is the 255th day of the year (256th in September 12 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 110 days remaining until the end of the year.
490 BC - Athens defeats Persia at the Battle of Marathon - see also 12 August; origin of the marathon long-distance race (attributed to Pheidippides)
1213 - Albigensian Crusade: Simon de Montfort, defeats Peter II of Aragon, at the Battle of Muret.
1229 - The Aragonese army under the command of James I of Aragon disembarks at Santa Ponça, Mallorca, with the purpose of conquering the island.
1609 - Henry Hudson discovers the Hudson River.
1683 - Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna - Several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire.
1814 - Battle of North Point: An American detachment halts the British land advance to Baltimore in the War of 1812.
1846 - Elizabeth Barrett elopes with Robert Browning.
1847 - Mexican-American War: The Battle of Chapultepec begins. U.S. Army deserters in the Saint Patrick's Battalion who fought alongside the Mexican army are hanged en masse for treason by the order of General Winfield Scott.
1848 - Switzerland became a Federal state.
1857 - The SS Central America sinks about 160 miles east of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, drowning a total of 426 passengers and crew, including Captain William Lewis Herndon. The ship carried 13-15 tons of gold from the San Francisco Gold Rush.
1874 The District of Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada is founded.
1890 - Salisbury, Rhodesia, is founded.
1897 - Battle of Saragarhi
1906 - Newport Transporter Bridge is opened in Newport, South Wales by Viscount Tredegar.
1910 - Premiere performance of Gustav Mahler's 8th symphony in Munich (with a chorus of 852 singers, with an orchestra of 171 players. Mahler's rehearsal assistant conductor was Bruno Walter)
1930 - Wilfred Rhodes ends his 1110-game first-class career by taking 5 for 95 for H.D.G. Leveson Gower's XI against the Australians.
1933 - Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives the idea of the nuclear chain reaction.
1938 - Adolf Hitler demands autonomy for the Germans of the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia.
1940 - Cave paintings discovered in Lascaux, France.
1940 - The Hercules Powder Company in Kenvil, New Jersey explodes, killing 51 people and injuring over 200.
1942 - World War II: RMS , carrying civilians, Allied soldiers and Laconia Italian POWs is torpedoed off the coast of West Africa and sinks.
1942 - World War II: First day of the Battle of Edson's Ridge during the Guadalcanal campaign. U.S. Marines protecting Henderson Field on Guadalcanal are attacked by Imperial Japanese Army forces.
1943 - World War II: Benito Mussolini, dictator of Italy, is rescued from house arrest on the Gran Sasso in Abruzzi, by German commando Otto Skorzeny.
1944 - World War II: The liberation of Serbia from Nazi Germany and the Chetniks continues. Bajina Bašta in western Serbia is among those liberated cities.
1947 - The U.S. Screen Actors Guild implements an anti- Communist loyalty oath.
1948 - Invasion of the State of Hyderabad by the Indian Army on the day after the Pakistani leader Jinnah's death to limit damage control. It lead to genocide of nearly 40,000 Hyderabadi Muslims by the Indian Army and Hindu mobs.
1953 - Nikita Khrushchev is elected first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
1959 - premiers. First regularly-scheduled TV program presented in color.
Bonanza 1959 - The Soviet Union launches a large rocket, Lunik II, at the moon.
1970 - Palestinian terrorists blow up three hijacked airliners in Jordan, continuing to hold the passengers hostage in various undisclosed locations in Amman.
1974 - Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia, ' Messiah' of the Rastafari movement, is deposed following a military coup by the Derg.
1974 - is founded in Juventude Africana Amilcar Cabral Guinea-Bissau.
1977 - South African anti- apartheid activist Steve Biko is killed in police custody.
1979 - Indonesia is hit with an earthquake that measures 8.1 on the Richter scale.
1980 - Military coup in Turkey.
1983 - A Wells Fargo depot in West Hartford, United States, was robbed of approximately US$7 million by Los Macheteros .
1990 - The two German states and the Four Powers sign the Treaty on the Final Settlement With Respect to Germany in Moscow, paving the way for German re-unification.
1992 - NASA launches Space Shuttle on Endeavour STS-47 which marked the 50th shuttle mission. On board is Mae Carol Jemison, the first African-American woman in space.
1992 - Abimael Guzmán, leader of the Shining Path, is captured by Peruvian special forces; shortly thereafter the rest of Shining Path's leadership fell as well.
1994 - Frank Eugene Corder crashes a Cessna 150 into the White House's south lawn, striking the West wing and killing himself.
1995 - Kareem Abdul-Jabbar's All Star Team beats the Harlem Globetrotters 91-85, ending the Globetrotters' 24-year, 8,829-game winning streak.
2001 - Article V of the NATO agreement is invoked for only the second time (the other being in Bosnia) in response to the September 11 against the United States of America.
2001 - Ansett Australia, Australia's first commercial interstate airline, collapses due to increased strain on the international airline industry leaving 10000 people unemployed.
2003 - The United Nations lifted sanctions against Libya after that country agreed to accept responsibility and recompense the families of victims in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103.
2005 - The red-green coalition, led by Jens Stoltenberg, wins the Norwegian parliamentary election, taking 87 of 169 seats in the parliament.
2005 - Israel completes its withdrawal of all troops and settlers from the Gaza Strip.
2005 - A blackout in Los Angeles affects millions of Californians.
2005 - Hong Kong Disneyland opens in Penny's Bay, Lantau Island, Hong Kong.
2007 - Shinzo Abe announced he resigns as Prime Minister of Japan.
2007 - Former Philippine President Joseph Estrada was convicted for the crime of plunder.
2007 - An earthquake that measures 8.4 on the Richter scale occurred off the coast of Indonesia, producing a small tsunami.
1492 - Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino (d. 1519)
1494 - King Francis I of France (d. 1547)
1575 - Henry Hudson, English explorer (d. 1611)
1605 - William Dugdale, English antiquarian (d. 1686)
1688 - Ferdinand Brokoff, Czech sculptor (d. 1731)
1690 - Peter Dens, Belgian Catholic theologian (d. 1775)
1725 - Guillaume Le Gentil, French astronomer (d. 1792)
1740 - Johann Heinrich Jung, German author (d. 1817)
1812 - Richard Hoe, American inventor and industrialist (d. 1886)
1818 - Richard Gatling, American weapons inventor (d. 1903)
1830 - William Sprague IV, America politician from Rhode Island (d. 1915)
1852 - H. H. Asquith, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1928)
1855 - Simon-Napoléon Parent, Canadian politician (d. 1920)
1875 - Matsunosuke Onoe, Japanese actor (d. 1926)
1880 - H. L. Mencken, American journalist and author (d. 1956)
1888 - Maurice Chevalier, French singer and actor (d. 1972)
1891 - Pedro Albizu Campos, advocate for Puerto Rican independence (d. 1965)
1892 - Alfred A. Knopf, American publisher (d. 1984)
1897 - Irene Joliot-Curie, French physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (d. 1956)
1898 - Salvador Bacarisse, Spanish composer (d. 1963)
1901 - Ben Blue, Canadian actor and comedian (d. 1975)
1902 - Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira, President of Brazil (d. 1976)
1907 - Louis MacNeice, Irish poet (d. 1963)
1909 - Donald MacDonald former president of the Canadian Labour Congress and politician (d. 1986)
1913 - Jesse Owens, American athlete (d. 1980)
1914 - Rais Amrohvi, Pakistani poet and psychoanalyst (d. 1988)
1914 - Desmond Llewelyn, Welsh actor (d. 1999)
1915 - Frank McGee, American journalist (d. 1974)
1916 - Tony Bettenhausen, American race car driver (d. 1961)
1917 - Pierre Sévigny, Canadian politician (d. 2004)
1921 - Stanisław Lem, Polish writer (d. 2006)
1922 - Ellen Demming, American actress (d. 2002)
1925 - Stan Lopata, American baseball player
1931 - Sir Ian Holm, English actor
1931 - George Jones, American singer
1933 - Tatiana Doronina, Russian actress
1934 - Glenn Davis, American athlete
1937 - George Chuvalo, Canadian boxer
1938 - Claude Ruel, French Canadian ice hockey coach
1940 - Linda Gray, American actress
1940 - Mickey Lolich, American baseball player
1943 - Maria Muldaur, American singer
1943 - Michael Ondaatje, Sri Lankan-born writer
1944 - Leonard Peltier, American activist
1944 - Barry White, American singer (d. 2003)
1948 - Luis Lima, Argentinian tenor
1949 - Irina Rodnina, Russian figure skater
1950 - Gustav Brunner, Austrian engineer
1951 - Bertie Ahern, Irish politician
1951 - Ray Gravell, Welsh rugby union player
1951 - Joe Pantoliano, American actor
1951 - Gerald Stano, American serial killer
1952 - Gerry Beckley, American musician ( America)
1952 - Neil Peart, Canadian drummer and author ( Rush)
1954 - Adrian Adonis, American professional wrestler (d. 1988)
1954 - Jeff Jarvis, American journalist
1954 - Peter Scolari, American actor
1955 - Harsha Makalande, Sri Lankan composer,pianist
1956 - Barry Andrews, British musician
1956 - Sam Brownback, American politician
1956 - Leslie Cheung, Hong Kong singer (d. 2003)
1956 - Ricky Rudd, American race car driver
1957 - Rachel Ward, English actress
1957 - Hans Zimmer, German composer
1958 - Wilfredo Benitez, American boxer
1961 - Mylène Farmer, French singer and songwriter
1961 - Kathem Al Saher, Iraqi singer
1962 - Dino Merlin, Bosnian singer
1962 - Amy Yasbeck, American actress
1964 - Dieter Hecking, German footballer
1965 - John Norwood Fisher, American musician
1966 - Ben Folds, American musician
1967 - Pat Listach, American baseball player
1968 - Ler LaLonde, American guitarist ( Primus)
1968 - Paul F. Tompkins, American comedian
1969 - Ángel Cabrera, Argentine golfer
1969 - James Frey, American writer
1970 - Nathan Larson, American guitarist and composer ( Shudder To Think, Hot One)
1972 - Jason Statham, English actor
1973 - Darren Campbell, British athlete
1973 - Ki-Jana Carter, American football player
1973 - Martin Lapointe, Canadian hockey player
1973 - Paul Walker, American actor
1974 - Caroline Aigle, First female French fighter pilot (d. 2007)
1974 - Nuno Valente, Portuguese footballer
1974 - Jennifer Nettles, American country singer, part of Sugarland
1976 - Bizzy Bone (Bryon Anthony McCane), American rapper
1976 - Maciej Żurawski, Polish footballer
1977 - Nathan Bracken, Australian cricketer
1977 - Grant Denyer, Australian television personality and TV Host
1977 - Jeff Irwin, American musician
1977 - James McCartney, British musician
1977 - David Thompson, English footballer
1978 - Benjamin McKenzie, American television actor
1978 - Michael Paget, Welsh guitarist ( Bullet for My Valentine)
1978 - Ruben Studdard, American singer
1980 - Sean Burroughs, American baseball player
1980 - Fernando Cesar de Souza, Brazilian footballer
1980 - Gus G., Greek guitarist (Firewind, ex- Dream Evil)
1980 - Yao Ming, Chinese basketball player
1980 - Josef Vasicek, Czech ice hockey player
1981 - Jennifer Hudson, American actress and singer
1982 - Nana Ozaki, Japanese gravure idol
1985 - Jack Wilkinson, English footballer
1986 - Yang Mi, Chinese actress
1986 - Emmy Rossum, American actress
1988 - Prachi Desai, Indian actress
1990 - Sara Aniano "Saraniano", Middlesex County Tic-tac-toe Champion of 1999-2006. She only ever lost one game, and that was to herself.
413 - Marcellinus of Carthage, Christian saint
1185 - Andronikos I Komnenos, Byzantine emperor (b. 1118)
1213 - King Peter II of Aragon (b. 1174)
1362 - Pope Innocent VI
1369 - Blanche of Lancaster, wife of John of Gaunt (b. 1345)
1500 - Albert (b. 1443)
1612 - Tsar Vasili IV of Russia (b. 1552)
1642 - Henri Coiffier de Ruzé, French conspirator (b. 1620)
1660 - Jacob Cats, Dutch poet, jurist, and politician (b. 1577)
1665 - Jean Bolland, Flemish Jesuit writer (b. 1596)
1672 - Tanneguy Lefebvre, French classical scholar (b. 1615)
1683 - King Afonso VI of Portugal (b. 1643)
1691 - John George III (b. 1647)
1695 - Jacob Abendana, Spanish scholar (b. 1630)
1712 - Jan van der Heyden, Dutch painter (b. 1637)
1764 - Jean-Philippe Rameau, French composer (b. 1683)
1779 - Richard Grenville-Temple, English politician (b. 1711)
1819 - Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Prussian general (b. 1742)
1836 - Christian Dietrich Grabbe, German writer (b. 1801)
1869 - Peter Roget, British lexicographer (b. 1779)
1870 - Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American author (b. 1836)
1874 - François Guizot, French historian and statesman (b. 1787)
1912 - Pierre-Hector Cardinal Coullie, Cardinal-Archbishop of Lyon
1918 - George Reid, fourth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1845)
1919 - Leonid Andreyev, Russian writer (b. 1871)
1923 - Jules Violle, French physicist and inventor (b. 1841)
1927 - Sarah Frances Whiting, American physicist and astronomer (b. 1847)
1929 - Rainis, Latvian poet and playwright (b. 1865)
1945 - Hajime Sugiyama, Japanese general (committed suicide, b. 1880)
1953 - Hugo Schmeisser, German weapons designer (b. 1884)
1956 - Hans Carossa, German writer (b. 1878)
1956 - Sándor Graf Festetics, Hungarian politician (b. 1882)
1961 - Carl Hermann, German physicist (b. 1898)
1968 - Tommy Armour, Scottish golfer (b. 1894)
1972 - William Boyd, American actor (b. 1895)
1977 - Steve Biko, South African anti-apartheid activist (b. 1946)
1981 - Eugenio Montale, Italian poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1896)
1986 - Jacques Henri Lartigue, French photographer (b. 1894)
1991 - Chris Von Erich, American professional wrestler (b. 1969)
1992 - Anthony Perkins, American actor (b. 1932)
1993 - Raymond Burr, Canadian actor (b. 1917)
1993 - Willie Mosconi, American billiards player (b. 1913)
1994 - Tom Ewell, American actor (b. 1909)
1994 - Boris Yegorov, Russian cosmonaut (b. 1937)
1995 - Jeremy Brett, English actor (b. 1933)
2000 - Stanley Turrentine, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1934)
2001 - Victor Wong, Chinese-American actor (b. 1927)
2003 - Johnny Cash, American singer and guitarist (b. 1932)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
91 Familypedia people were born on September 12
117 Familypedia people died on September 12
91 Familypedia people were first married on September 12