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Seine-Saint-Denis
—  Department  —
Prefecture building of the Seine-Saint-Denis department, in Bobigny

Flag

Coat of arms
Location of Seine-Saint-Denis in France
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Prefecture Bobigny
Subprefectures Le Raincy
Saint-Denis
Government
 • President of the General Council Stéphane Troussel (PS)
Area1
 • Total 236 km2 (91 sq mi)
Population (2016)
 • Total 1,606,660
 • Rank 6th
 • Density 6,800/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Department number 93
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 21
Communes 40
^1  French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Seine-Saint-Denis (French pronunciation: [sɛn sɛ̃ d(ə)ni]) is a French department located in the Île-de-France region and in the Grand Paris. Locally, it is often referred to colloquially as quatre-vingt treize or neuf trois (i.e., "ninety-three" or "nine three"), after its official administrative number, 93.

The learned and rarely used demonym for the inhabitants is Séquano-Dionysiens; more common is Dionysiens.

Geography[edit | edit source]

Seine-Saint-Denis is located to the northeast of Paris. It has a surface area of only 236 km², making it one of the smallest departments in France. Seine-Saint-Denis and two other small departments, Hauts-de-Seine and Val-de-Marne, form a ring around Paris, known as the Petite Couronne ("little crown"). Since 1 January 2016, together with Paris, they have formed the area of Greater Paris.

Petite couronne.png

Administration[edit | edit source]

Seine-Saint-Denis is made up of three departmental arrondissements and 40 communes:

Administrative map 93.png


History[edit | edit source]

Seine-Saint-Denis was created in January 1968, through the implementation of a law passed in July 1964. It was formed from the part of the (hitherto larger) Seine department to the north and north-east of the Paris ring road (and the line of the old city walls), together with a small slice taken from Seine-et-Oise.

Seine-Saint-Denis has a history as a veritable left-wing stronghold, belonging to the ceinture rouge (red belt) of Paris. The French Communist Party especially has maintained a continued strong presence in the department, and still controls the city councils in cities such as Saint-Denis, Montreuil and La Courneuve. Until 2008, Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne were the only departments where the Communist Party had a majority in the general councils but the 2008 cantonal elections saw the socialists become the strongest group at the Seine-Saint-Denis general council (while the Communist Party gained a majority in Allier and lost it in 2015).

A commune of Seine-Saint-Denis, Clichy-sous-Bois, was the scene of the death of two youths which sparked the nationwide riots of autumn 2005. In October and November, 9,000 cars were burned and 3,000 rioters were arrested.

In 2018, the department had the highest crime rate in metropolitan France.[1] In 2017, the area was the theatre of 18% of all drug offences in metropolitan France.[1]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Seine-Saint-Denis is the French department with the highest proportion of immigrants: 21.7% at the 1999 census (see table below). This figure does not include the children of immigrants born on French soil as well as some native elites from former French colonies and people who came from overseas France. The ratio of ethnic minorities is difficult to estimate accurately as French law prohibits the collection of ethnic data for census taking purposes.

In 2005, 56.7% of young people under 18 were of foreign origin including 38% of African origin (22% from Maghreb and 16% from Sub-Saharan Africa).

In 2018, the poverty rate was twice the national average at 28%, the unemployment rate was 3 per cent above the national average and 4 percentage points above the Île-de-France average at 12.7%. In 2018, it was estimated that 8–20% of the population in the department were illegal immigrants.[2]

Population development since 1881:

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1881 180,412
1891 230,992 2.47%
1901 307,329 2.86%
1911 411,443 2.92%
1921 504,956 2.05%
1931 769,315 4.21%
1936 776,378 0.18%
1946 730,361 -0.61%
1954 845,231 1.83%
1962 1,083,724 3.11%
1968 1,249,606 2.37%
1975 1,322,127 0.81%
1982 1,324,301 0.02%
1990 1,381,197 0.53%
1999 1,382,861 0.01%
2006 1,491,972 1.08%
2011 1,529,928 0.5%
2016 1,606,660 0.98%
source:[3]

Education[edit | edit source]

An education study confirmed falling levels of literacy in the area, where the fraction of pupils who had 25 errors or more increased from 5.4% in 1987 to 19.8% in 2015.[1]

Place of birth of residents[edit | edit source]

Template:France immigration

Politics[edit | edit source]

Current National Assembly Representatives[edit | edit source]

Seine-Saint-Denis's constituencies for the National Assembly.

Constituency Member[4] Party
style="background-color: Template:La France Insoumise/meta/color" | Seine-Saint-Denis's 1st constituency Éric Coquerel La France Insoumise
Seine-Saint-Denis's 2nd constituency Stéphane Peu French Communist Party
style="background-color: Template:La République En Marche!/meta/color" | Seine-Saint-Denis's 3rd constituency Patrice Anato La République En Marche!
Seine-Saint-Denis's 4th constituency Marie-George Buffet French Communist Party
style="background-color: Template:Union of Democrats and Independents/meta/color" | Seine-Saint-Denis's 5th constituency Jean-Christophe Lagarde Union of Democrats and Independents
style="background-color: Template:La France Insoumise/meta/color" | Seine-Saint-Denis's 6th constituency Bastien Lachaud La France Insoumise
style="background-color: Template:La France Insoumise/meta/color" | Seine-Saint-Denis's 7th constituency Alexis Corbière La France Insoumise
style="background-color: Template:La République En Marche!/meta/color" | Seine-Saint-Denis's 8th constituency Sylvie Charrière La République En Marche!
style="background-color: Template:La France Insoumise/meta/color" | Seine-Saint-Denis's 9th constituency Sabine Rubin La France Insoumise
style="background-color: Template:The Republicans (France)/meta/color" | Seine-Saint-Denis's 10th constituency Alain Ramadier The Republicans
style="background-color: Template:La France Insoumise/meta/color" | Seine-Saint-Denis's 11th constituency Clémentine Autain La France Insoumise
style="background-color: Template:La République En Marche!/meta/color" | Seine-Saint-Denis's 12th constituency Stéphane Testé La République En Marche!

Tourism[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Further reading[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

Template:Seine-Saint-Denis communes Template:Olympic venues swimming Template:Olympic venues diving Template:Olympic venues synchronized swimming Template:2024 Summer Olympic Venues


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