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In Italy, a province (provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between a municipality (comune) and a region (regione).

OverviewEdit

ITALIAN PROVINCES

Italian Provinces, after reform of Mario Monti's Government

A province is composed of many municipalities (comune), and usually several provinces form a region. The regions of Aosta Valley, Basilicata, Molise, Umbria are the only exception being the province coincident with the region.

The three main functions devolved to provinces are:

  • Local planning and zoning
  • Provision of local police and fire services.
  • Transportation regulation (car registration, maintenance of local roads, etc.)

The number of provinces in Italy has been steadily growing in recent years, as many new ones are carved out of older ones. Usually, the province's name is the same as that of its capital city.

Each province is headed by a President assisted by a legislative body, the Provincial Council, and an executive body, the Provincial Executive. President and members of Council are elected together by resident citizens: the coalition of the elected President (who needs an absolute majority in the first or second round of voting) gains the three fifths of the Council's seats. The Executive is chaired by the President who appoint others members, called assessori.

In each province there is also a Prefect (prefetto), a representative of the central government who heads an agency called prefettura-ufficio territoriale del governo. The Questor (questore) is the head of State's Police (Polizia di Stato) in the province and his office is called questura. There is also a province's police force depending from local government, called provincial police (polizia provinciale).

The South Tyrol and Trentino are autonomous provinces: unlike all other provinces they have the same legislative powers of regions and are not subordinated to the region they are part of, namely the region of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.

List of Italian ProvincesEdit

Prior to 2014Edit

The table shows the current Italian provinces.

ISTAT
code
Province ISO
code
Administrative
Region
Population
Area
(km²)
Density
(/km²)
Municipalities
President
084 Agrigento AG Sicily 454,002 3,042 149 43 Eugenio d'Orsi (MpA)
006 Alessandria AL Piedmont 440,613 3,559 124 190 Paolo Filippi (PD)
042 Ancona AN Marche 481,028 1,940 248 56 Patrizia Casagrande (PD)
007 Aosta [Note 1] AO Valle d'Aosta 128,230 3,263 39 74 Augusto Rollandin (UV)
051 Arezzo AR Tuscany 349,651 3,236 108 39 Roberto Vasai (PD)
044 Ascoli Piceno AP Marche 214,068 1,228 174 33 Piero Celani (PdL)
005 Asti AT Piedmont 221,687 1,515 146 118 Maria Teresa Armosino (PdL)
064 Avellino AV Campania 439,137 2,792 157 119 Cosimo Sibilia (PdL)
072 Bari BA Puglia 1,258,706 3,821 329 48 Francesco Schittulli (PdL)
110 Barletta-Andria-Trani BT Puglia 392,863 1,538 255 10 Francesco Ventola (PdL)
025 Belluno BL Veneto 213,474 3,676 58 69 Gianpaolo Bottacin (LN)
062 Benevento BN Campania 287,874 2,071 139 78 Aniello Cimitile (PD)
016 Bergamo BG Lombardy 1,098,740 2,723 404 244 Ettore Pirovano (LN)
096 Biella BI Piedmont 185,768 914 203 82 Roberto Simonetti (LN)
037 Bologna BO Emilia-Romagna 991,924 3,702 268 60 Beatrice Draghetti (PD)
021 Bolzano[Note 1] BZ Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol 507,657 7,400 69 116 Luis Durnwalder (SVP)
017 Brescia BS Lombardy 1,256,025 4,783 263 206 Daniele Molgora (LN)
074 Brindisi BR Puglia 403,229 1,839 219 20 Massimo Ferrarese (PD)
092 Cagliari CA Sardinia 563,180 4,570 123 71 Graziano Milia (PD)
085 Caltanissetta CL Sicily 271,729 2,124 128 22 Giuseppe Federico (MpA)
070 Campobasso CB Molise 231,086 2,910 79 84 Rosario De Matteis (PdL)
107 Carbonia-Iglesias CI Sardinia 129,840 1,495 87 23 Salvatore Cherchi (PD)
061 Caserta CE Campania 916,467 2,640 347 104 Domenico Zinzi (UdC)
087 Catania CT Sicily 1,090,101 3,553 307 58 Giuseppe Castiglione (PdL)
079 Catanzaro CZ Calabria 368,597 2,392 154 80 Wanda Ferro (PdL)
069 Chieti CH Abruzzo 397,123 2,588 153 104 Enrico Di Giuseppantonio (UdC)
013 Como CO Lombardy 594,988 1,288 462 160 Leonardo Carioni (LN)
078 Cosenza CS Calabria 734,656 6,650 110 155 Mario Oliverio (PD)
019 Cremona CR Lombardy 363,606 1,771 205 115 Massimiliano Salini (PdL)
101 Crotone KR Calabria 174,605 1,716 102 27 Stanislao Zurlo (PdL)
004 Cuneo CN Piedmont 592,303 6,902 86 250 Gianna Gancia (LN)
086 Enna EN Sicily 172,485 2,561 67 20 Giuseppe Monaco (PdL)
109 Fermo FM Marche 177,914 860 207 40 Fabrizio Cesetti (SEL)
038 Ferrara FE Emilia-Romagna 359,994 2,630 137 26 Marcella Zappaterra (PD)
048 Florence FI Tuscany 998,098 3,515 284 44 Andrea Barducci (PD)
071 Foggia FG Puglia 640,836 6,966 92 64 Antonio Pepe (PdL)
040 Forlì-Cesena FC Emilia-Romagna 395,489 2,376 166 30 Massimo Bulbi (PD)
060 Frosinone FR Lazio 498,167 3,243 154 91 Antonello Iannarilli (PdL)
010 Genoa GE Liguria 882,718 1,839 480 67 Alessandro Repetto (PD)
031 Gorizia GO Friuli-Venezia Giulia 142,407 466 306 25 Enrico Gherghetta (PD)
053 Grosseto GR Tuscany 228,157 4,501 51 28 Leonardo Marras (PD)
008 Imperia IM Liguria 222,648 1,156 193 67 Luigi Sappa (PdL)
094 Isernia IS Molise 88,694 1,528 58 52 Luigi Mazzuto (PdL)
011 La Spezia SP Liguria 223,516 881 254 32 Marino Fiasella (PD)
066 L'Aquila AQ Abruzzo 309,820 5,035 62 108 Antonio Del Corvo (PdL)
059 Latina LT Lazio 555,692 2,250 247 33 Armando Cusani (PdL)
075 Lecce LE Puglia 815,597 2,759 296 87 Antonio Maria Gabellone (PdL)
097 Lecco LC Lombardy 340,167 816 417 90 Daniele Nava (PdL)
049 Livorno LI Tuscany 342,955 1,211 283 20 Giorgio Kutufà (PD)
098 Lodi LO Lombardy 227,655 782 291 61 Pietro Foroni (LN)
046 Lucca LU Tuscany 393,795 1,773 222 35 Stefano Baccelli (PD)
043 Macerata MC Marche 325,362 2,774 117 50 Antonio Pettinari (UdC)
020 Mantua MN Lombardy 415,442 2,339 178 70 Alessandro Pastacci (PD)
045 Massa and Carrara MS Tuscany 203,901 1,157 176 17 Osvaldo Angeli (PD)
077 Matera MT Basilicata 203,726 3,447 59 31 Francesco Stella (PD)
106 Medio Campidano VS Sardinia 102,409 1,516 68 28 Fulvio Tocco (PD)
083 Messina ME Sicily 653,737 3,247 201 108 Nanni Ricevuto (PdL)
015 Milan MI Lombardy 3,156,694 1,575 2,004 134 Guido Podestà (PdL)
036 Modena MO Emilia-Romagna 700,913 2,689 261 47 Emilio Sabattini (PD)
108 Monza and Brianza MB Lombardy 849,636 405 2,098 55 Dario Allevi (PdL)
063 Naples NA Campania 3,080,873 1,171 2,631 92 Luigi Cesaro (PdL)
003 Novara NO Piedmont 371,802 1,339 278 88 Diego Sozzani (PdL)
091 Nuoro NU Sardinia 160,677 3,934 41 52 Roberto Deriu (PD)
105 Ogliastra OG Sardinia 57,965 1,854 31 23 Bruno Pilia (PD)
104 Olbia-Tempio OT Sardinia 157,859 3,399 46 26 Fedele Sanciu (PdL)
095 Oristano OR Sardinia 166,244 3,040 55 88 Massimiliano De Seneen (PdL)
028 Padua PD Veneto 934,216 2,143 436 104 Barbara Degani (PdL)
082 Palermo PA Sicily 1,249,577 4,992 250 82 Giovanni Avanti (UdC)
034 Parma PR Emilia-Romagna 442,120 3,450 128 47 Vincenzo Bernazzoli (PD)
018 Pavia PV Lombardy 548,307 2,965 185 190 Daniele Bosone (PD)
054 Perugia PG Umbria 671,821 6,332 106 59 Marco Vinicio Guasticchi (PD)
041 Pesaro and Urbino[Note 2] PU Marche 366,963 2,564 143 60 Matteo Ricci (PD)
068 Pescara PE Abruzzo 323,184 1,225 264 46 Guerino Testa (PdL)
033 Piacenza PC Emilia-Romagna 289,875 2,590 112 48 Massimo Trespidi (PdL)
050 Pisa PI Tuscany 417,782 2,445 171 39 Andrea Pieroni (PD)
047 Pistoia PT Tuscany 293,061 965 304 22 Federica Fratoni (PD)
093 Pordenone PN Friuli-Venezia Giulia 315,323 2,130 148 51 Alessandro Ciriani (PdL)
076 Potenza PZ Basilicata 383,791 6,549 59 100 Piero Lacorazza (PD)
100 Prato PO Tuscany 249,775 365 684 7 Lamberto Gestri (PD)
088 Ragusa RG Sicily 318,549 1,614 197 12 Giovanni Francesco Antoci (UdC)
039 Ravenna RA Emilia-Romagna 392,458 1,858 211 18 Claudio Casadio (PD)
080 Reggio Calabria RC Calabria 566,977 3,184 178 97 Giuseppe Raffa (PdL)
035 Reggio Emilia RE Emilia-Romagna 530,343 2,292 231 45 Sonia Masini (PD)
057 Rieti RI Lazio 160,467 2,750 58 73 Fabio Melilli (PD)
099 Rimini[Note 2] RN Emilia-Romagna 329,302 863 382 27 Stefano Vitali (PD)
058 Rome RM Lazio 4,194,068 5,352 784 121 Nicola Zingaretti (PD)
029 Rovigo RO Veneto 247,884 1,790 138 50 Tiziana Virgili (PD)
065 Salerno SA Campania 1,109,705 4,918 226 158 Edmondo Cirielli (PdL)
090 Sassari SS Sardinia 337,237 4,281 79 66 Alessandra Giudici (PD)
009 Savona SV Liguria 287,906 1,545 186 69 Angelo Vaccarezza (PdL)
052 Siena SI Tuscany 272,638 3,823 71 36 Simone Bezzini (PD)
014 Sondrio SO Lombardy 183,169 3,210 57 78 Massimo Sertori (LN)
089 Syracuse SR Sicily 404,271 2,108 192 21 Nicola Bono (PdL)
073 Taranto TA Puglia 580,028 2,436 238 29 Giovanni Florido (PD)
067 Teramo TE Abruzzo 312,239 1,948 160 47 Valter Catarra (PdL)
055 Terni TR Umbria 234,665 2,122 111 33 Feliciano Polli (PD)
081 Trapani TP Sicily 436,624 2,460 177 24 Girolamo Turano (UdC)
022 Trento[Note 1] TN Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol 529,457 6,203 85 217 Lorenzo Dellai (UpT)
026 Treviso TV Veneto 888,249 2,477 359 95 Leonardo Muraro (LN)
032 Trieste TS Friuli-Venezia Giulia 236,556 212 1,116 6 Maria Teresa Bassa Poropat (PD)
030 Udine[Note 3] UD Friuli-Venezia Giulia 541,522 4,904 110 136 Pietro Fontanini (LN)
001 Turin TO Piedmont 2,302,353 6,829 337 315 Antonio Saitta (PD)
012 Varese VA Lombardy 883,285 1,199 737 141 Dario Galli (LN)
027 Venice VE Veneto 863,133 2,461 351 44 Francesca Zaccariotto (LN)
103 Verbano-Cusio-Ossola VB Piedmont 163,247 2,256 72 77 Massimo Nobili (PdL)
002 Vercelli VC Piedmont 179,562 2,088 86 86 Carlo Riva Vercellotti (PdL)
023 Verona VR Veneto 920,158 3,120 295 98 Giovanni Miozzi (PdL)
102 Vibo Valentia VV Calabria 166,560 1,139 146 50 Francesco De Nisi (PD)
024 Vicenza VI Veneto 870,740 2,723 320 121 Attilio Schneck (LN)
056 Viterbo VT Lazio 320,294 3,614 89 60 Marcello Meroi (PdL)
Total - - - 60,626,442 301,338 201 8,094 -

After 2014Edit

The table show the new Italian provinces, implemented by the reform of the Government of Mario Monti, will change definitively from 2014.[1] (The names of the reformed provinces, their capital cities, ISTAT and ISO codes, and the presidents of the provinces, are still being defined).

The decree on the reorganization of the provinces, did not affect the 5 autonomous regions (Aosta Valley, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Sicily, Sardinia, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol). Them within their own Regional Council will decide whether to abolish some of its provinces, as in the case of Sardinia (Following the outcome of the regional referendums of 2012 it was decreed that, such institutions should be reformed or abolished by March 2013, thus remaining in office until February 28, 2013)[2], or choose to keep them.

The names of the new provinces were announced in November 2012.[3]

Province ISTAT code ISO code Region Capital city Area
km²
Population[4]
30/04/2012
Density
inhab./km²
Municipalities President
Agrigento to redefine AG Sicily Agrigento 3,042 452,620 149 43 '
Alessandria–Asti
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Piedmont to define 5,024 663,208 132 308 '
Ancona to redefine AN Marche Ancona 1,940 482,847 249 49 '
Aosta to redefine AO Aosta Valley Aosta 3,263 128,820 39 74 '
Arezzo to redefine AR Tuscany Arezzo 3,236 350,717 108 39 '
Ascoli Piceno-Fermo-Macerata
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Marche to define 4,862 718,466 148 130 '
Avellino-Benevento
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Campania to define 4,863 724,216 149 197 '
Bari
(metropolitan city annexed)
to redefine BA Apulia Bari 3,821 1,259,377 330 41 '
Barletta-Andria-Trani-Foggia
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Apulia to define 8,504 1,031,813 121 71 '
Brindisi-Taranto
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Apulia to define 4,275 980,597 229 49 '
Belluno to redefine BL Veneto Belluno 3,676 212,501 58 69 '
Bergamo to redefine BG Lombardy Bergamo 2,723 1,107,950 407 244 '
Biella-Vercelli
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Piedmont to define 3,002 363,992 121 168 '
Bologna
(metropolitan city annexed)
to redefine BO Emilia Romagna Bologna 3,702 1,001,163 270 60 '
Bolzano to redefine BZ Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol Bolzano 7,400 512,713 69 116 '
Brescia to redefine BS Lombardy Brescia 4,783 1,267,369 265 206 '
Cagliari
(abolished by February 28, 2013)
to redefine CA Sardinia Cagliari 4,570 564,314 124 71 '
Caltanissetta to redefine CL Sicily Caltanissetta 2,124 270,030 127 22 '
Campobasso-Isernia
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Molise to define 4,439 318,488 72 136 '
Carbonia-Iglesias
(abolished by February 28, 2013)
to redefine CI Sardinia Carbonia and Iglesias 1,495 129,297 86 23 '
Caserta to redefine CE Campania Caserta 2,640 920,577 349 104 '
Catania to redefine CT Sicily Catania 3,553 1,089,811 307 58 '
Catanzaro-Crotone-Vibo Valentia
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Calabria to define 5,247 707,917 135 157 '
Chieti-Pescara
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Abruzzo to define 3,813 722,044 189 180 '
Como-Lecco-Varese
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Lombardy to define 3,303 1,830,294 554 391 '
Cosenza to redefine CS Calabria Cosenza 6,650 734,267 110 155 '
Cremona-Lodi-Mantova
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Lombardy to define 4,892 1,012,461 207 246 '
Cuneo to redefine CN Piedmont Cuneo 6,902 595,184 86 250 '
Enna to redefine EN Sicily Enna 2,561 171,273 67 20 '
Ferrara to redefine FE Emilia Romagna Ferrara 2,630 359,290 137 26 '
Florence - Pistoia - Prato
(being reorganized)
(metropolitan city annexed)
to redefine to redefine Tuscany to define 4,845 1,549,696 320 73 '
Frosinone-Latina
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Lazio to define 5,493 1,059,279 193 124 '
Genoa
(metropolitan city annexed)
to redefine GE Liguria Genoa 1,839 880,085 479 67 '
Gorizia to redefine GO Friuli Venezia Giulia Gorizia 466 142,017 305 25 '
Grosseto-Siena
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Tuscany to define 8,324 501,908 60 64 '
Imperia-Savona
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Liguria to define 2,701 509,956 189 136 '
L'Aquila-Teramo
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Abruzzo to define 6,983 622,911 89 155 '
La Spezia to redefine SP Liguria La Spezia 881 223,328 253 32 '
Lecce to redefine LE Apulia Lecce 2,759 814,233 295 97 '
Livorno-Lucca-Massa Carrara-Pisa
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Tuscany to define 6,586 1,361,618 207 111 '
Lucania
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Basilicata to define 9,996 585,386 59 131 '
Naples
(metropolitan city annexed)
to redefine NA Campania Naples 1,171 3,079,078 2,629 92 '
Novara-Verbano-Cusio-Ossola
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Piedmont to define 3,595 536,223 149 165 '
Nuoro
(abolished by February 28, 2013)
to redefine NU Sardinia Nuoro 3,934 159,659 41 52 '
Ogliastra
(abolished by February 28, 2013)
to redefine OG Sardinia Lanusei and Tortolì 1,854 57,928 31 23 '
Olbia-Tempio
(abolished by February 28, 2013)
to redefine OT Sardinia Olbia and Tempio Pausania 3,399 159,393 47 26 '
Oristano
(abolished by February 28, 2013)
to redefine OR Sardinia Oristano 3,040 165,069 54 88 '
Medio Campidano
(abolished by February 28, 2013)
to redefine VS Sardinia Sanluri and Villacidro 1,516 101,716 67 28 '
Messina to redefine ME Sicily Messina 3,247 650,629 200 108 '
Milano - Monza
(being reorganized)
(metropolitan city annexed)
to redefine to redefine Lombardy to define 1,980 4,057,100 2,049 189 '
Modena-Reggio nell'Emilia
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Emilia Romagna to define 4,981 1,241,545 249 92 '
Padua-Treviso
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Veneto to define 4,620 1,832,991 397 199 '
Palermo to redefine PA Sicily Palermo 4,992 1,249,350 250 82 '
Parma-Piacenza
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Emilia Romagna to define 6,040 739,089 122 95 '
Pavia to redefine PV Lombardy Pavia 2,965 552,351 186 190 '
Pesaro-Urbino to redefine PU Marche Pesaro and Urbino 2,564 367,522 143 60 '
Pordenone to redefine PN Friuli Venezia Giulia Pordenone 2,130 316,226 148 51 '
Ragusa to redefine RG Sicily Ragusa 1,614 320,504 199 12 '
Reggio Calabria
(metropolitan city annexed)
to redefine RC Calabria Reggio Calabria 3,184 565,724 178 97 '
Rieti-Viterbo
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Lazio to define 6,364 483,922 76 133 '
Romagna
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Emilia Romagna to define 5,097 1,125,776 221 75 '
Rome
(metropolitan city annexed)
to redefine RM Lazio Rome 5,352 4,246,792 793 121 '
Rovigo-Verona
(being reorganized)
to redefine to redefine Veneto to define 4,910 1,175,001 239 148 '
Salerno to redefine SA Campania Salerno 4,918 1,110,020 226 158 '
Sassari
(abolished by February 28, 2013)
to redefine SS Sardinia Sassari 4,281 336,605 79 66 '
Sondrio to redefine SO Lombardy Sondrio 3,210 183,340 57 78 '
Syracuse to redefine SR Sicily Syracuse 2,108 403,761 192 21 '
Turin
(metropolitan city annexed)
to redefine TO Piedmont Turin 6,829 2,309,587 338 315 '
Trapani to redefine TP Sicily Trapani 2,460 435,502 177 24 '
Trieste to redefine TS Friuli Venezia Giulia Trieste 212 235,783 1,112 6 '
Trento to redefine TN Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol Trento 6,203 534,825 86 217 '
Udine to redefine UD Friuli Venezia Giulia Udine 4,904 541,327 110 136 '
Venice
(metropolitan city annexed)
to redefine VE Veneto Venice 2,461 865,535 352 44 '
Vicenza to redefine VI Veneto Vicenza 2,723 874,733 321 121 '
ITALIAN PROVINCES WITH METROPOLITAN CITIES

Provinces with Metropolitan Cities

POPOLATION PROVINCES OF ITALY

Population of the Italian Provinces

HistoryEdit

Kingdom of ItalyEdit

In 1861, at the birth of the Kingdom of Italy, there were 59 provinces. However, at that time the national territory was smaller than the current one: regions of Veneto, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trentino Alto Adige and Lazio were not included in the kingdom.

In 1866, following the Third Independence War, territories of Veneto, Friuli and Mantova were annexed. There were therefore 9 provinces more: Belluno, Mantova, Padova, Rovigo, Treviso, Venezia, Verona, Vicenza and Udine, all previously part of the Austrian Empire. Eventually, in 1870, following the annexion of Rome and its province from the Papal States, provinces rose to 69.

After World War I, new territories were annexed to the country. The Province of Trento was created in 1920. Provinces of La Spezia, Trieste and Ionio in 1923. In 1924 the new provinces of Fiume, di Pola and Zara were created, rising the total number of provinces in Italy to 76.

Between the two World Wars Edit

In 1927, following a Royal charter,[Note 4] a general province rearrangement took place. 17 new provinces were created (Aosta, Vercelli, Varese, Savona, Bolzano, Gorizia, Pistoia, Pescara, Rieti, Terni, Viterbo, Frosinone, Brindisi, Matera, Ragusa, Castrogiovanni, Nuoro) and the province of Caserta was suppressed. In the same year the institution of circondari, sub-provincial wards created before the unification, was abolished.

Province of Littoria (Latina) was created in 1934 and the Province of Asti in 1935. Following the annexion of Yugoslavia in 1941, the province of Zara joins the Governatorate of Dalmatia (comprising the province of Zara, Spalato e Cattaro), while in the occupied central part of today's Slovenia was created the new Province of Lubiana.

After World War IIEdit

In 1945, after the War, the province of Aosta changed name to Valle d'Aosta and Littoria to Latina; the new province of Caserta was created. With the Paris Treaties, signed on 10 February 1947, Italy lost the provinces of Istria, Carnaro and Dalmazia and part of provinces of Trieste and Gorizia. Moreover, the province of Trieste was occupied by United States and Great Britain forces. The Italian Republic had therefore 91 provinces at its birth.

Province of Ionio was renamed in Taranto in 1951, and, in 1954, the province of Trieste was returned to Italy.

Recent history Edit

The Province of Pordenone was founded in 1968, the province of Isernia in 1970 and the Province of Oristano in 1974. In 1992 a total of 8 provinces were created: Verbano-Cusio-Ossola, Biella, Lecco, Lodi, Rimini, Prato, Crotone, Vibo Valentia, while Forlì was renamed Forlì-Cesena.

Four new provinces were founded in Sardinia in 2001, which went effective in 2005: Olbia-Tempio, Ogliastra, Medio Campidano e Carbonia-Iglesias; in 2004 other 3 provinces were created: Monza e Brianza, Fermo and Barletta-Andria-Trani, for a total of 110 provinces.

In May 2012, a referendum abolished the 9 provinces of Sardinia. This suppression will become effective on 1 March 2013. On 6 July 2012, plans were published to reduce the number of provinces by around 50%.[5]

Former provincesEdit

Number of provinces
Year Number of
provinces
1861 59
1866 68
1870 69
1920 70
1923 73
1924 76
1927 93
1934 94
1935 95
1941 98
1945 96
1947 91
1954 92
1968 93
1970 94
1974 95
1992 103
2001 107
2004 110
2014 75

Historical abolished provincesEdit

  • Province of Aosta (Italian: Provincia di Aosta) (1927–1945). Became the Autonomous Region of Aosta Valley in 1948.
  • Province of Terra di Lavoro (Italian: Provincia di Terra di Lavoro ) (1861–1927). Was divided into the current provinces of Frosinone, Latina and Caserta.

Provinces of Istria and DalmatiaEdit

Provinces established during World War IIEdit

  • Province of Ljubljana (Italian: Provincia di Lubiana) (1941–1943). Was occupied by Germany in September 1943 and was administered as a part of the German Operation Zone of the Adriatic Littoral.
  • Province of Split (Italian: Provincia di Spalato) (1941–1943). Was a part of the Governorship of Dalmatia. Was occupied by Germany in September 1943 and annexed by the Independent State of Croatia.
  • Province of Kotor (Italian: Provincia di Cattaro) (1941–1943). Was a part of the Governorship of Dalmatia. Was occupied by Germany in September 1943 and annexed by the Independent State of Croatia.

Colonial provincesEdit

  • Province of Rhodes (Italian: Provincia di Rodi ) (1923–1947) or Italian Aegean Islands (Italian: Isole italiane dell'Egeo) . It remained nominally a part of the Italian Social Republic after the Italian capitulation.
Provinces of Italy trend

Number of provinces in Italy since 1861

Theoretical provincesEdit

ControversiesEdit

Provinces are often deemed useless, and many proposes have been made in recent years to eliminate them.[7][8][9] However, the difficulty of changing a constitutional law and the opposition of some groups and politicians halted any reform proposal.[10][11]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Autonomous province
  2. ^ a b In 2009, seven municipalities in the province of Pesaro e Urbino have been moved to the province of Rimini.
  3. ^ In 2009, Campolongo al Torre e Tapogliano municipalities in the province of Udine have been merged into Campolongo Tapogliano municipality (http://www.istat.it/strumenti/definizioni/comuni/).
  4. ^ Regio Decreto Legislativo n. 1/1927, 3 January 1927, "Riordinamento delle circoscrizioni provinciali"

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.governo.it/Governo/ConsiglioMinistri/dettaglio.asp?d=69636
    The correct title of this page is Reorganization of the provinces. It appears incorrectly here because of technical restrictions.
  2. ^ http://www.unionesarda.it/Articoli/Articolo/274564
    The correct title of this page is Sardegna, start the reorganization. It appears incorrectly here because of technical restrictions.
  3. ^ http://www.gazzettaufficiale.it/guridb/dispatcher?service=1&datagu=2012-11-06&task=dettaglio&numgu=259&redaz=012G0210&tmstp=1352359970067
  4. ^ http://demo.istat.it/
    The correct title of this page is Population DEMOISTAT. It appears incorrectly here because of technical restrictions.
  5. ^ http://www.corriere.it/economia/12_luglio_06/spending-review-province-difesa-scuole-online_9244d148-c782-11e1-96dc-1183a294894f.shtml
  6. ^ a b Davide Rodogno (2006). Fascism's European empire: Italian occupation during the Second World War. Cambridge University Press. pp. 89–92. ISBN 0-521-84515-7. 
  7. ^ "Lombardo contro le Province "È giunto il momento di abolirle"". la Repubblica. 26 July 2011. http://palermo.repubblica.it/cronaca/2011/07/26/news/lombardo_contro_le_province_giunto_il_momento_di_abolirle-19645694/index.html?ref=search. Retrieved 21 November 2011. 
  8. ^ "Pareggio di bilancio in Costituzione dal 2014 Addio Province (escluse Trento e Bolzano)". la Repubblica. 8 September 2011. http://www.repubblica.it/politica/2011/09/08/news/abolizione_province-21374995/index.html?ref=search. Retrieved 21 November 2011. 
  9. ^ "Più di un milione di persone a libro paga della Politica Spa". la Repubblica. 18 July 2011. http://www.repubblica.it/politica/2011/07/18/news/pi_di_un_milione_di_persone_a_libro_paga_della_politica_spa-19258883/index.html?ref=search. Retrieved 21 November 2011. 
  10. ^ "Il presidente della Provincia di Varese "Via le Regioni come Molise e Umbria"". la Repubblica. 16 July 2011. http://milano.repubblica.it/cronaca/2011/07/16/news/il_presidente_della_provincia_di_varese_via_le_regioni_come_molise_e_umbria-19212648/index.html?ref=search. Retrieved 21 November 2011. 
  11. ^ Fabrizzi, Federica. "LA PROVINCIA: STORIA ISTITUZIONALE DELL’ENTE LOCALE PIÙ DISCUSSO.". federalismi.it. http://federalismi.it/ApplOpenFilePDF.cfm?artid=9658&dpath=document&dfile=02042008153138.pdf&content=La+Provincia:+storia+istituzionale+dell%E2%80%99ente+locale+pi%C3%B9+discusso.+-+autonomie+locali+-+dottrina+-+. Retrieved 21 November 2011. 
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