Penza Oblast
Пензенская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Anthem: Anthem of Penza Oblast[1]
Coordinates: 54°15′N 44°34′E / 54.25, 44.567Coordinates: 54°15′N 44°34′E / 54.25, 44.567
Political status
Country Russia
Federal district Volga[2]
Economic region Volga[3]
Established February 4, 1939[4]
Administrative center Penza[5]
Government (as of December 2014)
 - Governor[6] Ivan Belozertsev[7]
 - Legislature Legislative Assembly[6]
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[8]
 - Total 43,200 km2 (16,679.6 sq mi)
Area rank 59th
Population (2010 Census)[9]
 - Total 1,386,186
 - Rank 32nd
 - Density[10] 32.09 /km2 (83.1 /sq mi)
 - Urban 67.1%
 - Rural 32.9%
Population (January 2015 est.)1,355,618 inhabitants[11]
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+04:00)[12]
ISO 3166-2 RU-PNZ
License plates 58
Official languages Russian[13]
Official website

Penza Oblast (Russian: Пе́нзенская о́бласть, Penzenskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Penza. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 1,386,186.[9]

Geography[edit | edit source]

Main rivers[edit | edit source]

The Sura River

Penza Oblast has over 3000 rivers; the overall length is 15,458 km. The biggest rivers are:

Fauna[edit | edit source]

There are 316 species of vertebrates within the region, including:

  • about 10 species of amphibians;
  • about 200 species of birds;
  • about 8 species of reptiles;
  • about 68 species of mammals (fox, rabbit, ferret, badger, squirrel).

Seven existing species of mammals were already acclimatized on land: the American mink, muskrat, raccoon dog, wild boar, Siberian roe deer, red deer and Sika deer. In parallel, work has been carried out to reintroduce the Forest-steppe marmot, the Eurasian beaver and the Russian desman (a species of mole that resembles a muskrat).

In the waters of Penza Oblast, there are about 50 species of fish. The largest body of water – the Sursko reservoir – is home to around 30 species. Commercial species include bream, silver bream, pikeperch, ide, and catfish. In the rivers and smalls pond dwell roach, perch, carp, and pike. The most valuable fish to be found in the natural waters is the sterlet.

Climate[edit | edit source]

Climate data for Penza (1961-1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
5.0
(41.0)
17.0
(62.6)
30.0
(86.0)
35.4
(95.7)
38.0
(100.4)
37.8
(100.0)
37.2
(99.0)
32.5
(90.5)
25.0
(77.0)
13.4
(56.1)
8.0
(46.4)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) −6.9
(19.6)
−5.8
(21.6)
0.3
(32.5)
11.7
(53.1)
21.2
(70.2)
24.4
(75.9)
25.7
(78.3)
23.7
(74.7)
17.6
(63.7)
8.9
(48.0)
0.4
(32.7)
−4.3
(24.3)
9.7
(49.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −9.8
(14.4)
−10
(14.0)
−4.2
(24.4)
6.4
(43.5)
13.9
(57.0)
18.0
(64.4)
19.2
(66.6)
17.1
(62.8)
11.6
(52.9)
4.5
(40.1)
−2.9
(26.8)
−7.7
(18.1)
4.7
(40.5)
Average low °C (°F) −13.9
(7.0)
−13.5
(7.7)
−7.1
(19.2)
1.7
(35.1)
8.1
(46.6)
12.5
(54.5)
14.2
(57.6)
11.9
(53.4)
7.1
(44.8)
1.3
(34.3)
−4.4
(24.1)
−10.4
(13.3)
0.6
(33.1)
Record low °C (°F) −39
(−38.2)
−40
(−40.0)
−31.1
(−24.0)
−20
(−4.0)
−6
(21.2)
−2.2
(28.0)
2.0
(35.6)
0.6
(33.1)
−6.1
(21.0)
−17.2
(1.0)
−31.1
(−24.0)
−40
(−40.0)
−40
(−40.0)
Precipitation mm (inches) 41
(1.61)
29
(1.14)
32
(1.26)
36
(1.42)
41
(1.61)
62
(2.44)
67
(2.64)
56
(2.2)
53
(2.09)
49
(1.93)
52
(2.05)
45
(1.77)
563
(22.17)
Source: Гидрометцентр, Погода и Климат

History[edit | edit source]

The regional center of Penza was built in 1663 as a Russian fortress on the border of the Wild Fields, although evidence of the presence of more ancient settlements has been found in the modern city.

Penza Province was established within Kazan Governorate in 1718. It became a separate Penza Governorate on September 15, 1780, which existed until March 5, 1797, when it was dissolved and merged into Saratov Governorate. Penza Governorate was re-established on September 9, 1801 and existed until 1928. Between 1928 and 1937, the territory of the former governorate underwent a number of administrative transformations, ending up as a part of Tambov Oblast in 1937. On February 4, 1939, modern Penza Oblast was established[4] by splitting it out of Tambov Oblast. In March 1939, the Penza Oblast Committee of the CPSU was formed, the first secretary of the committee being Alexander Kabanov.

Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]

Penza Oblast is divided into 27 rayons]] (districts) and 3 cities, which are further divided into 8 towns, 16 urban-type settlements, and 271 rural okrugs.


Urban Okrugs (Circles)

Coat of Arms Name of
Urban okrug
Area
(km²)
Population
(2010).
Population
Rank
I Coat of arms of Smolenskaya Oblast.png Smolensk 288.5 326 863 1
II - Desnogorsk 43.0 31 063 2

Outline Map of Penza Oblast.svg







Rayons (Districts):

Coat of Arms Name of rayon Area
(km²)
Area
rank
Population
'000 (2010)
Population
rank
Аdministrative
center
Population
'000 (2010)
1 Coat of Arms of Bashmakovsky rayon (Penza oblast).png Bashmakovo Rayon Bashmakovo
2 Coat of Arms of Bekovsky rayon (Penza oblast).png Bekovo Rayon Bekovo
3 Coat of Arms of Belinsky rayon (Penza oblast).png Belinsky Rayon Belinsky
4 Coat of Arms of Bessonovsky rayon (Penza oblast).png Bessonovka Rayon Bessonovka
5 Vadinskarea.gif Badinsk Rayon Badinsk
6 Coat of Arms of Gorodishensky rayon (Penza oblast).png Gorodishche Rayon Gorodishche
7 40px Zemetchino Rayon Zemetchino
8 Coat of Arms of Issinsky rayon (Penza oblast).png Issa Rayon Issa
9 Coat of Arms of Kamensky rayon (Penza oblast).png Kamenka Kamenka
10 Coat of Arms of Kameshkirsky rayon (Penza oblast).png Kameshkir Rayon Russkiy Kameshkir
11 Coat of Arms of Kolyshleisky rayon (Penza oblast).png Kolyshley Rayon Kolyshley
12 Coat of Arms of Kuznetsky rayon (Penza oblast).png Kuznetsk Rayon Kuznetsk
13 Coat of Arms of Lopatinsky rayon (Penza oblast).png Lopatino Rayon Lopatino
14 Coat of Arms of Luninsky rayon (Penza oblast).png Lunino Rayon Lunino
15 Coat of Arms of Maloserdobinsky rayon (Penza oblast).png Malaya Serdoba Rayon Malaya Serdoba






16 Coat of Arms of Rudnya rayon (Smolensk oblast).png Rudnya Rayon 2111.0 10 24,551 9 Rudnya 10,029
17 Coat of arms of Safonovo Rayon.gif Safonovo Rayon 2258.0 9 58,871 3 Safonovo 43,486
18 Coat of Arms of Smolensk (Smolensk oblast) (2001).png Smolensk Rayon 2895.0 5 45,081 5 Smolensk -
19 Coat of Arms of Sychyovka (Smolensk oblast) (1780).png Sychyovka Rayon 1791.1 14 13,405 14 Sychyovka 7,512
20 Tyomkino Rayon 1324.2 21 6,258 24 Tyomkino 2,692
21 Coat of Arms of Ugra.jpg Ugra Rayon 2900.0 4 9.599 22 Ugra 4,510
22 - Khislavichi Rayon 1161.0 23 9,913 21 Khislavichi 4,325
23 Coat of arms holm-jirkovsky district.gif Kholm-Zhirkovsky Rayon 2033.4 11 10,943 19 Kholm-Zhirkovsky 3,470
24 - Shumyachi Rayon 1367.7 20 11,413 16 Shumyachi 4,387
25 Coat of Arms of Yartsevo (Smolensk oblast).png Yartsevo Rayon 1618.9 16 55,903 4 Yartsevo 48,829


Economy[edit | edit source]

Penza Oblast is part of the Volga economic region. The oblast is one of Russia's leading producers of wheat, rye, oats, millet, buckwheat, cereal and forage crops, vegetables, potatoes, mustard, and meat.[14]

Politics[edit | edit source]

Seat of the Oblast government

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared among three persons: The first secretary of the Penza CPSU Committee (who in reality had the biggest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament.

The Charter of Penza Oblast is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Penza Oblast is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.

Demographics[edit | edit source]


Circle frame.svg

Religion in Penza Oblast (2012)[15][16]

  Russian Orthodox (62.9%)
  Muslim (7%)
  Unaffiliated Christian (2%)
  Other Orthodox (1%)
  Spiritual but not religious (15%)
  Atheist (9%)
  Other or undeclared (3.1%)

Population: 1,386,186 (2010 Census);[9] 1,452,941 (2002 Census);[17] 1,504,309 (1989 Census).[18]

Vital statistics for 2012
  • Births: 14 777 (10.8 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 20 419 (14.9 per 1000) [19]
  • Total fertility rate:[20]

2009 - 1.38 | 2010 - 1.37 | 2011 - 1.36 | 2012 - 1.48 | 2013 - 1.49 | 2014 - 1.53 | 2015 - 1.55 | 2016 - 1.50(e)

Ethnic composition (2010):[9]

  • Russians: 86.8%
  • Tatars: 6.4%
  • Mordvins: 4.1%
  • Ukrainians: 0.7%
  • Chuvash people: 0.4%
  • Armenians: 0.3%
  • Others ethnicities: 1.3%
  • Additionally, 43,283 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[21]
  • Births: 7,962 (Jan-July 2008)
  • Deaths: 13,608 (Jan-July 2008)[22]

Religion[edit | edit source]

Religion in Penza Oblast as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas)[23][24]
Russian Orthodoxy
  
62.9%
Other Orthodox
  
0.7%
Other Christians
  
2.2%
Islam
  
5.7%
Spiritual but not religious
  
14.6%
Atheism and irreligion
  
9.1%
Other and undeclared
  
4.8%

According to a 2012 survey,[23] 62.9% of the population of Penza Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 2% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% are Orthodox Christian believers without belonging to churches or members of non-Russian Orthodox churches, and 7% are Muslims. In addition, 15% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 9% is atheist, and 3.1% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[23]

Troitse-Scanov Convent

Tourists near Oldman Khopyor at river source

Culture and recreation[edit | edit source]

Tourism[edit | edit source]

Notable people[edit | edit source]

  • Vasily Klyuchevsky (1841–1911) — a leading Russian historian of the late imperial period.
  • Aristarkh Lentulov (1882–1943) – a Russian avant-garde artist of Cubist orientation who also worked on set designs for the theatre.
  • Yevgeny Rodionov (1977–1996) – a Russian soldier who was murdered in Chechen captivity for his refusal to convert to Islam and defect to the enemy side.
  • Victor Skumin[25] (1948–) – a Russian scientist first describes "cardioprosthetic psychopathological syndrome",[26] later known as Skumin syndrome,[27] a form of anxiety suffered by recipients of artificial heart valves.[28][29]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. ^ Law #828-ZPO
  2. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  3. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  4. ^ a b USSR. Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Union Republics, p. 202
  5. ^ Charter of Penza Oblast, Article 8
  6. ^ a b Charter of Penza Oblast, Article 7
  7. ^ Official website of Penza Oblast. Ivan Alexandrovich Belozertsev, Governor of Penza Oblast (Russian)
  8. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_03.htm. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  9. ^ a b c d "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/perepis2010/croc/perepis_itogi1612.htm. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  10. ^ The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  11. ^ Penza Oblast Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Численность постоянного населения Пензенской области на 1.01.2015 (Russian)
  12. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  13. ^ Official the whole territory of Russia according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". http://russiaprofile.org/bg_places/resources_territory_districts_penza.html. 
  15. ^ Arena - Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia. Sreda.org
  16. ^ 2012 Survey Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
  17. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  18. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg.php. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  19. ^ "Естественное движение населения в разрезе субъектов Российской Федерации". http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/edn12-12.htm. Retrieved December 21, 2017. 
  20. ^ "Каталог публикаций::Федеральная служба государственной статистики". http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/doc_1137674209312. Retrieved December 21, 2017. 
  21. ^ "Перепись-2010: русских становится больше". Perepis-2010.ru. 2011-12-19. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936. Retrieved 2012-12-25. 
  22. ^ "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}" (in ru). penza.ru. Archived on May 26, 2008. Error: If you specify |archivedate=, you must also specify |archiveurl=. http://www.penza.ru/common/pepole. 
  23. ^ a b c "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  24. ^ 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.
  25. ^ "Professor Victor A. Skumin, D.M.Sci." (in Russian). 2009. http://kult-zdor.ru/?page_id=163. 
  26. ^ (1980) "Psychological aspects of the rehabilitation of patients after the surgical treatment". Cardiology 20 (6): 45–51. PMID 7392405. 
  27. ^ "Skumin syndrome". Genex. http://genex.ua/site/page.php?lang=RU&id_part=148&id_word=85&bp=4. 
  28. ^ Ruzza, Andrea (16 October 2013). "Nonpsychotic mental disorder after open heart surgery". Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals 22 (3): 374. DOI:10.1177/0218492313493427. PMID 24585929. 
  29. ^ Skumin, V. A. (1982). "Nonpsychotic mental disorders in patients with acquired heart defects before and after surgery (review)". Zhurnal nevropatologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova 82. 

Sources[edit | edit source]

  • Законодательное Собрание Пензенской области. Закон №828-ЗПО от 28 июня 2005 г. «О гимне Пензенской области», в ред. Закона №1507-ЗПО от 2 апреля 2008 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Пензенской области в связи с принятием Закона Пензенской области "Кодекс Пензенской области об административных правонарушениях"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования (26 июля 2005 г.). Опубликован: "Пензенские губернские ведомости", №16, с. 108, 15 июля 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Penza Oblast. Law #828-ZPO of June 28, 2005 On the Anthem of Penza Oblast, as amended by the Law #1507-ZPO of April 2, 2008 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Penza Oblast Due to the Adoption of the Law of Penza Oblast "Administrative Infractions Code of Penza Oblast". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication (July 26, 2005).).
  • Template:RussiaBasicLawRef/pnz
  • Дударев, В. А.; Евсеева, Н. А. (1987). И. Каманина. ed (in Russian). Moscow. 

External links[edit | edit source]

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