with a fusion of powers, as opposed to a separation of powers—if it so choses.
   
 
<!--
 
<!--
Despite the fact that each state has chosen to use the federal model to follow, there are some significant differences in some states. One of the most notable is that of the [[Nebraska Legislature|Nebraska legislature]]. 49 of the 50 states' [[state legislature|legislature]]s are [[bicameral]], meaning that they have two houses (one upper and one lower). Nebraska's [[unicameral]] legislature is the sole exception. Some states, such as Florida, have in effect a plural executive, with members of the [[Executive (government)|executive branch]] elected directly by the people and serving as equal members of the state cabinet alongside the governor. And only a few states choose to have their judicial branch leaders—their judges on the state's courts—serve for life terms.
+
Despite the fact that each state has chosen to use the federal model to follow, there are some significant differences in some states. One of the most notable is that of the {{wp|Nebraska Legislature|Nebraska legislature}}. 49 of the 50 states' {{wp|state legislature|legislature}}s are {{wp|bicameral}}, meaning that they have two houses (one upper and one lower). Nebraska's {{wp|unicameral}} legislature is the sole exception. Some states, such as Florida, have in effect a plural executive, with members of the {{wp|Executive (government)|executive branch}} elected directly by the people and serving as equal members of the state cabinet alongside the governor. And only a few states choose to have their judicial branch leaders—their judges on the state's courts—serve for life terms.
   
The most substantial difference between states is that many rural states have [[Part time|part-time]] legislatures, while the states with the highest populations tend to have [[Full time|full-time]] legislatures. In ''[[Baker v. Carr]]'', the U.S. Supreme Court held that all states are required to have legislative districts which are proportional in terms of population.
+
The most substantial difference between states is that many rural states have {{wp|Part time|part-time}} legislatures, while the states with the highest populations tend to have {{wp|Full time|full-time}} legislatures. In ''{{wp|Baker v. Carr}}'', the U.S. Supreme Court held that all states are required to have legislative districts which are proportional in terms of population.
   
Also, states can organize their judicial systems differently from the [[United States federal courts|federal judiciary]], as long as [[due process]] is protected. See [[state court]] and [[state supreme court]] for more information. Most have a trial level court, generally called a [[District court|District Court]] or [[Superior court|Superior Court]], a first-level [[Court of Appeals|appellate court]], generally called a Court of Appeal (or Appeals), and a Supreme Court. However, [[Texas]] has a separate highest court for criminal appeals. [[New York]] is notorious for its unusual terminology, in that the trial court is called the Supreme Court. Appeals are then taken to the Supreme Court, Appellate Division, and from there to the Court of Appeals. Most states base their legal system on British [[Common law]], with the notable exception of [[Louisiana]] which is based partially on the French [[Civil law]].
+
Also, states can organize their judicial systems differently from the {{wp|United States federal courts|federal judiciary}}, as long as {{wp|due process}} is protected. See {{wp|state court}} and {{wp|state supreme court}} for more information. Most have a trial level court, generally called a {{wp|District court|District Court}} or {{wp|Superior court|Superior Court}}, a first-level {{wp|Court of Appeals|appellate court}}, generally called a Court of Appeal (or Appeals), and a Supreme Court. However, {{wp|Texas}} has a separate highest court for criminal appeals. {{wp|New York}} is notorious for its unusual terminology, in that the trial court is called the Supreme Court. Appeals are then taken to the Supreme Court, Appellate Division, and from there to the Court of Appeals. Most states base their legal system on British {{wp|Common law}}, with the notable exception of {{wp|Louisiana}} which is based partially on the French {{wp|Civil law}}.
 
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-->
   
Line 541: Line 541:
 
=== New states on the horizon? ===
 
=== New states on the horizon? ===
   
:''See also: [[51st state]]''
+
:''See also: {{wp|51st state}}''
   
Today, there are very few U.S. territories left that might potentially become new states. In light of recent events, the most likely candidate may be [[Puerto Rico]]. The commonwealth's government has organized several [[referendum|referenda]] on the question of status over the past several decades, though Congress has not recognized these as binding; all shown resulted in narrow victories for the [[status quo]] over statehood, with independence supported by only a small number of voters. In [[December 2005]], a presidential task force proposed a new set of referenda on the issue; if Congress votes in line with the task force's recommendation, it would pave the way for the first Congressionally mandated votes on status in the island, and, potentially, statehood, by 2010.
+
Today, there are very few U.S. territories left that might potentially become new states. In light of recent events, the most likely candidate may be {{wp|Puerto Rico}}. The commonwealth's government has organized several {{wp|referendum|referenda}} on the question of status over the past several decades, though Congress has not recognized these as binding; all shown resulted in narrow victories for the {{wp|status quo}} over statehood, with independence supported by only a small number of voters. In {{wp|December 2005}}, a presidential task force proposed a new set of referenda on the issue; if Congress votes in line with the task force's recommendation, it would pave the way for the first Congressionally mandated votes on status in the island, and, potentially, statehood, by 2010.
   
The intention of the [[Founding Fathers]] was that the United States capital should be at a neutral site, not giving favor to any existing state; as a result, the [[District of Columbia]] was created in 1800 to serve as the [[seat of government]]. The inhabitants of the District do not have [[Proportional representation|full representation]] in Congress or a sovereign elected government (they were allotted presidential electors by the [[Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution|23rd amendment]], and have a [[Delegate (United States Congress)|non-voting delegate]] in [[U.S. Congress|Congress]]). Some residents of the District support statehood of some form for that jurisdiction—either statehood for the whole district or for the inhabited part, with the remainder remaining under [[federal jurisdiction]]. While statehood is always a live [[political question]] in the District, the prospects for any movement in that direction in the immediate future seem dim. Instead, an emphasis on continuing [[Devolution|Home Rule]] in the District while also giving the District a vote in Congress is gaining support. :''See also: [[District of Columbia voting rights]]''
+
The intention of the {{wp|Founding Fathers}} was that the United States capital should be at a neutral site, not giving favor to any existing state; as a result, the {{wp|District of Columbia}} was created in 1800 to serve as the {{wp|seat of government}}. The inhabitants of the District do not have {{wp|Proportional representation|full representation}} in Congress or a sovereign elected government (they were allotted presidential electors by the {{wp|Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution|23rd amendment}}, and have a {{wp|Delegate (United States Congress)|non-voting delegate}} in {{wp|U.S. Congress|Congress}}). Some residents of the District support statehood of some form for that jurisdiction—either statehood for the whole district or for the inhabited part, with the remainder remaining under {{wp|federal jurisdiction}}. While statehood is always a live {{wp|political question}} in the District, the prospects for any movement in that direction in the immediate future seem dim. Instead, an emphasis on continuing {{wp|Devolution|Home Rule}} in the District while also giving the District a vote in Congress is gaining support. :''See also: {{wp|District of Columbia voting rights}}''
   
For the remaining permanently inhabited U.S. non-state jurisdictions—the [[United States Virgin Islands]], [[Guam]], the [[Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands]], and [[American Samoa]]—the prospects of statehood are remote. All have relatively small populations—Guam, with the most inhabitants, has a population less than 35 percent that of Wyoming, the least populous state—and have governments that are heavily reliant on federal funding.
+
For the remaining permanently inhabited U.S. non-state jurisdictions—the {{wp|United States Virgin Islands}}, {{wp|Guam}}, the {{wp|Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands}}, and {{wp|American Samoa}}—the prospects of statehood are remote. All have relatively small populations—Guam, with the most inhabitants, has a population less than 35 percent that of Wyoming, the least populous state—and have governments that are heavily reliant on federal funding.
   
Constitutionally, a state may only be divided into more states with the approval both of Congress and of the state's legislature, as was the case when [[Maine]] was split off from [[Massachusetts]]. The idea that a Congressional joint resolution from [[1845]] might serve as a sort of advanced Congressional approval for a move to divide Texas today seems unlikely to pass muster. In fact, the clause in question was almost certainly intended to give Texas the option of ''entering'' the union as more than one state. As there is no organized movement today to divide Texas into multiple states, the point is largely academic.
+
Constitutionally, a state may only be divided into more states with the approval both of Congress and of the state's legislature, as was the case when {{wp|Maine}} was split off from {{wp|Massachusetts}}. The idea that a Congressional joint resolution from {{wp|1845}} might serve as a sort of advanced Congressional approval for a move to divide Texas today seems unlikely to pass muster. In fact, the clause in question was almost certainly intended to give Texas the option of ''entering'' the union as more than one state. As there is no organized movement today to divide Texas into multiple states, the point is largely academic.
 
-->
 
-->
   
 
== Origin of states' names ==
 
== Origin of states' names ==
<!--[[Image:US State Name Etymologies3.png|thumb|[[list of U.S. state name etymologies|U.S. state name etymologies]]]] -->
+
<!--XXImage:US State Name Etymologies3.png|thumb|{{wp|list of U.S. state name etymologies|U.S. state name etymologies}}]] -->
State names speak to the circumstances of their creation. (See the lists of [[list of U.S. state name etymologies|U.S. state name etymologies]] and [[lists of U.S. county name etymologies|U.S. county name etymologies]] for more detail.)
+
State names speak to the circumstances of their creation. (See the lists of {{wp|list of U.S. state name etymologies|U.S. state name etymologies}} and {{wp|lists of U.S. county name etymologies|U.S. county name etymologies}} for more detail.)
   
 
===British===
 
===British===
: Southeastern states on the [[Atlantic Ocean|Atlantic]] coast originated as [[British Empire|British colonies]] named after [[British monarch]]s: [[Georgia (U.S. state)|Georgia]], [[the Carolinas]], [[Virginia]], and [[Maryland]]. Some northeastern states, also former British colonies, take their names from places in the [[British Isles]]: [[New Hampshire]], [[New Jersey]], and [[New York]]. [[Pennsylvania]], meaning "Penn's woods," in Latin, takes its name from the father of its founder, [[William Penn]]. [[Delaware]] is named after [[Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr|Thomas West, Lord De La Warr]], an early colonist and governor of the [[Jamestown Colony]].
+
: Southeastern states on the {{wp|Atlantic Ocean|Atlantic}} coast originated as {{wp|British Empire|British colonies}} named after {{wp|British monarch}}s: {{wp|Georgia (U.S. state)|Georgia}}, {{wp|the Carolinas}}, {{wp|Virginia}}, and {{wp|Maryland}}. Some northeastern states, also former British colonies, take their names from places in the {{wp|British Isles}}: {{wp|New Hampshire}}, {{wp|New Jersey}}, and {{wp|New York}}. {{wp|Pennsylvania}}, meaning "Penn's woods," in Latin, takes its name from the father of its founder, {{wp|William Penn}}. {{wp|Delaware}} is named after {{wp|Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr|Thomas West, Lord De La Warr}}, an early colonist and governor of the {{wp|Jamestown Colony}}.
   
 
===Native American===
 
===Native American===
: Many states' names are those of [[Indigenous peoples of the Americas|Native American]] tribes or are from [[Indigenous languages of the Americas|Native American languages]]: [[Alabama]], [[Alaska]], [[Arkansas]], [[Connecticut]], [[the Dakotas]], [[Illinois]], [[Iowa]], [[Kansas]], [[Kentucky]], [[Massachusetts]], [[Michigan]], [[Minnesota]], [[Mississippi]], [[Missouri]], [[Nebraska]], [[Ohio]], [[Oklahoma]], [[Tennessee]], [[Texas]], [[Utah]], [[Wisconsin]] and others. Additionally, the name of [[Idaho]] was presented as a Native American word by eccentric lobbyist [[George M. Willing]], though it was later revealed that he likely made it up. [[Indiana]] means literally "land of Indians". [[Hawaii]] is a [[Polynesia]]n name.
+
: Many states' names are those of {{wp|Indigenous peoples of the Americas|Native American}} tribes or are from {{wp|Indigenous languages of the Americas|Native American languages}}: {{wp|Alabama}}, {{wp|Alaska}}, {{wp|Arkansas}}, {{wp|Connecticut}}, {{wp|the Dakotas}}, {{wp|Illinois}}, {{wp|Iowa}}, {{wp|Kansas}}, {{wp|Kentucky}}, {{wp|Massachusetts}}, {{wp|Michigan}}, {{wp|Minnesota}}, {{wp|Mississippi}}, {{wp|Missouri}}, {{wp|Nebraska}}, {{wp|Ohio}}, {{wp|Oklahoma}}, {{wp|Tennessee}}, {{wp|Texas}}, {{wp|Utah}}, {{wp|Wisconsin}} and others. Additionally, the name of {{wp|Idaho}} was presented as a Native American word by eccentric lobbyist {{wp|George M. Willing}}, though it was later revealed that he likely made it up. {{wp|Indiana}} means literally "land of Indians". {{wp|Hawaii}} is a {{wp|Polynesia}}n name.
   
 
===Spanish===
 
===Spanish===
: Because they are on territories previously controlled by [[Spain]] or [[Mexico]], many states in the southeast and southwest have [[Spanish language|Spanish]] names. They include [[Colorado]], [[Florida]], [[Nevada]], [[Montana]], and, ultimately of Native American origin, [[New Mexico]]. [[California]] is also believed to be of Spanish origin, though this is not entirely clear (see [[Origin of the name California]]).
+
: Because they are on territories previously controlled by {{wp|Spain}} or {{wp|Mexico}}, many states in the southeast and southwest have {{wp|Spanish language|Spanish}} names. They include {{wp|Colorado}}, {{wp|Florida}}, {{wp|Nevada}}, {{wp|Montana}}, and, ultimately of Native American origin, {{wp|New Mexico}}. {{wp|California}} is also believed to be of Spanish origin, though this is not entirely clear (see {{wp|Origin of the name California}}).
   
 
===French===
 
===French===
: Because it was previously a [[France|French]] colony, [[Louisiana]] is named after [[Louis XIV of France|Louis XIV]] (the [[List of French monarchs|King of France]] at the time). [[Maine]] may also be named after the historical French [[Maine (province)|province of Maine]], although another theory derives "Maine" from "mainland," differentiating it from the [[Outlying Islands|outlying islands]]. [[Vermont]] is derived from the French term for "green mountains", a reference to its mountainous but forested terrain.
+
: Because it was previously a {{wp|France|French}} colony, {{wp|Louisiana}} is named after {{wp|Louis XIV of France|Louis XIV}} (the {{wp|List of French monarchs|King of France}} at the time). {{wp|Maine}} may also be named after the historical French {{wp|Maine (province)|province of Maine}}, although another theory derives "Maine" from "mainland," differentiating it from the {{wp|Outlying Islands|outlying islands}}. {{wp|Vermont}} is derived from the French term for "green mountains", a reference to its mountainous but forested terrain.
   
 
===Other===
 
===Other===
: Formally referred to as the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, [[Rhode Island]] likely gained its name through the supposed similarity of [[Aquidneck Island]] (the body of land known as Rhode Island, which contains the city of [[Newport, Rhode Island|Newport]] and the towns of [[Portsmouth, Rhode Island|Portsmouth]] and [[Middletown, Rhode Island|Middletown]]) to the [[Greece|Greek]] Isle of [[Rhodes]]. [[Providence Plantations]], which makes reference to the mainland that surrounds [[Narragansett Bay]], was named by its religious founders for God's [[divine providence]]. The state of [[Washington]] was named after [[George Washington]]. [[Arizona]] may come from a [[Basque language|Basque]] term, or it may be of Native American origin.
+
: Formally referred to as the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, {{wp|Rhode Island}} likely gained its name through the supposed similarity of {{wp|Aquidneck Island}} (the body of land known as Rhode Island, which contains the city of {{wp|Newport, Rhode Island|Newport}} and the towns of {{wp|Portsmouth, Rhode Island|Portsmouth}} and {{wp|Middletown, Rhode Island|Middletown}}) to the {{wp|Greece|Greek}} Isle of {{wp|Rhodes}}. {{wp|Providence Plantations}}, which makes reference to the mainland that surrounds {{wp|Narragansett Bay}}, was named by its religious founders for God's {{wp|divine providence}}. The state of {{wp|Washington}} was named after {{wp|George Washington}}. {{wp|Arizona}} may come from a {{wp|Basque language|Basque}} term, or it may be of Native American origin.
   
 
===Origin Unknown===
 
===Origin Unknown===
: The origin of [[Oregon]] is not certain, although various theories exist, but is most likely to be of Native American origin.
+
: The origin of {{wp|Oregon}} is not certain, although various theories exist, but is most likely to be of Native American origin.
   
 
==Grouping of the states in regions==
 
==Grouping of the states in regions==
[[Image:Map of USA showing regions.png|thumb|250px|right|U.S. Census Bureau regions:<br />[[U.S. West|The West]], [[Midwest|The Midwest]], [[U.S. Southern States|The South]] and [[U.S. Northeast|The Northeast]]. Note that Alaska and Hawaii are shown at different scales, and that the [[Aleutian Islands]] and the [[uninhabited island|uninhabited]] [[Northwestern Hawaiian Islands]] are omitted from this map.]]
+
XXImage:Map of USA showing regions.png|thumb|250px|right|U.S. Census Bureau regions:<br />{{wp|U.S. West|The West}}, {{wp|Midwest|The Midwest}}, {{wp|U.S. Southern States|The South}} and {{wp|U.S. Northeast|The Northeast}}. Note that Alaska and Hawaii are shown at different scales, and that the {{wp|Aleutian Islands}} and the {{wp|uninhabited island|uninhabited}} {{wp|Northwestern Hawaiian Islands}} are omitted from this map.]]
   
States may be grouped in regions; there are endless variations and possible groupings, as most states are not defined by obvious geographic or cultural borders. For further discussion of regions of the U.S., see the [[list of regions of the United States]].
+
States may be grouped in regions; there are endless variations and possible groupings, as most states are not defined by obvious geographic or cultural borders. For further discussion of regions of the U.S., see the {{wp|list of regions of the United States}}.
   
 
== State lists ==
 
== State lists ==
*[[List of U.S. state capitals]]
+
*{{wp|List of U.S. state capitals}}
*[[List of current and former capital cities within U.S. states]]
+
*{{wp|List of current and former capital cities within U.S. states}}
*[[List of U.S. states' largest cities]]
+
*{{wp|List of U.S. states' largest cities}}
   
*[[List of U.S. states by date of statehood]]
+
*{{wp|List of U.S. states by date of statehood}}
*[[List of U.S. states that were never territories]]
+
*{{wp|List of U.S. states that were never territories}}
*[[List of U.S. state name etymologies]]
+
*{{wp|List of U.S. state name etymologies}}
*[[List of state legislatures in the United States]]
+
*{{wp|List of state legislatures in the United States}}
   
*[[List of U.S. states by area]]
+
*{{wp|List of U.S. states by area}}
*[[List of U.S. states by elevation]]
+
*{{wp|List of U.S. states by elevation}}
*[[List of U.S. states by GDP (nominal)]]
+
*{{wp|List of U.S. states by GDP (nominal)}}
*[[List of U.S. states by GDP per capita (nominal)]]
+
*{{wp|List of U.S. states by GDP per capita (nominal)}}
*[[List of U.S. states by population]]
+
*{{wp|List of U.S. states by population}}
*[[List of U.S. states by population density]]
+
*{{wp|List of U.S. states by population density}}
*[[List of U.S. states by time zone]]
+
*{{wp|List of U.S. states by time zone}}
*[[List of U.S. states by unemployment rate]]
+
*{{wp|List of U.S. states by unemployment rate}}
   
*[[List of U.S. state residents names]]
+
*{{wp|List of U.S. state residents names}}
   
*[[List of U.S. states by traditional abbreviation]]
+
*{{wp|List of U.S. states by traditional abbreviation}}
*[[U.S. postal abbreviations]]
+
*{{wp|U.S. postal abbreviations}}
*[[U.S. state temperature extremes]]
+
*{{wp|U.S. state temperature extremes}}
*Codes: [[FIPS state code]], [[ISO 3166-2:US]]
+
*Codes: {{wp|FIPS state code}}, {{wp|ISO 3166-2:US}}
   
*[[Lists of U.S. state insignia]]
+
*{{wp|Lists of U.S. state insignia}}
<!--**[[List of U.S. state amphibians]]
+
<!--**{{wp|List of U.S. state amphibians}}
**[[List of U.S. state beverages]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state beverages}}
**[[List of U.S. state birds]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state birds}}
**[[List of U.S. state butterflies]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state butterflies}}
**[[List of U.S. state colors]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state colors}}
**[[List of U.S. state dances]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state dances}}
**[[List of U.S. state dinosaurs]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state dinosaurs}}
**[[List of U.S. state fish]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state fish}}
**[[List of U.S. state flags]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state flags}}
**[[List of U.S. state flowers]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state flowers}}
**[[List of U.S. state foods]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state foods}}
**[[List of U.S. state fossils]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state fossils}}
**[[List of U.S. state grasses]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state grasses}}
**[[List of U.S. state insects]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state insects}}
**[[List of U.S. state license plates]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state license plates}}
**[[List of U.S. state mammals]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state mammals}}
**[[List of U.S. state minerals, rocks, stones and gemstones]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state minerals, rocks, stones and gemstones}}
**[[List of U.S. state mottos]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state mottos}}
**[[List of U.S. state nicknames]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state nicknames}}
**[[List of U.S. state reptiles]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state reptiles}}
**[[List of U.S. state seals]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state seals}}
**[[List of U.S. state slogans]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state slogans}}
**[[List of U.S. state soils]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state soils}}
**[[List of U.S. state songs]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state songs}}
**[[List of U.S. state sports]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state sports}}
**[[List of U.S. state tartans]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state tartans}}
**[[List of U.S. state trees]]
+
**{{wp|List of U.S. state trees}}
*[[List of fictional U.S. states]]
+
*{{wp|List of fictional U.S. states}}
 
-->
 
-->
   
 
<!--
 
<!--
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
*[[wikisource:United States Declaration of Independence|United States Declaration of Independence (text)]]
+
*{{wp|wikisource:United States Declaration of Independence|United States Declaration of Independence (text)}}
*[[Declaration of Independence (United States)]]
+
*{{wp|Declaration of Independence (United States)}}
*[[United States Constitution]]
+
*{{wp|United States Constitution}}
*[[Extreme points of the United States]]
+
*{{wp|Extreme points of the United States}}
*[[Geography of the United States]]
+
*{{wp|Geography of the United States}}
*[[List of regions of the United States]]
+
*{{wp|List of regions of the United States}}
*[[Political divisions of the United States]]
+
*{{wp|Political divisions of the United States}}
*[[Organized incorporated territories of the United States]]
+
*{{wp|Organized incorporated territories of the United States}}
*[[United States territory]]
+
*{{wp|United States territory}}
*[[United States territorial acquisitions ]]
+
*{{wp|United States territorial acquisitions }}
*[[List of U.S. counties that share names with U.S. states]]
+
*{{wp|List of U.S. counties that share names with U.S. states}}
*[[States' rights]]
+
*{{wp|States' rights}}
*[[State Quarters]]
+
*{{wp|State Quarters}}
*[[51st state]]
+
*{{wp|51st state}}
 
-->
 
-->
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
Line 657: Line 657:
 
* [http://factfinder.census.gov/bf/_lang=en_vt_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_GCTPH1_US9_geo_id=01000US.html Tables with areas, populations, densities and more (alphabetical)]
 
* [http://factfinder.census.gov/bf/_lang=en_vt_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_GCTPH1_US9_geo_id=01000US.html Tables with areas, populations, densities and more (alphabetical)]
 
* [http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0854966.html Origin of State Names]
 
* [http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0854966.html Origin of State Names]
* [http://search.godonthe.net Rick's Search Assistant] - Web links & addresses for many state agencies, e.g., [[Motor vehicle|Motor Vehicles]], Corporate Records, Attorneys General
+
* [http://search.godonthe.net Rick's Search Assistant] - Web links & addresses for many state agencies, e.g., {{wp|Motor vehicle|Motor Vehicles}}, Corporate Records, Attorneys General
 
* [http://www.usps.com/ United States Postal Service]
 
* [http://www.usps.com/ United States Postal Service]
 
* [http://www.firstgov.gov/Agencies/State_and_Territories.shtml State and Territorial Governments on FirstGov.gov]
 
* [http://www.firstgov.gov/Agencies/State_and_Territories.shtml State and Territorial Governments on FirstGov.gov]

Revision as of 06:58, 14 October 2007

A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entitiesWp globe tiny.gif of the United StatesWp globe tiny.gif (although four states use the official title commonwealthWp globe tiny.gif). The separate state governmentWp globe tiny.gifs and the federal governmentWp globe tiny.gif share sovereigntyWp globe tiny.gif, in that an "AmericanWp globe tiny.gif" is a citizen both of the federal entity and of his or her state of residence. However, state citizenshipWp globe tiny.gif is very flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states (with the exception of convicts on paroleWp globe tiny.gif).

The United States ConstitutionWp globe tiny.gif allocates power between the two levels of government in general terms. By ratifying the Constitution, each state transfers certain sovereign powers to the federal government and agrees to share other powers. Under the Tenth AmendmentWp globe tiny.gif, all powers not explicitly transferred or shared are retained by the states and the people. Historically, the tasks of public education, public health, transportation and other infrastructure have been considered primarily state responsibilities, although all have significant federal funding and regulation as well.

Over time, the Constitution has been amended, and the interpretation and application of its provisions have changed. The general tendency has been toward centralization, with the federal government playing a much larger role than it once did. There is a continuing debate over "states' rightsWp globe tiny.gif," which concerns the extent and nature of the powers that the states have given to the federal government.

List of states

The following sortable table lists each of the 50 states of the United States of AmericaWp globe tiny.gif with the following information:

The 50 United States of America
State Official Name USPS Date Population Capital Most Populous City Flag
AlabamaWp globe tiny.gif State of AlabamaWp globe tiny.gif AL 181912141819-12-14Wp globe tiny.gif 04,599,030 MontgomeryWp globe tiny.gif BirminghamWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
AlaskaWp globe tiny.gif State of AlaskaWp globe tiny.gif AK 195901031959-01-03Wp globe tiny.gif 00,670,053 JuneauWp globe tiny.gif AnchorageWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
ArizonaWp globe tiny.gif State of ArizonaWp globe tiny.gif AZ 191202141912-02-14Wp globe tiny.gif 06,166,318 PhoenixWp globe tiny.gif PhoenixWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
ArkansasWp globe tiny.gif State of ArkansasWp globe tiny.gif AR 183606151836-06-15Wp globe tiny.gif 02,810,872 Little RockWp globe tiny.gif Little RockWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
CaliforniaWp globe tiny.gif State of CaliforniaWp globe tiny.gif CA 185009091850-09-09Wp globe tiny.gif 36,457,549 SacramentoWp globe tiny.gif Los AngelesWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
ColoradoWp globe tiny.gif State of ColoradoWp globe tiny.gif CO 187608011876-08-01Wp globe tiny.gif 04,753,377 DenverWp globe tiny.gif DenverWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
ConnecticutWp globe tiny.gif State of ConnecticutWp globe tiny.gif CT 178801091788-01-09Wp globe tiny.gif 03,504,809 HartfordWp globe tiny.gif BridgeportWp globe tiny.gif[4] 45px]]
DelawareWp globe tiny.gif State of DelawareWp globe tiny.gif DE 178712071787-12-07Wp globe tiny.gif 00,853,476 DoverWp globe tiny.gif WilmingtonWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
FloridaWp globe tiny.gif State of FloridaWp globe tiny.gif FL 184503031845-03-03Wp globe tiny.gif 18,089,888 TallahasseeWp globe tiny.gif JacksonvilleWp globe tiny.gif[5] 45px]]
GeorgiaWp globe tiny.gif State of GeorgiaWp globe tiny.gif GA 178801021788-01-02Wp globe tiny.gif 09,363,941 AtlantaWp globe tiny.gif AtlantaWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
HawaiiWp globe tiny.gif State of Hawai`iWp globe tiny.gif
Moku`a-ina o Hawai`iWp globe tiny.gif
HI 195908211959-08-21Wp globe tiny.gif 01,285,498 HonoluluWp globe tiny.gif HonoluluWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
IdahoWp globe tiny.gif State of IdahoWp globe tiny.gif ID 189007031890-07-03Wp globe tiny.gif 01,466,465 BoiseWp globe tiny.gif BoiseWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
IllinoisWp globe tiny.gif State of IllinoisWp globe tiny.gif IL 181812031818-12-03Wp globe tiny.gif 12,831,970 SpringfieldWp globe tiny.gif ChicagoWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
IndianaWp globe tiny.gif State of IndianaWp globe tiny.gif IN 181612111816-12-11Wp globe tiny.gif 06,313,520 IndianapolisWp globe tiny.gif IndianapolisWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
IowaWp globe tiny.gif State of IowaWp globe tiny.gif IA 184612281846-12-28Wp globe tiny.gif 02,982,085 Des MoinesWp globe tiny.gif Des MoinesWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
KansasWp globe tiny.gif State of KansasWp globe tiny.gif KS 186101291861-01-29Wp globe tiny.gif 02,764,075 TopekaWp globe tiny.gif WichitaWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
KentuckyWp globe tiny.gif Commonwealth of KentuckyWp globe tiny.gif KY 179206011792-06-01Wp globe tiny.gif 04,206,074 FrankfortWp globe tiny.gif LouisvilleWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
LouisianaWp globe tiny.gif State of LouisianaWp globe tiny.gif
État de LouisianeWp globe tiny.gif
LA 181204301812-04-30Wp globe tiny.gif 04,287,768 Baton RougeWp globe tiny.gif New OrleansWp globe tiny.gif[6] 45px]]
MaineWp globe tiny.gif State of MaineWp globe tiny.gif ME 182003151820-03-15Wp globe tiny.gif 01,321,574 AugustaWp globe tiny.gif PortlandWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
MarylandWp globe tiny.gif State of MarylandWp globe tiny.gif MD 178804281788-04-28Wp globe tiny.gif 05,615,727 AnnapolisWp globe tiny.gif BaltimoreWp globe tiny.gif[7] 45px]]
MassachusettsWp globe tiny.gif Commonwealth of MassachusettsWp globe tiny.gif MA 178802061788-02-06Wp globe tiny.gif 06,437,193 BostonWp globe tiny.gif BostonWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
MichiganWp globe tiny.gif State of MichiganWp globe tiny.gif MI 183701261837-01-26Wp globe tiny.gif 10,095,643 LansingWp globe tiny.gif DetroitWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
MinnesotaWp globe tiny.gif State of MinnesotaWp globe tiny.gif MN 185805111858-05-11Wp globe tiny.gif 05,167,101 Saint PaulWp globe tiny.gif MinneapolisWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
MississippiWp globe tiny.gif State of MississippiWp globe tiny.gif MS 181712101817-12-10Wp globe tiny.gif 02,910,540 JacksonWp globe tiny.gif JacksonWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
MissouriWp globe tiny.gif State of MissouriWp globe tiny.gif MO 182108101821-08-10Wp globe tiny.gif 05,842,713 Jefferson CityWp globe tiny.gif Kansas CityWp globe tiny.gif[8] 45px]]
MontanaWp globe tiny.gif State of MontanaWp globe tiny.gif MT 188911081889-11-08Wp globe tiny.gif 00,944,632 HelenaWp globe tiny.gif BillingsWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
NebraskaWp globe tiny.gif State of NebraskaWp globe tiny.gif NE 186703011867-03-01Wp globe tiny.gif 01,768,331 LincolnWp globe tiny.gif OmahaWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
NevadaWp globe tiny.gif State of NevadaWp globe tiny.gif NV 186410311864-10-31Wp globe tiny.gif 02,495,529 Carson CityWp globe tiny.gif Las VegasWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
New HampshireWp globe tiny.gif State of New HampshireWp globe tiny.gif NH 178806211788-06-21Wp globe tiny.gif 01,314,895 ConcordWp globe tiny.gif ManchesterWp globe tiny.gif[9] 45px]]
New JerseyWp globe tiny.gif State of New JerseyWp globe tiny.gif NJ 178712181787-12-18Wp globe tiny.gif 08,724,560 TrentonWp globe tiny.gif NewarkWp globe tiny.gif[10] 45px]]
New MexicoWp globe tiny.gif State of New MexicoWp globe tiny.gif
Estado de Nuevo MéxicoWp globe tiny.gif
NM 191201061912-01-06Wp globe tiny.gif 01,954,599 Santa FeWp globe tiny.gif AlbuquerqueWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
New YorkWp globe tiny.gif State of New YorkWp globe tiny.gif NY 178807261788-07-26Wp globe tiny.gif 19,306,183 AlbanyWp globe tiny.gif New YorkWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
North CarolinaWp globe tiny.gif State of North CarolinaWp globe tiny.gif NC 178911211789-11-21Wp globe tiny.gif 08,856,505 RaleighWp globe tiny.gif CharlotteWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
North DakotaWp globe tiny.gif State of North DakotaWp globe tiny.gif ND 188911021889-11-02Wp globe tiny.gif 00,635,867 BismarckWp globe tiny.gif FargoWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
OhioWp globe tiny.gif State of OhioWp globe tiny.gif OH 180303011803-03-01Wp globe tiny.gif 11,478,006 ColumbusWp globe tiny.gif ColumbusWp globe tiny.gif[11] 45px]]
OklahomaWp globe tiny.gif State of OklahomaWp globe tiny.gif OK 190711161907-11-16Wp globe tiny.gif 03,579,212 Oklahoma CityWp globe tiny.gif Oklahoma CityWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
OregonWp globe tiny.gif State of OregonWp globe tiny.gif OR 185902141859-02-14Wp globe tiny.gif 03,700,758 SalemWp globe tiny.gif PortlandWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
PennsylvaniaWp globe tiny.gif Commonwealth of PennsylvaniaWp globe tiny.gif PA 178712121787-12-12Wp globe tiny.gif 12,440,621 HarrisburgWp globe tiny.gif PhiladelphiaWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
Rhode IslandWp globe tiny.gif State of Rhode Island and Providence PlantationsWp globe tiny.gif RI 179005291790-05-29Wp globe tiny.gif 01,067,610 ProvidenceWp globe tiny.gif ProvidenceWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
South CarolinaWp globe tiny.gif State of South CarolinaWp globe tiny.gif SC 178805231788-05-23Wp globe tiny.gif 04,321,249 ColumbiaWp globe tiny.gif ColumbiaWp globe tiny.gif[12] 45px]]
South DakotaWp globe tiny.gif State of South DakotaWp globe tiny.gif SD 188911021889-11-02Wp globe tiny.gif 00,781,919 PierreWp globe tiny.gif Sioux FallsWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
TennesseeWp globe tiny.gif State of TennesseeWp globe tiny.gif TN 179606011796-06-01Wp globe tiny.gif 06,038,803 NashvilleWp globe tiny.gif MemphisWp globe tiny.gif[13] 45px]]
TexasWp globe tiny.gif State of TexasWp globe tiny.gif TX 184512291845-12-29Wp globe tiny.gif 23,507,783 AustinWp globe tiny.gif HoustonWp globe tiny.gif[14] 45px]]
UtahWp globe tiny.gif State of UtahWp globe tiny.gif UT 189601041896-01-04Wp globe tiny.gif 02,550,063 Salt Lake CityWp globe tiny.gif Salt Lake CityWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
VermontWp globe tiny.gif State of VermontWp globe tiny.gif VT 179103041791-03-04Wp globe tiny.gif 00,623,908 MontpelierWp globe tiny.gif BurlingtonWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
VirginiaWp globe tiny.gif Commonwealth of VirginiaWp globe tiny.gif VA 178806251788-06-25Wp globe tiny.gif 07,642,884 RichmondWp globe tiny.gif Virginia BeachWp globe tiny.gif[15] 45px]]
WashingtonWp globe tiny.gif State of WashingtonWp globe tiny.gif WA 188911111889-11-11Wp globe tiny.gif 06,395,798 OlympiaWp globe tiny.gif SeattleWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
West VirginiaWp globe tiny.gif State of West VirginiaWp globe tiny.gif WV 186306201863-06-20Wp globe tiny.gif 01,818,470 CharlestonWp globe tiny.gif CharlestonWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
WisconsinWp globe tiny.gif State of WisconsinWp globe tiny.gif WI 184805291848-05-29Wp globe tiny.gif 05,556,506 MadisonWp globe tiny.gif MilwaukeeWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]
WyomingWp globe tiny.gif State of WyomingWp globe tiny.gif WY 189007101890-07-10Wp globe tiny.gif 00,515,004 CheyenneWp globe tiny.gif CheyenneWp globe tiny.gif 45px]]

Admission of states into the union

Since the establishment of the United States, the number of states has expanded from 13 to 50. The ConstitutionWp globe tiny.gif is rather laconic on the process by which new states can be added, noting only that "New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union", and forbidding a new state to be created out of the territory of an existing state without the consent of both that state's legislature and of Congress.

In practice, nearly all states admitted to the union after the original thirteen have been formed from U.S. territoriesWp globe tiny.gif (that is, land under the sovereignty of the United States federal government but not part of any state) that were organizedWp globe tiny.gif (given a measure of self-ruleWp globe tiny.gif by Congress). Generally speaking, the organized government of a territory would make known the sentiment of its population in favor of statehood; Congress would then direct that government to organize a constitutional conventionWp globe tiny.gif to write a state constitution. Upon acceptance of that Constitution, Congress would then admit that territory as a state. The broad outlines in this process were established by the Northwest OrdinanceWp globe tiny.gif, which actually predated the ratification of the Constitution.

However, Congress has ultimate authority over the admission of new states, and is not bound to follow this procedure. A few U.S. states outside of the original 13 have been admitted that were never organized territories of the federal government:

  • Vermont, an unrecognized but de facto independent republicWp globe tiny.gif until its admission in 1791
  • Kentucky, a part of Virginia until its admission in 1792
  • Maine, a part of Massachusetts until its admission in 1820 following the Missouri CompromiseWp globe tiny.gif
  • Texas, a recognized independent republic until its admission in 1845
  • California, created as a state (as part of the Compromise of 1850Wp globe tiny.gif) out of the unorganized territoryWp globe tiny.gif of the Mexican CessionWp globe tiny.gif in 1850 without ever having been a separate organized territory itself
  • West Virginia, created from areas of Virginia that rejoined the union in 1863, after the 1861 secession of Virginia to the Confederate States of AmericaWp globe tiny.gif

Congress is also under no obligation to admit states even in those areas whose population expresses a desire for statehood. For instance, the Republic of Texas requested annexation to the United States in 1836, but fears about the conflict with Mexico that would result delayed admission for nine years. Utah TerritoryWp globe tiny.gif was denied admission to the union as a state for decades because of discomfort with The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day SaintsWp globe tiny.gif' dominance in the territory, and particularly with the MormonWp globe tiny.gif elite's then-current practice of polygamyWp globe tiny.gif.


Naming issues: Commonwealths, republics, and states

Four of the states bear the formal title of CommonwealthWp globe tiny.gif: KentuckyWp globe tiny.gif, MassachusettsWp globe tiny.gif, PennsylvaniaWp globe tiny.gif, and VirginiaWp globe tiny.gif. In these cases, this is merely a name and has no legal effect. Somewhat confusingly, two U.S. territories — Puerto RicoWp globe tiny.gif and the Northern MarianasWp globe tiny.gif — are also referred to as commonwealths, and do have a legal statusWp globe tiny.gif different from the states.

The Republic of TexasWp globe tiny.gif was an independent nation for nine years, and the Republic of HawaiʻiWp globe tiny.gif, formerly the Kingdom of HawaiʻiWp globe tiny.gif, was also an independent nation. There is debate over whether Vermont was ever an independent nation; however it was the first future state to write its own Constitution. The so-called "California RepublicWp globe tiny.gif" was actually a flag raised by Americans in the town of SonomaWp globe tiny.gif after they expelled the local Mexican official. Ten days later the U.S. ArmyWp globe tiny.gif took over.

See also List of official names of the states of the USAWp globe tiny.gif.

State governments

States are free to organize their state governmentWp globe tiny.gifs any way they like, as long as they conform to the sole requirement of the U.S. Constitution that they have "a Republican Form of Government". In practice, each state has adopted a three branch system of governmentWp globe tiny.gif generally along the sames lines as that of the federal government—though this is not a requirement. There is nothing that could stop a state from adopting a parliamentary system—with a fusion of powers, as opposed to a separation of powers—if it so choses.


Origin of states' names

State names speak to the circumstances of their creation. (See the lists of U.S. state name etymologiesWp globe tiny.gif and U.S. county name etymologiesWp globe tiny.gif for more detail.)

British

Southeastern states on the AtlanticWp globe tiny.gif coast originated as British coloniesWp globe tiny.gif named after British monarchWp globe tiny.gifs: GeorgiaWp globe tiny.gif, the CarolinasWp globe tiny.gif, VirginiaWp globe tiny.gif, and MarylandWp globe tiny.gif. Some northeastern states, also former British colonies, take their names from places in the British IslesWp globe tiny.gif: New HampshireWp globe tiny.gif, New JerseyWp globe tiny.gif, and New YorkWp globe tiny.gif. PennsylvaniaWp globe tiny.gif, meaning "Penn's woods," in Latin, takes its name from the father of its founder, William PennWp globe tiny.gif. DelawareWp globe tiny.gif is named after Thomas West, Lord De La WarrWp globe tiny.gif, an early colonist and governor of the Jamestown ColonyWp globe tiny.gif.

Native American

Many states' names are those of Native AmericanWp globe tiny.gif tribes or are from Native American languagesWp globe tiny.gif: AlabamaWp globe tiny.gif, AlaskaWp globe tiny.gif, ArkansasWp globe tiny.gif, ConnecticutWp globe tiny.gif, the DakotasWp globe tiny.gif, IllinoisWp globe tiny.gif, IowaWp globe tiny.gif, KansasWp globe tiny.gif, KentuckyWp globe tiny.gif, MassachusettsWp globe tiny.gif, MichiganWp globe tiny.gif, MinnesotaWp globe tiny.gif, MississippiWp globe tiny.gif, MissouriWp globe tiny.gif, NebraskaWp globe tiny.gif, OhioWp globe tiny.gif, OklahomaWp globe tiny.gif, TennesseeWp globe tiny.gif, TexasWp globe tiny.gif, UtahWp globe tiny.gif, WisconsinWp globe tiny.gif and others. Additionally, the name of IdahoWp globe tiny.gif was presented as a Native American word by eccentric lobbyist George M. WillingWp globe tiny.gif, though it was later revealed that he likely made it up. IndianaWp globe tiny.gif means literally "land of Indians". HawaiiWp globe tiny.gif is a PolynesiaWp globe tiny.gifn name.

Spanish

Because they are on territories previously controlled by SpainWp globe tiny.gif or MexicoWp globe tiny.gif, many states in the southeast and southwest have SpanishWp globe tiny.gif names. They include ColoradoWp globe tiny.gif, FloridaWp globe tiny.gif, NevadaWp globe tiny.gif, MontanaWp globe tiny.gif, and, ultimately of Native American origin, New MexicoWp globe tiny.gif. CaliforniaWp globe tiny.gif is also believed to be of Spanish origin, though this is not entirely clear (see Origin of the name CaliforniaWp globe tiny.gif).

French

Because it was previously a FrenchWp globe tiny.gif colony, LouisianaWp globe tiny.gif is named after Louis XIVWp globe tiny.gif (the King of FranceWp globe tiny.gif at the time). MaineWp globe tiny.gif may also be named after the historical French province of MaineWp globe tiny.gif, although another theory derives "Maine" from "mainland," differentiating it from the outlying islandsWp globe tiny.gif. VermontWp globe tiny.gif is derived from the French term for "green mountains", a reference to its mountainous but forested terrain.

Other

Formally referred to as the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Rhode IslandWp globe tiny.gif likely gained its name through the supposed similarity of Aquidneck IslandWp globe tiny.gif (the body of land known as Rhode Island, which contains the city of NewportWp globe tiny.gif and the towns of PortsmouthWp globe tiny.gif and MiddletownWp globe tiny.gif) to the GreekWp globe tiny.gif Isle of RhodesWp globe tiny.gif. Providence PlantationsWp globe tiny.gif, which makes reference to the mainland that surrounds Narragansett BayWp globe tiny.gif, was named by its religious founders for God's divine providenceWp globe tiny.gif. The state of WashingtonWp globe tiny.gif was named after George WashingtonWp globe tiny.gif. ArizonaWp globe tiny.gif may come from a BasqueWp globe tiny.gif term, or it may be of Native American origin.

Origin Unknown

The origin of OregonWp globe tiny.gif is not certain, although various theories exist, but is most likely to be of Native American origin.

Grouping of the states in regions

XXImage:Map of USA showing regions.png|thumb|250px|right|U.S. Census Bureau regions:
The WestWp globe tiny.gif, The MidwestWp globe tiny.gif, The SouthWp globe tiny.gif and The NortheastWp globe tiny.gif. Note that Alaska and Hawaii are shown at different scales, and that the Aleutian IslandsWp globe tiny.gif and the uninhabitedWp globe tiny.gif Northwestern Hawaiian IslandsWp globe tiny.gif are omitted from this map.]]

States may be grouped in regions; there are endless variations and possible groupings, as most states are not defined by obvious geographic or cultural borders. For further discussion of regions of the U.S., see the list of regions of the United StatesWp globe tiny.gif.

State lists

External links

References

  1. ^ "Official USPS Abbreviations" (HTMLWp globe tiny.gif). United States Postal ServiceWp globe tiny.gif. 1998Wp globe tiny.gif. http://www.usps.com/ncsc/lookups/abbreviations.html. Retrieved 2007-02-26. 
  2. ^ "Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for the United States and States, and for Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006" (CSVWp globe tiny.gif). 2006 Population Estimates. United States Census BureauWp globe tiny.gif, Population Division. 2006-12-22Wp globe tiny.gif. http://www.census.gov/popest/states/tables/NST-EST2006-01.csv. Retrieved 2007-02-26. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005" (CSVWp globe tiny.gif). 2005 Population Estimates. United States Census BureauWp globe tiny.gif, Population Division. 2006-06-20Wp globe tiny.gif. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2005-ip.csv. Retrieved 2007-02-26. 
  4. ^ The Hartford-West Hartford-Willimantic Combined Statistical AreaWp globe tiny.gif is the most populous metropolitan area in ConnecticutWp globe tiny.gif.
  5. ^ The Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach Metropolitan Statistical AreaWp globe tiny.gif is the most populous metropolitan area in FloridaWp globe tiny.gif.
  6. ^ The United States Census BureauWp globe tiny.gif estimates that, as of 2005-07-01Wp globe tiny.gif, the population of the City of New OrleansWp globe tiny.gif was 454,863 and the population of the City of Baton RougeWp globe tiny.gif was 222,064. After Hurricane KatrinaWp globe tiny.gif struck LouisianaWp globe tiny.gif, New Orleans lost a significant portion of its population while the population of Baton Rouge increased substantially.
  7. ^ Baltimore CityWp globe tiny.gif and the 12 MarylandWp globe tiny.gif countiesWp globe tiny.gif of the Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical AreaWp globe tiny.gif form the most populous metropolitan region in Maryland.
  8. ^ The City of Saint LouisWp globe tiny.gif and the 8 MissouriWp globe tiny.gif countiesWp globe tiny.gif of the St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington Combined Statistical AreaWp globe tiny.gif form the most populous metropolitan region in Missouri.
  9. ^ The 5 southeastern New HampshireWp globe tiny.gif countiesWp globe tiny.gif of the Boston-Worcester-Manchester Combined Statistical AreaWp globe tiny.gif form the most populous metropolitan region in New Hampshire.
  10. ^ The 13 northern New JerseyWp globe tiny.gif countiesWp globe tiny.gif of the New York-Newark-Bridgeport Combined Statistical AreaWp globe tiny.gif form the most populous metropolitan region in New Jersey.
  11. ^ The Cleveland-Akron-Elyria Combined Statistical AreaWp globe tiny.gif is the most populous metropolitan area in OhioWp globe tiny.gif.
  12. ^ The Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Combined Statistical AreaWp globe tiny.gif is the most populous metropolitan area in South CarolinaWp globe tiny.gif.
  13. ^ The Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Columbia Combined Statistical AreaWp globe tiny.gif is the most populous metropolitan area in TennesseeWp globe tiny.gif.
  14. ^ The Dallas-Fort Worth Combined Statistical AreaWp globe tiny.gif is the most populous metropolitan area in TexasWp globe tiny.gif.
  15. ^ The 10 VirginiaWp globe tiny.gif countiesWp globe tiny.gif and 6 Virginia citiesWp globe tiny.gif of the Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical AreaWp globe tiny.gif form the most populous metropolitan region in Virginia.


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