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Main Births etc
Monok
—  village (község)  —
Lajos Kossuth's birthplace

Coat of arms
Location of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County in Hungary



Monok is located in Hungary
Monok
Location of Monok in Hungary



Monok is located in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County
Monok
Location of Monok in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County
Coordinates: 48°12′40″N 21°08′59″E / 48.21111, 21.14972
Country  Hungary
Region Northern Hungary
County Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County
Subregion Szerencs
First mentioned 1273
Government
 • Mayor Emese Demeterné Bártfay (FIDESZ-KDNP)
Area
 • Total 41.98 km2 (16.21 sq mi)
Elevation 192 m (630 ft)
Population (1 Jan. 2015)
 • Total 1 631
 • Density 37.92/km2 (98.2/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 3905
Area code 47
Website http://www.monok.hu/

Monok is a village in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County, Northern Hungary Region, Hungary.

Geography[]

The nearest town is Szerencs 12 km (7 mi) away. Neighbouring villages are Golop 5 km (3 mi) away, Legyesbénye 7 km (4 mi) away and Tállya 7 km (4 mi) away.

The Zemplén Mountains have two sides: on the north Vilvitány Hill, on the south Szerencs Hill. The village lies in the valley between the two.

Although the north is mountainous the south is lower lying at around 300 metres (1,000 ft). On the north and south slopes there are fields and vineyards whose wines compete with those from Tokaj, and the fields bordering the vineyards offer a beautiful view of the Tatra Mountains.

History[]

It is not certain when the village was established, but it was some time during the Mongol invasion of Europe, or the earlier Hungarian invasion (Hungarian: honfoglalás).

The first record of the village is in 1392 and the Monaky family owned it in the 13th century [sic]. The name of the village comes from Slavic monoh meaning "monk". During the Ottoman Empire the village was razed and in 1567 it was recorded as being just barren fields. Towards the end of this century the village was reinhabited and around 1570 a small castle was built in the Renaissance style. Later, the village was owned by the Andrássy family who renovated the castle, but because it was too small they built another nearby in the Classical style.

Ethnicity[]

93% of the population is Hungarian, with the remaining 7% being of Romany origin.[1]

Traditions[]

  • Monok holds a summer fair on the second Sunday of every September called Kálvária fair, to which people from far and wide make a pilgrimage.
  • Each August the renovated Monaky Castle holds a "Renaissance Castle Day", when people wear period dress and perform archery and stage marionette shows. There is also a market and a beer tent, which also serves cauldrons of goulash and soft drinks.

Landmarks[]

Andrássy Castle

  • Lajos Kossuth's birthplace
  • Andrássy Castle
  • Renaissance Castle (small)
  • War memorials
  • Kálvária fairground[2]
  • Roman Catholic church, renovated in 2005
  • Lake Ingvár
  • Many old houses with verandas in several architectural styles
  • Szécheny family mausoleum.

Famous people[]

  • Lajos Kossuth, leader of Hungary, was born in Monok on 19 September 1802
  • Miklós Németh, Hungarian Prime Minister, was born in Monok on 24 January 1948

References[]

  1. ^ (in Hungarian, some English available) Hungarian Census: Ethnicity numbers for settlements, Hungarian Central Statistical Office, 2001, http://www.nepszamlalas.hu/hun/kotetek/04/tabhun/tabl11/load11005.html, retrieved 26 October 2009 
  2. ^ "Monok Cross of Saints Fairground". www.bucsujaras.hu. http://www.bucsujaras.hu/monok/index.html. Retrieved 26 October 2009. 

External links[]


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Monok. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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