This article is based on the corresponding article in another wiki. For Familypedia purposes, it requires significantly more historical detail on phases of this location's development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there. Also desirable are links to organizations that may be repositories of genealogical information..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can.

Saint Martin Parish, Louisiana
Map of Louisiana highlighting Saint Martin Parish
Location in the state of Louisiana
Map of the U.S. highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1868
Named for St. Martin
Seat St. Martinville
Largest city Breaux Bridge
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

816 sq mi (2,115 km²)
740 sq mi (1,916 km²)
77 sq mi (198 km²), 9.38%
 - (2000)
 - Density

66/sq mi (25/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

St. Martin Parish (French: Paroisse de Saint-Martin) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. The parish seat is St. Martinville and as of the 2000 census, the population is 48,583. The parish is split into two noncontiguous parts because of a surveying error dating to 1868, when Iberia Parish was created by the Louisiana Legislature.

St. Martin Parish was the birthplace of the Louisiana Martins, a political father and son team: Wade O. Martin, and Wade O. Martin, who served, respectively, as Louisiana public service commissioner and as secretary of state.

Prior to his PSC tenure, Martin, Sr., was the St. Martin Parish sheriff. He hired Drauzin Angelle as chief deputy in 1924. From the second position in the sheriff's office, Angelle became a political power broker in St. Martin Parish for more than three decades Angelle's son, Bob Angelle became mayor of Breaux Bridge and served for more than three decades in the Louisiana House of Representatives, including a stint as Speaker from 1957-1960.

Also from St. Martin Parish was state senator and then District Judge James D. Simon (1897-1982), who capped his 35-year judicial career as a member of the Louisiana Supreme Court.

Geography[edit | edit source]

The parish has a total area of 2,115 km² (816 sq mi). 1,916 km² (740 sq mi) of it is land and 198 km² (77 sq mi) of it is water. The total area is 9.38% water.

Major Highways[edit | edit source]

Adjacent parishes[edit | edit source]

Iberia Parish splits the parish into two parts. In addition, the following parishes are also adjacent:

Demographics[edit | edit source]

As of the census² of 2000, there were 48,583 people, 17,164 households, and 12,975 families residing in the parish. The population density was 25/km² (66/sq mi). There were 20,245 housing units at an average density of 11/km² (27/sq mi). The racial makeup of the parish was 65.95% White, 31.98% Black or African American, 0.92% Asian, 0.29% Native American, 0.20% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race made up 0.83% of the population. The 2000 census counted 44,915 people in the parish who are at least five years old of whom 31,229 (69.5%) speak only English at home, 27.44% reported speaking French or Cajun French at home, while 1.52% speak Louisiana Creole French.[1] St. Martin has the highest percentage of French-speaking residents of any county or parish in the United States.

There were 17,164 households out of which 39.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.60% were married couples living together, 15.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.40% were non-families. 20.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the parish the population was spread out with 29.50% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 29.60% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, and 10.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 96.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $30,701, and the median income for a family was $36,316. Males had a median income of $30,701 versus $18,365 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $13,619. About 18.40% of families and 21.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.70% of those under age 18 and 22.10% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit | edit source]

Map of St. Martin Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

External links[edit | edit source]

Coordinates: 30°08′N 91°37′W / 30.13, -91.61

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at St. Martin Parish, Louisiana. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.