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Rostislav Yuryevich Rurik of Pereyaslavl was born circa 1108 to Yuri I Vladimirovich Dolgoruky of Kiev (c1090-1157) and Anna of Cumania (c1092-c1135) and died 1151 of unspecified causes. Ancestors are from Russia, Ukraine, Sweden, the Byzantine Empire.


Rostislav Yurievich (c1108-1151) was Prince of Novgorod (1138-1140, 1141-1142), and Princes of Pereyaslavl (1149-1151), the eldest son of Prince Yuri Dolgoruky from his marriage to Anna of Cumania the daughter of Polovtsian Ayub Khan

Biography

The first reign in Novgorod

Rostislav Yurevich is first mentioned in annals on 10 Mauy 1138 when he started his reign in Novgorod. [1].

In the same year, the Grand Prince of Kiev Yaropolk Vladimirovich died in Kiev, and Vsevolod defeated the brother of Yaropolk Vyacheslav and Prince of Chernigov Vsevolod Olgovich in the struggle for the throne of Kiev. Initially, the Novgorodians adhered to neutrality, but later they supported the Grand Prince Vsevolod Olgovich. And when the people of Novgorod refused to help Yuri Dolgoruky in the campaign against Vsevolod, September 1 1139 the year [2]. Rostislav had to flee from Novgorod to his father in Suzdal [3].


The second reign in Novgorod

In 1141, because of their prince's absence for nine months, the Novgorodians sent an embassy to Yuri Dolgoruky, urging him to take over the reign. Yuri himself refused to go and sent Rostislav again to Novgorod. The meeting took place on November 26 [4]. In 1142 the Grand Prince of Kiev Vsevolod Olgovich sent his brother-in-law Svyatopolk Mstislavich to Novgorod to reign on condition that the latter recognize his authority as Grand Prince. According to the Kiev chronicler, Vsevolod's decision was influenced by his wife, Maria Mstislavna, Svyatopolk's sister.

In January, the people of Novgorod heard a rumor about Svyatopolk's appointment as Prince of Novgorod, after which they confined Rostislav Yurievich in the episcopal house until Svyatopolk's arrival April 19, 1142 [5] Then Rostislav was sent to his father in Suzdal.[6]

Participation in the campaigns of Yuri Dolgoruky. Quarrel with father

See also: The internecine war in Russia (1146-1154)

In 1146, on the orders of the Grand Prince of Kiev Izyaslav Mstislavich, the Prince of Murom Rostislav Yaroslavich devastated Yuri Dolgoruky's lands. In 1147, Yuri sent Rostislav Yuryevich and his brother Andrei to Ryazan. Rostislav Yaroslavichh did not dare to respond and fled to the Polovtsians.

In 1148 Yuri sent Rostislav Yurievich again to help Svyatoslav Olgovich. But Rostislav did not comply with his father's order and refused to fight on the side of the Chernigovite.

This rebellion was prompted by Yuri's refusal to split the Principality of Suzdal between his sons. Consequently Rostislav went to Kiev, and recognized Izyaslav Mstislavich as "oldest" of the Kievan Rus' lands, and in exchange received 6 towns in Volhynia: Buzhsk, Mezhibozhye, Kotelnitsa, Gorodets-Ostersky (from this city the Grand Prince expelled Rostislav's brother Gleb) and two more whose names are unknown.

Return of Rostislav to Suzdal.

On 14 September 1148 a council of princes was held in Gorodets-Ostersky, in which it was decided to organize a campaign against Yuri Dolgoruky during the winter of 1149, in order to punish him for the oppression of the Novgorodians.[11] Rostislav Yurievich also participated in the coucil, but the Grand Prince did not take him on the campaign. At Izyaslav's return from this campaign in 1149, the boyars informed him that, allegedly, Rostislav Yurievich was opposing the Grand Prince of Kiev and the Berendeys and wanted to seize the family and the property of the latter. Izyaslav Mstislavich believed the denunciation, despite Rostislav's denial of his guilt and the latter's demand for confrontation with the accuser, sent him to his father and confiscating his estate. During Rostislav Yurievich's meeting with his father in Suzdal, he asked for forgivness for his previous sins and informed him that all people in the Grand Principality of Kiev and Chorni Klobuky were unhappy with Izyaslav and they want to have Yuri Dolgoruky as their prince. The latter, terribly outraged by the disgraceful expulsion of his son, taking it as a personal insult, [7]), undertook a campaign against Izyaslav, defeated him in near Pereyaslav-Khmelnytsky and expelled him from Kiev. Yuri appointed Rostislav prince of Pereyaslavl, where he reigned until his death.

After that, Rostislav participated with his brother Andrei in 1150 in his father's new campaign against Izyaslav Mstislavich , and strongly opposed the conclusion of peace with the latter. The world, however, was concluded at the insistence of Andrei Bogolyubsky, and Izyaslav Mstislavich refused the throne of Kiev in favor of his uncle Vyacheslav Vladimirovich. When soon Izyaslav violated the peace again and captured Kiev, his son Mstislav wanted to take the Principality of Pereyaslavl from Rostislav Yurievich. However, Rostislav, who has asked for help from his brother Andrei and the nomadic Torkil, defeated Mstislav's allies, which made him abandon the idea of ​​taking Pereyaslavl.

Rostislav Yurevich died on April 6 1151 the year [8], in the Holy Week in the early morning in the Good Friday and was buried with his brothers Andrei, Gleb and Mstislav in the Church Michael in Pereyaslavl, next his uncles Svyatoslav Vladimirovich and Andrei Vladimirovich.

Children

Notes

  1. ^ ПСРЛ. Т.4. Часть 1. Новгородская четвёртая летопись. Вып. 1. — Петроград, 1915. С.149
  2. ^ А. Ю. Карпов. Юрий Долгорукий. — М., 2007. С.86-87
  3. ^ ПСРЛ. Т.6. Вып.1. Софийская первая летопись старшего извода. — М., 2000. С.225
  4. ^ ПСРЛ. Т.2. Ипатьевская летопись. — СПб, 1908
  5. ^ А. Ю. Карпов. Юрий Долгорукий. — М., 2007. С.86-87
  6. ^ ПСРЛ. Т.6. Вып.1. Софийская первая летопись старшего извода. — М., 2000. С.225
  7. ^ А. Ю. Карпов. Юрий Долгорукий. — М., 2007. С.175.
  8. ^ А. Ю. Карпов. Юрий Долгорукий. — М., 2007. С.233.



Children


Offspring of Rostislav Yuryevich of Pereyaslavl and unknown parent
Name Birth Death Joined with
Yevfrosiniya Rostislavovna (c1130-1179)
Mstislav Rostislavich of Rostov (c1133-1178) 1133 20 April 1176
Yaropolk Rostislavich (c1145-c1197)

Siblings


Offspring of Yuri I Vladimirovich Dolgoruky of Kiev
(Юрий Владимирович Долгорукий, великий князь киевский) and Anna of Cumania (c1092-c1135)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Rostislav Yuryevich of Pereyaslavl (c1108-1151) 1108 1151
Ivan Yuryevich of Kursk (c1109-1147) 1109 24 February 1147 Koltesk, Kashira Rayon, Moscow Oblast, Russia
Olga Yuryevna of Kiev (c1110-1189) 1110 14 July 1189 Yaroslav Vladimirovich Osmomysl (c1135-1187)

Andrei I Yuryevich of Bogolyubovo (c1111-1174) 1111 28 June 1174 Ulita Stepanovna Kuchka

Mariya Yuryevna (c1112-1166) 1112 1166
Svyatoslav Yuryevich (c1113-1174) 1113 1174
Yaroslav Yuryevich (c1114-1166) 1114 1166
Gleb Yuryevich of Kiev (c1115-1171) 1115 20 January 1171 NN
Daughter of Izyaslav Davydovich (c1137-c1185)

Boris Yuryevich of Belgorod (c1116-1159) 1116 2 May 1159 Suzdal, Suzdal Rayon, Vladimir Oblast, Russia Mariya of Belgorod (c1120-c1175)

Mstislav Yuryevich of Novgorod (c1117-1166) 1117 1166 NN Petrovna of Novgorood (c1122-c1270)

Vasilko Yuryevich of Suzdal (c1118-c1162) 1118 1162

Offspring of Yuri I Vladimirovich Dolgoruky of Kiev
(Юрий Владимирович Долгорукий, великий князь киевский) and Olga NN (c1120-c1183)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Yelena Yuryevna (c1140-1165) 1140 1165 Oleg Svyatoslavich of Novgorod-Seversky (c1137-1180)

Mikhalko Yuryevich of Vladimir (c1150-1176) 1150 20 June 1176
Vsevolod III Yuryevich of Vladimir (1154-1212) 1154 12 April 1212 Mariya Shvarnovna of Ossetia (c1155-c1205)
Lyubov Vasilkovna (c1192-c1240)

Residences

Footnotes (including sources)

Contributors

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