is the 316th day of the year (317th in November 12 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 49 days remaining until the end of the year.
764 - Tibetan troops occupy Chang'an, the capital of the Chinese Tang Dynasty, for fifteen days.
1028 - Future Byzantine empress Zoe marries Romanus Argyrus according to the wishes of the dying Constantine VIII.
1439 - Plymouth, becomes the first town incorporated by the English Parliament.
1555 - The English Parliament re-establishes Catholicism.
1793 - Jean Sylvain Bailly, the first Mayor of Paris, is guillotined.
1847 - Sir James Young Simpson, a British physician, is the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic.
1893 - The treaty of the Durand Line is signed between present day Pakistan and Afghanistan - the Durand Line has gained international recognition as an international border between the two sister nations.
1905 - ( November 12 & November 13) Norway holds a referendum in favor of monarchy over republic.
1912 - The frozen bodies of Robert Scott and his men are found on the Ross Ice Shelf in Antarctica.
1918 - Austria becomes a republic.
1920 - Italy and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes sign the Treaty of Rapallo.
1922 - The Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority is founded on the campus of Butler University in Indianapolis.
1927 - Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Soviet Communist Party, leaving Joseph Stalin in undisputed control of the Soviet Union.
1933 - Hugh Gray takes the first known photos of the Loch Ness Monster.
1934 - Laurel and Hardy: The musical debuts, featuring Babes in Toyland Oliver Hardy and Stan Laurel as comic relief.
1936 - In California, the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge opens to traffic.
1938 - Hermann Göring announces Nazi Germany plans to make Madagascar the " Jewish homeland", an idea that actually was first considered by 19th century journalist Theodor Herzl.
1941 - World War II: Temperatures around Moscow drop to -12 ° C and the Soviet Union launches ski troops for the first time against the freezing German forces near the city.
1941 - The Soviet cruiser " " is destroyed during the Chervona Ukraina Battle of Sevastopol.
1942 - World War II: The Naval Battle of Guadalcanal between Japanese and American forces begins near Guadalcanal, which would last for three days.
1944 - World War II: The Royal Air Force launches 29 Avro Lancaster bombers in one of the most successful precision bombing attacks of war and sinks the German battleship , with 12,000 lb Tirpitz Tallboy bombs off Tromsø, Norway.
1946 - A branch of the Exchange National Bank in Chicago opens the first ten drive-up teller windows.
1948 - In Tokyo, an international war crimes tribunal sentences seven Japanese military and government officials to death, including General Hideki Tojo, for their roles in World War II.
1969 - Vietnam War: My Lai Massacre - Independent investigative journalist Seymour Hersh breaks the My Lai story.
1970 - The Oregon Highway Division attempts to destroy a rotting beached Sperm whale with explosives, leading to the now infamous exploding whale incident.
1971 - Vietnam War: As part of Vietnamization, US President Richard M. Nixon sets February 1, 1972 as the deadline for the removal of another 45,000 American troops from Vietnam.
1979 - Iran hostage crisis: In response to the hostage situation in Tehran, US President Jimmy Carter orders a halt to all petroleum imports into the United States from Iran.
1980 - The NASA space probe makes its closest approach to Voyager I Saturn and takes first images of its rings.
1981 - The Space Shuttle Columbia becomes the first spacecraft to be launched twice.
1982 - In the Soviet Union, Yuri Andropov becomes the general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party's Central Committee, succeeding Leonid I. Brezhnev.
1982 - Lech Wałęsa, a Solidarity leader, is released from a Polish prison after eleven months.
1990 - Crown Prince Akihito is formally installed as Emperor Akihito of Japan, becoming the 125th Japanese monarch.
1990 - Tim Berners-Lee publishes a formal proposal for the World Wide Web.
1991 - Dili Massacre, Indonesian forces open fire on a crowd of student protesters in Dili, East Timor.
1993 - Decree of President of Kazakhstan "About introducing national currency of Republic of Kazakhstan" is issued.
1993 - The first Ultimate Fighting Championship is held in Denver.
1994 - Then Vice President of the United States Al Gore symbolically signs the Kyoto Protocol.
1996 - A Saudi Arabian Airlines Boeing 747 and a Kazakh Ilyushin Il-76 cargo plane collide in mid-air near New Delhi, killing 349.
1997 - Ramzi Yousef is found guilty of masterminding the 1993 World Trade Center bombing.
1998 - Daimler-Benz completes a merger with Chrysler to form Daimler-Chrysler.
1999 - The Düzce earthquake strikes Turkey with a magnitude of 7.2 on the Richter scale.
2001 - In New York City, American Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus A300 on its way to the Dominican Republic, crashes minutes after takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing all 260 on board and five on the ground.
2001 - 2001 Attack on Afghanistan: Taliban forces abandon Kabul, ahead of advancing Afghan Northern Alliance troops.
2003 - Iraq war: In Nasiriya, at least 23 people, among them the first Italian casualties of the 2003 Iraq war are killed in a suicide bomb attack on an Italian police base.
2006 - The former Soviet republic of South Ossetia holds a referendum on independence from Georgia.
1493 - Bartolommeo Bandinelli, Italian sculptor (d. 1560)
1528 - Qi Jiguang, Chinese general (d. 1588)
1547 - Claude of Valois, French princess (d. 1575)
1606 - Jeanne Mance, French Canadian settler (d. 1673)
1615 - Richard Baxter, English clergyman (d. 1691)
1651 - Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, Mexican mystic and author (d. 1695)
1729 - Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French explorer (d. 1811)
1755 - Gerhard von Scharnhorst, Prussian general (d. 1813)
1795 - Thaddeus William Harris, American naturalist (d. 1856)
1815 - Elizabeth Cady Stanton, American women's rights activist (d. 1902)
1817 - Bahá'u'lláh, Prophet Founder of the Baha'i Faith (d. 1892)
1833 - Alexander Borodin, Russian composer and chemist (d. 1887)
1840 - Auguste Rodin, French sculptor (d. 1917)
1842 - John Strutt, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1919)
1848 - Eduard Müller, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1919)
1850 - Mikhail Chigorin, Russian chess player (d. 1908)
1866 - Sun Yat-sen, 1st President of the Republic of China (d. 1925)
1881 - Maximilian von Weichs, German field marshal (d. 1954)
1886 - Ben Travers, British playwright (d. 1980)
1889 - DeWitt Wallace, American magazine publisher (d. 1981)
1896 - Salim Ali, Indian ornithologist (d. 1987)
1898 - Leon Štukelj, Slovene gymnast (d. 1999)
1903 - Jack Oakie, American actor (d. 1978)
1908 - Harry Blackmun, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1999)
1908 - Amon Göth, commandant of Nazi concentration camp (d. 1946)
1911 - Buck Clayton, American jazz trumpet player (d. 1991)
1915 - Roland Barthes, French critic and writer (d. 1980)
1916 - Jean Papineau-Couture, French Canadian composer (d. 2000)
1916 - Paul Emery, British racing driver (d. 1993)
1917 - Jo Stafford, American singer
1920 - Richard Quine, American actor (d. 1989)
1922 - Kim Hunter, American actress (d. 2002)
1923 - Vicco von Bülow, German film director
1924 - Sam Jones, jazz bassist (d. 1981)
1927 - Yutaka Taniyama, Japanese mathematician (d. 1958)
1929 - Michael Ende, German writer (d. 1995)
1929 - Princess Grace of Monaco (née Grace Patricia Kelly) (d. 1982)
1930 - Ann Flood, American actress
1931 - Bob Crewe, American songwriter and producer ( The Four Seasons)
1934 - Charles Manson, American cult leader
1936 - Mills Lane, American judge and boxing referee
1936 - Mort Shuman, American songwriter and singer (d. 1991)
1938 - Denis DeJordy, Canadian ice hockey player
1939 - Ruby Nash Curtis, American singer ( Ruby & the Romantics)
1939 - Lucia Popp, Slovakian soprano (d. 1993)
1940 - Michel Audet, Québécois economist and politician
1940 - Jürgen Todenhöfer, German politician
1943 - Brian Hyland, American singer
1943 - Wallace Shawn, American actor and playwright
1944 - Booker T. Jones, American musician and songwriter ( Booker T and the MG's)
1944 - Al Michaels, American television sportscaster
1945 - Tracy Kidder, American journalist and author
1945 - Neil Young, Canadian singer and musician
1947 - Ron Bryant, American baseball player
1947 - Patrice Leconte, French film director and screenwriter
1947 - Donald Roeser (aka Buck Dharma), American Musician ( Blue Öyster Cult)
1948 - Cliff Harris, American football player
1949 - Ron Lapointe, French Canadian ice hockey coach (d. 1992)
1953 - Vasilis Karras, Greek singer
1958 - Megan Mullally, American actress
1959 - Vincent Irizarry, American actor
1960 - Maurane, Belgian singer
1961 - Nadia Comaneci, Romanian gymnast
1961 - Enzo Francescoli, Uruguayan footballer
1961 - Jonathan Nossiter, American film director
1961 - Michaela Paetsch, American violinist
1962 - Naomi Wolf, American author and feminist
1962 - Mark Hunter, Canadian ice hockey player
1962 - Brix Smith, American musician and songwriter ( The Fall, The Adult Net)
1962 - Mariella Frostrup, Norwegian born journalist and television presenter
1964 - David Ellefson, American musician ( Megadeth)
1965 - Lex Lang, American voice actor
1967 - Michael Moorer, American boxer
1967 - Grant Nicholas, British singer ( Feeder)
1968 - Glenn Gilberti, American professional wrestler
1968 - Sammy Sosa, Dominican Major League Baseball player
1968 - Aaron Stainthorpe, British singer ( My Dying Bride)
1969 - Ian Bremmer, American political scientist
1969 - Johnny Gosch, American kidnap victim
1969 - Kathleen Hanna, American singer and songwriter
1970 - Donna Adamo, American female professional wrestler
1970 - Tonya Harding, American figure skater
1970 - Craig Parker, New Zealand actor
1970 - Harvey Stephens, British child actor
1972 - Vassilis Tsiartas, Greek footballer
1973 - Mayte Garcia, American dancer
1973 - Radha Mitchell, Australian actress
1973 - Tara Strong, Canadian voice actress
1974 - Tamala Jones, American actress
1975 - Nina Brosh, Israeli model and actress
1975 - Angela Watson, American actress
1976 - Tevin Campbell, American R&B musician
1976 - Judith Holofernes, German singer ( Wir sind Helden)
1976 - Mirosław Szymkowiak, Polish footballer
1977 - Dalene Kurtis, American model
Playboy 1977 - Benni McCarthy, South African footballer
1978 - Andrew Kinlochan, English singer and musician
1978 - Alexandra Maria Lara, German Romanian actress
1978 - Ashley Williams, American actress
1979 - Matt Cappotelli, American professional wrestler
1979 - Corey Maggette, American professional basketball player
1979 - Cote de Pablo, Chilean actress
1980 - Trent Acid, American professional wrestler
1980 - Ryan Gosling, Canadian actor
1981 - DJ Campbell, English football player
1982 - Anne Hathaway, American actress
1983 - Carlton Cole, football player
1984 - Omarion, American R&B musician
1984 - Sandara Park, South Korean actor
1984 - Natalia Tena, English actress
1986 - Evan Yo, Taiwanese pop singer
1987 - Bryan Little, Canadian ice hockey player
607 - Pope Boniface III
1035 - Canute the Great
1094 - King Duncan II of Scotland (b. 1060)
1434 - King Louis III of Naples
1555 - Stephen Gardiner, English statesman
1567 - Anne de Montmorency, Constable of France (b. 1493)
1595 - John Hawkins, English shipbuilder and trader (b. 1532)
1667 - Hans Nansen, Danish statesman (b. 1598)
1671 - Thomas Fairfax, English Civil War general (b. 1612)
1742 - Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)
1757 - Colley Cibber, English poet (b. 1671)
1836 - Juan Ramón Balcarce, Argentine military leader and politician (b. 1773)
1865 - Elizabeth Gaskell, English novelist (b. 1810)
1916 - Percival Lowell, American amateur astronomer, founder of Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona (b. 1855)
1939 - Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor and humanitarian (b. 1890)
1941 - Abe "Kid Twist" Reles, American mobster (b. 1907)
1944 - Otto Blumenthal, German mathematician (b. 1876)
1948 - Umberto Giordano, Italian composer (b. 1867)
1955 - Alfréd Hajós, Hungarian swimmer (b. 1878)
1965 - Syedna Taher Saifuddin, Bohra Spiritual Leader (b. 1888)
1972 - Rudolf Friml, Czech composer of operettas (b. 1879)
1976 - Walter Piston, American composer (b. 1894)
1981 - William Holden, American actor (b. 1918)
1984 - Chester Himes, American author (b. 1909)
1990 - Eve Arden, American actress (b. 1908)
1993 - H. R. Haldeman, White House Chief of Staff (b. 1926)
1994 - Wilma Rudolph, American runner (b. 1940)
1997 - Carlos Surinach, Spanish composer (b. 1915)
2000 - Leah Rabin, wife of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, (b. 1928)
2000 - Franck Pourcel, French popular orchestra leader (b. 1913)
2001 - Tony Miles, English chess player (b. 1955)
2003 - Cameron Duncan, New Zealand director (b. 1986)
2003 - Kay E. Kuter, American actor (b. 1925)
2003 - Penny Singleton, American actress (b. 1908)
2003 - Tony Thompson, American drummer ( Chic, Power Station) (b. 1954)
2003 - Jonathan Brandis, American actor (b. 1976)
2005 - William G. Adams, former mayor of St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada (b. 1923)
2006 - General Jacob E. Smart, US Air Force leader World War II (b. 1909)
2007 - Khanmohammed Ibrahim, Indian cricketer (b. 1919)
2007 - Ira Levin, American novelist (b. 1929)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
80 Familypedia people were born on November 12
104 Familypedia people died on November 12
80 Familypedia people were first married on November 12