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<!--{{Politics of the United States}}-->
 
<!--{{Politics of the United States}}-->
A '''U.S. state''' is any one of the fifty {{wp|state (country subdivision)|subnational entities}} of the {{wp|United States}} (although four states use the official title ''{{wp|Commonwealth (United States)|commonwealth}}''). The separate {{wp|state government}}s and the {{wp|federal government of the United States|federal government}} share {{wp|sovereignty}}, in that an "{{wp|United States|American}}" is a citizen both of the federal entity and of his or her state of residence. However, {{wp|state citizenship}} is very flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states (with the exception of convicts on {{wp|parole}}).
+
A '''U.S. state''' is any one of the fifty [[Wikipedia:state (country subdivision)|subnational entities]] of the [[United States|United States]] (although four states use the official title ''[[Commonwealth (United States)|commonwealth]]''). The separate [[Wikipedia:state government|state government]]s and the [[Wikipedia:federal government of the United States|federal government]] share [[Wikipedia:sovereignty|sovereignty]], in that an "[[United States|American]]" is a citizen both of the federal entity and of his or her state of residence. However, [[Wikipedia:state citizenship|state citizenship]] is very flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states (with the exception of convicts on [[Wikipedia:parole|parole]]).
   
The {{wp|United States Constitution}} allocates power between the two levels of government in general terms. By ratifying the Constitution, each state transfers certain sovereign powers to the federal government and agrees to share other powers. Under the {{wp|Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution|Tenth Amendment}}, all powers not explicitly transferred or shared are retained by the states and the people. Historically, the tasks of public education, public health, transportation and other infrastructure have been considered primarily state responsibilities, although all have significant federal funding and regulation as well.
+
The [[Wikipedia:United States Constitution|United States Constitution]] allocates power between the two levels of government in general terms. By ratifying the Constitution, each state transfers certain sovereign powers to the federal government and agrees to share other powers. Under the [[Wikipedia:Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution|Tenth Amendment]], all powers not explicitly transferred or shared are retained by the states and the people. Historically, the tasks of public education, public health, transportation and other infrastructure have been considered primarily state responsibilities, although all have significant federal funding and regulation as well.
   
Over time, the Constitution has been amended, and the interpretation and application of its provisions have changed. The general tendency has been toward centralization, with the federal government playing a much larger role than it once did. There is a continuing debate over "{{wp|states' rights}}," which concerns the extent and nature of the powers that the states have given to the federal government.
+
Over time, the Constitution has been amended, and the interpretation and application of its provisions have changed. The general tendency has been toward centralization, with the federal government playing a much larger role than it once did. There is a continuing debate over "[[Wikipedia:states' rights|states' rights]]," which concerns the extent and nature of the powers that the states have given to the federal government.
   
 
==List of states==
 
==List of states==
 
<!--[[Image:Map of USA with state names.svg|center|640px]]
 
<!--[[Image:Map of USA with state names.svg|center|640px]]
 
<br clear=all /> -->
 
<br clear=all /> -->
The following sortable table lists each of the 50 states of the {{wp|United States of America}} with the following information:
+
The following sortable table lists each of the 50 states of the [[United States of America|United States of America]] with the following information:
*The {{wp|political divisions of the United States#States of the United States|common state name}},
+
*The [[Wikipedia:political divisions of the United States#States of the United States|common state name]],
*The {{wp|list of official names of the states of the USA|official state name or names}},
+
*The [[Wikipedia:list of official names of the states of the USA|official state name or names]],
*The {{wp|United States Postal Service}} (USPS) two-character {{wp|United States postal abbreviations|state abbreviation}}<ref name=USPSabbrev>{{cite web | url = http://www.usps.com/ncsc/lookups/abbreviations.html | title = Official USPS Abbreviations | format = {{wp|HTML}} | publisher = {{wp|United States Postal Service}} | date = {{wp|1998}} | accessdate = 2007-02-26 }}</ref><br/>(also used as the {{wp|International Organization for Standardization}} (ISO) Standard {{wp|ISO 3166-2|3166-2}} {{wp|ISO 3166-2:US|country subdivision code}}),
+
*The [[Wikipedia:United States Postal Service|United States Postal Service]] (USPS) two-character [[United States postal abbreviations|state abbreviation]]<ref name=USPSabbrev>{{cite web | url = http://www.usps.com/ncsc/lookups/abbreviations.html | title = Official USPS Abbreviations | format = {{subst:#ifexist:HTML|[[HTML|]]|[[Wikipedia:HTML|]]}} | publisher = {{subst:#ifexist:United States Postal Service|[[United States Postal Service|]]|[[Wikipedia:United States Postal Service|]]}} | date = [[1998]] | accessdate = 2007-02-26 }}</ref><br/>(also used as the [[Wikipedia:International Organization for Standardization|International Organization for Standardization]] (ISO) Standard [[Wikipedia:ISO 3166-2|3166-2]] [[Wikipedia:ISO 3166-2:US|country subdivision code]]),
*The date the state {{wp|List of U.S. states by date of statehood|ratified}} the {{wp|United States Constitution}} or was {{wp|List of U.S. states by date of statehood|admitted}} to the {{wp|United States|Union}},
+
*The date the state [[Wikipedia:List of U.S. states by date of statehood|ratified]] the [[Wikipedia:United States Constitution|United States Constitution]] or was [[Wikipedia:List of U.S. states by date of statehood|admitted]] to the [[United States|Union]],
*The {{wp|United States Census Bureau}} estimate of state population as of {{wp|2006-07-01}},<ref name=PopEstStates>{{cite web | url = http://www.census.gov/popest/states/tables/NST-EST2006-01.csv | title = Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for the United States and States, and for Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006 | format = {{wp|comma-separated values|CSV}} | work = 2006 Population Estimates | publisher = {{wp|United States Census Bureau}}, Population Division | date = {{wp|2006-12-22}} | accessdate = 2007-02-26 }}</ref>
+
*The [[United States Census Bureau|United States Census Bureau]] estimate of state population as of [[Wikipedia:2006-07-01|2006-07-01]],<ref name=PopEstStates>{{cite web | url = http://www.census.gov/popest/states/tables/NST-EST2006-01.csv | title = Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for the United States and States, and for Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006 | format = {{subst:#ifexist:comma-separated values|[[comma-separated values|CSV]]|[[Wikipedia:comma-separated values|CSV]]}} | work = 2006 Population Estimates | publisher = {{subst:#ifexist:United States Census Bureau|[[United States Census Bureau|]]|[[Wikipedia:United States Census Bureau|]]}}, Population Division | date = {{subst:#ifexist:2006-12-22|[[2006-12-22|]]|[[Wikipedia:2006-12-22|]]}} | accessdate = 2007-02-26 }}</ref>
*The {{wp|List of capitals in the United States|state capital}},
+
*The [[List of capitals in the United States|state capital]],
*The most populous {{wp|incorporated place}} or {{wp|census-designated place}} within the state as of {{wp|2005-07-01}}, as estimated by the U.S. Census Bureau,<ref name=PopEstCities>{{cite web | url = http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2005-ip.csv | title = Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005 | format = {{wp|comma-separated values|CSV}} | work = 2005 Population Estimates | publisher = {{wp|United States Census Bureau}}, Population Division | date = {{wp|2006-06-20}} | accessdate = 2007-02-26 }}</ref> and
+
*The most populous [[Wikipedia:incorporated place|incorporated place]] or [[census-designated place|census-designated place]] within the state as of [[Wikipedia:2005-07-01|2005-07-01]], as estimated by the U.S. Census Bureau,<ref name=PopEstCities>{{cite web | url = http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2005-ip.csv | title = Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005 | format = {{subst:#ifexist:comma-separated values|[[comma-separated values|CSV]]|[[Wikipedia:comma-separated values|CSV]]}} | work = 2005 Population Estimates | publisher = {{subst:#ifexist:United States Census Bureau|[[United States Census Bureau|]]|[[Wikipedia:United States Census Bureau|]]}}, Population Division | date = {{subst:#ifexist:2006-06-20|[[2006-06-20|]]|[[Wikipedia:2006-06-20|]]}} | accessdate = 2007-02-26 }}</ref> and
*An image of the {{wp|flags of the U.S. states|state flag}}.
+
*An image of the [[Wikipedia:flags of the U.S. states|state flag]].
   
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
Line 30: Line 30:
 
! Flag
 
! Flag
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Alabama}}
+
| [[Alabama|Alabama]]
| {{wp|State of Alabama}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Alabama|State of Alabama]]
 
| align=center | AL
 
| align=center | AL
| <span style="display:none">18191214</span>{{wp|1819-12-14}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18191214</span>[[Wikipedia:1819-12-14|1819-12-14]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>4,599,030
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>4,599,030
| {{wp|Montgomery, Alabama|Montgomery}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Montgomery, Alabama|Montgomery]]
| {{wp|Birmingham, Alabama|Birmingham}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Birmingham, Alabama|Birmingham]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Alabama.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Alabama.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Alaska}}
+
| [[Alaska|Alaska]]
| {{wp|State of Alaska}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Alaska|State of Alaska]]
 
| align=center | AK
 
| align=center | AK
| <span style="display:none">19590103</span>{{wp|1959-01-03}}
+
| <span style="display:none">19590103</span>[[Wikipedia:1959-01-03|1959-01-03]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>670,053
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>670,053
| {{wp|Juneau, Alaska|Juneau}}
+
| [[Juneau, Alaska|Juneau]]
| {{wp|Anchorage, Alaska|Anchorage}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Anchorage, Alaska|Anchorage]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Alaska.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Alaska.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Arizona}}
+
| [[Arizona|Arizona]]
| {{wp|State of Arizona}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Arizona|State of Arizona]]
 
| align=center | AZ
 
| align=center | AZ
| <span style="display:none">19120214</span>{{wp|1912-02-14}}
+
| <span style="display:none">19120214</span>[[Wikipedia:1912-02-14|1912-02-14]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>6,166,318
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>6,166,318
| {{wp|Phoenix, Arizona|Phoenix}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Phoenix, Arizona|Phoenix]]
| {{wp|Phoenix, Arizona|Phoenix}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Phoenix, Arizona|Phoenix]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Arizona.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Arizona.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Arkansas}}
+
| [[Arkansas|Arkansas]]
| {{wp|State of Arkansas}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Arkansas|State of Arkansas]]
 
| align=center | AR
 
| align=center | AR
| <span style="display:none">18360615</span>{{wp|1836-06-15}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18360615</span>[[Wikipedia:1836-06-15|1836-06-15]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,810,872
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,810,872
| {{wp|Little Rock, Arkansas|Little Rock}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Little Rock, Arkansas|Little Rock]]
| {{wp|Little Rock, Arkansas|Little Rock}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Little Rock, Arkansas|Little Rock]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Arkansas.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Arkansas.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|California}}
+
| [[California|California]]
| {{wp|State of California}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of California|State of California]]
 
| align=center | CA
 
| align=center | CA
| <span style="display:none">18500909</span>{{wp|1850-09-09}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18500909</span>[[Wikipedia:1850-09-09|1850-09-09]]
 
| align=right | 36,457,549
 
| align=right | 36,457,549
| {{wp|Sacramento, California|Sacramento}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Sacramento, California|Sacramento]]
| {{wp|Los Angeles, California|Los Angeles}}
+
| [[Los Angeles, California|Los Angeles]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of California.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of California.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Colorado}}
+
| [[Colorado|Colorado]]
| {{wp|State of Colorado}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Colorado|State of Colorado]]
 
| align=center | CO
 
| align=center | CO
| <span style="display:none">18760801</span>{{wp|1876-08-01}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18760801</span>[[Wikipedia:1876-08-01|1876-08-01]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>4,753,377
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>4,753,377
| {{wp|Denver, Colorado|Denver}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Denver, Colorado|Denver]]
| {{wp|Denver, Colorado|Denver}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Denver, Colorado|Denver]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Colorado.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Colorado.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Connecticut}}
+
| [[Connecticut|Connecticut]]
| {{wp|State of Connecticut}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Connecticut|State of Connecticut]]
 
| align=center | CT
 
| align=center | CT
| <span style="display:none">17880109</span>{{wp|1788-01-09}}
+
| <span style="display:none">17880109</span>[[Wikipedia:1788-01-09|1788-01-09]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>3,504,809
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>3,504,809
| {{wp|Hartford, Connecticut|Hartford}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Hartford, Connecticut|Hartford]]
| {{wp|Bridgeport, Connecticut|Bridgeport}}<ref name=Hartford>The {{wp|Hartford-West Hartford-Willimantic Combined Statistical Area}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{wp|Connecticut}}.</ref>
+
| [[Wikipedia:Bridgeport, Connecticut|Bridgeport]]<ref name=Hartford>The {{subst:#ifexist:Hartford-West Hartford-Willimantic Combined Statistical Area|[[Hartford-West Hartford-Willimantic Combined Statistical Area|]]|[[Wikipedia:Hartford-West Hartford-Willimantic Combined Statistical Area|]]}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{subst:#ifexist:Connecticut|[[Connecticut|]]|[[Wikipedia:Connecticut|]]}}.</ref>
 
| [[Image:Flag of Connecticut.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Connecticut.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Delaware}}
+
| [[Delaware|Delaware]]
| {{wp|State of Delaware}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Delaware|State of Delaware]]
 
| align=center | DE
 
| align=center | DE
| <span style="display:none">17871207</span>{{wp|1787-12-07}}
+
| <span style="display:none">17871207</span>[[Wikipedia:1787-12-07|1787-12-07]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>853,476
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>853,476
| {{wp|Dover, Delaware|Dover}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Dover, Delaware|Dover]]
| {{wp|Wilmington, Delaware|Wilmington}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Wilmington, Delaware|Wilmington]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Delaware.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Delaware.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Florida}}
+
| [[Florida|Florida]]
| {{wp|State of Florida}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Florida|State of Florida]]
 
| align=center | FL
 
| align=center | FL
| <span style="display:none">18450303</span>{{wp|1845-03-03}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18450303</span>[[Wikipedia:1845-03-03|1845-03-03]]
 
| align=right | 18,089,888
 
| align=right | 18,089,888
| {{wp|Tallahassee, Florida|Tallahassee}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Tallahassee, Florida|Tallahassee]]
| {{wp|Jacksonville, Florida|Jacksonville}}<ref name=Miami>The {{wp|Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach Metropolitan Statistical Area}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{wp|Florida}}.</ref>
+
| [[Wikipedia:Jacksonville, Florida|Jacksonville]]<ref name=Miami>The {{subst:#ifexist:Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach Metropolitan Statistical Area|[[Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach Metropolitan Statistical Area|]]|[[Wikipedia:Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach Metropolitan Statistical Area|]]}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{subst:#ifexist:Florida|[[Florida|]]|[[Wikipedia:Florida|]]}}.</ref>
 
| [[Image:Flag of Florida.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Florida.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Georgia (U.S. state)|Georgia}}
+
| [[Georgia (U.S. state)|Georgia]]
| {{wp|State of Georgia}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Georgia|State of Georgia]]
 
| align=center | GA
 
| align=center | GA
| <span style="display:none">17880102</span>{{wp|1788-01-02}}
+
| <span style="display:none">17880102</span>[[Wikipedia:1788-01-02|1788-01-02]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>9,363,941
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>9,363,941
| {{wp|Atlanta, Georgia|Atlanta}}
+
| [[Atlanta, Georgia|Atlanta]]
| {{wp|Atlanta, Georgia|Atlanta}}
+
| [[Atlanta, Georgia|Atlanta]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Hawaii}}
+
| [[Hawaii|Hawaii]]
| {{wp|State of Hawai`i}}<br/>{{wp|Moku`a-ina o Hawai`i}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Hawai`i|State of Hawai`i]]<br/>[[Wikipedia:Moku`a-ina o Hawai`i|Moku`a-ina o Hawai`i]]
 
| align=center | HI
 
| align=center | HI
| <span style="display:none">19590821</span>{{wp|1959-08-21}}
+
| <span style="display:none">19590821</span>[[Wikipedia:1959-08-21|1959-08-21]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,285,498
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,285,498
| {{wp|Honolulu, Hawaii|Honolulu}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Honolulu, Hawaii|Honolulu]]
| {{wp|Honolulu, Hawaii|Honolulu}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Honolulu, Hawaii|Honolulu]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Hawaii.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Hawaii.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Idaho}}
+
| [[Idaho|Idaho]]
| {{wp|State of Idaho}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Idaho|State of Idaho]]
 
| align=center | ID
 
| align=center | ID
| <span style="display:none">18900703</span>{{wp|1890-07-03}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18900703</span>[[Wikipedia:1890-07-03|1890-07-03]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,466,465
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,466,465
| {{wp|Boise, Idaho|Boise}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Boise, Idaho|Boise]]
| {{wp|Boise, Idaho|Boise}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Boise, Idaho|Boise]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Idaho.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Idaho.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Illinois}}
+
| [[Illinois|Illinois]]
| {{wp|State of Illinois}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Illinois|State of Illinois]]
 
| align=center | IL
 
| align=center | IL
| <span style="display:none">18181203</span>{{wp|1818-12-03}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18181203</span>[[Wikipedia:1818-12-03|1818-12-03]]
 
| align=right | 12,831,970
 
| align=right | 12,831,970
| {{wp|Springfield, Illinois|Springfield}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Springfield, Illinois|Springfield]]
| {{wp|Chicago}}
+
| [[Chicago|Chicago]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Illinois.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Illinois.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Indiana}}
+
| [[Indiana|Indiana]]
| {{wp|State of Indiana}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Indiana|State of Indiana]]
 
| align=center | IN
 
| align=center | IN
| <span style="display:none">18161211</span>{{wp|1816-12-11}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18161211</span>[[Wikipedia:1816-12-11|1816-12-11]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>6,313,520
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>6,313,520
| {{wp|Indianapolis, Indiana|Indianapolis}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Indianapolis, Indiana|Indianapolis]]
| {{wp|Indianapolis, Indiana|Indianapolis}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Indianapolis, Indiana|Indianapolis]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Indiana.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Indiana.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Iowa}}
+
| [[Iowa|Iowa]]
| {{wp|State of Iowa}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Iowa|State of Iowa]]
 
| align=center | IA
 
| align=center | IA
| <span style="display:none">18461228</span>{{wp|1846-12-28}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18461228</span>[[Wikipedia:1846-12-28|1846-12-28]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,982,085
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,982,085
| {{wp|Des Moines, Iowa|Des Moines}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Des Moines, Iowa|Des Moines]]
| {{wp|Des Moines, Iowa|Des Moines}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Des Moines, Iowa|Des Moines]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Iowa.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Iowa.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Kansas}}
+
| [[Kansas|Kansas]]
| {{wp|State of Kansas}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Kansas|State of Kansas]]
 
| align=center | KS
 
| align=center | KS
| <span style="display:none">18610129</span>{{wp|1861-01-29}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18610129</span>[[Wikipedia:1861-01-29|1861-01-29]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,764,075
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,764,075
| {{wp|Topeka, Kansas|Topeka}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Topeka, Kansas|Topeka]]
| {{wp|Wichita, Kansas|Wichita}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Wichita, Kansas|Wichita]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Kansas.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Kansas.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Kentucky}}
+
| [[Kentucky|Kentucky]]
| {{wp|Commonwealth of Kentucky}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Commonwealth of Kentucky|Commonwealth of Kentucky]]
 
| align=center | KY
 
| align=center | KY
| <span style="display:none">17920601</span>{{wp|1792-06-01}}
+
| <span style="display:none">17920601</span>[[Wikipedia:1792-06-01|1792-06-01]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>4,206,074
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>4,206,074
| {{wp|Frankfort, Kentucky|Frankfort}}
+
| [[Frankfort, Kentucky|Frankfort]]
| {{wp|Louisville, Kentucky|Louisville}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Louisville, Kentucky|Louisville]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Kentucky.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Kentucky.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Louisiana}}
+
| [[Louisiana|Louisiana]]
| {{wp|State of Louisiana}}<br/>{{wp|État de Louisiane}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Louisiana|State of Louisiana]]<br/>[[Wikipedia:État de Louisiane|État de Louisiane]]
 
| align=center | LA
 
| align=center | LA
| <span style="display:none">18120430</span>{{wp|1812-04-30}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18120430</span>[[Wikipedia:1812-04-30|1812-04-30]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>4,287,768
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>4,287,768
| {{wp|Baton Rouge, Louisiana|Baton Rouge}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Baton Rouge, Louisiana|Baton Rouge]]
| {{wp|New Orleans, Louisiana|New Orleans}}<ref name=Katrina>The {{wp|United States Census Bureau}} estimates that, as of {{wp|2005-07-01}}, the population of the {{wp|New Orleans, Louisiana|City of New Orleans}} was 454,863 and the population of the {{wp|Baton Rouge, Louisiana|City of Baton Rouge}} was 222,064. After {{wp|Hurricane Katrina}} struck {{wp|Louisiana}}, New Orleans lost a significant portion of its population while the population of Baton Rouge increased substantially.</ref>
+
| [[Wikipedia:New Orleans, Louisiana|New Orleans]]<ref name=Katrina>The {{subst:#ifexist:United States Census Bureau|[[United States Census Bureau|]]|[[Wikipedia:United States Census Bureau|]]}} estimates that, as of {{subst:#ifexist:2005-07-01|[[2005-07-01|]]|[[Wikipedia:2005-07-01|]]}}, the population of the {{subst:#ifexist:New Orleans, Louisiana|[[New Orleans, Louisiana|City of New Orleans]]|[[Wikipedia:New Orleans, Louisiana|City of New Orleans]]}} was 454,863 and the population of the {{subst:#ifexist:Baton Rouge, Louisiana|[[Baton Rouge, Louisiana|City of Baton Rouge]]|[[Wikipedia:Baton Rouge, Louisiana|City of Baton Rouge]]}} was 222,064. After {{subst:#ifexist:Hurricane Katrina|[[Hurricane Katrina|]]|[[Wikipedia:Hurricane Katrina|]]}} struck {{subst:#ifexist:Louisiana|[[Louisiana|]]|[[Wikipedia:Louisiana|]]}}, New Orleans lost a significant portion of its population while the population of Baton Rouge increased substantially.</ref>
 
| [[Image:Flag of Louisiana.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Louisiana.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Maine}}
+
| [[Maine|Maine]]
| {{wp|State of Maine}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Maine|State of Maine]]
 
| align=center | ME
 
| align=center | ME
| <span style="display:none">18200315</span>{{wp|1820-03-15}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18200315</span>[[Wikipedia:1820-03-15|1820-03-15]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,321,574
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,321,574
| {{wp|Augusta, Maine|Augusta}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Augusta, Maine|Augusta]]
| {{wp|Portland, Maine|Portland}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Portland, Maine|Portland]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Maine.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Maine.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Maryland}}
+
| [[Maryland|Maryland]]
| {{wp|State of Maryland}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Maryland|State of Maryland]]
 
| align=center | MD
 
| align=center | MD
| <span style="display:none">17880428</span>{{wp|1788-04-28}}
+
| <span style="display:none">17880428</span>[[Wikipedia:1788-04-28|1788-04-28]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>5,615,727
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>5,615,727
| {{wp|Annapolis, Maryland|Annapolis}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Annapolis, Maryland|Annapolis]]
| {{wp|Baltimore, Maryland|Baltimore}}<ref name=Maryland>{{wp|Baltimore, Maryland|Baltimore City}} and the 12 {{wp|Maryland}} {{wp|county (United States)|counties}} of the {{wp|Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area}} form the most populous metropolitan region in Maryland.</ref>
+
| [[Baltimore, Maryland|Baltimore]]<ref name=Maryland>{{subst:#ifexist:Baltimore, Maryland|[[Baltimore, Maryland|Baltimore City]]|[[Wikipedia:Baltimore, Maryland|Baltimore City]]}} and the 12 {{subst:#ifexist:Maryland|[[Maryland|]]|[[Wikipedia:Maryland|]]}} {{subst:#ifexist:county (United States)|[[county (United States)|counties]]|[[Wikipedia:county (United States)|counties]]}} of the {{subst:#ifexist:Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area|[[Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area|]]|[[Wikipedia:Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area|]]}} form the most populous metropolitan region in Maryland.</ref>
 
| [[Image:Flag of Maryland.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Maryland.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Massachusetts}}
+
| [[Massachusetts|Massachusetts]]
| {{wp|Commonwealth of Massachusetts}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Commonwealth of Massachusetts|Commonwealth of Massachusetts]]
 
| align=center | MA
 
| align=center | MA
| <span style="display:none">17880206</span>{{wp|1788-02-06}}
+
| <span style="display:none">17880206</span>[[Wikipedia:1788-02-06|1788-02-06]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>6,437,193
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>6,437,193
| {{wp|Boston, Massachusetts|Boston}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Boston, Massachusetts|Boston]]
| {{wp|Boston, Massachusetts|Boston}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Boston, Massachusetts|Boston]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Massachusetts.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Massachusetts.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Michigan}}
+
| [[Michigan|Michigan]]
| {{wp|State of Michigan}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Michigan|State of Michigan]]
 
| align=center | MI
 
| align=center | MI
| <span style="display:none">18370126</span>{{wp|1837-01-26}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18370126</span>[[Wikipedia:1837-01-26|1837-01-26]]
 
| align=right | 10,095,643
 
| align=right | 10,095,643
| {{wp|Lansing, Michigan|Lansing}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Lansing, Michigan|Lansing]]
| {{wp|Detroit, Michigan|Detroit}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Detroit, Michigan|Detroit]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Michigan.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Michigan.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Minnesota}}
+
| [[Minnesota|Minnesota]]
| {{wp|State of Minnesota}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Minnesota|State of Minnesota]]
 
| align=center | MN
 
| align=center | MN
| <span style="display:none">18580511</span>{{wp|1858-05-11}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18580511</span>[[Wikipedia:1858-05-11|1858-05-11]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>5,167,101
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>5,167,101
| {{wp|Saint Paul, Minnesota|Saint Paul}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Saint Paul, Minnesota|Saint Paul]]
| {{wp|Minneapolis, Minnesota|Minneapolis}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Minneapolis, Minnesota|Minneapolis]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Minnesota.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Minnesota.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Mississippi}}
+
| [[Mississippi|Mississippi]]
| {{wp|State of Mississippi}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Mississippi|State of Mississippi]]
 
| align=center | MS
 
| align=center | MS
| <span style="display:none">18171210</span>{{wp|1817-12-10}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18171210</span>[[Wikipedia:1817-12-10|1817-12-10]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,910,540
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,910,540
| {{wp|Jackson, Mississippi|Jackson}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Jackson, Mississippi|Jackson]]
| {{wp|Jackson, Mississippi|Jackson}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Jackson, Mississippi|Jackson]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Mississippi.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Mississippi.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Missouri}}
+
| [[Missouri|Missouri]]
| {{wp|State of Missouri}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Missouri|State of Missouri]]
 
| align=center | MO
 
| align=center | MO
| <span style="display:none">18210810</span>{{wp|1821-08-10}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18210810</span>[[Wikipedia:1821-08-10|1821-08-10]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>5,842,713
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>5,842,713
| {{wp|Jefferson City, Missouri|Jefferson City}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Jefferson City, Missouri|Jefferson City]]
| {{wp|Kansas City, Missouri|Kansas City}}<ref name=Saint_Louis>The {{wp|St. Louis, Missouri|City of Saint Louis}} and the 8 {{wp|Missouri}} {{wp|county (United States)|counties}} of the {{wp|St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington Combined Statistical Area}} form the most populous metropolitan region in Missouri.</ref>
+
| [[Wikipedia:Kansas City, Missouri|Kansas City]]<ref name=Saint_Louis>The {{subst:#ifexist:St. Louis, Missouri|[[St. Louis, Missouri|City of Saint Louis]]|[[Wikipedia:St. Louis, Missouri|City of Saint Louis]]}} and the 8 {{subst:#ifexist:Missouri|[[Missouri|]]|[[Wikipedia:Missouri|]]}} {{subst:#ifexist:county (United States)|[[county (United States)|counties]]|[[Wikipedia:county (United States)|counties]]}} of the {{subst:#ifexist:St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington Combined Statistical Area|[[St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington Combined Statistical Area|]]|[[Wikipedia:St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington Combined Statistical Area|]]}} form the most populous metropolitan region in Missouri.</ref>
 
| [[Image:Flag of Missouri.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Missouri.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Montana}}
+
| [[Montana|Montana]]
| {{wp|State of Montana}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Montana|State of Montana]]
 
| align=center | MT
 
| align=center | MT
| <span style="display:none">18891108</span>{{wp|1889-11-08}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18891108</span>[[Wikipedia:1889-11-08|1889-11-08]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>944,632
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>944,632
| {{wp|Helena, Montana|Helena}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Helena, Montana|Helena]]
| {{wp|Billings, Montana|Billings}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Billings, Montana|Billings]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Montana.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Montana.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Nebraska}}
+
| [[Nebraska|Nebraska]]
| {{wp|State of Nebraska}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Nebraska|State of Nebraska]]
 
| align=center | NE
 
| align=center | NE
| <span style="display:none">18670301</span>{{wp|1867-03-01}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18670301</span>[[Wikipedia:1867-03-01|1867-03-01]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,768,331
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,768,331
| {{wp|Lincoln, Nebraska|Lincoln}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Lincoln, Nebraska|Lincoln]]
| {{wp|Omaha, Nebraska|Omaha}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Omaha, Nebraska|Omaha]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Nebraska.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Nebraska.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Nevada}}
+
| [[Nevada|Nevada]]
| {{wp|State of Nevada}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Nevada|State of Nevada]]
 
| align=center | NV
 
| align=center | NV
| <span style="display:none">18641031</span>{{wp|1864-10-31}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18641031</span>[[Wikipedia:1864-10-31|1864-10-31]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,495,529
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,495,529
| {{wp|Carson City, Nevada|Carson City}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Carson City, Nevada|Carson City]]
| {{wp|Las Vegas, Nevada|Las Vegas}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Las Vegas, Nevada|Las Vegas]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Nevada.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Nevada.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|New Hampshire}}
+
| [[New Hampshire|New Hampshire]]
| {{wp|State of New Hampshire}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of New Hampshire|State of New Hampshire]]
 
| align=center | NH
 
| align=center | NH
| <span style="display:none">17880621</span>{{wp|1788-06-21}}
+
| <span style="display:none">17880621</span>[[Wikipedia:1788-06-21|1788-06-21]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,314,895
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,314,895
| {{wp|Concord, New Hampshire|Concord}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Concord, New Hampshire|Concord]]
| {{wp|Manchester, New Hampshire|Manchester}}<ref name=Rockingham>The 5 southeastern {{wp|New Hampshire}} {{wp|county (United States)|counties}} of the {{wp|Boston-Worcester-Manchester Combined Statistical Area}} form the most populous metropolitan region in New Hampshire.</ref>
+
| [[Wikipedia:Manchester, New Hampshire|Manchester]]<ref name=Rockingham>The 5 southeastern {{subst:#ifexist:New Hampshire|[[New Hampshire|]]|[[Wikipedia:New Hampshire|]]}} {{subst:#ifexist:county (United States)|[[county (United States)|counties]]|[[Wikipedia:county (United States)|counties]]}} of the {{subst:#ifexist:Boston-Worcester-Manchester Combined Statistical Area|[[Boston-Worcester-Manchester Combined Statistical Area|]]|[[Wikipedia:Boston-Worcester-Manchester Combined Statistical Area|]]}} form the most populous metropolitan region in New Hampshire.</ref>
 
| [[Image:Flag of New Hampshire.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of New Hampshire.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|New Jersey}}
+
| [[New Jersey|New Jersey]]
| {{wp|State of New Jersey}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of New Jersey|State of New Jersey]]
 
| align=center | NJ
 
| align=center | NJ
| <span style="display:none">17871218</span>{{wp|1787-12-18}}
+
| <span style="display:none">17871218</span>[[Wikipedia:1787-12-18|1787-12-18]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>8,724,560
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>8,724,560
| {{wp|Trenton, New Jersey|Trenton}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Trenton, New Jersey|Trenton]]
| {{wp|Newark, New Jersey|Newark}}<ref name=New_Jersey>The 13 northern {{wp|New Jersey}} {{wp|county (United States)|counties}} of the {{wp|New York-Newark-Bridgeport Combined Statistical Area}} form the most populous metropolitan region in New Jersey.</ref>
+
| [[Wikipedia:Newark, New Jersey|Newark]]<ref name=New_Jersey>The 13 northern {{subst:#ifexist:New Jersey|[[New Jersey|]]|[[Wikipedia:New Jersey|]]}} {{subst:#ifexist:county (United States)|[[county (United States)|counties]]|[[Wikipedia:county (United States)|counties]]}} of the {{subst:#ifexist:New York-Newark-Bridgeport Combined Statistical Area|[[New York-Newark-Bridgeport Combined Statistical Area|]]|[[Wikipedia:New York-Newark-Bridgeport Combined Statistical Area|]]}} form the most populous metropolitan region in New Jersey.</ref>
 
| [[Image:Flag of New Jersey.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of New Jersey.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|New Mexico}}
+
| [[New Mexico|New Mexico]]
| {{wp|State of New Mexico}}<br/>{{wp|Estado de Nuevo México}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of New Mexico|State of New Mexico]]<br/>[[Wikipedia:Estado de Nuevo México|Estado de Nuevo México]]
 
| align=center | NM
 
| align=center | NM
| <span style="display:none">19120106</span>{{wp|1912-01-06}}
+
| <span style="display:none">19120106</span>[[Wikipedia:1912-01-06|1912-01-06]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,954,599
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,954,599
| {{wp|Santa Fe, New Mexico|Santa Fe}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Santa Fe, New Mexico|Santa Fe]]
| {{wp|Albuquerque, New Mexico|Albuquerque}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Albuquerque, New Mexico|Albuquerque]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of New Mexico.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of New Mexico.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|New York}}
+
| [[New York|New York]]
| {{wp|State of New York}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of New York|State of New York]]
 
| align=center | NY
 
| align=center | NY
| <span style="display:none">17880726</span>{{wp|1788-07-26}}
+
| <span style="display:none">17880726</span>[[Wikipedia:1788-07-26|1788-07-26]]
 
| align=right | 19,306,183
 
| align=right | 19,306,183
| {{wp|Albany, New York|Albany}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Albany, New York|Albany]]
| {{wp|New York City|New York}}
+
| [[New York City|New York]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of New York.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of New York.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|North Carolina}}
+
| [[North Carolina|North Carolina]]
| {{wp|State of North Carolina}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of North Carolina|State of North Carolina]]
 
| align=center | NC
 
| align=center | NC
| <span style="display:none">17891121</span>{{wp|1789-11-21}}
+
| <span style="display:none">17891121</span>[[Wikipedia:1789-11-21|1789-11-21]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>8,856,505
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>8,856,505
| {{wp|Raleigh, North Carolina|Raleigh}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Raleigh, North Carolina|Raleigh]]
| {{wp|Charlotte, North Carolina|Charlotte}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Charlotte, North Carolina|Charlotte]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of North Carolina.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of North Carolina.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|North Dakota}}
+
| [[North Dakota|North Dakota]]
| {{wp|State of North Dakota}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of North Dakota|State of North Dakota]]
 
| align=center | ND
 
| align=center | ND
| <span style="display:none">18891102</span>{{wp|1889-11-02}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18891102</span>[[Wikipedia:1889-11-02|1889-11-02]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>635,867
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>635,867
| {{wp|Bismarck, North Dakota|Bismarck}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Bismarck, North Dakota|Bismarck]]
| {{wp|Fargo, North Dakota|Fargo}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Fargo, North Dakota|Fargo]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of North Dakota.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of North Dakota.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Ohio}}
+
| [[Ohio|Ohio]]
| {{wp|State of Ohio}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Ohio|State of Ohio]]
 
| align=center | OH
 
| align=center | OH
| <span style="display:none">18030301</span>{{wp|1803-03-01}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18030301</span>[[Wikipedia:1803-03-01|1803-03-01]]
 
| align=right | 11,478,006
 
| align=right | 11,478,006
| {{wp|Columbus, Ohio|Columbus}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Columbus, Ohio|Columbus]]
| {{wp|Columbus, Ohio|Columbus}}<ref name=Cleveland>The {{wp|Cleveland-Akron-Elyria Combined Statistical Area}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{wp|Ohio}}.</ref>
+
| [[Wikipedia:Columbus, Ohio|Columbus]]<ref name=Cleveland>The {{subst:#ifexist:Cleveland-Akron-Elyria Combined Statistical Area|[[Cleveland-Akron-Elyria Combined Statistical Area|]]|[[Wikipedia:Cleveland-Akron-Elyria Combined Statistical Area|]]}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{subst:#ifexist:Ohio|[[Ohio|]]|[[Wikipedia:Ohio|]]}}.</ref>
 
| [[Image:Flag of Ohio.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Ohio.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Oklahoma}}
+
| [[Oklahoma|Oklahoma]]
| {{wp|State of Oklahoma}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Oklahoma|State of Oklahoma]]
 
| align=center | OK
 
| align=center | OK
| <span style="display:none">19071116</span>{{wp|1907-11-16}}
+
| <span style="display:none">19071116</span>[[Wikipedia:1907-11-16|1907-11-16]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>3,579,212
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>3,579,212
| {{wp|Oklahoma City, Oklahoma|Oklahoma City}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Oklahoma City, Oklahoma|Oklahoma City]]
| {{wp|Oklahoma City, Oklahoma|Oklahoma City}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Oklahoma City, Oklahoma|Oklahoma City]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Oklahoma.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Oklahoma.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Oregon}}
+
| [[Oregon|Oregon]]
| {{wp|State of Oregon}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Oregon|State of Oregon]]
 
| align=center | OR
 
| align=center | OR
| <span style="display:none">18590214</span>{{wp|1859-02-14}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18590214</span>[[Wikipedia:1859-02-14|1859-02-14]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>3,700,758
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>3,700,758
| {{wp|Salem, Oregon|Salem}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Salem, Oregon|Salem]]
| {{wp|Portland, Oregon|Portland}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Portland, Oregon|Portland]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Oregon.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Oregon.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Pennsylvania}}
+
| [[Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania]]
| {{wp|Commonwealth of Pennsylvania}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Commonwealth of Pennsylvania|Commonwealth of Pennsylvania]]
 
| align=center | PA
 
| align=center | PA
| <span style="display:none">17871212</span>{{wp|1787-12-12}}
+
| <span style="display:none">17871212</span>[[Wikipedia:1787-12-12|1787-12-12]]
 
| align=right | 12,440,621
 
| align=right | 12,440,621
| {{wp|Harrisburg, Pennsylvania|Harrisburg}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Harrisburg, Pennsylvania|Harrisburg]]
| {{wp|Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|Philadelphia}}
+
| [[Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|Philadelphia]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Pennsylvania.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Pennsylvania.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Rhode Island}}
+
| [[Rhode Island|Rhode Island]]
| {{wp|State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations|State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations]]
 
| align=center | RI
 
| align=center | RI
| <span style="display:none">17900529</span>{{wp|1790-05-29}}
+
| <span style="display:none">17900529</span>[[Wikipedia:1790-05-29|1790-05-29]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,067,610
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,067,610
| {{wp|Providence, Rhode Island|Providence}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Providence, Rhode Island|Providence]]
| {{wp|Providence, Rhode Island|Providence}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Providence, Rhode Island|Providence]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Rhode Island.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Rhode Island.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|South Carolina}}
+
| [[South Carolina|South Carolina]]
| {{wp|State of South Carolina}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of South Carolina|State of South Carolina]]
 
| align=center | SC
 
| align=center | SC
| <span style="display:none">17880523</span>{{wp|1788-05-23}}
+
| <span style="display:none">17880523</span>[[Wikipedia:1788-05-23|1788-05-23]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>4,321,249
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>4,321,249
| {{wp|Columbia, South Carolina|Columbia}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Columbia, South Carolina|Columbia]]
| {{wp|Columbia, South Carolina|Columbia}}<ref name=Greenville>The {{wp|Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Combined Statistical Area}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{wp|South Carolina}}.</ref>
+
| [[Wikipedia:Columbia, South Carolina|Columbia]]<ref name=Greenville>The {{subst:#ifexist:Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Combined Statistical Area|[[Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Combined Statistical Area|]]|[[Wikipedia:Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Combined Statistical Area|]]}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{subst:#ifexist:South Carolina|[[South Carolina|]]|[[Wikipedia:South Carolina|]]}}.</ref>
 
| [[Image:Flag of South Carolina.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of South Carolina.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|South Dakota}}
+
| [[South Dakota|South Dakota]]
| {{wp|State of South Dakota}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of South Dakota|State of South Dakota]]
 
| align=center | SD
 
| align=center | SD
| <span style="display:none">18891102</span>{{wp|1889-11-02}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18891102</span>[[Wikipedia:1889-11-02|1889-11-02]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>781,919
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>781,919
| {{wp|Pierre, South Dakota|Pierre}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Pierre, South Dakota|Pierre]]
| {{wp|Sioux Falls, South Dakota|Sioux Falls}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Sioux Falls, South Dakota|Sioux Falls]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of South Dakota.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of South Dakota.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Tennessee}}
+
| [[Tennessee|Tennessee]]
| {{wp|State of Tennessee}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Tennessee|State of Tennessee]]
 
| align=center | TN
 
| align=center | TN
| <span style="display:none">17960601</span>{{wp|1796-06-01}}
+
| <span style="display:none">17960601</span>[[Wikipedia:1796-06-01|1796-06-01]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>6,038,803
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>6,038,803
| {{wp|Nashville, Tennessee|Nashville}}
+
| [[Nashville, Tennessee|Nashville]]
| {{wp|Memphis, Tennessee|Memphis}}<ref name=Nashville>The {{wp|Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Columbia Combined Statistical Area}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{wp|Tennessee}}.</ref>
+
| [[Wikipedia:Memphis, Tennessee|Memphis]]<ref name=Nashville>The {{subst:#ifexist:Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Columbia Combined Statistical Area|[[Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Columbia Combined Statistical Area|]]|[[Wikipedia:Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Columbia Combined Statistical Area|]]}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{subst:#ifexist:Tennessee|[[Tennessee|]]|[[Wikipedia:Tennessee|]]}}.</ref>
 
| [[Image:Flag of Tennessee.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Tennessee.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Texas}}
+
| [[Texas|Texas]]
| {{wp|State of Texas}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Texas|State of Texas]]
 
| align=center | TX
 
| align=center | TX
| <span style="display:none">18451229</span>{{wp|1845-12-29}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18451229</span>[[Wikipedia:1845-12-29|1845-12-29]]
 
| align=right | 23,507,783
 
| align=right | 23,507,783
| {{wp|Austin, Texas|Austin}}
+
| [[Austin, Texas|Austin]]
| {{wp|Houston, Texas|Houston}}<ref name=Dallas>The {{wp|Dallas-Fort Worth Combined Statistical Area}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{wp|Texas}}.</ref>
+
| [[Wikipedia:Houston, Texas|Houston]]<ref name=Dallas>The {{subst:#ifexist:Dallas-Fort Worth Combined Statistical Area|[[Dallas-Fort Worth Combined Statistical Area|]]|[[Wikipedia:Dallas-Fort Worth Combined Statistical Area|]]}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{subst:#ifexist:Texas|[[Texas|]]|[[Wikipedia:Texas|]]}}.</ref>
 
| [[Image:Flag of Texas.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Texas.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Utah}}
+
| [[Utah|Utah]]
| {{wp|State of Utah}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Utah|State of Utah]]
 
| align=center | UT
 
| align=center | UT
| <span style="display:none">18960104</span>{{wp|1896-01-04}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18960104</span>[[Wikipedia:1896-01-04|1896-01-04]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,550,063
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>2,550,063
| {{wp|Salt Lake City, Utah|Salt Lake City}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Salt Lake City, Utah|Salt Lake City]]
| {{wp|Salt Lake City, Utah|Salt Lake City}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Salt Lake City, Utah|Salt Lake City]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Utah.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Utah.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Vermont}}
+
| [[Vermont|Vermont]]
| {{wp|State of Vermont}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Vermont|State of Vermont]]
 
| align=center | VT
 
| align=center | VT
| <span style="display:none">17910304</span>{{wp|1791-03-04}}
+
| <span style="display:none">17910304</span>[[Wikipedia:1791-03-04|1791-03-04]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>623,908
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>623,908
| {{wp|Montpelier, Vermont|Montpelier}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Montpelier, Vermont|Montpelier]]
| {{wp|Burlington, Vermont|Burlington}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Burlington, Vermont|Burlington]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Vermont.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Vermont.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Virginia}}
+
| [[Virginia|Virginia]]
| {{wp|Commonwealth of Virginia}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Commonwealth of Virginia|Commonwealth of Virginia]]
 
| align=center | VA
 
| align=center | VA
| <span style="display:none">17880625</span>{{wp|1788-06-25}}
+
| <span style="display:none">17880625</span>[[Wikipedia:1788-06-25|1788-06-25]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>7,642,884
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>7,642,884
| {{wp|Richmond, Virginia|Richmond}}
+
| [[Richmond, Virginia|Richmond]]
| {{wp|Virginia Beach, Virginia|Virginia Beach}}<ref name=Virginia>The 10 {{wp|Virginia}} {{wp|county (United States)|counties}} and 6 {{wp|independent cities#Virginia|Virginia cities}} of the {{wp|Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area}} form the most populous metropolitan region in Virginia.</ref>
+
| [[Wikipedia:Virginia Beach, Virginia|Virginia Beach]]<ref name=Virginia>The 10 {{subst:#ifexist:Virginia|[[Virginia|]]|[[Wikipedia:Virginia|]]}} {{subst:#ifexist:county (United States)|[[county (United States)|counties]]|[[Wikipedia:county (United States)|counties]]}} and 6 {{subst:#ifexist:independent cities#Virginia|[[independent cities#Virginia|Virginia cities]]|[[Wikipedia:independent cities#Virginia|Virginia cities]]}} of the {{subst:#ifexist:Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area|[[Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area|]]|[[Wikipedia:Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area|]]}} form the most populous metropolitan region in Virginia.</ref>
 
| [[Image:Flag of Virginia.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Virginia.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Washington}}
+
| [[Washington|Washington]]
| {{wp|State of Washington}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Washington|State of Washington]]
 
| align=center | WA
 
| align=center | WA
| <span style="display:none">18891111</span>{{wp|1889-11-11}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18891111</span>[[Wikipedia:1889-11-11|1889-11-11]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>6,395,798
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>6,395,798
| {{wp|Olympia, Washington|Olympia}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Olympia, Washington|Olympia]]
| {{wp|Seattle, Washington|Seattle}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Seattle, Washington|Seattle]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Washington.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Washington.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|West Virginia}}
+
| [[West Virginia|West Virginia]]
| {{wp|State of West Virginia}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of West Virginia|State of West Virginia]]
 
| align=center | WV
 
| align=center | WV
| <span style="display:none">18630620</span>{{wp|1863-06-20}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18630620</span>[[Wikipedia:1863-06-20|1863-06-20]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,818,470
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>1,818,470
| {{wp|Charleston, West Virginia|Charleston}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Charleston, West Virginia|Charleston]]
| {{wp|Charleston, West Virginia|Charleston}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Charleston, West Virginia|Charleston]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of West Virginia.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of West Virginia.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Wisconsin}}
+
| [[Wisconsin|Wisconsin]]
| {{wp|State of Wisconsin}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Wisconsin|State of Wisconsin]]
 
| align=center | WI
 
| align=center | WI
| <span style="display:none">18480529</span>{{wp|1848-05-29}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18480529</span>[[Wikipedia:1848-05-29|1848-05-29]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>5,556,506
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">0</span>5,556,506
| {{wp|Madison, Wisconsin|Madison}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Madison, Wisconsin|Madison]]
| {{wp|Milwaukee, Wisconsin|Milwaukee}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Milwaukee, Wisconsin|Milwaukee]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Wisconsin.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Wisconsin.svg|45px]]
 
|-
 
|-
| {{wp|Wyoming}}
+
| [[Wyoming|Wyoming]]
| {{wp|State of Wyoming}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:State of Wyoming|State of Wyoming]]
 
| align=center | WY
 
| align=center | WY
| <span style="display:none">18900710</span>{{wp|1890-07-10}}
+
| <span style="display:none">18900710</span>[[Wikipedia:1890-07-10|1890-07-10]]
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>515,004
 
| align=right | <span style="display:none">00,</span>515,004
| {{wp|Cheyenne, Wyoming|Cheyenne}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Cheyenne, Wyoming|Cheyenne]]
| {{wp|Cheyenne, Wyoming|Cheyenne}}
+
| [[Wikipedia:Cheyenne, Wyoming|Cheyenne]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Wyoming.svg|45px]]
 
| [[Image:Flag of Wyoming.svg|45px]]
 
|}
 
|}
Line 484: Line 484:
 
== Legal relationship ==
 
== Legal relationship ==
 
=== Union as a single nation ===
 
=== Union as a single nation ===
Upon the adoption of the {{wp|Articles of Confederation|Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union}}, the states became a {{wp|confederation}}, a single sovereign political entity as defined by {{wp|international law}} &mdash; empowered to levy war and to conduct {{wp|international relations}} &mdash; albeit with a very loosely structured and inefficient {{wp|central government}}. After the failure of the union under the Articles of Confederation, the {{wp|Thirteen Colonies|thirteen states}} joined the modern union via the process of ratifying the {{wp|United States Constitution}}, which took effect in {{wp|1789}}.
+
Upon the adoption of the {{subst:#ifexist:Articles of Confederation|[[Articles of Confederation|Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union]]|[[Wikipedia:Articles of Confederation|Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union]]}}, the states became a {{subst:#ifexist:confederation|[[confederation|]]|[[Wikipedia:confederation|]]}}, a single sovereign political entity as defined by {{subst:#ifexist:international law|[[international law|]]|[[Wikipedia:international law|]]}} &mdash; empowered to levy war and to conduct {{subst:#ifexist:international relations|[[international relations|]]|[[Wikipedia:international relations|]]}} &mdash; albeit with a very loosely structured and inefficient {{subst:#ifexist:central government|[[central government|]]|[[Wikipedia:central government|]]}}. After the failure of the union under the Articles of Confederation, the {{subst:#ifexist:Thirteen Colonies|[[Thirteen Colonies|thirteen states]]|[[Wikipedia:Thirteen Colonies|thirteen states]]}} joined the modern union via the process of ratifying the {{subst:#ifexist:United States Constitution|[[United States Constitution|]]|[[Wikipedia:United States Constitution|]]}}, which took effect in [[1789]].
   
 
=== Relationship among the states ===
 
=== Relationship among the states ===
Under {{wp|Article Four of the United States Constitution|Article IV of the Constitution}}, which outlines the relationship between the states, the {{wp|United States Congress}} has the power to admit new states to the union. The states are required to give "{{wp|Full Faith and Credit Clause|full faith and credit}}" to the acts of each other's legislatures and courts, which is generally held to include the recognition of legal contracts, marriages, criminal judgments, and&mdash;at the time&mdash;slave status. States are prohibited from discriminating against citizens of other states with respect to their {{wp|Human rights|basic rights}}, under the {{wp|Privileges and Immunities Clause}}. The states are guaranteed military and {{wp|civil defense}} by the federal government, which is also required to ensure that the government of each state remains a republic.
+
Under {{subst:#ifexist:Article Four of the United States Constitution|[[Article Four of the United States Constitution|Article IV of the Constitution]]|[[Wikipedia:Article Four of the United States Constitution|Article IV of the Constitution]]}}, which outlines the relationship between the states, the {{subst:#ifexist:United States Congress|[[United States Congress|]]|[[Wikipedia:United States Congress|]]}} has the power to admit new states to the union. The states are required to give "{{subst:#ifexist:Full Faith and Credit Clause|[[Full Faith and Credit Clause|full faith and credit]]|[[Wikipedia:Full Faith and Credit Clause|full faith and credit]]}}" to the acts of each other's legislatures and courts, which is generally held to include the recognition of legal contracts, marriages, criminal judgments, and&mdash;at the time&mdash;slave status. States are prohibited from discriminating against citizens of other states with respect to their {{subst:#ifexist:Human rights|[[Human rights|basic rights]]|[[Wikipedia:Human rights|basic rights]]}}, under the {{subst:#ifexist:Privileges and Immunities Clause|[[Privileges and Immunities Clause|]]|[[Wikipedia:Privileges and Immunities Clause|]]}}. The states are guaranteed military and {{subst:#ifexist:civil defense|[[civil defense|]]|[[Wikipedia:civil defense|]]}} by the federal government, which is also required to ensure that the government of each state remains a republic.
   
[[Image:US states by date of statehood_RWB.PNG|thumb|220px|U.S. states by {{wp|List of U.S. states by date of statehood|date of statehood}}]]
+
[[Image:US states by date of statehood_RWB.PNG|thumb|220px|U.S. states by {{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. states by date of statehood|[[List of U.S. states by date of statehood|date of statehood]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. states by date of statehood|date of statehood]]}}]]
   
 
===Commerce clause===
 
===Commerce clause===
The {{wp|SCOTUS|Supreme Court of the United States}} has interpreted the {{wp|Constitution of the United States}} such that the {{wp|commerce clause}} allows for a wide scope of {{wp|federal power}}. For example, Congress can regulate railway traffic across state lines, but it may also regulate rail traffic solely within a state, on the theory that wholly intrastate traffic can still have an impact on interstate commerce.
+
The {{subst:#ifexist:SCOTUS|[[SCOTUS|Supreme Court of the United States]]|[[Wikipedia:SCOTUS|Supreme Court of the United States]]}} has interpreted the {{subst:#ifexist:Constitution of the United States|[[Constitution of the United States|]]|[[Wikipedia:Constitution of the United States|]]}} such that the {{subst:#ifexist:commerce clause|[[commerce clause|]]|[[Wikipedia:commerce clause|]]}} allows for a wide scope of {{subst:#ifexist:federal power|[[federal power|]]|[[Wikipedia:federal power|]]}}. For example, Congress can regulate railway traffic across state lines, but it may also regulate rail traffic solely within a state, on the theory that wholly intrastate traffic can still have an impact on interstate commerce.
   
Another source of Congressional power is its "spending power" -- the ability of Congress to allocate funds, for example to the {{wp|Interstate Highway System|Eisenhower Interstate Highway System}}. The system is mandated and partially funded by the federal government but also serves the interests of the states. By threatening to withhold {{wp|Federal Highway|federal highway}} funds, Congress has been able to persuade state legislatures to pass a variety of laws. Although some object on the ground that this infringes on states' rights, {{wp|Supreme court|the Supreme Court}} has upheld the practice as a permissible use of the Constitution's Spending Clause.
+
Another source of Congressional power is its "spending power" -- the ability of Congress to allocate funds, for example to the {{subst:#ifexist:Interstate Highway System|[[Interstate Highway System|Eisenhower Interstate Highway System]]|[[Wikipedia:Interstate Highway System|Eisenhower Interstate Highway System]]}}. The system is mandated and partially funded by the federal government but also serves the interests of the states. By threatening to withhold {{subst:#ifexist:Federal Highway|[[Federal Highway|federal highway]]|[[Wikipedia:Federal Highway|federal highway]]}} funds, Congress has been able to persuade state legislatures to pass a variety of laws. Although some object on the ground that this infringes on states' rights, {{subst:#ifexist:Supreme court|[[Supreme court|the Supreme Court]]|[[Wikipedia:Supreme court|the Supreme Court]]}} has upheld the practice as a permissible use of the Constitution's Spending Clause.
 
-->
 
-->
 
===Admission of states into the union===
 
===Admission of states into the union===
 
<!--{{main|List of U.S. states by date of statehood}}-->
 
<!--{{main|List of U.S. states by date of statehood}}-->
 
<!--[[Image:US states by date of statehood3.gif|thumb|The order in which the original 13 states ratified the constitution, then the order in which the others were admitted to the union]] -->
 
<!--[[Image:US states by date of statehood3.gif|thumb|The order in which the original 13 states ratified the constitution, then the order in which the others were admitted to the union]] -->
Since the establishment of the United States, the number of states has expanded from 13 to 50. {{wp|Constitution|The Constitution}} is rather laconic on the process by which new states can be added, noting only that "New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union", and forbidding a new state to be created out of the territory of an existing state without the consent of both that state's legislature and of Congress.
+
Since the establishment of the United States, the number of states has expanded from 13 to 50. [[Wikipedia:Constitution|The Constitution]] is rather laconic on the process by which new states can be added, noting only that "New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union", and forbidding a new state to be created out of the territory of an existing state without the consent of both that state's legislature and of Congress.
   
In practice, nearly all states admitted to the union after the original thirteen have been formed from {{wp|United States territories|U.S. territories}} (that is, land under the sovereignty of the United States federal government but not part of any state) that were {{wp|Organized territory|organized}} (given a measure of {{wp|Self-governance|self-rule}} by Congress). Generally speaking, the organized government of a territory would make known the sentiment of its population in favor of statehood; Congress would then direct that government to organize a {{wp|Constitutional convention (political meeting)|constitutional convention}} to write a state constitution. Upon acceptance of that Constitution, Congress would then admit that territory as a state. The broad outlines in this process were established by the {{wp|Northwest Ordinance}}, which actually predated the ratification of the Constitution.
+
In practice, nearly all states admitted to the union after the original thirteen have been formed from [[Wikipedia:United States territories|U.S. territories]] (that is, land under the sovereignty of the United States federal government but not part of any state) that were [[Wikipedia:Organized territory|organized]] (given a measure of [[Wikipedia:Self-governance|self-rule]] by Congress). Generally speaking, the organized government of a territory would make known the sentiment of its population in favor of statehood; Congress would then direct that government to organize a [[Wikipedia:Constitutional convention (political meeting)|constitutional convention]] to write a state constitution. Upon acceptance of that Constitution, Congress would then admit that territory as a state. The broad outlines in this process were established by the [[Wikipedia:Northwest Ordinance|Northwest Ordinance]], which actually predated the ratification of the Constitution.
   
 
However, Congress has ultimate authority over the admission of new states, and is not bound to follow this procedure. A few U.S. states outside of the original 13 have been admitted that were never organized territories of the federal government:
 
However, Congress has ultimate authority over the admission of new states, and is not bound to follow this procedure. A few U.S. states outside of the original 13 have been admitted that were never organized territories of the federal government:
   
*'''Vermont,''' an unrecognized but ''de facto'' {{wp|Vermont Republic|independent republic}} until its admission in 1791
+
*'''Vermont,''' an unrecognized but ''de facto'' [[Wikipedia:Vermont Republic|independent republic]] until its admission in 1791
 
*'''Kentucky,''' a part of Virginia until its admission in 1792
 
*'''Kentucky,''' a part of Virginia until its admission in 1792
*'''Maine,''' a part of Massachusetts until its admission in 1820 following the {{wp|Missouri Compromise}}
+
*'''Maine,''' a part of Massachusetts until its admission in 1820 following the [[Wikipedia:Missouri Compromise|Missouri Compromise]]
 
*'''Texas,''' a recognized independent republic until its admission in 1845
 
*'''Texas,''' a recognized independent republic until its admission in 1845
*'''California,''' created as a state (as part of the {{wp|Compromise of 1850}}) out of the {{wp|unorganized territory}} of the {{wp|Mexican Cession}} in 1850 without ever having been a separate organized territory itself
+
*'''California,''' created as a state (as part of the [[Wikipedia:Compromise of 1850|Compromise of 1850]]) out of the [[Wikipedia:unorganized territory|unorganized territory]] of the [[Wikipedia:Mexican Cession|Mexican Cession]] in 1850 without ever having been a separate organized territory itself
*'''West Virginia,''' created from areas of Virginia that rejoined the union in 1863, after the 1861 secession of Virginia to the {{wp|Confederate States of America}}
+
*'''West Virginia,''' created from areas of Virginia that rejoined the union in 1863, after the 1861 secession of Virginia to the [[Confederate States of America|Confederate States of America]]
   
Congress is also under no obligation to admit states even in those areas whose population expresses a desire for statehood. For instance, the Republic of Texas requested annexation to the United States in 1836, but fears about the conflict with Mexico that would result delayed admission for nine years. {{wp|Utah Territory}} was denied admission to the union as a state for decades because of discomfort with {{wp|The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints}}' dominance in the territory, and particularly with the {{wp|Mormon}} elite's then-current practice of {{wp|polygamy}}.
+
Congress is also under no obligation to admit states even in those areas whose population expresses a desire for statehood. For instance, the Republic of Texas requested annexation to the United States in 1836, but fears about the conflict with Mexico that would result delayed admission for nine years. [[Wikipedia:Utah Territory|Utah Territory]] was denied admission to the union as a state for decades because of discomfort with [[The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints|The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints]]' dominance in the territory, and particularly with the [[Wikipedia:Mormon|Mormon]] elite's then-current practice of [[Wikipedia:polygamy|polygamy]].
   
 
<!--
 
<!--
 
=== Secession ===
 
=== Secession ===
The Constitution is silent on the issue of the {{wp|secession}} of a state from the union. The Articles of Confederation had stated that the earlier union of the colonies "shall be perpetual," and the {{wp|Preamble to the United States Constitution|preamble to the Constitution}} states that Constitution was intended to "form a more perfect union." In 1860 and 1861, several states attempted to secede, but were brought back into the Union by force of arms during the {{wp|American Civil War|Civil War}}. Subsequently, the federal {{wp|Judiciary|judicial system}}, in the case of ''{{wp|Texas v. White}},'' established that states do not have the right to secede without the consent of the other states.
+
The Constitution is silent on the issue of the {{subst:#ifexist:secession|[[secession|]]|[[Wikipedia:secession|]]}} of a state from the union. The Articles of Confederation had stated that the earlier union of the colonies "shall be perpetual," and the {{subst:#ifexist:Preamble to the United States Constitution|[[Preamble to the United States Constitution|preamble to the Constitution]]|[[Wikipedia:Preamble to the United States Constitution|preamble to the Constitution]]}} states that Constitution was intended to "form a more perfect union." In 1860 and 1861, several states attempted to secede, but were brought back into the Union by force of arms during the {{subst:#ifexist:American Civil War|[[American Civil War|Civil War]]|[[Wikipedia:American Civil War|Civil War]]}}. Subsequently, the federal {{subst:#ifexist:Judiciary|[[Judiciary|judicial system]]|[[Wikipedia:Judiciary|judicial system]]}}, in the case of ''{{subst:#ifexist:Texas v. White|[[Texas v. White|]]|[[Wikipedia:Texas v. White|]]}},'' established that states do not have the right to secede without the consent of the other states.
 
-->
 
-->
   
 
=== Naming issues: Commonwealths, republics, and states ===
 
=== Naming issues: Commonwealths, republics, and states ===
Four of the states bear the formal title of {{wp|Commonwealth (United States)|Commonwealth}}: {{wp|Kentucky}}, {{wp|Massachusetts}}, {{wp|Pennsylvania}}, and {{wp|Virginia}}. In these cases, this is merely a name and has no legal effect. Somewhat confusingly, two U.S. territories &mdash; {{wp|Puerto Rico}} and the {{wp|Northern Marianas}} &mdash; are also referred to as commonwealths, and do have a {{wp|legal status}} different from the states.
+
Four of the states bear the formal title of [[Commonwealth (United States)|Commonwealth]]: [[Kentucky|Kentucky]], [[Massachusetts|Massachusetts]], [[Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania]], and [[Virginia|Virginia]]. In these cases, this is merely a name and has no legal effect. Somewhat confusingly, two U.S. territories &mdash; [[Puerto Rico|Puerto Rico]] and the [[Wikipedia:Northern Marianas|Northern Marianas]] &mdash; are also referred to as commonwealths, and do have a [[Wikipedia:legal status|legal status]] different from the states.
   
The {{wp|Republic of Texas}} was an independent nation for nine years, and the {{wp|Republic of Hawaii|Republic of Hawai{{okina}}i}}, formerly the {{wp|Kingdom of Hawaii|Kingdom of Hawai{{okina}}i}}, was also an independent nation. There is debate over whether Vermont was ever an independent nation; however it was the first future state to write its own Constitution. The so-called "{{wp|California Republic}}" was actually a flag raised by Americans in the town of {{wp|Sonoma, California|Sonoma}} after they expelled the local Mexican official. Ten days later the {{wp|United States Army|U.S. Army}} took over.
+
The [[Wikipedia:Republic of Texas|Republic of Texas]] was an independent nation for nine years, and the {{wp|Republic of Hawaii|Republic of Hawai{{okina}}i}}, formerly the {{wp|Kingdom of Hawaii|Kingdom of Hawai{{okina}}i}}, was also an independent nation. There is debate over whether Vermont was ever an independent nation; however it was the first future state to write its own Constitution. The so-called "[[Wikipedia:California Republic|California Republic]]" was actually a flag raised by Americans in the town of [[Wikipedia:Sonoma, California|Sonoma]] after they expelled the local Mexican official. Ten days later the [[Wikipedia:United States Army|U.S. Army]] took over.
   
See also {{wp|List of official names of the states of the USA}}.
+
See also [[Wikipedia:List of official names of the states of the USA|List of official names of the states of the USA]].
   
 
=== State governments===
 
=== State governments===
   
States are free to organize their {{wp|state government}}s any way they like, as long as they conform to the sole requirement of the U.S. Constitution that they have "a Republican Form of Government". In practice, each state has adopted a three branch {{wp|Form of government|system of government}} generally along the sames lines as that of the federal government—though this is not a requirement. There is nothing that could stop a state from adopting a parliamentary system—with a fusion of powers, as opposed to a separation of powers—if it so choses.
+
States are free to organize their [[Wikipedia:state government|state government]]s any way they like, as long as they conform to the sole requirement of the U.S. Constitution that they have "a Republican Form of Government". In practice, each state has adopted a three branch [[Wikipedia:Form of government|system of government]] generally along the sames lines as that of the federal government—though this is not a requirement. There is nothing that could stop a state from adopting a parliamentary system—with a fusion of powers, as opposed to a separation of powers—if it so choses.
   
 
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Despite the fact that each state has chosen to use the federal model to follow, there are some significant differences in some states. One of the most notable is that of the {{wp|Nebraska Legislature|Nebraska legislature}}. 49 of the 50 states' {{wp|state legislature|legislature}}s are {{wp|bicameral}}, meaning that they have two houses (one upper and one lower). Nebraska's {{wp|unicameral}} legislature is the sole exception. Some states, such as Florida, have in effect a plural executive, with members of the {{wp|Executive (government)|executive branch}} elected directly by the people and serving as equal members of the state cabinet alongside the governor. And only a few states choose to have their judicial branch leaders—their judges on the state's courts—serve for life terms.
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Despite the fact that each state has chosen to use the federal model to follow, there are some significant differences in some states. One of the most notable is that of the {{subst:#ifexist:Nebraska Legislature|[[Nebraska Legislature|Nebraska legislature]]|[[Wikipedia:Nebraska Legislature|Nebraska legislature]]}}. 49 of the 50 states' {{subst:#ifexist:state legislature|[[state legislature|legislature]]|[[Wikipedia:state legislature|legislature]]}}s are {{subst:#ifexist:bicameral|[[bicameral|]]|[[Wikipedia:bicameral|]]}}, meaning that they have two houses (one upper and one lower). Nebraska's {{subst:#ifexist:unicameral|[[unicameral|]]|[[Wikipedia:unicameral|]]}} legislature is the sole exception. Some states, such as Florida, have in effect a plural executive, with members of the {{subst:#ifexist:Executive (government)|[[Executive (government)|executive branch]]|[[Wikipedia:Executive (government)|executive branch]]}} elected directly by the people and serving as equal members of the state cabinet alongside the governor. And only a few states choose to have their judicial branch leaders—their judges on the state's courts—serve for life terms.
   
The most substantial difference between states is that many rural states have {{wp|Part time|part-time}} legislatures, while the states with the highest populations tend to have {{wp|Full time|full-time}} legislatures. In ''{{wp|Baker v. Carr}}'', the U.S. Supreme Court held that all states are required to have legislative districts which are proportional in terms of population.
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The most substantial difference between states is that many rural states have {{subst:#ifexist:Part time|[[Part time|part-time]]|[[Wikipedia:Part time|part-time]]}} legislatures, while the states with the highest populations tend to have {{subst:#ifexist:Full time|[[Full time|full-time]]|[[Wikipedia:Full time|full-time]]}} legislatures. In ''{{subst:#ifexist:Baker v. Carr|[[Baker v. Carr|]]|[[Wikipedia:Baker v. Carr|]]}}'', the U.S. Supreme Court held that all states are required to have legislative districts which are proportional in terms of population.
   
Also, states can organize their judicial systems differently from the {{wp|United States federal courts|federal judiciary}}, as long as {{wp|due process}} is protected. See {{wp|state court}} and {{wp|state supreme court}} for more information. Most have a trial level court, generally called a {{wp|District court|District Court}} or {{wp|Superior court|Superior Court}}, a first-level {{wp|Court of Appeals|appellate court}}, generally called a Court of Appeal (or Appeals), and a Supreme Court. However, {{wp|Texas}} has a separate highest court for criminal appeals. {{wp|New York}} is notorious for its unusual terminology, in that the trial court is called the Supreme Court. Appeals are then taken to the Supreme Court, Appellate Division, and from there to the Court of Appeals. Most states base their legal system on British {{wp|Common law}}, with the notable exception of {{wp|Louisiana}} which is based partially on the French {{wp|Civil law}}.
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Also, states can organize their judicial systems differently from the {{subst:#ifexist:United States federal courts|[[United States federal courts|federal judiciary]]|[[Wikipedia:United States federal courts|federal judiciary]]}}, as long as {{subst:#ifexist:due process|[[due process|]]|[[Wikipedia:due process|]]}} is protected. See {{subst:#ifexist:state court|[[state court|]]|[[Wikipedia:state court|]]}} and {{subst:#ifexist:state supreme court|[[state supreme court|]]|[[Wikipedia:state supreme court|]]}} for more information. Most have a trial level court, generally called a {{subst:#ifexist:District court|[[District court|District Court]]|[[Wikipedia:District court|District Court]]}} or {{subst:#ifexist:Superior court|[[Superior court|Superior Court]]|[[Wikipedia:Superior court|Superior Court]]}}, a first-level {{subst:#ifexist:Court of Appeals|[[Court of Appeals|appellate court]]|[[Wikipedia:Court of Appeals|appellate court]]}}, generally called a Court of Appeal (or Appeals), and a Supreme Court. However, {{subst:#ifexist:Texas|[[Texas|]]|[[Wikipedia:Texas|]]}} has a separate highest court for criminal appeals. {{subst:#ifexist:New York|[[New York|]]|[[Wikipedia:New York|]]}} is notorious for its unusual terminology, in that the trial court is called the Supreme Court. Appeals are then taken to the Supreme Court, Appellate Division, and from there to the Court of Appeals. Most states base their legal system on British {{subst:#ifexist:Common law|[[Common law|]]|[[Wikipedia:Common law|]]}}, with the notable exception of {{subst:#ifexist:Louisiana|[[Louisiana|]]|[[Wikipedia:Louisiana|]]}} which is based partially on the French {{subst:#ifexist:Civil law|[[Civil law|]]|[[Wikipedia:Civil law|]]}}.
 
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=== New states on the horizon? ===
 
=== New states on the horizon? ===
   
:''See also: {{wp|51st state}}''
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:''See also: {{subst:#ifexist:51st state|[[51st state|]]|[[Wikipedia:51st state|]]}}''
   
Today, there are very few U.S. territories left that might potentially become new states. In light of recent events, the most likely candidate may be {{wp|Puerto Rico}}. The commonwealth's government has organized several {{wp|referendum|referenda}} on the question of status over the past several decades, though Congress has not recognized these as binding; all shown resulted in narrow victories for the {{wp|status quo}} over statehood, with independence supported by only a small number of voters. In {{wp|December 2005}}, a presidential task force proposed a new set of referenda on the issue; if Congress votes in line with the task force's recommendation, it would pave the way for the first Congressionally mandated votes on status in the island, and, potentially, statehood, by 2010.
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Today, there are very few U.S. territories left that might potentially become new states. In light of recent events, the most likely candidate may be {{subst:#ifexist:Puerto Rico|[[Puerto Rico|]]|[[Wikipedia:Puerto Rico|]]}}. The commonwealth's government has organized several {{subst:#ifexist:referendum|[[referendum|referenda]]|[[Wikipedia:referendum|referenda]]}} on the question of status over the past several decades, though Congress has not recognized these as binding; all shown resulted in narrow victories for the {{subst:#ifexist:status quo|[[status quo|]]|[[Wikipedia:status quo|]]}} over statehood, with independence supported by only a small number of voters. In {{subst:#ifexist:December 2005|[[December 2005|]]|[[Wikipedia:December 2005|]]}}, a presidential task force proposed a new set of referenda on the issue; if Congress votes in line with the task force's recommendation, it would pave the way for the first Congressionally mandated votes on status in the island, and, potentially, statehood, by 2010.
   
The intention of the {{wp|Founding Fathers}} was that the United States capital should be at a neutral site, not giving favor to any existing state; as a result, the {{wp|District of Columbia}} was created in 1800 to serve as the {{wp|seat of government}}. The inhabitants of the District do not have {{wp|Proportional representation|full representation}} in Congress or a sovereign elected government (they were allotted presidential electors by the {{wp|Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution|23rd amendment}}, and have a {{wp|Delegate (United States Congress)|non-voting delegate}} in {{wp|U.S. Congress|Congress}}). Some residents of the District support statehood of some form for that jurisdiction—either statehood for the whole district or for the inhabited part, with the remainder remaining under {{wp|federal jurisdiction}}. While statehood is always a live {{wp|political question}} in the District, the prospects for any movement in that direction in the immediate future seem dim. Instead, an emphasis on continuing {{wp|Devolution|Home Rule}} in the District while also giving the District a vote in Congress is gaining support. :''See also: {{wp|District of Columbia voting rights}}''
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The intention of the {{subst:#ifexist:Founding Fathers|[[Founding Fathers|]]|[[Wikipedia:Founding Fathers|]]}} was that the United States capital should be at a neutral site, not giving favor to any existing state; as a result, the {{subst:#ifexist:District of Columbia|[[District of Columbia|]]|[[Wikipedia:District of Columbia|]]}} was created in 1800 to serve as the {{subst:#ifexist:seat of government|[[seat of government|]]|[[Wikipedia:seat of government|]]}}. The inhabitants of the District do not have {{subst:#ifexist:Proportional representation|[[Proportional representation|full representation]]|[[Wikipedia:Proportional representation|full representation]]}} in Congress or a sovereign elected government (they were allotted presidential electors by the {{subst:#ifexist:Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution|[[Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution|23rd amendment]]|[[Wikipedia:Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution|23rd amendment]]}}, and have a {{subst:#ifexist:Delegate (United States Congress)|[[Delegate (United States Congress)|non-voting delegate]]|[[Wikipedia:Delegate (United States Congress)|non-voting delegate]]}} in {{subst:#ifexist:U.S. Congress|[[U.S. Congress|Congress]]|[[Wikipedia:U.S. Congress|Congress]]}}). Some residents of the District support statehood of some form for that jurisdiction—either statehood for the whole district or for the inhabited part, with the remainder remaining under {{subst:#ifexist:federal jurisdiction|[[federal jurisdiction|]]|[[Wikipedia:federal jurisdiction|]]}}. While statehood is always a live {{subst:#ifexist:political question|[[political question|]]|[[Wikipedia:political question|]]}} in the District, the prospects for any movement in that direction in the immediate future seem dim. Instead, an emphasis on continuing {{subst:#ifexist:Devolution|[[Devolution|Home Rule]]|[[Wikipedia:Devolution|Home Rule]]}} in the District while also giving the District a vote in Congress is gaining support. :''See also: {{subst:#ifexist:District of Columbia voting rights|[[District of Columbia voting rights|]]|[[Wikipedia:District of Columbia voting rights|]]}}''
   
For the remaining permanently inhabited U.S. non-state jurisdictions—the {{wp|United States Virgin Islands}}, {{wp|Guam}}, the {{wp|Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands}}, and {{wp|American Samoa}}—the prospects of statehood are remote. All have relatively small populations—Guam, with the most inhabitants, has a population less than 35 percent that of Wyoming, the least populous state—and have governments that are heavily reliant on federal funding.
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For the remaining permanently inhabited U.S. non-state jurisdictions—the {{subst:#ifexist:United States Virgin Islands|[[United States Virgin Islands|]]|[[Wikipedia:United States Virgin Islands|]]}}, {{subst:#ifexist:Guam|[[Guam|]]|[[Wikipedia:Guam|]]}}, the {{subst:#ifexist:Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands|[[Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands|]]|[[Wikipedia:Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands|]]}}, and {{subst:#ifexist:American Samoa|[[American Samoa|]]|[[Wikipedia:American Samoa|]]}}—the prospects of statehood are remote. All have relatively small populations—Guam, with the most inhabitants, has a population less than 35 percent that of Wyoming, the least populous state—and have governments that are heavily reliant on federal funding.
   
Constitutionally, a state may only be divided into more states with the approval both of Congress and of the state's legislature, as was the case when {{wp|Maine}} was split off from {{wp|Massachusetts}}. The idea that a Congressional joint resolution from {{wp|1845}} might serve as a sort of advanced Congressional approval for a move to divide Texas today seems unlikely to pass muster. In fact, the clause in question was almost certainly intended to give Texas the option of ''entering'' the union as more than one state. As there is no organized movement today to divide Texas into multiple states, the point is largely academic.
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Constitutionally, a state may only be divided into more states with the approval both of Congress and of the state's legislature, as was the case when {{subst:#ifexist:Maine|[[Maine|]]|[[Wikipedia:Maine|]]}} was split off from {{subst:#ifexist:Massachusetts|[[Massachusetts|]]|[[Wikipedia:Massachusetts|]]}}. The idea that a Congressional joint resolution from [[1845]] might serve as a sort of advanced Congressional approval for a move to divide Texas today seems unlikely to pass muster. In fact, the clause in question was almost certainly intended to give Texas the option of ''entering'' the union as more than one state. As there is no organized movement today to divide Texas into multiple states, the point is largely academic.
 
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== Origin of states' names ==
 
== Origin of states' names ==
<!--[[Image:US State Name Etymologies3.png|thumb|{{wp|list of U.S. state name etymologies|U.S. state name etymologies}}]] -->
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<!--[[Image:US State Name Etymologies3.png|thumb|{{subst:#ifexist:list of U.S. state name etymologies|[[list of U.S. state name etymologies|U.S. state name etymologies]]|[[Wikipedia:list of U.S. state name etymologies|U.S. state name etymologies]]}}]] -->
State names speak to the circumstances of their creation. (See the lists of {{wp|list of U.S. state name etymologies|U.S. state name etymologies}} and {{wp|lists of U.S. county name etymologies|U.S. county name etymologies}} for more detail.)
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State names speak to the circumstances of their creation. (See the lists of [[Wikipedia:list of U.S. state name etymologies|U.S. state name etymologies]] and [[Wikipedia:lists of U.S. county name etymologies|U.S. county name etymologies]] for more detail.)
   
 
===British===
 
===British===
: Southeastern states on the {{wp|Atlantic Ocean|Atlantic}} coast originated as {{wp|British Empire|British colonies}} named after {{wp|British monarch}}s: {{wp|Georgia (U.S. state)|Georgia}}, {{wp|the Carolinas}}, {{wp|Virginia}}, and {{wp|Maryland}}. Some northeastern states, also former British colonies, take their names from places in the {{wp|British Isles}}: {{wp|New Hampshire}}, {{wp|New Jersey}}, and {{wp|New York}}. {{wp|Pennsylvania}}, meaning "Penn's woods," in Latin, takes its name from the father of its founder, {{wp|William Penn}}. {{wp|Delaware}} is named after {{wp|Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr|Thomas West, Lord De La Warr}}, an early colonist and governor of the {{wp|Jamestown Colony}}.
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: Southeastern states on the [[Atlantic Ocean|Atlantic]] coast originated as [[Wikipedia:British Empire|British colonies]] named after [[Wikipedia:British monarch|British monarch]]s: [[Georgia (U.S. state)|Georgia]], [[Wikipedia:the Carolinas|the Carolinas]], [[Virginia|Virginia]], and [[Maryland|Maryland]]. Some northeastern states, also former British colonies, take their names from places in the [[British Isles|British Isles]]: [[New Hampshire|New Hampshire]], [[New Jersey|New Jersey]], and [[New York|New York]]. [[Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania]], meaning "Penn's woods," in Latin, takes its name from the father of its founder, [[Wikipedia:William Penn|William Penn]]. [[Delaware|Delaware]] is named after [[Wikipedia:Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr|Thomas West, Lord De La Warr]], an early colonist and governor of the [[Wikipedia:Jamestown Colony|Jamestown Colony]].
   
 
===Native American===
 
===Native American===
: Many states' names are those of {{wp|Indigenous peoples of the Americas|Native American}} tribes or are from {{wp|Indigenous languages of the Americas|Native American languages}}: {{wp|Alabama}}, {{wp|Alaska}}, {{wp|Arkansas}}, {{wp|Connecticut}}, {{wp|the Dakotas}}, {{wp|Illinois}}, {{wp|Iowa}}, {{wp|Kansas}}, {{wp|Kentucky}}, {{wp|Massachusetts}}, {{wp|Michigan}}, {{wp|Minnesota}}, {{wp|Mississippi}}, {{wp|Missouri}}, {{wp|Nebraska}}, {{wp|Ohio}}, {{wp|Oklahoma}}, {{wp|Tennessee}}, {{wp|Texas}}, {{wp|Utah}}, {{wp|Wisconsin}} and others. Additionally, the name of {{wp|Idaho}} was presented as a Native American word by eccentric lobbyist {{wp|George M. Willing}}, though it was later revealed that he likely made it up. {{wp|Indiana}} means literally "land of Indians". {{wp|Hawaii}} is a {{wp|Polynesia}}n name.
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: Many states' names are those of [[Wikipedia:Indigenous peoples of the Americas|Native American]] tribes or are from [[Wikipedia:Indigenous languages of the Americas|Native American languages]]: [[Alabama|Alabama]], [[Alaska|Alaska]], [[Arkansas|Arkansas]], [[Connecticut|Connecticut]], [[Wikipedia:the Dakotas|the Dakotas]], [[Illinois|Illinois]], [[Iowa|Iowa]], [[Kansas|Kansas]], [[Kentucky|Kentucky]], [[Massachusetts|Massachusetts]], [[Michigan|Michigan]], [[Minnesota|Minnesota]], [[Mississippi|Mississippi]], [[Missouri|Missouri]], [[Nebraska|Nebraska]], [[Ohio|Ohio]], [[Oklahoma|Oklahoma]], [[Tennessee|Tennessee]], [[Texas|Texas]], [[Utah|Utah]], [[Wisconsin|Wisconsin]] and others. Additionally, the name of [[Idaho|Idaho]] was presented as a Native American word by eccentric lobbyist [[Wikipedia:George M. Willing|George M. Willing]], though it was later revealed that he likely made it up. [[Indiana|Indiana]] means literally "land of Indians". [[Hawaii|Hawaii]] is a [[Wikipedia:Polynesia|Polynesia]]n name.
   
 
===Spanish===
 
===Spanish===
: Because they are on territories previously controlled by {{wp|Spain}} or {{wp|Mexico}}, many states in the southeast and southwest have {{wp|Spanish language|Spanish}} names. They include {{wp|Colorado}}, {{wp|Florida}}, {{wp|Nevada}}, {{wp|Montana}}, and, ultimately of Native American origin, {{wp|New Mexico}}. {{wp|California}} is also believed to be of Spanish origin, though this is not entirely clear (see {{wp|Origin of the name California}}).
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: Because they are on territories previously controlled by [[Spain|Spain]] or [[Mexico|Mexico]], many states in the southeast and southwest have [[Spanish language|Spanish]] names. They include [[Colorado|Colorado]], [[Florida|Florida]], [[Nevada|Nevada]], [[Montana|Montana]], and, ultimately of Native American origin, [[New Mexico|New Mexico]]. [[California|California]] is also believed to be of Spanish origin, though this is not entirely clear (see [[Wikipedia:Origin of the name California|Origin of the name California]]).
   
 
===French===
 
===French===
: Because it was previously a {{wp|France|French}} colony, {{wp|Louisiana}} is named after {{wp|Louis XIV of France|Louis XIV}} (the {{wp|List of French monarchs|King of France}} at the time). {{wp|Maine}} may also be named after the historical French {{wp|Maine (province)|province of Maine}}, although another theory derives "Maine" from "mainland," differentiating it from the {{wp|Outlying Islands|outlying islands}}. {{wp|Vermont}} is derived from the French term for "green mountains", a reference to its mountainous but forested terrain.
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: Because it was previously a [[France|French]] colony, [[Louisiana|Louisiana]] is named after [[Wikipedia:Louis XIV of France|Louis XIV]] (the [[Wikipedia:List of French monarchs|King of France]] at the time). [[Maine|Maine]] may also be named after the historical French [[Wikipedia:Maine (province)|province of Maine]], although another theory derives "Maine" from "mainland," differentiating it from the [[Wikipedia:Outlying Islands|outlying islands]]. [[Vermont|Vermont]] is derived from the French term for "green mountains", a reference to its mountainous but forested terrain.
   
 
===Other===
 
===Other===
: Formally referred to as the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, {{wp|Rhode Island}} likely gained its name through the supposed similarity of {{wp|Aquidneck Island}} (the body of land known as Rhode Island, which contains the city of {{wp|Newport, Rhode Island|Newport}} and the towns of {{wp|Portsmouth, Rhode Island|Portsmouth}} and {{wp|Middletown, Rhode Island|Middletown}}) to the {{wp|Greece|Greek}} Isle of {{wp|Rhodes}}. {{wp|Providence Plantations}}, which makes reference to the mainland that surrounds {{wp|Narragansett Bay}}, was named by its religious founders for God's {{wp|divine providence}}. The state of {{wp|Washington}} was named after {{wp|George Washington}}. {{wp|Arizona}} may come from a {{wp|Basque language|Basque}} term, or it may be of Native American origin.
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: Formally referred to as the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, [[Rhode Island|Rhode Island]] likely gained its name through the supposed similarity of [[Wikipedia:Aquidneck Island|Aquidneck Island]] (the body of land known as Rhode Island, which contains the city of [[Wikipedia:Newport, Rhode Island|Newport]] and the towns of [[Wikipedia:Portsmouth, Rhode Island|Portsmouth]] and [[Wikipedia:Middletown, Rhode Island|Middletown]]) to the [[Greece|Greek]] Isle of [[Wikipedia:Rhodes|Rhodes]]. [[Wikipedia:Providence Plantations|Providence Plantations]], which makes reference to the mainland that surrounds [[Wikipedia:Narragansett Bay|Narragansett Bay]], was named by its religious founders for God's [[Wikipedia:divine providence|divine providence]]. The state of [[Washington|Washington]] was named after [[George Washington|George Washington]]. [[Arizona|Arizona]] may come from a [[Wikipedia:Basque language|Basque]] term, or it may be of Native American origin.
   
 
===Origin Unknown===
 
===Origin Unknown===
: The origin of {{wp|Oregon}} is not certain, although various theories exist, but is most likely to be of Native American origin.
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: The origin of [[Oregon|Oregon]] is not certain, although various theories exist, but is most likely to be of Native American origin.
   
 
==Grouping of the states in regions==
 
==Grouping of the states in regions==
[[Image:Map of USA showing regions.png|thumb|250px|right|U.S. Census Bureau regions:<br />{{wp|U.S. West|The West}}, {{wp|Midwest|The Midwest}}, {{wp|U.S. Southern States|The South}} and {{wp|U.S. Northeast|The Northeast}}. Note that Alaska and Hawaii are shown at different scales, and that the {{wp|Aleutian Islands}} and the {{wp|uninhabited island|uninhabited}} {{wp|Northwestern Hawaiian Islands}} are omitted from this map.]]
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[[Image:Map of USA showing regions.png|thumb|250px|right|U.S. Census Bureau regions:<br />[[Wikipedia:U.S. West|The West]], [[Wikipedia:Midwest|The Midwest]], [[Wikipedia:U.S. Southern States|The South]] and [[Wikipedia:U.S. Northeast|The Northeast]]. Note that Alaska and Hawaii are shown at different scales, and that the [[Wikipedia:Aleutian Islands|Aleutian Islands]] and the [[Wikipedia:uninhabited island|uninhabited]] [[Wikipedia:Northwestern Hawaiian Islands|Northwestern Hawaiian Islands]] are omitted from this map.]]
   
States may be grouped in regions; there are endless variations and possible groupings, as most states are not defined by obvious geographic or cultural borders. For further discussion of regions of the U.S., see the {{wp|list of regions of the United States}}.
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States may be grouped in regions; there are endless variations and possible groupings, as most states are not defined by obvious geographic or cultural borders. For further discussion of regions of the U.S., see the [[Wikipedia:list of regions of the United States|list of regions of the United States]].
   
 
== State lists ==
 
== State lists ==
*{{wp|List of U.S. state capitals}}
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*[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state capitals|List of U.S. state capitals]]
*{{wp|List of current and former capital cities within U.S. states}}
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*[[Wikipedia:List of current and former capital cities within U.S. states|List of current and former capital cities within U.S. states]]
*{{wp|List of U.S. states' largest cities}}
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*[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. states' largest cities|List of U.S. states' largest cities]]
   
*{{wp|List of U.S. states by date of statehood}}
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*[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. states by date of statehood|List of U.S. states by date of statehood]]
*{{wp|List of U.S. states that were never territories}}
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*[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. states that were never territories|List of U.S. states that were never territories]]
*{{wp|List of U.S. state name etymologies}}
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*[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state name etymologies|List of U.S. state name etymologies]]
*{{wp|List of state legislatures in the United States}}
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*[[Wikipedia:List of state legislatures in the United States|List of state legislatures in the United States]]
   
*{{wp|List of U.S. states by area}}
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*[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. states by area|List of U.S. states by area]]
*{{wp|List of U.S. states by elevation}}
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*[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. states by elevation|List of U.S. states by elevation]]
*{{wp|List of U.S. states by GDP (nominal)}}
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*[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. states by GDP (nominal)|List of U.S. states by GDP]]
*{{wp|List of U.S. states by GDP per capita (nominal)}}
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*[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. states by GDP per capita (nominal)|List of U.S. states by GDP per capita]]
*{{wp|List of U.S. states by population}}
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*[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. states by population|List of U.S. states by population]]
*{{wp|List of U.S. states by population density}}
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*[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. states by population density|List of U.S. states by population density]]
*{{wp|List of U.S. states by time zone}}
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*[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. states by time zone|List of U.S. states by time zone]]
*{{wp|List of U.S. states by unemployment rate}}
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*[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. states by unemployment rate|List of U.S. states by unemployment rate]]
   
*{{wp|List of U.S. state residents names}}
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*[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state residents names|List of U.S. state residents names]]
   
*{{wp|List of U.S. states by traditional abbreviation}}
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*[[List of U.S. states by traditional abbreviation|List of U.S. states by traditional abbreviation]]
*{{wp|U.S. postal abbreviations}}
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*[[Wikipedia:U.S. postal abbreviations|U.S. postal abbreviations]]
*{{wp|U.S. state temperature extremes}}
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*[[Wikipedia:U.S. state temperature extremes|U.S. state temperature extremes]]
*Codes: {{wp|FIPS state code}}, {{wp|ISO 3166-2:US}}
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*Codes: [[FIPS state code|FIPS state code]], [[Wikipedia:ISO 3166-2:US|ISO 3166-2:US]]
   
*{{wp|Lists of U.S. state insignia}}
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*[[Wikipedia:Lists of U.S. state insignia|Lists of U.S. state insignia]]
<!--**{{wp|List of U.S. state amphibians}}
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<!--**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state amphibians|[[List of U.S. state amphibians|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state amphibians|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state beverages}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state beverages|[[List of U.S. state beverages|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state beverages|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state birds}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state birds|[[List of U.S. state birds|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state birds|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state butterflies}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state butterflies|[[List of U.S. state butterflies|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state butterflies|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state colors}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state colors|[[List of U.S. state colors|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state colors|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state dances}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state dances|[[List of U.S. state dances|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state dances|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state dinosaurs}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state dinosaurs|[[List of U.S. state dinosaurs|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state dinosaurs|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state fish}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state fish|[[List of U.S. state fish|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state fish|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state flags}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state flags|[[List of U.S. state flags|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state flags|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state flowers}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state flowers|[[List of U.S. state flowers|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state flowers|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state foods}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state foods|[[List of U.S. state foods|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state foods|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state fossils}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state fossils|[[List of U.S. state fossils|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state fossils|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state grasses}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state grasses|[[List of U.S. state grasses|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state grasses|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state insects}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state insects|[[List of U.S. state insects|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state insects|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state license plates}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state license plates|[[List of U.S. state license plates|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state license plates|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state mammals}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state mammals|[[List of U.S. state mammals|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state mammals|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state minerals, rocks, stones and gemstones}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state minerals, rocks, stones and gemstones|[[List of U.S. state minerals, rocks, stones and gemstones|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state minerals, rocks, stones and gemstones|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state mottos}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state mottos|[[List of U.S. state mottos|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state mottos|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state nicknames}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state nicknames|[[List of U.S. state nicknames|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state nicknames|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state reptiles}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state reptiles|[[List of U.S. state reptiles|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state reptiles|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state seals}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state seals|[[List of U.S. state seals|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state seals|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state slogans}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state slogans|[[List of U.S. state slogans|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state slogans|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state soils}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state soils|[[List of U.S. state soils|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state soils|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state songs}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state songs|[[List of U.S. state songs|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state songs|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state sports}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state sports|[[List of U.S. state sports|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state sports|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state tartans}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state tartans|[[List of U.S. state tartans|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state tartans|]]}}
**{{wp|List of U.S. state trees}}
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**{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. state trees|[[List of U.S. state trees|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. state trees|]]}}
*{{wp|List of fictional U.S. states}}
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*{{subst:#ifexist:List of fictional U.S. states|[[List of fictional U.S. states|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of fictional U.S. states|]]}}
 
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==See also==
 
==See also==
*{{wp|wikisource:United States Declaration of Independence|United States Declaration of Independence (text)}}
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*{{subst:#ifexist:wikisource:United States Declaration of Independence|[[wikisource:United States Declaration of Independence|United States Declaration of Independence (text)]]|[[Wikipedia:wikisource:United States Declaration of Independence|United States Declaration of Independence (text)]]}}
*{{wp|Declaration of Independence (United States)}}
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*{{subst:#ifexist:Declaration of Independence (United States)|[[Declaration of Independence (United States)|]]|[[Wikipedia:Declaration of Independence (United States)|]]}}
*{{wp|United States Constitution}}
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*{{subst:#ifexist:United States Constitution|[[United States Constitution|]]|[[Wikipedia:United States Constitution|]]}}
*{{wp|Extreme points of the United States}}
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*{{subst:#ifexist:Extreme points of the United States|[[Extreme points of the United States|]]|[[Wikipedia:Extreme points of the United States|]]}}
*{{wp|Geography of the United States}}
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*{{subst:#ifexist:Geography of the United States|[[Geography of the United States|]]|[[Wikipedia:Geography of the United States|]]}}
*{{wp|List of regions of the United States}}
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*{{subst:#ifexist:List of regions of the United States|[[List of regions of the United States|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of regions of the United States|]]}}
*{{wp|Political divisions of the United States}}
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*{{subst:#ifexist:Political divisions of the United States|[[Political divisions of the United States|]]|[[Wikipedia:Political divisions of the United States|]]}}
*{{wp|Organized incorporated territories of the United States}}
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*{{subst:#ifexist:Organized incorporated territories of the United States|[[Organized incorporated territories of the United States|]]|[[Wikipedia:Organized incorporated territories of the United States|]]}}
*{{wp|United States territory}}
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*{{subst:#ifexist:United States territory|[[United States territory|]]|[[Wikipedia:United States territory|]]}}
*{{wp|United States territorial acquisitions }}
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*{{subst:#ifexist:United States territorial acquisitions |[[United States territorial acquisitions |]]|[[Wikipedia:United States territorial acquisitions |]]}}
*{{wp|List of U.S. counties that share names with U.S. states}}
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*{{subst:#ifexist:List of U.S. counties that share names with U.S. states|[[List of U.S. counties that share names with U.S. states|]]|[[Wikipedia:List of U.S. counties that share names with U.S. states|]]}}
*{{wp|States' rights}}
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*{{subst:#ifexist:States' rights|[[States' rights|]]|[[Wikipedia:States' rights|]]}}
*{{wp|State Quarters}}
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*{{subst:#ifexist:State Quarters|[[State Quarters|]]|[[Wikipedia:State Quarters|]]}}
*{{wp|51st state}}
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*{{subst:#ifexist:51st state|[[51st state|]]|[[Wikipedia:51st state|]]}}
 
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==External links==
 
==External links==
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* [http://factfinder.census.gov/bf/_lang=en_vt_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_GCTPH1_US9_geo_id=01000US.html Tables with areas, populations, densities and more (alphabetical)]
 
* [http://factfinder.census.gov/bf/_lang=en_vt_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_GCTPH1_US9_geo_id=01000US.html Tables with areas, populations, densities and more (alphabetical)]
 
* [http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0854966.html Origin of State Names]
 
* [http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0854966.html Origin of State Names]
* [http://search.godonthe.net Rick's Search Assistant] - Web links & addresses for many state agencies, e.g., {{wp|Motor vehicle|Motor Vehicles}}, Corporate Records, Attorneys General
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* [http://search.godonthe.net Rick's Search Assistant] - Web links & addresses for many state agencies, e.g., [[Wikipedia:Motor vehicle|Motor Vehicles]], Corporate Records, Attorneys General
 
* [http://www.usps.com/ United States Postal Service]
 
* [http://www.usps.com/ United States Postal Service]
 
* [http://www.firstgov.gov/Agencies/State_and_Territories.shtml State and Territorial Governments on FirstGov.gov]
 
* [http://www.firstgov.gov/Agencies/State_and_Territories.shtml State and Territorial Governments on FirstGov.gov]

Revision as of 16:41, 28 June 2009

A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the United States (although four states use the official title commonwealth). The separate state governments and the federal government share sovereignty, in that an "American" is a citizen both of the federal entity and of his or her state of residence. However, state citizenship is very flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states (with the exception of convicts on parole).

The United States Constitution allocates power between the two levels of government in general terms. By ratifying the Constitution, each state transfers certain sovereign powers to the federal government and agrees to share other powers. Under the Tenth Amendment, all powers not explicitly transferred or shared are retained by the states and the people. Historically, the tasks of public education, public health, transportation and other infrastructure have been considered primarily state responsibilities, although all have significant federal funding and regulation as well.

Over time, the Constitution has been amended, and the interpretation and application of its provisions have changed. The general tendency has been toward centralization, with the federal government playing a much larger role than it once did. There is a continuing debate over "states' rights," which concerns the extent and nature of the powers that the states have given to the federal government.

List of states

The following sortable table lists each of the 50 states of the United States of America with the following information:

The 50 United States of America
State Official Name USPS Date Population Capital Most Populous City Flag
Alabama State of Alabama AL 181912141819-12-14 04,599,030 Montgomery Birmingham Flag of Alabama.svg
Alaska State of Alaska AK 195901031959-01-03 00,670,053 Juneau Anchorage Flag of Alaska.svg
Arizona State of Arizona AZ 191202141912-02-14 06,166,318 Phoenix Phoenix Flag of Arizona.svg
Arkansas State of Arkansas AR 183606151836-06-15 02,810,872 Little Rock Little Rock Flag of Arkansas.svg
California State of California CA 185009091850-09-09 36,457,549 Sacramento Los Angeles Flag of California.svg
Colorado State of Colorado CO 187608011876-08-01 04,753,377 Denver Denver Flag of Colorado.svg
Connecticut State of Connecticut CT 178801091788-01-09 03,504,809 Hartford Bridgeport[4] Flag of Connecticut.svg
Delaware State of Delaware DE 178712071787-12-07 00,853,476 Dover Wilmington Flag of Delaware.svg
Florida State of Florida FL 184503031845-03-03 18,089,888 Tallahassee Jacksonville[5] Flag of Florida.svg
Georgia State of Georgia GA 178801021788-01-02 09,363,941 Atlanta Atlanta Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg
Hawaii State of Hawai`i
Moku`a-ina o Hawai`i
HI 195908211959-08-21 01,285,498 Honolulu Honolulu Flag of Hawaii.svg
Idaho State of Idaho ID 189007031890-07-03 01,466,465 Boise Boise Flag of Idaho.svg
Illinois State of Illinois IL 181812031818-12-03 12,831,970 Springfield Chicago Flag of Illinois.svg
Indiana State of Indiana IN 181612111816-12-11 06,313,520 Indianapolis Indianapolis Flag of Indiana.svg
Iowa State of Iowa IA 184612281846-12-28 02,982,085 Des Moines Des Moines Flag of Iowa.svg
Kansas State of Kansas KS 186101291861-01-29 02,764,075 Topeka Wichita Flag of Kansas.svg
Kentucky Commonwealth of Kentucky KY 179206011792-06-01 04,206,074 Frankfort Louisville Flag of Kentucky.svg
Louisiana State of Louisiana
État de Louisiane
LA 181204301812-04-30 04,287,768 Baton Rouge New Orleans[6] Flag of Louisiana.svg
Maine State of Maine ME 182003151820-03-15 01,321,574 Augusta Portland Flag of Maine.svg
Maryland State of Maryland MD 178804281788-04-28 05,615,727 Annapolis Baltimore[7] Flag of Maryland.svg
Massachusetts Commonwealth of Massachusetts MA 178802061788-02-06 06,437,193 Boston Boston Flag of Massachusetts.svg
Michigan State of Michigan MI 183701261837-01-26 10,095,643 Lansing Detroit Flag of Michigan.svg
Minnesota State of Minnesota MN 185805111858-05-11 05,167,101 Saint Paul Minneapolis Flag of Minnesota.svg
Mississippi State of Mississippi MS 181712101817-12-10 02,910,540 Jackson Jackson Flag of Mississippi.svg
Missouri State of Missouri MO 182108101821-08-10 05,842,713 Jefferson City Kansas City[8] Flag of Missouri.svg
Montana State of Montana MT 188911081889-11-08 00,944,632 Helena Billings Flag of Montana.svg
Nebraska State of Nebraska NE 186703011867-03-01 01,768,331 Lincoln Omaha Flag of Nebraska.svg
Nevada State of Nevada NV 186410311864-10-31 02,495,529 Carson City Las Vegas Flag of Nevada.svg
New Hampshire State of New Hampshire NH 178806211788-06-21 01,314,895 Concord Manchester[9] Flag of New Hampshire.svg
New Jersey State of New Jersey NJ 178712181787-12-18 08,724,560 Trenton Newark[10] Flag of New Jersey.svg
New Mexico State of New Mexico
Estado de Nuevo México
NM 191201061912-01-06 01,954,599 Santa Fe Albuquerque Flag of New Mexico.svg
New York State of New York NY 178807261788-07-26 19,306,183 Albany New York Flag of New York.svg
North Carolina State of North Carolina NC 178911211789-11-21 08,856,505 Raleigh Charlotte Flag of North Carolina.svg
North Dakota State of North Dakota ND 188911021889-11-02 00,635,867 Bismarck Fargo Flag of North Dakota.svg
Ohio State of Ohio OH 180303011803-03-01 11,478,006 Columbus Columbus[11] Flag of Ohio.svg
Oklahoma State of Oklahoma OK 190711161907-11-16 03,579,212 Oklahoma City Oklahoma City Flag of Oklahoma.svg
Oregon State of Oregon OR 185902141859-02-14 03,700,758 Salem Portland Flag of Oregon.svg
Pennsylvania Commonwealth of Pennsylvania PA 178712121787-12-12 12,440,621 Harrisburg Philadelphia Flag of Pennsylvania.svg
Rhode Island State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations RI 179005291790-05-29 01,067,610 Providence Providence Flag of Rhode Island.svg
South Carolina State of South Carolina SC 178805231788-05-23 04,321,249 Columbia Columbia[12] Flag of South Carolina.svg
South Dakota State of South Dakota SD 188911021889-11-02 00,781,919 Pierre Sioux Falls Flag of South Dakota.svg
Tennessee State of Tennessee TN 179606011796-06-01 06,038,803 Nashville Memphis[13] Flag of Tennessee.svg
Texas State of Texas TX 184512291845-12-29 23,507,783 Austin Houston[14] Flag of Texas.svg
Utah State of Utah UT 189601041896-01-04 02,550,063 Salt Lake City Salt Lake City Flag of Utah.svg
Vermont State of Vermont VT 179103041791-03-04 00,623,908 Montpelier Burlington Flag of Vermont.svg
Virginia Commonwealth of Virginia VA 178806251788-06-25 07,642,884 Richmond Virginia Beach[15] Flag of Virginia.svg
Washington State of Washington WA 188911111889-11-11 06,395,798 Olympia Seattle Flag of Washington.svg
West Virginia State of West Virginia WV 186306201863-06-20 01,818,470 Charleston Charleston Flag of West Virginia.svg
Wisconsin State of Wisconsin WI 184805291848-05-29 05,556,506 Madison Milwaukee Flag of Wisconsin.svg
Wyoming State of Wyoming WY 189007101890-07-10 00,515,004 Cheyenne Cheyenne Flag of Wyoming.svg

Admission of states into the union

Since the establishment of the United States, the number of states has expanded from 13 to 50. The Constitution is rather laconic on the process by which new states can be added, noting only that "New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union", and forbidding a new state to be created out of the territory of an existing state without the consent of both that state's legislature and of Congress.

In practice, nearly all states admitted to the union after the original thirteen have been formed from U.S. territories (that is, land under the sovereignty of the United States federal government but not part of any state) that were organized (given a measure of self-rule by Congress). Generally speaking, the organized government of a territory would make known the sentiment of its population in favor of statehood; Congress would then direct that government to organize a constitutional convention to write a state constitution. Upon acceptance of that Constitution, Congress would then admit that territory as a state. The broad outlines in this process were established by the Northwest Ordinance, which actually predated the ratification of the Constitution.

However, Congress has ultimate authority over the admission of new states, and is not bound to follow this procedure. A few U.S. states outside of the original 13 have been admitted that were never organized territories of the federal government:

  • Vermont, an unrecognized but de facto independent republic until its admission in 1791
  • Kentucky, a part of Virginia until its admission in 1792
  • Maine, a part of Massachusetts until its admission in 1820 following the Missouri Compromise
  • Texas, a recognized independent republic until its admission in 1845
  • California, created as a state (as part of the Compromise of 1850) out of the unorganized territory of the Mexican Cession in 1850 without ever having been a separate organized territory itself
  • West Virginia, created from areas of Virginia that rejoined the union in 1863, after the 1861 secession of Virginia to the Confederate States of America

Congress is also under no obligation to admit states even in those areas whose population expresses a desire for statehood. For instance, the Republic of Texas requested annexation to the United States in 1836, but fears about the conflict with Mexico that would result delayed admission for nine years. Utah Territory was denied admission to the union as a state for decades because of discomfort with The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints' dominance in the territory, and particularly with the Mormon elite's then-current practice of polygamy.


Naming issues: Commonwealths, republics, and states

Four of the states bear the formal title of Commonwealth: Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia. In these cases, this is merely a name and has no legal effect. Somewhat confusingly, two U.S. territories — Puerto Rico and the Northern Marianas — are also referred to as commonwealths, and do have a legal status different from the states.

The Republic of Texas was an independent nation for nine years, and the Republic of HawaiʻiWp globe tiny.gif, formerly the Kingdom of HawaiʻiWp globe tiny.gif, was also an independent nation. There is debate over whether Vermont was ever an independent nation; however it was the first future state to write its own Constitution. The so-called "California Republic" was actually a flag raised by Americans in the town of Sonoma after they expelled the local Mexican official. Ten days later the U.S. Army took over.

See also List of official names of the states of the USA.

State governments

States are free to organize their state governments any way they like, as long as they conform to the sole requirement of the U.S. Constitution that they have "a Republican Form of Government". In practice, each state has adopted a three branch system of government generally along the sames lines as that of the federal government—though this is not a requirement. There is nothing that could stop a state from adopting a parliamentary system—with a fusion of powers, as opposed to a separation of powers—if it so choses.


Origin of states' names

State names speak to the circumstances of their creation. (See the lists of U.S. state name etymologies and U.S. county name etymologies for more detail.)

British

Southeastern states on the Atlantic coast originated as British colonies named after British monarchs: Georgia, the Carolinas, Virginia, and Maryland. Some northeastern states, also former British colonies, take their names from places in the British Isles: New Hampshire, New Jersey, and New York. Pennsylvania, meaning "Penn's woods," in Latin, takes its name from the father of its founder, William Penn. Delaware is named after Thomas West, Lord De La Warr, an early colonist and governor of the Jamestown Colony.

Native American

Many states' names are those of Native American tribes or are from Native American languages: Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Connecticut, the Dakotas, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Wisconsin and others. Additionally, the name of Idaho was presented as a Native American word by eccentric lobbyist George M. Willing, though it was later revealed that he likely made it up. Indiana means literally "land of Indians". Hawaii is a Polynesian name.

Spanish

Because they are on territories previously controlled by Spain or Mexico, many states in the southeast and southwest have Spanish names. They include Colorado, Florida, Nevada, Montana, and, ultimately of Native American origin, New Mexico. California is also believed to be of Spanish origin, though this is not entirely clear (see Origin of the name California).

French

Because it was previously a French colony, Louisiana is named after Louis XIV (the King of France at the time). Maine may also be named after the historical French province of Maine, although another theory derives "Maine" from "mainland," differentiating it from the outlying islands. Vermont is derived from the French term for "green mountains", a reference to its mountainous but forested terrain.

Other

Formally referred to as the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Rhode Island likely gained its name through the supposed similarity of Aquidneck Island (the body of land known as Rhode Island, which contains the city of Newport and the towns of Portsmouth and Middletown) to the Greek Isle of Rhodes. Providence Plantations, which makes reference to the mainland that surrounds Narragansett Bay, was named by its religious founders for God's divine providence. The state of Washington was named after George Washington. Arizona may come from a Basque term, or it may be of Native American origin.

Origin Unknown

The origin of Oregon is not certain, although various theories exist, but is most likely to be of Native American origin.

Grouping of the states in regions

U.S. Census Bureau regions:
The West, The Midwest, The South and The Northeast. Note that Alaska and Hawaii are shown at different scales, and that the Aleutian Islands and the uninhabited Northwestern Hawaiian Islands are omitted from this map.

States may be grouped in regions; there are endless variations and possible groupings, as most states are not defined by obvious geographic or cultural borders. For further discussion of regions of the U.S., see the list of regions of the United States.

State lists

External links

References

  1. ^ "Official USPS Abbreviations" ({{subst:#ifexist:HTML|[[HTML|]]|[[Wikipedia:HTML|]]}}). {{subst:#ifexist:United States Postal Service|[[United States Postal Service|]]|[[Wikipedia:United States Postal Service|]]}}. 1998. http://www.usps.com/ncsc/lookups/abbreviations.html. Retrieved 2007-02-26. 
  2. ^ "Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for the United States and States, and for Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006" ({{subst:#ifexist:comma-separated values|CSV|CSV}}). 2006 Population Estimates. {{subst:#ifexist:United States Census Bureau|[[United States Census Bureau|]]|[[Wikipedia:United States Census Bureau|]]}}, Population Division. {{subst:#ifexist:2006-12-22|[[2006-12-22|]]|[[Wikipedia:2006-12-22|]]}}. http://www.census.gov/popest/states/tables/NST-EST2006-01.csv. Retrieved 2007-02-26. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005" ({{subst:#ifexist:comma-separated values|CSV|CSV}}). 2005 Population Estimates. {{subst:#ifexist:United States Census Bureau|[[United States Census Bureau|]]|[[Wikipedia:United States Census Bureau|]]}}, Population Division. {{subst:#ifexist:2006-06-20|[[2006-06-20|]]|[[Wikipedia:2006-06-20|]]}}. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2005-ip.csv. Retrieved 2007-02-26. 
  4. ^ The {{subst:#ifexist:Hartford-West Hartford-Willimantic Combined Statistical Area|[[Hartford-West Hartford-Willimantic Combined Statistical Area|]]|[[Wikipedia:Hartford-West Hartford-Willimantic Combined Statistical Area|]]}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{subst:#ifexist:Connecticut|[[Connecticut|]]|[[Wikipedia:Connecticut|]]}}.
  5. ^ The {{subst:#ifexist:Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach Metropolitan Statistical Area|[[Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach Metropolitan Statistical Area|]]|[[Wikipedia:Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach Metropolitan Statistical Area|]]}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{subst:#ifexist:Florida|[[Florida|]]|[[Wikipedia:Florida|]]}}.
  6. ^ The {{subst:#ifexist:United States Census Bureau|[[United States Census Bureau|]]|[[Wikipedia:United States Census Bureau|]]}} estimates that, as of {{subst:#ifexist:2005-07-01|[[2005-07-01|]]|[[Wikipedia:2005-07-01|]]}}, the population of the {{subst:#ifexist:New Orleans, Louisiana|City of New Orleans|City of New Orleans}} was 454,863 and the population of the {{subst:#ifexist:Baton Rouge, Louisiana|City of Baton Rouge|City of Baton Rouge}} was 222,064. After {{subst:#ifexist:Hurricane Katrina|[[Hurricane Katrina|]]|[[Wikipedia:Hurricane Katrina|]]}} struck {{subst:#ifexist:Louisiana|[[Louisiana|]]|[[Wikipedia:Louisiana|]]}}, New Orleans lost a significant portion of its population while the population of Baton Rouge increased substantially.
  7. ^ {{subst:#ifexist:Baltimore, Maryland|Baltimore City|Baltimore City}} and the 12 {{subst:#ifexist:Maryland|[[Maryland|]]|[[Wikipedia:Maryland|]]}} {{subst:#ifexist:county (United States)|counties|counties}} of the {{subst:#ifexist:Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area|[[Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area|]]|[[Wikipedia:Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area|]]}} form the most populous metropolitan region in Maryland.
  8. ^ The {{subst:#ifexist:St. Louis, Missouri|City of Saint Louis|City of Saint Louis}} and the 8 {{subst:#ifexist:Missouri|[[Missouri|]]|[[Wikipedia:Missouri|]]}} {{subst:#ifexist:county (United States)|counties|counties}} of the {{subst:#ifexist:St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington Combined Statistical Area|[[St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington Combined Statistical Area|]]|[[Wikipedia:St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington Combined Statistical Area|]]}} form the most populous metropolitan region in Missouri.
  9. ^ The 5 southeastern {{subst:#ifexist:New Hampshire|[[New Hampshire|]]|[[Wikipedia:New Hampshire|]]}} {{subst:#ifexist:county (United States)|counties|counties}} of the {{subst:#ifexist:Boston-Worcester-Manchester Combined Statistical Area|[[Boston-Worcester-Manchester Combined Statistical Area|]]|[[Wikipedia:Boston-Worcester-Manchester Combined Statistical Area|]]}} form the most populous metropolitan region in New Hampshire.
  10. ^ The 13 northern {{subst:#ifexist:New Jersey|[[New Jersey|]]|[[Wikipedia:New Jersey|]]}} {{subst:#ifexist:county (United States)|counties|counties}} of the {{subst:#ifexist:New York-Newark-Bridgeport Combined Statistical Area|[[New York-Newark-Bridgeport Combined Statistical Area|]]|[[Wikipedia:New York-Newark-Bridgeport Combined Statistical Area|]]}} form the most populous metropolitan region in New Jersey.
  11. ^ The {{subst:#ifexist:Cleveland-Akron-Elyria Combined Statistical Area|[[Cleveland-Akron-Elyria Combined Statistical Area|]]|[[Wikipedia:Cleveland-Akron-Elyria Combined Statistical Area|]]}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{subst:#ifexist:Ohio|[[Ohio|]]|[[Wikipedia:Ohio|]]}}.
  12. ^ The {{subst:#ifexist:Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Combined Statistical Area|[[Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Combined Statistical Area|]]|[[Wikipedia:Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Combined Statistical Area|]]}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{subst:#ifexist:South Carolina|[[South Carolina|]]|[[Wikipedia:South Carolina|]]}}.
  13. ^ The {{subst:#ifexist:Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Columbia Combined Statistical Area|[[Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Columbia Combined Statistical Area|]]|[[Wikipedia:Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Columbia Combined Statistical Area|]]}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{subst:#ifexist:Tennessee|[[Tennessee|]]|[[Wikipedia:Tennessee|]]}}.
  14. ^ The {{subst:#ifexist:Dallas-Fort Worth Combined Statistical Area|[[Dallas-Fort Worth Combined Statistical Area|]]|[[Wikipedia:Dallas-Fort Worth Combined Statistical Area|]]}} is the most populous metropolitan area in {{subst:#ifexist:Texas|[[Texas|]]|[[Wikipedia:Texas|]]}}.
  15. ^ The 10 {{subst:#ifexist:Virginia|[[Virginia|]]|[[Wikipedia:Virginia|]]}} {{subst:#ifexist:county (United States)|counties|counties}} and 6 {{subst:#ifexist:independent cities#Virginia|Virginia cities|Virginia cities}} of the {{subst:#ifexist:Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area|[[Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area|]]|[[Wikipedia:Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area|]]}} form the most populous metropolitan region in Virginia.


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