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South Yorkshire
EnglandSouthYorkshire.png
Geography
Status Ceremonial and Metropolitan county (no county council)
Origin 1974
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Historic county Yorkshire (West Riding)
Area
- Total
Ranked 38th
1,552 km²
ONS code 2C
NUTS 3 UKE3
Demographics
Population
- Total (2006 est.)
- Density
Ranked 10thWp globe tiny.gif
1,343,900
866 / km²
Ethnicity 95.0% White
2.6% S.Asian
2.4% Black
Politics
Members of Parliament
Districts
SouthYorkshireNumbered.png
  1. Sheffield
  2. Rotherham
  3. Doncaster
  4. Barnsley

South Yorkshire is a metropolitan county, located in the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England. The county was created in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972[1] and in 2001 covered an area of 1,552.05 km².[2]

Divisions and environs[]

South Yorkshire is divided into four local government districts; they are the City of Sheffield, the Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster, the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley and the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham.[3] The county borders Derbyshire, West Yorkshire, North Yorkshire, East Riding of Yorkshire, Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshire.

History[]

Coat of Arms of South Yorkshire

The main settlements of South Yorkshire grew up around the industries of mining and steel manufacturing. The main mining industry was coal which was concentrated to the north and east of the county. There were also iron deposits which were mined in the area. The rivers running off the Pennines to the west of the county supported the steel industry that is concentrated in the city of Sheffield. The proximity of the iron and coal also made this an ideal place for steel manufacture.

Although Christian nonconformism was never as strong in South Yorkshire as in the mill towns of West Yorkshire, there are still many Methodist and Baptist churches in the area. Also, South Yorkshire has a relatively high number of followers of spiritualism. It is the only county that counts as a full region in the Spiritualists' National Union.[4]

South Yorkshire was created as a metropolitan county in 1974, by the Local Government Act 1972, from the southern part of the West Riding of Yorkshire and the former county boroughs of Barnsley, Doncaster, Rotherham and Sheffield. It initially had a two tier structure of local government with a strategic-level county council and four districts providing most services.[5]

In 1974, as part of the South Yorkshire Structure Plan of the environment, conservation and land use, South Yorkshire County Council commissioned a public attitudes survey covering job opportunities, educational facilities, leisure opportunities, health and medical services, shopping centres and transport in the county.[6]

In 1986, throughout England the metropolitan county councils were abolished. The functions of the county council were devolved to the boroughs; joint-boards covering fire, police and public transport; and to other special joint arrangements.[7] The joint boards continue to function and include the South Yorkshire Police Authority and the South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive[8]

Although the county council was abolished, South Yorkshire remains a metropolitan and ceremonial county with a Lord Lieutenant of South Yorkshire and a High Sheriff.

Economy[]

As one of the least prosperous areas in Western Europe, South Yorkshire has been targeted for funding from the European Regional Development Fund. This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of South Yorkshire at current basic prices published (pp.240-253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

Year Regional Gross Value Added[9] Agriculture[10] Industry[11] Services[12]
1995 10,453 67 3,690 6,696
2000 13,187 53 4,181 8,954
2003 15,799 57 4,772 10,971

Towns and villages[]

Main settlements[]

The principal settlements of South Yorkshire are:

Part of a series of articles on
Yorkshire
Yorkshire rose.svg
County Town: York
The ridings:
EastNorthWest
Ceremonial counties
East Riding of Yorkshire
North Yorkshire
South Yorkshire
West Yorkshire
Further information
Accent & Dialect
Anthem
Culture
Famous People
History
Places
White Rose
Yorkshire Day 1 August


Urban areas[]

South Yorkshire is made up of three main urban areas. Dearne Valley is made up of Barnsley and a number of villages and towns. The Sheffield urban area is made up of Sheffield and Rotherham while the Doncaster urban area is Doncaster and surrounding areas.

Dearne Valley[]

Area Metropolitan borough Population
Barnsley Barnsley 71,599
Conisbrough Doncaster 15,361
Cudworth Barnsley 11,644
Darfield Barnsley 8,066
Darton Barnsley 14,927
Dodworth Barnsley 5,742
Hoyland Nether Barnsley 15,497
Mexborough Doncaster 14,750
Royston Barnsley 9,375
Swinton Rotherham 14,643
Wath upon Dearne Rotherham 16,787
Wombwell Barnsley 15,180
Worsbrough Barnsley 9,516
Total population 207,726

Doncaster[]

Area Metropolitan borough Population
Armthorpe Doncaster 12,630
Bentley Doncaster 33,968
Doncaster Doncaster 67,977
Kirk Sandall Doncaster 13,276
Total population 127,851

Sheffield[]

Area Metropolitan borough Population
Aughton Rotherham 13,456
Beighton Sheffield 10,676
Chapeltown Sheffield 22,665
Mosborough/Highlane Sheffield 18,585
Rawmarsh Rotherham 18,210
Rotherham Rotherham 117,262
Sheffield Sheffield 439,866
Total population 640,720

Other towns and villages[]

Area Metropolitan borough Population
Adwick le Street Doncaster 16,142
Anston/Dinnington Rotherham 19,086
Askern Doncaster 5,434
Bawtry Doncaster 3,775
Birdwell Barnsley 2,989
Conisbrough Doncaster 15,361
Dinnington Rotherham 1,572
Finningley Doncaster 4,048
Great Houghton Barnsley 2,216
Grimethorpe Barnsley 1,873
Harthill Rotherham 1,728
Hatfield/Stainforth Doncaster 20,232 (13,890/6,342)
Maltby Rotherham 11,966
Rossington Doncaster 13,255
Norton Doncaster 2,111
Oughtibridge/Wharncliffe Side Sheffield 4,602 (3,227/1,375)
Penistone Barnsley 8,727
Scholes Rotherham 2,403
Stocksbridge Sheffield 13,316
Thorne/Moorends Doncaster 16,338
Thorpe Hesley Rotherham 4,609
Tickhill Doncaster 5,112
Todwick Rotherham 1,637
Treeton Rotherham 2,514
Thurcroft Rotherham 4,702
Thurnscoe Barnsley 9,122
Wales Rotherham 5,826
Woodsetts Rotherham 1,802

Places of interest[]

Key
AP Icon.PNG Abbey/Priory/Cathedral
Accessible open space Accessible open space
Themepark uk icon.JPG Amusement/Theme Park
CL icon.PNG Castle
Country Park Country Park
EH icon.png English Heritage
FC icon.png Forestry Commission
Heritage railway Heritage railway
Historic house Historic House
Museum (free)
Museum
Museums (free/not free)
National Trust National Trust
Zoo icon.JPG Zoo
See also: Culture of Sheffield

Notes[]

  1. ^ Arnold-Baker, C., Local Government Act 1972, (1973)
  2. ^ Vision of Britain - South Yorkshire area
  3. ^ Vision of Britain - Components of South Yorkshire
  4. ^ http://www.snu.org.uk/churches.htm
  5. ^ Redcliffe-Maud & Wood, B., English Local Government Reformed, (1974)
  6. ^ Courtenay, G. and Field, J., South Yorkshire structure plan: public attitude survey, (1975)
  7. ^ Kingdom, J., Local Government and Politics in Britain, (1991)
  8. ^ South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive
  9. ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  10. ^ includes hunting and forestry
  11. ^ includes energy and construction
  12. ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured


External link[]

http://www.southyorks.gov.uk/

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at South Yorkshire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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