Main Births etc
Torzhok
Торжок
Novyi Torg
—  Town  —

Coat of Arms of Torzhok
Coordinates: 57°02′N 34°58′E / 57.033, 34.967Coordinates: 57°02′N 34°58′E / 57.033, 34.967
Country Russia
Federal subject of Russia Tver Oblast
Rayon Torzhok Rayon
Established 9th century
First mentioned 1139
Government
 • Mayor Evgeni Ignatov
Area
 • Total 58.8 km2 (22.7 sq mi)
Elevation 165 m (541 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 47 702
Time zone MSK (UTC+3)
Postal codes 172000-172011
Dialing code 7 48251
Vehicle registration 69
OKATO Code 28 450
Website http://torzhok-adm.ru/

General view of the town in the 1910s

Tvertsa Embankment

Torzhok (Russian: Торжо́к) is a town in Tver Oblast, Russia, famous for its folk craft of goldwork embroidery. Population: 47 702 (2010)

Geography[edit | edit source]

The town is situated on the Tvertsa River, 38 miles northwest of Tver, and 145 miles from Moscow. The city is situated along the federal highway Russian Route M10, and a branch of the Oktyabrskaya Railway subdivision of Russian Railways.

History[edit | edit source]

Torzhok was first mentioned in a chronicle in 1139. The Mongols burnt it in 1238, but did not proceed northward to Novgorod. At that time the town commanded the only route whereby grain was delivered to Novgorod. Once Torzhok blocked the route, a great shortage of grain and famine in Novgorod would follow. Consequently, Torzhok was known as a key to Novgorod Republic and frequently changed hands during feudal internecine wars.

The town was incorporated into Muscovy with the rest of Novgorod Republic in 1478. The Polish army frequently ravaged it during the Time of Troubles. During the imperial period of Russian history, Torzhok was known as an important post station on the highway from Moscow to St. Petersburg. Alexander Pushkin, for instance, used to pass through Torzhok on a number of occasions, so there is a museum dedicated to him in the town. The natives of Torzhok include painter Alexej von Jawlensky.

Architectural monuments of Torzhok include a number of parish churches, dating back to the late 17th or early 18th centuries. Under Catherine the Great, the old monastery of Sts. Boris and Gleb was redesigned in Neoclassical style by a local landowner, Prince Lvov. The main city church is the Saviour-Transfiguration Cathedral, founded in 1374. The current edifice was consecrated in 1822. There is also Catherine II's diminutive travel palace.

Torzhok achieved town status in 1775.

Views[edit | edit source]

International relations[edit | edit source]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit | edit source]

Torzhok is twinned with:

References[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

Commons-logo.png
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Born in Torzhok[edit | edit source]

Married in Torzhok[edit | edit source]

Died in Torzhok[edit | edit source]

 Death yearBirth localityFatherMotherJoined with
Anastasiya Dmitriyevna (c1378-c1430)1,433Dmitri Ivanovich Donskoy (1350-1389)Yevdokiya Dmitriyevna (1352-1407)Ivan Vsevolodovich of Kholm (c1355-1402) + Simeon Lengvenis (c1358-1431)
[create] Documentation
This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Torzhok. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.
... more about "Torzhok"
57.033 +
34.967 +