is the 251st day of the year (252nd in September 7 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 114 days remaining until the end of the year.
1251 BC - A solar eclipse on this date might mark the birth of legendary Heracles at Thebes.
70 - A Roman army under General Titus occupies and plunders Jerusalem.
1191 - Third Crusade: Battle of Arsuf - Richard I of England defeats Saladin at Arsuf.
1776 - World's first submarine attack: the American submersible craft attempts to attach a Turtle time bomb to the hull of British Admiral Richard Howe's flagship HMS in Eagle New York Harbor.
1812 - Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Borodino - Napoleon defeats the Russian army of Alexander I near the village of Borodino.
1818 - Carl III of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway, in Trondheim.
1821 - The Republic of Gran Colombia (a federation covering much of present day Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, and Ecuador) was established, with Simón Bolívar as the founding President and Francisco de Paula Santander as vice president.
1822 - Dom Pedro I declares Brazil independent from Portugal on the shores of the Ipiranga river in São Paulo.
1860 - Steamship sinks on Lady Elgin Lake Michigan, with the loss of around 400 lives.
1864 - American Civil War: Atlanta, is evacuated on orders of Union General William Tecumseh Sherman.
1876 - In Northfield, Jesse James and the James-Younger Gang attempt to rob the town's bank but are surrounded by an angry mob and are nearly killed.
1893 - The Genoa Cricket & Athletic Club, to become the first Italian football club, is established by British expats.
1901 - The Boxer Rebellion in China officially ends with the signing of the Boxer Protocol.
1906 - Alberto Santos-Dumont flies his 14-bis aircraft at Bagatelle, France for the first time successfully.
1907 - Cunard Line's RMS Lusitania sets sail on her maiden voyage from Liverpool to New York City.
1909 - Eugene Lefebvre ( 1878- 1909), while test piloting a new French-built Wright biplane, crashes at Juvisy France when his controls jam. Lefebvre dies, becoming the first ' pilot' in the world to lose his life in a powered-heavier-than-air-craft.
1911 - French poet Guillaume Apollinaire is arrested and put in jail on suspicion of stealing the from the Mona Lisa Louvre museum.
1915 - Former cartoonist Johnny Gruelle is given a patent for his Raggedy Ann doll.
1921 - In Atlantic City, the first Miss America Pageant, a two-day event, is held.
1922 - In Aydin, Turkey, independence of Aydin, from Greek occupation.
1927 - The University of Minas Gerais is founded in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, by GovernorAntônio Carlos.
1927 - The first fully electronic television system is achieved by Philo Taylor Farnsworth.
1929 - Steamer capsizes and sinks on Lake Kuru Näsijärvi near Tampere in Finland. 136 lives were lost.
1936 - The last surviving member of the thylacine species, Benjamin, dies alone in her cage at the Hobart Zoo in Tasmania.
1940 - World War II: The Blitz - Nazi Germany begins to rain bombs on London. This will be the first of 57 consecutive nights of bombing.
1940 - Treaty of Craiova: Romania loses Southern Dobrudja to Bulgaria.
1942 - Holocaust: 8,700 Jews of Kolomyia (western Ukraine) sent by German Gestapo to death camp in Belzec.
1942 - First flight of the Consolidated B-32 Dominator.
1943 - A fire at the Gulf Hotel in Houston, kills 55 people.
1945 - Japanese forces on Wake Island, which they had held since December of 1941, surrender to U.S. Marines.
1950 - Coal mine collapses in New Cumnock, Scotland - 13 miners dead. 116 rescued.
1953 - Nikita Khrushchev becomes head of the Soviet Central Committee.
1963 - The Pro Football Hall of Fame opens in Canton with 17 charter members.
1965 - China announces that it will reinforce its troops in the Indian border.
1965 - Vietnam War: In a follow-up to August's Operation Starlight, United States Marines and South Vietnamese forces initiate Operation Pirahna on the Batangan Peninsula.
1970 - An anti-war rally is held at Valley Forge, attended by John Kerry, Jane Fonda and Donald Sutherland.
1970 - Fighting between Arabic guerrillas and government forces in Amman, Jordan.
1970 - Bill Shoemaker sets record for most lifetime wins as a jockey (passing Johnny Longden).
1977 - The Torrijos-Carter Treaties between Panama and the United States on the status of the Panama Canal are signed. The US agrees to transfer control of the canal to Panama at the end of the 20th century.
1978 - While walking across Waterloo Bridge in London, Bulgarian dissident Georgi Markov is assassinated by Bulgarian secret police agent Francesco Giullino by means of a ricin pellet fired from in a specially-designed umbrella.
1979 - The Entertainment and Sports Programming Network ( ESPN) makes its debut.
1979 - The Chrysler Corporation asks the United States government for USD $1 billion to avoid bankruptcy.
1986 - Desmond Tutu becomes the first black man to lead the Anglican Church in South Africa.
1986 - Gen. Augusto Pinochet, president of Chile, escapes attempted assassination.
1988 - Abdul Ahad Mohmand, the first Afghan in space, returns aboard the Soviet spacecraft Soyuz TM-5 after 9 days on the Mir space station.
1997 - The first test flight of the F-22 Raptor takes place.
1998 - Google is founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, two students at Stanford University
1998 - Two derecho events referred to as the Labor Day storms race across Pennsylvania, New York, Ohio, and Vermont
1999 - A 5.9 magnitude earthquake rocks Athens, rupturing a previously unknown fault, killing 143, injuring more than 500, and leaving 50,000 people homeless.
2004 - The Serbian government backs a decision by Minister of Education and Sport Ljiljana Čolić to require the teaching of both creationism and evolution in schools.
2004 - Hurricane Ivan, a force 4 storm hits Grenada, killing 39 and damaging 90% of its buildings.
2005 - First presidential election was held in Egypt.
786 - Emperor Saga, 52 nd Emperor of Japan (d. 842)
1438 - Louis II (d. 1471)
1524 - Thomas Erastus, Swiss theologian (d. 1583)
1533 - Queen Elizabeth I of England (d. 1603)
1674 - Ernest Augustus (d. 1728)
1683 - Mary Anne of Austria, Archduchess of Austria and Queen consort of Portugal (d. 1754)
1694 - Johan Ludvig, Danish policitian (d. 1763)
1705 - Matthäus Günther, German painter (d. 1788)
1707 - Georges-Louis Leclerc, French naturalist, biologist and author (d. 1788)
1726 - François-André Danican Philidor, French chess player and composer (d. 1795)
1740 - Johan Tobias Sergel, Swedish sculptor (d. 1814)
1777 - Heinrich Stölzel, German musician and composer (d. 1844)
1810 - Hermann Heinrich Gossen, Prussian economist (d. 1858)
1815 - John McDouall Stuart, Australian explorer (d. 1866)
1817 - Louise of Hesse-Kassel, queen of Denmark (d. 1898)
1819 - Thomas A. Hendricks, 21 st Vice President of the United States (d. 1885)
1829 - Friedrich August Kekulé von Stradonitz, German organic chemist (d. 1896)
1831 - Alexandre Falguière, French sculptor and painter (d. 1900)
1836 - August Toepler, German physicist (d. 1912)
1842 - Johannes Zukertort, German chess master (d. 1888)
1851 - Edward Ashael Birge, American pioneer in limnology (d. 1950)
1855 - William Friese-Greene, British photographer (d. 1921)
1860 - Grandma Moses, American painter (d. 1961)
1866 - Tristan Bernard, French playwright and novelist (d. 1947)
1867 - Albert Bassermann, German actor (d. 1952)
1870 - Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian writer, pilot, explorer and adventurer (d. 1938)
1870 - Thomas Curtis, American athlete (d. 1944)
1877 - Mike O'Neill, baseball player (d. 1959)
1887 - Edith Sitwell, British poet and critic (d. 1964)
1908 - Paul Brown, American football coach and executive (d. 1991)
1908 - Michael DeBakey, American pioneer cardiovascular surgeon
1909 - Elia Kazan, Greek-born American film and theater director (d. 2003)
1911 - Todor Zhivkov, Bulgarian Communist leader during the Cold War (d. 1998)
1912 - David Packard, American electrical engineer and businessman (d. 1996)
1913 - Anthony Quayle, British actor and director (d. 1989)
1914 - Graeme Bell, Australian pianist and composer.
1914 - James Van Allen, American space scientist (d. 2006)
1917 - John Cornforth, Australian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
1920 - Al Caiola, American guitarist
1921 - Josep Lluís Núñez, Spanish President of FC Barcelona ( 1978 - 2000)
1922 - Lucien Jarraud, Canadian radio host (d. 2007)
1923 - Peter Lawford, British-born American actor (d. 1984)
1925 - Allan Blakeney, Canadian politician
1926 - Erich Juskowiak, German footballer (d. 1983)
1927 - Claire L'Heureux-Dubé, French Canadian judge
1930 - Sonny Rollins, American jazz saxophonist
1930 - Baudouin I, King of the Belgians (d. 1993)
1934 - Little Milton, American musician (d. 2005)
1934 - Omar Karami, Prime Minister of Lebanon
1934 - Mary Bauermeister, German artist
1936 - Buddy Holly, American singer ( The Crickets) (d. 1959)
1937 - John Phillip Law, American actor
1937 - Cüneyt Arkın, Turkish film actor
1937 - Oleg Lobov, Prime Minister of Russia
1940 - Dario Argento, Italian film director
1943 - Lena Valaitis, Lithuanian-German Schlager singer
1943 - Beverley McLachlin, Chief Justice of Canada
1944 - Bertel Haarder, Danish politician
1945 - Jacques Lemaire, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1946 - Willie Crawford, American baseball player (d. 2004)
1949 - Gloria Gaynor, American singer
1949 - Barry Siegel, American journalist
1950 - Julie Kavner, American actress
1951 - Morris Albert, Brazilian singer
1951 - Chrissie Hynde, American guitarist and singer ( The Pretenders)
1951 - Mark Isham, American composer
1952 - Susan Blakely, American actress
1952 - Ricardo Tormo, Spanish motocyclist (d. 1998)
1953 - Benmont Tench, American keyboardist
1954 - Corbin Bernsen, American actor
1954 - Michael Emerson, American actor
1955 - Efim Zelmanov, Russian mathematician
1955 - Mira Furlan, Croatian actress
1956 - Byron Stevenson, British footballer (d. 2007)
1956 - Diane Warren, American song writer
1957 - Jermaine Stewart, American pop singer ( Shalamar and Culture Club) (d. 1997)
1961 - LeRoi Moore, American Saxophonist( Dave Matthews Band)
1962 - Jennifer Egan, American novelist
1963 - Eazy-E, American rapper ( N.W.A.) (d. 1995)
1965 - Andreas Thom, German footballer
1965 - Uta Pippig, German athlete
1965 - Darko Pančev, Macedonian footballer
1965 - Angela Gheorghiu, Romanian opera singer
1967 - Toby Jones, British actor
1969 - Darren Bragg, baseball player
1969 - Diane Farr, American actress ( Numb3rs)
1969 - Little Jimmy Urine, American singer ( Mindless Self Indulgence)
1969 - Rudy Galindo, American skater figure
1970 - Tom Everett Scott, American actor
1972 - Jason Isringhausen, American baseball player
1972 - Slug, American rapper ( Atmosphere)
1973 - Shannon Elizabeth, American actress
1974 - Mario Frick, Liechtensteiner footballer
1975 - Harold Wallace, Costa Rican footballer
1975 - Norifumi Abe, Japanese motorcycle road racer
1976 - Oliver Hudson, American actor
1977 - Nora Greenwald, American professional wrestler
1977 - Gianluca Grava, Italian footballer
1978 - Devon Sawa, Canadian actor
1978 - Erwin Koen, Dutch footballer
1979 - Pavol Hochschorner and Peter Hochschorner - Slovak slalom canoers
1979 - Brian Stokes, American baseball player
1980 - Mark Prior, American baseball player
1980 - Gabriel Milito, Argentine footballer
1980 - Javad Nekounam, Iranian footballer
1980 - Sara Carrigan, Australian cyclist
1981 - Paul McCoy, American musician (lead singer of 12 Stones)
1981 - Gökhan Zan, Turkish footballer
1982 - Andre Dirrell, American boxer
1983 - Pops Mensah-Bonsu, basketball player for the Dallas Mavericks
1983 - Annette Dytrt, German skater figure
1983 - Philip Deignan, Irish cyclist
1983 - Mehmet Topuz, Turkisher footballer
1984 - Vera Zvonareva, Russian tennis player
1985 - Márcio Rafael Ferreira de Souza, Brazilian footballer
1987 - Evan Rachel Wood, American actress
1987 - Aleksandra Wozniak, Canadian tennis player
1990 - Tanja Kolbe, German ice dancer
355 - Claudius Silvanus, Roman usurper
1151 - Geoffrey of Anjou (b. 1113)
1312 - King Ferdinand IV of Castile (b. 1285)
1496 - King Ferdinand II of Naples (b. 1469)
1548 - Catherine Parr, final wife of Henry VIII of England (born c. 1512)
1552 - Guru Angad Dev, second Sikh Guru (b. 1504)
1559 - Robert Estienne, French printer (b. 1503)
1632 - Emperor Susenyos of Ethiopia
1644 - Guido Bentivoglio, Italian statesman (b. 1579)
1654 - Yom-Tov Lipmann Heller, Bohemian rabbi (b. 1579)
1655 - François Tristan l'Hermite, French dramatist (b. 1601)
1657 - Arvid Wittenberg, Swedish count, field marshal and privy councilor (b. 1606)
1719 - John Harris, English writer
1729 - William Burnet, British-born American statesman (b. 1688)
1708 - Tekle Haymanot I of Ethiopia
1799 - Louis Guillaume Lemonnier, French botanist (b. 1717)
1809 - Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, King of Thailand (b. 1737)
1840 - Étienne-Jacques-Joseph-Alexandre MacDonald, French marshal (b. 1765)
1881 - Sidney Lanier, American writer (b. 1842)
1892 - John Greenleaf Whittier, American poet (b. 1807)
1920 - Simon-Napoléon Parent, politician, premier of the province of Quebec (b. 1855)
1921 - Alfred William Rich, watercolor painter (b. 1856)
1939 - Kyoka Izumi, Japanese novelist (b. 1873)
1943 - J. P. Morgan, American financier (b. 1867)
1949 - José Clemente Orozco, Mexican painter (b. 1883)
1951 - Maria Montez, Dominican actress (b. 1912)
1954 - Bud Fisher, American cartoonist (b. 1885)
1955 - Ham Fisher, American cartoonist (b. 1900)
1959 - Maurice Duplessis, Québec Prime Minister (b. 1890)
1962 - Eiji Yoshikawa, Japanese novelist (b. 1892)
1962 - Kirsten Flagstad, Norwegian singer (b. 1895)
1962 - Isak Dinesen, Danish author (b. 1885)
1971 - Spring Byington, American actress (b. 1886)
1978 - Keith Moon, English drummer ( The Who) (b. 1946)
1982 - Ken Boyer, American baseball player (b. 1931)
1984 - Joe Cronin, American baseball manager and executive (b. 1906)
1986 - Omar Ali Saifuddin III, Sultan of Brunei (b. 1914)
1990 - Earle E. Partridge, American military officer (b. 1900)
1991 - Edwin McMillan, American physicist (b. 1907)
1994 - James Clavell, Australian-born American author (b. 1924)
1994 - Dennis Morgan, American actor (b. 1908)
1994 - Godfrey Quigley, British actor (b. 1923)
1994 - Terence Young, British film director (b. 1915)
1996 - Joseph F. Biroc, American cinematographer (b. 1903)
1997 - Mobutu Sese Seko, dictator of Zaire (b. 1930)
1999 - Jim Keith, American conspiracy theorist (b. 1949)
2001 - Spede Pasanen, Finnish television personality (b. 1930)
2001 - Billie Lou Watt, American actress (b. 1924)
2002 - Katrin Cartlidge, British actress (b. 1961)
2002 - Erma Franklin, American singer (b. 1938)
2002 - Uziel Gal, Israeli firearm designer (b. 1923)
2003 - The Great Antonio, Canadian eccentric (b. 1925)
2003 - Warren Zevon, American musician (b. 1947)
2004 - Bob Boyd, American baseball player (b. 1925)
2005 - Sergio Endrigo, Italian singer (b. 1933)
2005 - Hope Garber, Canadian actress (b. ca. 1924)
2006 - Robert Earl Jones, American actor, father of James Earl Jones (b. 1910)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
103 Familypedia people were born on September 7
118 Familypedia people died on September 7
103 Familypedia people were first married on September 7