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Roman Vseslavich of Drutsk, Prince of Drutsk, was born 1054 to Vseslav Bryachislavich of Polotsk (c1039-1101) and died 1115 Murom, Murom Rayon, Vladimir Oblast, Russia of unspecified causes.

Roman Vseslavich of Drutsk (c1054-c1115) is a Polotsk prince, the son of Vseslav Bryachislavich.

Biography

Roman Vseslavich was born most likely at the beginning of the second half of the eleventh century, and died in 1114 or 1115 outside the Principality of Polotsk, being in exile. According to the PVL , Roman died in 1116 in Murom , according to the Nikon Chronicle - in 1114 in Ryazan .

VL Yanin assumed that Roman could be the firstborn and successor of Vseslav Bryachislavich. O.M. Rapov also leaned toward Roman's seniority, believing that he could lose his possession through internal strife, and his restoration after the events of 1116 could prevent death in exile. This opinion is to a certain extent contradicted by the assumption of L.V. Alekseev, according to which Davyd was the successor of Vseslav; According to Alexeyev, Roman was younger than Davyd, Rogvolod and Gleb Vseslavich.

Most historians agree that Roman should be the ruler of a principality. L. Voitovich believes that the Roman could have been prince of Izyaslavl or Slutsk, where he could driven out Gleb. However, during the life of Roman, Slutsk did was not a possession of the Princes of Polotsk, but was part of the Principality of Turov and in 1116 belonged personally to Vladimir Monomakh, which he writes in his "Instruction", and Izyaslavl was then ruled by another Vseslavich, whose son Bryachislav is mentioned in 1128 and 1150-1160-ies as the Prince of Izyaslavl.

Roman is believed to have died childless. Perhaps Roman reigned in Drutsk, where he was exiled by his brother Gleb Vseslavich, as in the legendary part of the list of the Princes of Drutsk the first prince is called a Roman.

After his death, Roman's widow took the vows and lived in the cell of one of the Polotsk monasteries, rewriting books, which she sold, giving the money to the poor. For a time she lived in the same monastery with her sister-in-law Euphrosyne of Polotsk.

Literature

  • «Повесть временных лет» [ПВЛ]. Ч.1. Текст и перевод. М.-Л., 1950. 406 с.; 4.2. Приложения. Комментарии Д. С. Лихачева. М.-Л., 1950. 556 с.
  • ПСРЛ, т. 9. Патриаршая, или Никоновская летопись. Ч. 1. СПб., 1862. 256 с.
  • Алексеев Л. В. Полоцкая земля // Древнерусские княжества X—XIII вв. -М., −1975. -С.202-239
  • Грушевський М. С. Історія України-Руси. Т. 2. К., 1992. 633 с.
  • Рапов О. М. Княжеские владения на Руси вХ первой половине XIII в. -М., 1977. −261 с.
  • Янин В. Л. Междукняжеские отношения в эпоху Мономаха и «Хождение» игумена Даниила //Труды ОДРЛ-T. 16. -М.-Л..-1960. -С.112-131
  • Рыжов К. Все монархи мира. Россия. — Москва, Вече, 1998., стр.523.
  • Богуславский В. В. Славянская Энциклопедия. Киевская Русь-Московия: в 2 т. — М.: Олма-Пресс, 2001., т.2, стр.256.
  • Войтович Л. Княжеские династии Восточной Европы (конец IX — начало XVI века): состав, общественная и политическая роль. — Львов, 2000.


Siblings

Residences

Footnotes (including sources)

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