—  Municipality  —
City center

Coat of arms
Location of Olteniţa within Călăraşi County

Oltenița is located in Romania
Location of Olteniţa in Romania
Coordinates: 44°05′12″N 26°38′12″E / 44.08667, 26.63667
Country  Romania
County Călăraşi County
Status Municipality
 • Mayor Costinel Milescu (People's Action)
Population (2002)
 • Total 27,213
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Olteniţa (Romanian pronunciation: [olˈtenit͡sa]) is a city in Romania in the Călăraşi County on the left bank of the Argeş River where its waters reach the Danube through a network of streams and marshes.

Olteniţa stands just across the Danube from the Bulgarian city of Tutrakan.


  • 1900: 5,801
  • 2000: 31,434


Excavations on Gumelniţa hill near the city revelead an impressive Neolithic settlement dating from the 4th millennium BC.

The area was the site of successive Roman and Byzantine fortifications, notably Constantiola, the seat of the first bishopric established in Dacia.

The first mention of a town bearing the name Olteniţa appears in 1515 during the reign of Neagoe Basarab.

During the Crimean War the Ottomans attempted to cross the river at this point and inflicted heavy losses on the Russians.

In the Russo-Turkish War, 1877–1878, Olteniţa was an important crossing point into Bulgaria for Romanian troops called to aid the Russian Army during the siege of the Pleven (Plevna) stronghold.

During World War I, the garrisons of Olteniţa and Turtucaia engaged in numerous artillery skirmishes. The spot was also chosen by allied German and Bulgarian troops for their invasion of Romania. The subsequent Battle of Turtucaia ended in a significant defeat for the Romanian Army.

Famous natives[]

  • Ion Iliescu - former president of Romania and current honorary president of the Social Democratic Party.

External links[]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Born in Oltenița[]

Married in Oltenița[]

Died in Oltenița[]

[create] Documentation

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Oltenița. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.