National Monument to the Forefathers



National Monument to the Forefathers is located in Massachusetts
Location: Allerton Street, Plymouth, Massachusetts
Coordinates: 41°57′36″N 70°40′34″W / 41.96, -70.67611Coordinates: 41°57′36″N 70°40′34″W / 41.96, -70.67611
Built: 1889
Architect: Hammett Billings
NRHP Reference#: 74002033

National Monument to the Forefathers, formerly known as the Pilgrim Monument, commemorates the Mayflower Pilgrims. Dedicated on August 1, 1889, it honors their ideals as later generally embraced by the United States. It is thought to be the world's largest solid granite monument. Located on an 11 acre hilltop site on Allerton Street in Plymouth, Massachusetts, this impressive 81-foot-tall granite statue stands to honor those who arrived here nearly 400 years ago in 1620.

Monument Design[edit | edit source]

The plan of the principal pedestal is octagonal, with four small, and four large faces; from the small faces project four buttresses. On the main pedestal stands the heroic figure of "Faith" with her right hand pointing toward heaven and her left hand clutching the Bible. Upon the four buttresses also are seated figures emblematical of the principles upon which the Pilgrims founded their Commonwealth; counter-clockwise from the east are Morality, Law, Education, and Liberty. Each was carved from a solid block of granite, posed in the sitting position upon chairs with a high relief on either side of minor characteristics. Under "Morality" stand "Prophet" and "Evangelist"; under "Law" stand "Justice" and "Mercy"; under "Education" are "Youth" and "Wisdom"; and under "Liberty" stand "Tyranny Overthrown" and "Peace". On the face of the buttresses, beneath these figures are high reliefs in marble, representing scenes from Pilgrim history. Under "Morality" is "Embarcation"; under "Law" is "Treaty"; under "Education" is "Compact"; and under "Freedom" is "Landing". Upon the four faces of the main pedestal are large panels for records.

Front Panel[edit | edit source]

The front panel is inscribed as follows:

"National Monument to the Forefathers. Erected by a grateful people in remembrance of their labors, sacrifices and sufferings for the cause of civil and religious liberty."

Rear Panel[edit | edit source]

The rear panel, which was not engraved until recently, contains a quote from Governor William Bradford's famous history, Of Plymouth Plantation:

"Thus out of small beginnings greater things have been produced by His hand that made all things of nothing and gives being to all things that are; and as one small candle may light a thousand, so the light here kindled hath shone unto many, yea in some sort to our whole nation; let the glorious name of Jehovah have all praise."

Right Side Panels[edit | edit source]

Nmff2.jpg

The right and left panels contain the names of those who came over in the Mayflower.

PASSENGERS OF THE MAY FLOWER

  1. JOHN CARVER WIFE and Servants???
  2. WILLIAM BRADFORD and WIFE
  3. EDWARD WINSLOW and WIFE
  4. GILBERT WINSLOW
  5. WILLIAM BREWSTER WIFE AND SONS
  6. LOVE AND WRESTLING
  7. MYLES STANDISH AND WIFE
  8. JOHN ALDEN
  9. SAMUEL FULLER
  10. CHRISTOPHER
  11. RICHARD WARREN
  12. JOHN HOWLAND
  13. JOHN ALLERTON
  14. THOMAS ENGLISH
  15. EDWARD DOTEY / COTEN
  16. EDWARD LEISTER
  17. STEPHEN HOPKINS WIFE AND CHILDREN: GILES, CONSTANCE, DAMARIS, AND OCEANUS
  18. HUMILITY COOPER
  19. WILLIAM BUTTEN
  20. ROBERT CARTER
  21. HENRY SAMPSON
  22. JOHN BILLINGTON AND WIFE AND CHILDREN: JOHN AND FRANCIS
  23. THOMAS ROGERS AND SON JOSEPH
  24. WILLIAM HOLBECK
  25. JOHN LANGMORE
  26. JOHN HOOKE
  27. WILLIAM LATHAM
  28. ISAAC ALLERTON WIFE AND CHILDREN BARTHOLOMEW REMEMBER AND MARY
  29. RICHARD BRITTERICE
  30. GEORGE SOULE
  31. RICHARD CLARKE
  32. RICHARD GARDINER

Left Side Panel[edit | edit source]

PASSENGERS OF THE MAY FLOWER

  1. JOHN TURNER AND TWO SONS
  2. JOHN CRACKSTON AND SON JOHN
  3. MOSES FLETCHER
  4. JOHN GOODMAN
  5. FRANCIS EATON WIFE AND SON SAMUEL
  6. JAMES CHILTON WIFE AND DAUGHTER MARY
  7. DEGORY PRIEST
  8. THOMAS WILLIAMS
  9. EDWARD MARGESSON
  10. PETER BROWNE
  11. EDWARD FULLER WIFE AND SON SAMUEL
  12. WILLIAM MULLINS WIFE AND CHILDREN PRISCILLA AND JOSEPH
  13. EDWARD TILLEY AND WIFE
  14. FRANCIS COOKE AND SON JOHN
  15. THOMAS TINKER WIFE AND SON
  16. JOHN RIGDALE AND WIFE
  17. JOHN TILLEY WIFE AND DAUGHTER ELIZABETH
  18. ELLEN MOORE
  19. JASPER MOORE
  20. RICHARD MOORE AND BROTHER
  21. DESIRE MINTER
  22. WILLIAM WHITE WIFE AND SONS RESOLVED AND PEREGRINE
  23. SOLOMON PROWER
  24. ELIAS STORY
  25. EDWARD THOMPSON
  26. ROGER WILDER

ROBERT CUSHMAN WHO CHARTERED THE MAY FLOWER AND WAS ACTIVE AND PROMINENT IN SECURING THE SUCCESS OF THE PILGRIM ENTERPRISE CAME IN THE FORTUNE 1621.


References[edit | edit source]

Mayflower 2016a.jpg

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