|October 10 in recent years
October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 82 days remaining until the end of the year.
- 680 - Battle of Karbala: Shia Imam Husayn bin Ali, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, was decapitated by forces under Caliph Yazid I. This is commemorated by Shi'a Muslims as Aashurah.
- 732 - Battle of Tours: Near Poitiers, France, leader of the Franks, Charles Martel and his men, defeat a large army of Moors, stopping the Muslims from spreading into Western Europe. The governor of Cordoba, Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, is killed during the battle.
- 1471 - Battle of Brunkeberg in Stockholm: Sten Sture the Elder, the Regent of Sweden, with help of farmers and miners, repels an attack by Christian I, King of Denmark.
- 1575 - Battle of Dormans: Roman Catholic forces under Duke Henry of Guise defeated the Protestants, capturing Philippe de Mornay among others.
- 1582 - Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
- 1631 - A Saxon army takes over Prague.
- 1780 - The Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000-30,000 in the Caribbean.
- 1845 - In Annapolis, the Naval School (later renamed the United States Naval Academy) opens with 50 midshipmen students and seven professors.
- 1860 - The original cornerstone of the University of the South is laid in Sewanee, Tennessee.
- 1868 - Carlos Céspedes issues the Grito de Yara from his plantation, La Demajagua, proclaiming Cuba's independence.
- 1889 - Barnard College is founded.
- 1910 - Tau Epsilon Phi Fraternity is established at Columbia University.
- 1911 - Wuchang Uprising leads to the demise of Qing Dynasty, the last Imperial court in China, and the founding of the Republic of China.
- 1911 - The KCR East Rail commences service between Kowloon and Canton.
- 1913 - U.S. President Woodrow Wilson triggers the explosion of the Gamboa Dike thus ending construction on the Panama Canal.
- 1919 - Richard Strauss' opera Die Frau ohne Schatten receives its debut performance in Vienna.
- 1920 - The Carinthian Plebiscite determines that the larger part of Carinthia became part of Austria.
- 1933 - United Airlines Chesterton Crash: A United Airlines Boeing 247 is destroyed by sabotage, the first such proven case in the history of commercial aviation.
- 1935 - A tornado destroys the 160 metre tall wooden radio tower in Langenberg. As a result of this catastrophe, few wooden towers are constructed after this date.
- 1938 - The Blue Water Bridge opens, connecting Port Huron and Sarnia
- 1938 - The Munich Agreement cedes the Sudetenland to Nazi Germany.
- 1944 - Holocaust: 800 Gypsy children are systematically murdered at Auschwitz death camp.
- 1954 - The Communist Party of Honduras is founded.
- 1957 - U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower apologizes to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, after he was refused service in a Dover restaurant.
- 1957 - The Windscale fire in Cumbria, UK becomes the worlds first major nuclear accident.
- 1963 - France cedes control of the Bizerte naval base to Tunisia.
- 1967 - The Outer Space Treaty, signed on January 27 by more than sixty nations, enters into force.
- 1969 - King Crimson releases their debut album, In the Court of the Crimson King, considered by many to be the first progressive rock album.
- 1970 - Fiji becomes independent.
- 1970 - In Montreal, a national crisis hits Canada when Quebec Vice-Premier and Minister of Labour Pierre Laporte becomes the second statesman kidnapped by members of the FLQ terrorist group.
- 1971 - Sold, dismantled and moved to the United States, the London Bridge reopens in Lake Havasu City.
- 1973 - Vice President of the United States Spiro Agnew resigns after being charged with federal income tax evasion.
- 1985 - United States Navy F-14 fighter jets intercept an Egyptian plane carrying the Achille Lauro cruise ship hijackers and force it to land at a NATO base in Sigonella, Sicily where they are arrested.
- 1991 - The King, Stephen Renton was born.
- 1986 - An earthquake measuring 7.5 on the Richter Scale strikes San Salvador, El Salvador, killing an estimated 1,500 people.
- 1995 - South African President Nelson Mandela attends Genadendal.
- 1997 - An Austral Airlines DC-9-32 crashes and explodes near Nuevo Berlin, Uruguay, killing 74.
- 1344 - Mary Plantagenet,English princess (d. 1362)
- 1567 - Infanta Caterina Micaela of Spain (d. 1597)
- 1678 - John Campbell, Scottish soldier (d. 1743)
- 1684 - Antoine Watteau, French painter (d. 1721)
- 1700 - Lambert-Sigisbert Adam, French sculptor (d. 1759)
- 1731 - Henry Cavendish, British scientist (d. 1810)
- 1780 - John Abercrombie, Scottish physician (d. 1844)
- 1794 - William Whiting Boardman, American politician (d. 1871)
- 1813 - Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer (d. 1901)
- 1819 - Heinrich Joseph Dominicus Denzinger, German theologian (d. 1883)
- 1825 - Paul Kruger, President of the Transvaal Republic (d. 1904)
- 1828 - Samuel J. Randall, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1890)
- 1830 - Queen Isabella II of Spain (d. 1904)
- 1834 - Aleksis Kivi, Finnish author (d. 1872)
- 1837 - Robert Gould Shaw, American Army officer (d. 1863)
- 1861 - Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian explorer, Nobel laureate (d. 1930)
- 1863 - Louis Cyr, French Canadian strongman (d. 1912)
- 1863 - Helen Dunbar, American actress (d. 1933)
- 1864 - T. Frank Appleby, United States Congressman from New Jersey (d. 1924)
- 1870 - Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin, Russian writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1953)
- 1885 - Walter Anderson, German folklorist (d. 1962)
- 1895 - Fridolf Rhudin Swedish actor and comedian (d. 1935)
- 1895 - Bhakti Raksaka Sridhara Deva Gosvami Maharaja, Indian guru (d. 1988)
- 1895 - Wolfram von Richthofen, German field marshal (d. 1945)
- 1898 - Lilly Daché, French-born milliner (d. 1989)
- 1900 - Helen Hayes, American actress (d. 1993)
- 1901 - Alberto Giacometti, Swiss sculptor (d. 1966)
- 1903 - Vernon Duke, American composer and songwriter (d. 1969)
- 1903 - Prince Charles of Belgium, Prince Regent of Belgium (d. 1983)
- 1906 - Paul Creston, American composer (d. 1985)
- 1906 - R.K. Narayan, Indian novelist (d. 2001)
- 1908 - Johnny Green, American songwriter, arranger and conductor (d. 1989)
- 1908 - Mercè Rodoreda, Catalan novelist (d. 1983)
- 1913 - Claude Simon, French writer, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
- 1914 - Tommy Fine, American baseball player (d. 2005)
- 1914 - Ivory Joe Hunter, American R&B singer (d. 1974)
- 1917 - Thelonious Monk, American jazz pianist (d. 1982)
- 1923 - Nicholas Parsons, English actor
- 1924 - James Clavell, Australian author (d. 1994)
- 1924 - Ed Wood, American filmmaker (d. 1978)
- 1924 - Ludmilla Tchérina, French ballet dancer and actress (d. 2004)
- 1925 - Great Antonio, Croatian-Canadian strongman (d. 2001)
- 1926 - Richard Jaeckel, American actor (d. 1997)
- 1927 - Dana Elcar, American actor (d. 2005)
- 1930 - Mustafa Zaidi, Pakistani poet (d. 1970)
- 1930 - Yves Chauvin, French chemist, Nobel laureate
- 1930 - Harold Pinter, English playwright, Nobel laureate
- 1932 - Harry Smith, English footballer
- 1933 - Jay Sebring, American hair stylist and Manson murder victim (d. 1969)
- 1935 - André Bureau, French Canadian communications executive
- 1936 - Gerhard Ertl, German surface chemist, Nobel laureate, 2007.
- 1938 - Moriyama Daido, Japanese photographer
- 1941 - Peter Coyote, American actor
- 1942 - Radu Vasile, Romanian Prime Minister, 17 April 1998- 13 December 1999
- 1943 - Frederick Barthelme, American author
- 1946 - Charles Dance, English actor
- 1946 - Naoto Kan, Japanese politician
- 1946 - John Prine, American singer
- 1946 - Chris Tarrant, English TV presenter
- 1946 - Ben Vereen, American actor
- 1946 - Peter Mahovlich, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1946 - Mildred Grieveson (aka: Anne Mather, Caroline Fleming, Cardine Fleming), English writer
- 1947 - Martin Ruane, English professional wrestler (d. 1998)
- 1948 - Séverine, French singer
- 1948 - Ed Volker, American musician
- 1951 - Epeli Ganilau, Fijian statesman
- 1953 - Midge Ure, Scottish musician
- 1953 - Gus Williams, American basketball player
- 1954 - Rekha, Bollywood actress
- 1954 - David Lee Roth, American singer (Van Halen)
- 1956 - Amanda Burton, Northern Irish actress
- 1956 - Mark Gordon, American film producer
- 1957 - Rumiko Takahashi, Japanese artist
- 1958 - Tanya Tucker, American singer
- 1959 - Kirsty MacColl, English singer (d. 2000)
- 1959 - Bradley Whitford, American actor
- 1960 - Eric Martin, American singer (Mr. Big)
- 1960 - Ron Flockhart, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1961 - Jodi Benson, American voice actress
- 1961 - Henrik Jørgensen, Danish marathon runner
- 1961 - Julia Sweeney, American actress and comedian
- 1961 - Martin Kemp, British musician (Spandau Ballet) and actor
- 1963 - Anita Mui, Hong Kong singer (d. 2003)
- 1963 - Daniel Pearl, American journalist (d. 2002)
- 1963 - Jolanda de Rover, Dutch swimmer
- 1963 - Vegard Ulvang, Norwegian cross-country skier.
- 1964 - Jim Rome, sports talk radio host and host of The Jim Rome Show.
- 1965 - Chris Penn, American actor (d. 2006)
- 1965 - Clive Jones, British engineer
- 1965 - Rebecca Pidgeon, American actress
- 1965 - Toshi, Japanese singer (X Japan)
- 1966 - Tony Adams, English footballer
- 1967 - Jonathan Littell, French-American writer
- 1968 - Bart Brentjens, Dutch mountain biker
- 1969 - Brett Favre, American football player
- 1969 - Wendi McLendon-Covey, American actress
- 1970 - Dean Kiely, Irish footballer
- 1970 - Silke Kraushaar-Pielach, German luger
- 1970 - Bai Ling, Chinese American actress
- 1970 - Corinna May, German singer
- 1970 - Sir Matthew Pinsent, English rower
- 1971 - Ian Bennett, English footballer
- 1971 - Evgeny Kissin, Russian pianist
- 1972 - Alexei Zhitnik, Russian ice hockey player
- 1973 - Mario López, American actor
- 1973 - Semmy Schilt, Dutch kickboxer
- 1974 - Dale Earnhardt Jr., American race car driver
- 1974 - Assi Cohen, Israeli comedian and actor
- 1974 - Julio Ricardo Cruz, Argentinian footballer
- 1974 - Chris Pronger, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1975 - Ramón Morales, Mexican footballer
- 1975 - Plácido Polanco, Dominican baseball player
- 1976 - Bob Burnquist, Brazilian-born skateboarder
- 1976 - Pat Burrell, American baseball player
- 1978 - Jodi Lyn O'Keefe, American actress
- 1979 - Mya Harrison, American singer
- 1979 - Nicolás Massú, Chilean tennis player
- 1979 - Ahn Chil Hyun (Kangta), lead singer of the former South Korean group H.O.T.
- 1980 - Tim Maurer, American singer (Suburban Legends)
- 1980 - Elvis Hammond, Ghanaian footballer
- 1980 - Wu Chun, Brunei Born Taiwanese Actor
- 1981 - Michael Oliver, American actor
- 1982 - Amon Buchanan, Australian rules footballer
- 1982 - Hideki Mutoh, Japanese racing driver
- 1983 - Vusimuzi Sibanda, Zimbabwean cricketer
- 1984 - Rod Benson, American basketball player
- 1984 - Stephanie Cheng, Hong Kong singer
- 1984 - Chiaki Kuriyama, Japanese actress
- 1984 - Paul Posluszny, American football player
- 1984 - Troy Tulowitzki, American baseball player
- 1985 - Dominique Cornu, Belgian professional cyclist
- 1985 - Aaron Himelstein, American actor
- 19 - Germanicus, Roman general (b. 15 BC)
- 680 - Husayn ibn Ali, Shi'a imam, Mahomet's grandson (b. 626)
- 732 - Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, Moorish Governor of Andalusia
- 833 - al-Ma'mun, Abbasid caliph of Baghdad (b. 786)
- 1359 - King Hugh IV of Cyprus (b. 1295)
- 1459 - Gianfrancesco Poggio Bracciolini, Italian humanist and classicist (b. 1380)
- 1531 - Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss reformer (killed in battle) (b. 1484)
- 1659 - Abel Tasman, Dutch explorer (b. 1603)
- 1674 - Thomas Traherne, English poet
- 1691 - Isaac de Benserade, French poet (b. 1613)
- 1708 - David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (b. 1659)
- 1714 - Pierre Le Pesant, French economist (b. 1646)
- 1720 - Antoine Coysevox, French sculptor (b. 1640)
- 1723 - William Cowper, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1665)
- 1725 - Philippe de Rigaud Vaudreuil, Governor-General of New France (b. 1643)
- 1747 - John Potter, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1674)
- 1759 - Granville Elliott, British military officer (b. 1713)
- 1765 - Lionel Sackville, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1688)
- 1795 - Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, Italian theologian and historian (b. 1714)
- 1806 - Louis Ferdinand of Prussia, German prince (b. 1772)
- 1827 - Ugo Foscolo, Italian writer (b. 1778)
- 1837 - Charles Fourier, French philosopher (b. 1772)
- 1872 - William H. Seward, United States Secretary of State (b. 1801)
- 1875 - Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian novelist, poet and dramatist (b. 1817)
- 1876 - Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist (b. 1814)
- 1893 - Lip Pike, American baseball player (b. 1845)
- 1901 - Lorenzo Snow, fifth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1814)
- 1913 - Katsura Taro, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1848)
- 1913 - Adolphus Busch, American brewer (Anheuser-Busch) (b. 1839)
- 1914 - King Carol I of Romania (b. 1839)
- 1927 - Gustave Whitehead, German-born inventor (b. 1874)
- 1930 - Adolf Engler, German botanist (b. 1844)
- 1939 - Eleanor Rigby, a real person whose name may have suggested the title to The Beatles song (b. 1895)
- 1940 - Berton Churchill, Canadian actor (b. 1876)
- 1948 - Ted Horn, American race car driver (b.1910)
- 1957 - Karl Genzken, Nazi physician (b. 1885)
- 1963 - Roy Cazaly, Australian rules footballer (b. 1893)
- 1964 - Eddie Cantor, American singer and vaudeville performer (b. 1892)
- 1964 - Heinrich Neuhaus, Soviet pianist (b. 1888)
- 1970 - Édouard Daladier, French politician (b. 1884)
- 1971 - John Cawte Beaglehole, New Zealand historian (b. 1901)
- 1976 - Silvana Armenulic, Yugoslavian folk singer (b. 1939)
- 1977 - Angelo Muscat, Maltese actor (b. 1930)
- 1978 - Ralph Metcalfe, American athlete (b. 1910)
- 1978 - Ralph Marterie, American big band leader (b. 1914)
- 1979 - Christopher Evans, British psychologist and computer scientist (b. 1931)
- 1979 - Paul Paray, French conductor (b. 1886)
- 1982 - Jean Effel, French painter and journalist (b. 1908)
- 1983 - Ralph Richardson, English actor (b. 1902)
- 1985 - Yul Brynner, Russian-born actor (b. 1920)
- 1985 - Orson Welles, American director and actor (b. 1915)
- 1986 - Gleb Wataghin, Ukrainian-Italian physicist (b. 1899)
- 1998 - Clark Clifford, United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1906)
- 2000 - Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (b. 1916)
- 2001 - Eddie Futch, American boxing trainer (b. 1911)
- 2001 - Vasily Mishin, Soviet rocket designer (b. 1917)
- 2002 - Teresa Graves, American actress and singer (b. 1948)
- 2003 - Eugene Istomin, American pianist (b. 1925)
- 2004 - Ken Caminiti, American baseball player (b. 1963)
- 2004 - Christopher Reeve, American actor (b. 1952)
- 2004 - Arthur H. Robinson, American cartographer (b. 1915)
- 2004 - Maurice Shadbolt, New Zealand writer (b. 1932)
- 2005 - Wayne Booth, American literary critic (b. 1921)
- 2005 - Milton Obote, President of Uganda (b. 1925)
- 2006 - Michael John Rogers, English ornithologist (b. 1932)
- 2006 - Ian Scott, Canadian politician (b. 1934)
- 2007 - Mehmed Uzun, Contemporary Kurdish writer and novelist. (b. 1953)
Holidays and observances
129 Familypedia people were born on October 10
126 Familypedia people died on October 10
94 Familypedia people were first married on October 10