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Principality of Peremyshl
Peremyshlske knyazivstvo
Перемишльськe князівствo
Vassal of Kievan Rus'
1031–1141
Coordinates : 49°47′10″N 22°46′26″E / 49.78611, 22.77389

Coat of arms

Capital Peremyshl
Religion Eastern Orthodox
Government Monarchy
Historical era Middle ages
 -  Established 1031
 -  United with Principality of Terebovl 1141

The Principality of Peremyshl was a medieval petty principality centred on Peremyshl (now Przemyśl, Poland) in the Land of Czerwien" ("Red Rus'").

First mention[]

The Rus' Primary Chronicle, writing for the year 981, gives the first mention of Peremyshl relating the wars of Vladimir I of Kiev:

Vladimir marched up the Lyachs and took their cities: Peremyshl, Czerwień and other towns, all of which are subject to Rus even to this day.[1]

It is possible that the Lyakhs here are the Poles. Cross argued that Lyakh was the early term for a Polish person.[2] Franklin and Shepard argued that these people are the same as the Ledzanians, mentioned in the 10th century De Administrando Imperio as tributaries of the Rus.[3] Peremyshl may have been one of the Czerwień towns captured by the Polish prince Boleslaw I in 1018, towns recaptured by Rus in 1031.[4]

The Rostislavich family[]

Peremyshl was ruled initially by the descendants of Vladimir Yaroslavich — who had helped recapture the towns of Czerwień Rus in 1031 — and his only son Rostislav Vladimirovich; they are hence known as the Rostislavichi.[5] The earliest known Prince of Peremyshl is Rurik Rostislavich, who was occupying the city when the murderers of Yaropolk Izyaslavich fled to him in 1087.[6] Vsevolod I Yaroslavich, Grand Prince, is alleged to have apportioned Volhynian territories, distributing Vladimir-in-Volhynia (modern Volodymyr-Volynskyi) to Davyd Igorevich, Terebovl to Vasilko Rostislavich and Peremyshl to Volodar Rostislavich, grants confirmed at the Council of Lyubech (1097).[7] The city, defended by Prince Volodar, was besieged in 1097 by Yaroslav Svyatopolkovich, allied to King Coloman of Hungary.[8] However Davyd Svyatoslavich, Prince of Chernigov, and his Polovtsy ally Bonyak defeated the Hungarians.[2]

Peremyshl, although originally subordinate to the Principality of Vladimir-in-Volhynia, remained a semi-independent principality into the middle of the 13th century and beyond. Although the details are not always available, it formed part of the orbit of the emerging Principality of Halych.

In 1141 , after the death of Ivan Galitsky, Volodymyr Volodarevich Peremysky united all the units into a single Galician principality and transferred the center of his possessions from Peremyshl to Galich . In 1144, after suppressing the rebellion of his nephew, Ivan Berladnika , he joined Zvenigorod in his personal possessions .

Since 1199 this principality was part of the united Galician-Volyn principality . During the struggle for power after the death of Roman Halytsky, Przemysl was a part of Prince Svyatoslav Igorevich ( 1210 - 1211 ), the possession of Leszka Krakowski ( 1214 ), with the part of the Hungarian king András ( 1226 - 1227 ), the possession of Danylo Romanovych Volynsky ( 1235 - 1238 ). During the conflict between Rostislav Mikhailovich and Daniil Romanovich (formerly its prince), it was one of the former's strongholds; its bishop supported Rostislav, and when Rostislav occupied Halych, he appointed Konstantin of Ryazan to oversee Peremyshl.[9] Peremyshl is known to have been the main fort of Boleslaw-Yuri, King of Rus,[10] going into Polish hands after his death.[11]

Princes of Peremyshl[]

See also[]

Notes[]

  1. ^ Cross, Russian Primary Chronicle, p. 95.
  2. ^ a b Cross, Russian Primary Chronicle, p. 231.
  3. ^ Franklin & Shepard, Emergence of Rus, p. 157.
  4. ^ Martin, Medieval Russia, p. 45.
  5. ^ Franklin & Shepard, Emergence of Rus, p. 269.
  6. ^ Cross, Russian Primary Chronicle, p. 169.
  7. ^ Cross, Russian Primary Chronicle, p. 188; Franklin & Shepard, Emergence of Rus, p. 245.
  8. ^ Franklin & Shepard, Emergence of Rus, p. 196.
  9. ^ Dimnik, Dynasty of Chernigov, p. 263.
  10. ^ Rowell, Lithuania Ascending, p. 268.
  11. ^ "Lords of Peremyshl and Galich" (XPOHOC)

References[]

[[Category:Established in 1031

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Principality of Peremyshl. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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