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Ocna Mureș
Former name: Uioara
German: Miereschhall,
Hungarian: Marosújvár
Latin: Salinae
—  City  —
Ocna Mureș city hall (2007).jpg
City hall of Ocna Mureș
ROU AB Ocna Mures CoA1.jpg
Coat of arms
Ocna Mures jud Alba.png
Location of Ocna Mureș in Alba County



Romania location map
Red pog.svg
Ocna Mureș
Location of Ocna Mureș in Romania
Coordinates: 46°23′24″N 23°51′36″E / 46.39, 23.86
Country Flag of Romania.svg Romania
County Actual Alba county CoA Alba
First mentioned 1203
Subordinated villages
Government
 • Mayor Silviu Vințeler (PDL)
Area
 • Total 68.34 km2 (26.39 sq mi)
Elevation 281 m (922 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 13 036
 • Density 190.75/km2 (494.0/sq mi)
Time zone EET
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 515100
Website http://www.primaria-abrud.ro/
Josephinische Landaufnahme pg140

Ocna Mureș în the Josephinian Map of Transylvania, 1769-73.

Ocna Mureș (Latin: Salinae, Hungarian: Marosújvár, German: Miereschhall) is a town in Alba County, Romania, located in the north-eastern corner of the county, near the Mureș River, with a population of 15,503 inhabitants as of 2002. The town is situated next to a large deposit of salt, mined in the past until the ceiling of the mines collapsed from water infiltration in 1978. Ocna Mureș has a chlorosodic products plant,a salt extraction plant and a spa which uses the salty water from the former mines.

Administration Edit

The city of Ocna Mureș is made up of the city proper and of five villages. These are divided into two urban villages: Uioara de Jos and Uioara de Sus and three villages, Cisteiu de Mureș, Micoșlaca and Războieni-Cetate, which are located outside the city proper but is administratively subordinated to the city.

The spa is no longer running. The chemical plant in town was lastly purchased by an Indian company from a company based in Timișoara. Currently the plant has ceased activity. The majority of high school students attend either Liceul Teoretic Petru Maior or the 'Chemistry School,' where many are trained to later work for the factory in town. Exceptional students progress onto University studies,generally in nearby Cluj-Napoca or Alba-Iulia,the county capital. The downtown was relocated after the mine was flooded as the ground became unstable. Now this area is filled with more than 4 large, very deep lakes. The center of town is now at the base of a large hill, the 'Banța.'

Demographics Edit

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1956 10,701
1966 12,126 +13.3%
1977 16,416 +35.4%
1992 16,256 −1.0%
2002 15,697 −3.4%
2011 12,377 −21.2%
Source: Census data

According to the census from 2011 there was a total population of 12,337 people living in this town. Of this population, 83.46% are ethnic Romanians, 9.31% are ethnic Hungarians and 7% ethnic Gypsies.[1]

See also Edit

ReferencesEdit

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