Main Births etc
Schloss Oranienburg.jpg
Schloss Oranienburg
Oranienburg Wappen.png
Coat of arms

Germany location map <div style="position: absolute; top: Expression error: Missing operand for *.%; left: -55%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Red pog.svg
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
Admin. region
District Oberhavel District
First mentioned
Subdivisions 9 districts
 • Mayor Hans-Joachim Laesicke (SPD)
 • Total 162.37 km2 (62.69 sq mi)
Elevation 34 m (112 ft)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 41,810
 • Density 260/km2 (670/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 16515
Dialling codes 03301
Vehicle registration OHV

Oranienburg is a town in Brandenburg, Germany. It is the capital of the district of Oberhavel.

Geography Edit

Oranienburg is a town located on the banks of the Havel river, 35 km north of the centre of Berlin.

Division of the town Edit

Oranienburg consists of 9 districts

  • Friedrichsthal
  • Germendorf
  • Lehnitz
  • Malz
  • Oranienburg
  • Sachsenhausen
  • Schmachtenhagen
  • Wensickendorf
  • Zehlendorf

History Edit

The original name of Oranienburg was Bötzow. The town was founded in the 12th century and was first mentioned in 1216. Albert the Bear is believed to have ordered the construction of a castle on the banks of the Havel. Around the castle there was a settlement of traders and craftsmen.

In 1646, Friedrich Wilhelm I of Brandenburg married Louise Henriette of Orange-Nassau (German: Oranien-Nassau). She was so attracted by the town of Bötzow, that her husband presented the entire region to her. The princess ordered a new castle to be built in Dutch style and called it Oranienburg. In 1653, the town of Bötzow was renamed Oranienburg.

One of the first Nazi concentration camps was built in Oranienburg in 1933. In 1935 it was replaced by the Sachsenhausen concentration camp which continued to operate until the end of the Nazi regime; 100,000 people were killed in Sachsenhausen before the liberation of the camp by the Soviet Red Army in 1945.

Oranienburg was also the center of Nazi Germany's nuclear energy project and according to military historian Antony Beevor, the launching of the Battle for Berlin by Stalin was motivated by his desire to acquire that facility.[2] It has also been claimed that the preemptive destruction of these facilities by the USAAF Eighth Air Force on March 15, 1945, was done so as to prevent it from falling into Soviet hands.[3]

International relationsEdit

Oranienburg is twinned with:

Public institutions Edit

The Zehlendorf transmission facility, a large facility for broadcasting in longwave, medium wave and FM-range, is located near Oranienburg, at Zehlendorf.

Oranienburg Runge Gedenktafel

Runge plaque

See also Edit


  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg am am 30. Dezember 2010 nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden. Gebietsstand: 31.12.2010" (in German). Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg. 31 December 2010. 
  2. ^ Antony Beevor Berlin: The Downfall 1945, Penguin Books, 2002, ISBN 0-670-88695-5 Preface xxxiv
  3. ^ Richard G. Davis,Bombing the European Axis Powers. A Historical Digest of the Combined Bomber Offensive 1939–1945 Alabama: Air University Press, 2006, page 518

External links Edit

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Oranienburg. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.