Demographics[edit | edit source]
According to the 2011 census Sirohi district has a population of 1,037,185, roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus or the US state of Rhode Island. This gives it a ranking of 437rd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 202 inhabitants per square kilometre (520 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.86 %. Sirohi has a sex ratio of 938 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 56.02 %.
History[edit | edit source]
In 1948, Sirohi was taken over by Bombay State from 5 January 1949 to 25 January 1950. In 1950, Sirohi was given to Rajasthan. At that time an area of 787 km2. consisting of Abu Road tehsil and a part of Delwara tehsil was merged with then Bombay state, but it was returned to Sirohi district of Rajasthan State on November 1, 1956.
Sirohi is also called as "Dev Nagari" since ancient times because of many temples and shrines in the district. Sirohi is also famous for manufacturing of double edged swords, from the time of the Chouhan Deora rulers (15th century AD) until 1947.
Geography[edit | edit source]
The district has an area of 5136 km². It is bordered on the west by Jalor District, on the north by Pali District, on the east by Udaipur District, and on the south by Banas Kantha District of Gujarat.
It has an area of 5139 km (2009 sq. miles). Sirohi district is situated at the south-west part of Rajasthan between parallel of 24o 20' and 25o 17' North Latitude and 72o 16' and 73o 10' East Longitude.
Sirohi District is broken up by hills and rocky ranges. The granite massif of Mount Abu divides the district into two portions, running from north-east to south-west. The south and south-east part of the district, which lies between Mount Abu and the main spine of the Aravallis, is mountainous and rugged, and is drained by the West Banas River. Abu Road, a station on the main Delhi-Ahmedabad rail line, lies in the valley of the West Banas. Dry deciduous forest is common in this part of the district, and the higher elevations of Mount Abu are covered in conifer forests.Abu Road is the biggest city and the main financial hub of Sirohi District. Sirohi district has least number of villages in Rajasthan.
The portion of the district west and north of Mount Abu is drier, lying in the rain shadow of the mountain, which blocks the southwest monsoon. The southwest corner of the district is drained by the Sukri river, an intermittent stream that drains the western slope of Mount Abu. The northwestern portion of the district is drained by tributaries of the Luni River. The Northwestern thorn scrub forests cover the western and northern portion of the district.
Economy[edit | edit source]
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Sirohi one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the twelve districts in Rajasthan currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Administrative Setup[edit | edit source]
There are 3 Sub Divisions in the Sirohi district: Sirohi, Mount Abu and Reodar, while five tehsils as well as Panchayat Samitis are Sirohi, Sheoganj, Pindwara, Abu Road and Reodar. Total 202 Gram Panchayts are there for 374 villages in the district and five Nagar Palikas (Municipalitys) are there for Sirohi, Sheoganj, Pindwara, Abu Road and Mount Abu. There are three sub-tehsils- Bhavri in Pindwara, Kalandri in Sirohi and Mandar in Reodar tehsils respectively.
Places of interest[edit | edit source]
- Mount Abu
- Pavapuri Jain temple
- This King's Place
- Ambeshwar Mahadev Temple, kolargarh (6 km frm center),
- Saraneshwar Mahadev Temple, sirohi (2 km from center),
- Sarvadham Temple
- Jabeshwar Mahadev Temple, Vasa
References[edit | edit source]
- ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html. Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Cyprus 1,120,489 July 2011 est."
- ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Rhode Island 1,052,567"
- ^ A V Pandya (1952). Abu in Bombay State: a scientific study of the problem. B.K. Patel. p. 88. http://books.google.com/books?id=BM8BAAAAMAAJ. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
- ^ India. Directorate of Census Operations; Rajasthan. Census of India, 2001: Sirohi. Controller of Publications. p. 7. http://books.google.com/books?id=SV3tAAAAMAAJ. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
- ^ K. S. Singh (1 January 1998). People of India: Rajasthan. Popular Prakashan. pp. 12–. ISBN 9788171547661. http://books.google.com/books?id=nqvloPNdEZgC&pg=PA12. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
- ^ E. Jaiwant Paul (1 October 2005). Arms and Armour: Traditional Weapons of India. Roli Books Private Limited. pp. 54–. ISBN 9788174363404. http://books.google.com/books?id=IOzp2aC8ezAC&pg=PA54. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
- ^ East India Company; Edward Parry Thornton (1870). A gazetteer of the territories under the government of the East-India company and of the native states on the continent of India, by E. Thornton. pp. 874–. http://books.google.com/books?id=NY4IAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA874. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
- ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. http://www.nird.org.in/brgf/doc/brgf_BackgroundNote.pdf. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
[edit | edit source]
|Jalor district||Pali district|
|Banaskantha district, Gujarat||Sabar Kantha district, Gujarat|
|Divisions and Districts of Rajasthan|
|Ajmer Division: Ajmer | Bhilwara | Nagaur | Tonk|
|Bharatpur Division: Bharatpur | Dholpur | Karauli | Sawai Madhopur|
|Bikaner Division: Bikaner | Churu | Sri Ganganagar | Hanumangarh|
|Jaipur Division: Alwar | Dausa | Jaipur | Jhunjhunu | Sikar|
|Jodhpur Division: Barmer | Jaisalmer | Jalore | Jodhpur | Pali | Sirohi|
|Kota Division: Baran | Bundi | Jhalawar | Kota|
|Udaipur Division: Banswara | Chittorgarh | Dungarpur | Rajsamand | Udaipur|
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Sirohi district. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|