|Principality of Peremyshl |
|Vassal of Kievan Rus'|
Coat of arms
|Historical era||Middle ages|
|-||United with Principality of Terebovl||1141|
|“||Vladimir marched up the Lyachs and took their cities: Peremyshl, Czerwień and other towns, all of which are subject to Rus even to this day.||”|
It is possible that the Lyakhs here are the Poles. Cross argued that Lyakh was the early term for a Polish person. Franklin and Shepard argued that these people are the same as the Ledzanians, mentioned in the 10th century De Administrando Imperio as tributaries of the Rus. Peremyshl may have been one of the Czerwień towns captured by the Polish prince Boleslaw I in 1018, towns recaptured by Rus in 1031.
The Rostislavich family
Peremyshl was ruled initially by the descendants of Vladimir Yaroslavich — who had helped recapture the towns of Czerwień Rus in 1031 — and his only son Rostislav Vladimirovich; they are hence known as the Rostislavichi. The earliest known Prince of Peremyshl is Rurik Rostislavich, who was occupying the city when the murderers of Yaropolk Izyaslavich fled to him in 1087. Vsevolod I Yaroslavich, Grand Prince, is alleged to have apportioned Volhynian territories, distributing Vladimir-in-Volhynia (modern Volodymyr-Volynskyi) to Davyd Igorevich, Terebovl to Vasilko Rostislavich and Peremyshl to Volodar Rostislavich, grants confirmed at the Council of Lyubech (1097). The city, defended by Prince Volodar, was besieged in 1097 by Yaroslav Svyatopolkovich, allied to King Coloman of Hungary. However Davyd Svyatoslavich, Prince of Chernigov, and his Polovtsy ally Bonyak defeated the Hungarians.
Peremyshl, although originally subordinate to the Principality of Vladimir-in-Volhynia, remained a semi-independent principality into the middle of the 13th century and beyond. Although the details are not always available, it formed part of the orbit of the emerging Principality of Halych.
In 1141 , after the death of Ivan Galitsky, Volodymyr Volodarevich Peremysky united all the units into a single Galician principality and transferred the center of his possessions from Peremyshl to Galich . In 1144, after suppressing the rebellion of his nephew, Ivan Berladnika , he joined Zvenigorod in his personal possessions .
Since 1199 this principality was part of the united Galician-Volyn principality . During the struggle for power after the death of Roman Halytsky, Przemysl was a part of Prince Svyatoslav Igorevich ( 1210 - 1211 ), the possession of Leszka Krakowski ( 1214 ), with the part of the Hungarian king András ( 1226 - 1227 ), the possession of Danylo Romanovych Volynsky ( 1235 - 1238 ). During the conflict between Rostislav Mikhailovich and Daniil Romanovich (formerly its prince), it was one of the former's strongholds; its bishop supported Rostislav, and when Rostislav occupied Halych, he appointed Konstantin of Ryazan to oversee Peremyshl. Peremyshl is known to have been the main fort of Boleslaw-Yuri, King of Rus, going into Polish hands after his death.
Princes of Peremyshl
- ^ Cross, Russian Primary Chronicle, p. 95.
- ^ a b Cross, Russian Primary Chronicle, p. 231.
- ^ Franklin & Shepard, Emergence of Rus, p. 157.
- ^ Martin, Medieval Russia, p. 45.
- ^ Franklin & Shepard, Emergence of Rus, p. 269.
- ^ Cross, Russian Primary Chronicle, p. 169.
- ^ Cross, Russian Primary Chronicle, p. 188; Franklin & Shepard, Emergence of Rus, p. 245.
- ^ Franklin & Shepard, Emergence of Rus, p. 196.
- ^ Dimnik, Dynasty of Chernigov, p. 263.
- ^ Rowell, Lithuania Ascending, p. 268.
- ^ "Lords of Peremyshl and Galich" (XPOHOC)
- Borev, Igor; Tuhanidi, Alexander (2000), "Lords of Peremyshl and Galich" (XPOHOC), http://hrono.info/geneal/geanl_rk_4.html, retrieved 2008-04-29
- Cross, Samuel Hazzard; Sherbowitz-Wetzor, Olgerd (1953), The Russian Primary Chronicle: Laurentian Text, The Mediaeval Academy of America Publication No, 60, Cambridge, MA: The Mediaeval Academy of America
- Dimnik, Martin (2003), Dynasty of Chernigov, 1149 1246, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-03981-9
- Franklin, Simon; Shepard, Jonathan (1996), The Emergence of Rus, 750-1200, Longman History of Russia, London & New York: Longman, ISBN 0-582-49091-X
- Martin, Janet (1995), Medieval Russia, 970-1584, Cambridge Medieval Textbooks, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-36832-4
- Rowell, S. C. (1994), Lithuania Ascending: A Pagan Empire Within East-Central Europe, 1295-1345, Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought: Fourth Series, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-45011-9
- Rumyantsev, Vyacheslav (ed.) (2000), "Principality of Peremyshl (1085 - 1269)" (XPOHOC), http://hrono.info/land/russ/prmsg.html, retrieved 2008-04-29
[[Category:Established in 1031
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