|Shelby County, Alabama|
Old Shelby County Courthouse in Columbiana, Alabama
Location in the state of Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 7, 1818|
809.53 sq mi (2,097 km²)
794.69 sq mi (2,058 km²)
14.83 sq mi (38 km²), 1.83%
245/sq mi (94.7/km²)
Shelby County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama and a part of the Birmingham–Hoover–Cullman Combined Statistical Area. It is named in honor of Isaac Shelby, Governor of Kentucky. The county seat of Shelby County is Columbiana. As of 2010 U.S. Census the population was 195,085. Shelby County ranks among the 100 highest-income counties in the United States. Shelby County's growth has accompanied the decline of Birmingham and Jefferson County. The county's newspaper is the Shelby County Reporter.
History[edit | edit source]
Shelby County was established on February 7, 1818, and named for Governor Isaac Shelby (1750–1826), of Kentucky.
Geography[edit | edit source]
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 809.53 square miles (2,096.7 km2), of which 794.69 square miles (2,058.2 km2) (or 98.17%) is land and 14.83 square miles (38.4 km2) (or 1.83%) is water.
Transportation[edit | edit source]
Major highways[edit | edit source]
- Interstate 65
- U.S. Highway 31
- U.S. Highway 231
- U.S. Highway 280
- State Road 25
- State Road 70
- State Road 76
- State Road 119
- State Road 155
- State Road 261
Rail[edit | edit source]
Airports[edit | edit source]
- Shelby County Airport -- General Aviation
- Birmingham-Shuttlesworth International Airport - Commercial service
Adjacent counties[edit | edit source]
- St. Clair County (northeast)
- Talladega County (east)
- Coosa County (southeast)
- Chilton County (south)
- Bibb County (southwest)
- Jefferson County (northwest)
Demographics[edit | edit source]
As of the census of 2000, there were 143,293 people, 54,631 households, and 40,590 families residing in the county. The population density was 180 people per square mile (70/km2). There were 59,302 housing units at an average density of 75 per square mile (29/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.80% White, 7.40% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 1.03% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.71% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. 2.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
The largest self-reported ancestry groups in Shelby County are: English (16.3%), Irish (13.3%), "American" (mostly English and Scots-Irish) (11.5%), German (11.0%), Italian (4.2%), Scots-Irish (4.2%) and Scottish (3.9%).
There were 54,631 households out of which 36.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.60% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.70% were non-families. 21.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 33.70% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 8.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $55,440, and the median income for a family was $64,105. Males had a median income of $45,798 versus $31,242 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,176. About 4.60% of families and 6.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.10% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.
Politics[edit | edit source]
|2008||76.4% 68,945||22.8% 20,575||0.9% 772|
|2004||80.4% 63,435||18.8% 14,850||0.8% 621|
|2000||76.7% 47,651||21.2% 13,183||2.1% 1,294|
|1996||73.1% 37,090||22.2% 11,280||4.7% 2,403|
|1992||68.0% 32,736||21.4% 10,317||10.6% 5,112|
Municipalities and census-designated places[edit | edit source]
- Birmingham (part of Birmingham is in Jefferson County)
- Calera (part of Calera is in Chilton County)
- Childersburg (part of Childersburg is in Talladega County)
- Helena (part of Helena is in Jefferson County)
- Hoover (part of Hoover is in Jefferson County)
- Indian Springs Village
- Lake Purdy
- Leeds (part of Leeds is in Jefferson County and in St. Clair County)
- Shelby (east of Calera)
- Sterrett (northwest of Vincent)
- Vandiver (northeast of Chelsea)
- Vestavia Hills (part of Vestavia Hills is in Jefferson County)
- Vincent (part of Vincent is in St. Clair County and in Talladega County)
Prior to the early 1980’s, elected officials serving or representing Shelby County were comprised totally of those affiliated with the Democrat Party. Most of the rapid transition from the Democrat Party dominance to a complete reversal, with Republicans in control of all but a couple of offices, took place during the years between 1984 and 1992. It was not, however, until the election of 2010, and specifically the results in Alabama House of Representatives District 42, that Republicans held every elected office with jurisdiction or residency (or both) in Shelby County(excludes municipal elected officials, who are elected on a non-partisan basis).
The Shelby County Republican Party (Alabama), under the official direction of the Republican Executive Committee of Shelby County, Alabama, is the affilliate of the Alabama Republican Party in Shelby County, and is the identity by which the governing body is known.
Places of interest[edit | edit source]
- Shelby County is home to Oak Mountain State Park, the Cahaba River Wildlife Management Area, and American Village.
- Colonial Promenade Alabaster
See also[edit | edit source]
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Shelby County, Alabama
- Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Shelby County, Alabama
References[edit | edit source]
- ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. http://www.census.gov/tiger/tms/gazetteer/county2k.txt. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- ^ http://www.census.gov/population/www/censusdata/cencounts/files/or190090.txt
- ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov
- ^ http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu/
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ADPTable?_bm=y&-context=adp&-qr_name=ACS_2008_3YR_G00_DP3YR2&-ds_name=ACS_2008_3YR_G00_&-tree_id=3308&-redoLog=true&-_caller=geoselect&-geo_id=05000US01117&-format=&-_lang=en
- ^  Shelby County Reporter, Tuesday, November 2, 2010
- ^ Barnes, Fred "Crimson Tide: Alabama goes very, very red., The Weekly Standard, Nov 22, 2010, Vol. 16, No. 10.
[edit | edit source]
- Shelby County Government
- Shelby County Web Portal
- Shelby County 9-1-1 System
- Shelby County article, Encyclopedia of Alabama
- Shelby County Republican Party
|Jefferson County||St. Clair County|
Shelby County, Alabama
|Bibb County||Chilton County||Coosa County|
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Shelby County, Alabama. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|