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Pinal County, Arizona
Second Pinal county courthouse.jpg
Pinal County Courthouse in Florence, Arizona
Seal of Pinal County, Arizona
Map of Arizona highlighting Pinal County
Location in the state of Arizona
Map of the U.S. highlighting Arizona
Arizona's location in the U.S.
Founded February 1, 1875
Seat Florence
Largest city Casa Grande
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

5,374.09 sq mi (13,919 km²)
5,369.59 sq mi (13,907 km²)
4.50 sq mi (12 km²), 0.08%
 - (2011)
 - Density

70/sq mi (27.0/km²)
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7

Pinal County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population was 375,770. The county seat is Florence.

Pinal County contains parts of the Tohono O'odham Nation, the Gila River Indian Community and the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation, as well as the entirety of the Ak-Chin Indian Community.

Because Pinal County is located between Arizona's two largest metropolitan regions, Phoenix and Tucson, suburban growth southward from greater Phoenix has begun to spread into the northern parts of the county; similarly, growth northward from Tucson is spreading into the southern portions of the county. The Pinal County cities of Maricopa and Casa Grande, as well as many unincorporated areas, have shown accelerated growth patterns in recent years; such suburban development is likely to continue for the foreseeable future.

History[edit | edit source]

Pinal County was carved out of neighboring Maricopa County and Pima County on February 1, 1875. Pinal County is the third largest county in Arizona and was the second fastest growing county in the U.S. between 2000 and 2010.[1] The political history of Pinal County is an interesting one. The people of the county had never elected a Republican to a county-wide seat (Supervisor, Sheriff, Attorney, Recorder, Treasurer, Assessor, Superintendent of Schools, and Clerk of the Superior Court) until 2008 with the election of Sheriff Paul Babeu and Supervisor Bryan Martyn. The following election in 2010, also brought in a Republican Clerk of the Superior Court Chad Roche. The elections in 2012 will add two supervisors to Pinal County due to the population increase.

Geography[edit | edit source]

Picketpost Peak, a prominent landmark above Superior.

Spring wildflowers in the Sonoran Desert National Monument.

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 5,374.09 square miles (13,918.8 km2), of which 5,369.59 square miles (13,907.2 km2) (or 99.92%) is land and 4.50 square miles (11.7 km2) (or 0.08%) is water.[2]

Mountain ranges[edit | edit source]

Major highways[edit | edit source]

Adjacent counties[edit | edit source]

National protected areas[edit | edit source]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1880 3,440
1890 4,251 23.6%
1900 7,779 83.0%
1910 9,045 16.3%
1920 16,130 78.3%
1930 22,081 36.9%
1940 28,841 30.6%
1950 43,191 49.8%
1960 62,673 45.1%
1970 67,916 8.4%
1980 90,918 33.9%
1990 116,379 28.0%
2000 179,727 54.4%
2010 375,770 109.1%
Est. 2011 382,992 113.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
2011 estimate

2010[edit | edit source]

Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:

2000[edit | edit source]

As of the 2000 census, there were 179,727 people, 61,364 households, and 45,225 families residing in the county. The population density was 34 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 81,154 housing units at an average density of 15/sq mi (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.42% White, 2.76% Black or African American, 7.81% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 15.66% from other races, and 2.67% from two or more races. 29.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 21.86% reported speaking Spanish at home, while 1.44% speak O'odham and 0.02% speak Apache.[3]

There were 61,364 households out of which 29.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.90% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.30% were non-families. 21.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.10% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 16.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 114.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 117.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,856, and the median income for a family was $39,548. Males had a median income of $31,544 versus $23,726 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,025. About 12.10% of families and 16.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.50% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit | edit source]

As of 2010 the Corrections Corporation of America-operated Saguaro Correctional Center,[4] located in Eloy in Pinal County,[5] houses the majority of Hawaii's male prison inmate population.[4]

Communities[edit | edit source]

Map of incorporated areas and Indian reservations in Pinal County.

Native copper with cuprite from the Ray Mine near Kearny

Cities[edit | edit source]

Community Designation Latest Census Population
Apache Junction* City 35,840
Casa Grande City 48,571
Coolidge City 9,570
Eloy City 10,855
Maricopa City 44,396
Florence Town 25,536
Hayden* Town 821
Kearny Town 3,104
Mammoth Town 2,427
Marana* Town 34,961
Queen Creek* Town 26,361
Superior Town 3,091
Winkelman* Town 433
Ak-Chin Village Census-Designated Place 669
Arizona City Census-Designated Place 10,475
Blackwater Census-Designated Place 1,062
Chuichu Census-Designated Place 339
Dudleyville Census-Designated Place 1,323
Gold Canyon Census-Designated Place 10,159
Oracle Census-Designated Place 3,686
Queen Valley Census-Designated Place 820
Sacaton* Census-Designated Place 1,584
San Manuel Census-Designated Place 4,375
Santan Census-Designated Place 651
San Tan Valley Census-Designated Place 81,321
Stanfield Census-Designated Place 651
Top-of-the-World Census-Designated Place 330
Cochran Ghost Town 0
Randolph Other 0
Ray Other 0
Reymert Other 0

Elected officials[edit | edit source]

  • Pete Rios (D) Board of Supervisors, District 1
  • Cheryl Chase (R) Board of Supervisors, District 2,
  • Stephen Miller (R) Board of Supervisors, District 3, Chairman
  • Anthony Smith (R) Board of Supervisors, District 4, Vice Chairman
  • Todd House (R) Board of Supervisors, District 5,
  • Virginia Ross (R) County Recorder
  • Jill Broussard (R) County School Superintendent
  • Lando Voyles (R) County Attorney
  • Paul Babeu (R) County Sheriff
  • Douglas Wolf (R) County Assessor
  • Dodie Doolittle (D) County Treasurer
  • Hon. Boyd T. Johnson Division 1
  • Hon. Gilbert V. Figueroa Division 2
  • Hon. Stephen McCarville Division 3
  • Hon. Gilbert V. Figueroa Division 4 - Juvenile Court Presiding Judge
  • Hon. Kevin D. White Division 5
  • Hon. J. Rudy Georgini Division 6
  • Hon. Robert Carter Olson, Division 7 Presiding
  • Hon. Brenda Oldham Division 8
  • Hon. Steven J. Fuller Division 9
  • Hon. Daniel A. Washburn Division 10
  • Hon. Chad A. Roche (R) Clerk of the Superior Court
  • Hon. Roger Valdez Casa Grande Justice Court
  • Hon. Marie A. Lorona Eloy Justice Court
  • Hon. Andrew Ramirez Florence Justice Court
  • Hon. Arnold Estrada Mammoth Justice Court
  • Hon. Robert Kent Oracle Justice Court
  • Hon. Larry Bravo Superior Justice Court
  • Hon. Shaun Babeu Apache Junction Justice Court
  • Hon. Scott Sulley Maricopa Justice Court

*Justice Court Constables

  • Ronald LeDuc Apache Junction Justice Court
  • Ben Crow Casa Grande Justice Court
  • Virginia Duarte-Salazar Eloy Justice Court
  • David E. Irvin, Jr. Florence Justice Court
  • George Hoffman Maricopa Justice Court
  • Henry Velasquez Mammoth Justice Court
  • Robert H. Henderson Oracle Justice Court
  • Richard Elliott Superior Justice Court

Appointed Positions[edit | edit source]

  • Fritz Behring County Manager
  • Assistant County Manager for Administrative Services
  • Greg Stanley Assistant County Manager for Development Services
  • Todd Zweig Director of Adult Probation
  • Leo Lew Director of Budget Office
  • Steve Brown Director of Building Safety
  • Director of Elections
  • Director of Human Resources
  • Director of Information Technology
  • Jerry Stabley Director of Planning & Development
  • AJ Blaha Director of Public Works
  • Stephanie Jordan Deputy Administrator, Superior Court
  • Internal Audit Officer

Salaries for county elected officials are set by the Arizona Revised Statutes. All county elected officials (except the Sheriff and the County Attorney) make a salary of $63,800 along with county benefits and compulsory participation in the Arizona State Elected Official Retirement Plan.[6]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Coordinates: 32°59′13″N 111°19′38″W / 32.98694, -111.32722

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