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Mologa
View of a Mologa building submerged by the Rybinsk reservoir

Coat of Arms of Mologa



Mologa is located in Yaroslavl Oblast
Mologa
Coordinates: 58°11′59″N 38°26′28″E / 58.19972, 38.44111Coordinates: 58°11′59″N 38°26′28″E / 58.19972, 38.44111
Country
First mentioned 1149
Incorporated (town) 1777
Submerged April 13, 1941
Population (1896)
 • Total 7,064

Map of Mologa in 1888

A view of Mologa around 1910

Afanasyevsky convent in Mologa being submerged in 1941

Mologa (Russian: Моло́га) was a town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, formerly situated at the confluence of Mologa and Volga Rivers, but now submerged under the waters of the Rybinsk Reservoir.

Mologa existed at least since the 12th century. It was a part of the Principality of Rostov in the early 13th century. Later on, the town was annexed by the Principality of Yaroslavl. In 1321, it became the center of an independent principality. Soon after that, Ivan III annexed Mologa in favor of the Muscovy. Thereupon Mologa's rulers moved to Moscow, where they have been known as Princes Prozorovsky and Shakhovskoy.

In the late 15th century, they relocated a fair from Kholopiy Gorodok (a town 55 km north of Mologa) to Mologa. After that, Mologa turned into one of the most important Russian trade centers with the Asian countries. According to an account by Sigismund von Herberstein, there was a fortress in Mologa.

Sennaya Square during the annual fire brigade celebration in Mologa. A fire lookout tower (on the right) was designed by Andrey Dostoyevsky.[1]

Following the Time of Troubles, Mologa thrived as a trade sloboda. In the 19th - early 20th centuries, it was a big staging post on the Volga because the town had been located at the beginning of the Tikhvin waterway system, connecting the Volga with the Baltic Sea.

During the construction of the Rybinsk Reservoir and Rybinsk hydroelectric plant, the town of Mologa was evacuated and engulfed by water in the 1940s. Around 130,000 people were moved from Mologa and the surrounding areas. 294 locals refused to leave their homes despite NKVD's insistence and eventually drowned.[2]

Map of site of Mologa in present day Rybinsk reservoir

April 14 is remembered in Yaroslavl Oblast as the Day of Mologa. On this day, the boats with monks and priests sail to the spot where Mologa used to stand, and hold divine service in front of the upper parts of cross-crowned belfries which are still visible above the water of the artificial lake.

See also[]

  • Korcheva

References[]

External links[]

Born in Mologa[]

 Birth yearFatherMother
Lev Mikhailovich of Mologa (c1345-1369)1,345Mikhail Davidovich of Mologa (c1315-1362)
Aleksandr Mikhailovich of Mologa (c1342-c1360)1,342Mikhail Davidovich of Mologa (c1315-1362)
Andrei Ivanovich of Shumorovo (c1370-1440)1,370Ivan Mikhailovich of Mologa (c1348-1380)
Boris Dmitryevich of Mologa (1390-c1410)1,390Dmitri Fyodorovich (Perina) of Mologa (c1370-c1430)
Dmitri Fyodorovich (Perina) of Mologa (c1370-c1430)1,370Fyodor Mikhailovich of Mologa (c1340-1408)
Fyodor Mikhailovich of Mologa (c1340-1408)1,340Mikhail Davidovich of Mologa (c1315-1362)
Anna Fyodorovna of Mologa (c1380-c1440)1,380Fyodor Mikhailovich of Mologa (c1340-1408)
Gleb Ivanovich of Shumorovo (c1372-1445)1,372Ivan Mikhailovich of Mologa (c1348-1380)
Ivan Mikhailovich of Mologa (c1348-1380)1,348Mikhail Davidovich of Mologa (c1315-1362)
Pyotr Dmitryevich of Mologa (c1400-c1475)1,400Dmitri Fyodorovich (Perina) of Mologa (c1370-c1430)
Vasili Fyodorovich of Mologa (c1408-c1460)1,408Fyodor Mikhailovich of Mologa (c1340-1408)



Married in Mologa[]

Died in Mologa[]

 Death yearBirth localityFatherMotherJoined with
Lev Mikhailovich of Mologa (c1345-1369)1,369MologaMikhail Davidovich of Mologa (c1315-1362)
Aleksandr Mikhailovich of Mologa (c1342-c1360)1,360MologaMikhail Davidovich of Mologa (c1315-1362)
Dmitri Fyodorovich (Perina) of Mologa (c1370-c1430)1,430MologaFyodor Mikhailovich of Mologa (c1340-1408)
Fyodor Mikhailovich of Mologa (c1340-1408)1,408MologaMikhail Davidovich of Mologa (c1315-1362)
Vasili Fyodorovich of Mologa (c1408-c1460)1,460MologaFyodor Mikhailovich of Mologa (c1340-1408)
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