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Stavropol Krai
—  Federal Subject of Russia  —
Ставропольский край
Flag of Stavropol Krai.png
Flag
Coat of Arms of Stavropol kray.png
Coat of arms
Map of Russia - Stavropol Krai (2008-03).svg
Country Russia
Political status Krai
Federal District North Caucasus
Economic Region North Caucasus
Official language Russian
Established Jan 10, 1934
Administrative center Stavropol
Government
 • Type Legislature
 • Body State Duma
 • Governor Valery Gayevsky
Area
 • Federal Subject of Russia 66,500 km2 (25,700 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Federal Subject of Russia 2,786,100
 • Rank 14th
 • Urban 57.2%
 • Rural 42.8%
ISO 3166 code RU-STA
Vehicle registration 26

Stavropol Krai (Russian: Ставропо́льский край, Stavropolsky kray) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai). Its administrative center is the city of Stavropol.

GeographyEdit

Stavropol Krai encompasses the central part of the Fore-Caucasus and most of the Northern slopes of Caucasus Major. It borders with Rostov Oblast, Krasnodar Krai, the Republic of Kalmykia, the Republic of Dagestan, the Chechen Republic, the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, the Kabardino-Balkar Republic, and the Karachay-Cherkess Republic.

Stavropol is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.

DemographicsEdit

Population: 2,735,139 (2002 Census); 2,410,379 (1989 Census). The population of Stavropol Krai is concentrated in the Kuban River and Kuma River drainage basin, which used to be traditional Cossack land (see History of Cossacks). The Kuban Cossacks are now generally considered to be ethnic Russians, even though they are still an important minority in their own right in this area. Other notable ethnic groups include the Armenians (mostly Christian Hamsheni) who have been settling here since at least the 18th century.

Ethnic groups: The 2002 Census counted thirty-three ethnic groups of more than two thousand persons each, making this federal subject one of the most multicultural in Russia. The inhabitants identified themselves as belonging to more than 140 different ethnic groups, as shown in the following table:

Population Ethnicity Percentage of total population
2,231,759 Russians 81.6%
149,249 Armenians 5.46%
45,892 Ukrainians 1.68%
40,218 Dargins 1.47%
34,078 Greeks 1.25%
20,680 Nogais 0.76%
19,094 Gypsies 1.47%
15,146 Karachay 0.55%
15,069 Azeris 0.55%
13,937 Turkmens 0.51%
13,208 Chechens 0.50%
12,988 Tatars 0.5%
8,047 Germans 0.28%
7,772 Ossetians 0.26%
7,484 Turks 0.26%
5,744 Kumyks 0.22%
3,902 Kazakhs 0.2%
3,300 Abazin 0.17%

A further 0.26% of the inhabitants declined to state their nationality on the census questionnaire.[1]

Vital Statistics for 2007: Source

  • Birth Rate: 11.22 per 1,000
  • Death Rate: 13.32 per 1,000
  • Net Immigration: +3.5 per 1,000
  • NGR: -0.21% per Year
  • PGR: +0.14% per Year

Administrative divisionsEdit

Stavropol Krai is divided into 26 rayons (districts} and 10 urban okrugs (urban circles). Together they include 12 towns, 24 urban-type settlements, and 224 selsoviets.

Urban Okrugs (Circles)

Coat of Arms Name of
Urban okrug
Area
(km²)
Population
(2011).
Population
Rank
I Coat of Arms of Stavropol (1994) Stavropol 244.8 399 800 1
II Coat of Arms of Budyonnovsk (Stavropol krai) Budyonnovsk 73.32 64 732 8
III Coat of Arms of Georgievsk (Stavropol kray) Georgievsk 25.0 72 116 7
IV Coat of Arms of Essentuki (Stavropol krai) Yessentuki 55.0 101 109 5
V Coat of Arms of Zheleznovodsk (Stavropol kray) Zheleznovodsk 93.17 24 501 9
VI Coat of Arms of Kislovodsk (Stavropol kray) Kislovodsk 71.83 128 426 3
VII Coat of Arms of Lermontov Lermontov 30.0 22 557 10
VIII Coat of Arms of Nevinnomysk (Stavropol kray) Nevinnomysk 80.0 118 203 4
IX Coat of Arms of Pyatigorsk (Stavropol kray) Pyatigorsk 97.0 142 549 2
X Coat of Arms of Mineralnye Vody (Stavropol kray) Mineralnye Vody 51.7 76 832 6


Rayons (Districts):

Coat of Arms Name of rayon Area
(km²)
Area
rank
Population
'000 (2010)
Population
rank
Аdministrative
center
Population
'000 (2010)
1 Coat of Arms of Aleksandrovskii rayon Aleksandrovskoye Rayon 2014.3 17 50,061 15 Aleksandrovskoye 27,396
2 Coat of Arms of Andropovskii rayon Andropov Rayon 2388.0 12 34,326 20 Kursavka 11,215
3 - Apanasenkov Rayon 3584.0 5 33,954 21 Divnoe 14,058
4 - Arzgir Rayon 3383.4 6 26,421 23 Arzgir 14,797
5 Coat of Arms of Blagodarny Blagodarnyi Rayon 2471.0 10 63,033 13 Blagodarnyi 32,739
6 Buden district herb Budyonnovsk 3130.0 7 142,271 1 Budyonnovsk 64,732
7 Coat of Arms of Georgievskii rayon Georgievsk Rayon 1919.7 19 92,131 5 Georgievsk -
8 Gerb grach Grachyovka Rayon 1794.0 22 36,027 19 Grachyovka 6,238
9 - Izobilnyi 1935.0 19 100,115 4 Izobilnyi 40,518
10 Gerb-Ipatovsky-Reg-Stavropol- Ipatovo Rayon 4036.0 2 64,821 11 Ipatovo 26,046
11 Coat of Arms of Kirovskii rayon Kirov Rayon 1340.0 26 66,348 10 Novopavlovsk 26,553
12 - Kochubeyevskoye Rayon 2363.4 12 76,708 7 Kochubeyevskoye 26,800
13 Coat of Arms of Krasnogvardeyskii rayon Stavropolye Krasnogardeiskoye Rayon 2263.0 14 40,032 18 Krasnogardeiskoye 15,944
14 - Kurskaya Rayon 3700.0 4 54,100 14 Kurskaya 11,824
15 Coat of Arms Levokumskii rayon Levokumskoye Rayon 4687.2 1 41,545 17 Levokumskoye 11,176
16 - Mineralnye Vody Rayon 1495.0 25 45,553 16 Mineralnye Vody -
17 Coat of arms of Neftekumsky district (Stavropol territory) Neftekumsk Rayon 3797.0 3 68,733 9 Neftekumsk 27,716
18 Coat of Arms of Novoaleksandrovskii rayon Novoaleksandrovsk Rayon 2015.7 17 64,161 12 Novoaleksandrovsk 26,741
19 Gerb-Novoselitsky-Reg-Stavropol Novoselitskoye Rayon 1724.5 23 25,265 25 Novoselitskoye 8,569
20 Coat of Arms of Petrovskii rayon Petrovsk Rayon 2761.0 8 78,283 6 Svetlograd 38,496
21 Coat of Arms of Predgorny rayon Predgorny Rayon 2072.6 16 106,295 3 Yessentukskaya 20,173
22 Coat of Arms of Sovetskii rayon Stavropolskii krai Sovyet Rayon 2089.0 15 70,796 8 Zelenokumsk 35,769
23 Gerb-Stepnovsky-Reg-Stavropol Stepnoye Rayon 1887.0 21 22,730 26 Stepnoye 5,951
24 Coat of Arms of Trunovskii rayon Trunovsk Rayon 1685.0 23 34,291 22 Donskoye 14,925
25 - Turkmensk Rayon 2626 9 26,002 24 Letnyaya Stavka 4,881
26 Coat of Arms of Shpakovskii rayon Shpakovsk Rayon 2363.0 13 112,530 2 Mikhailovsk 71,162

AgricultureEdit

Irrigated agriculture is well developed in the region. As of the beginning of 2001, Stavropol Krai had 3361 km of irrigation canals, of which 959 km were lined (i.e. had concrete or stone walls, rather than merely soil walls, to reduce the loss of water).[2]

Among the major irrigation canals are:[2]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ (2002) "National Composition of Population for Regions of the Russian Federation" (XLS). Retrieved on 2006-07-20. 
  2. ^ a b Общая информация О водных ресурсах края (General information about the water resources of the krai), from the regional government site. (Russian)

ReferencesEdit

  • Государственная Дума Ставропольского края. №6-кз 12 октября 1994 г. «Устав (основной закон) Ставропольского края», в ред. Закона №34-кз от 10 июня 2008 г. (State Duma of Stavropol Krai. #6-kz October 12, 1994 Charter (Basic Law) of Stavropol Krai, as amended by the Law #34-kz of June 10, 2008. ).

External linksEdit

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