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1861 Wagon train in Echo Canyon

Company History[]

Dixie Origination[]

Alabama Branches 1845[]

  • CITATION: Alabama Conference Report, circa 1845 = Church History Library, CR 100 589 box 1 folder 7
  • DESCRIPTION: Report of branches in the Alabama Conference; no date given, but under leadership of Abraham O. Smoot, which would have been during 1845, after his journal account ends in April but before he returns to Nauvoo in November.
  1. Bogue Chetto Branch (AKA: Boynechetto Branch) - Southern part of Perry County, Alabama - home of Samuel Turnbow, 1st Alabama convert in 1840. (46 members, 7 priesthood, summer or fall 1845)
  2. Five Mile Branch - 19 members, 4 priesthood, summer or fall 1845 - - Located at Five Mile Creek, Perry (now Hale).
  3. Sipsey Branch in Tuscaloosa County, Alabama - one of oldest and longest lived church branches in Alabama. (51 members, 9 priesthood, summer or fall 1845)
  4. Marion 1845 LDS Branch (AKA: Moscow/Marion County Branch) - located on the Buttahatchee River passing thru then Marion County, Alabama (now Lamar County, Alabama. (Not to be confused with present day Moscow AL in Marengo County.) (Not to be confused with the Buttahatchie 1845 LDS Branch located 20 miles upstream in Noxubee County. (14 members, 1 priesthood, summer or fall 1845)
  5. Little Bear Creek Branch (26 members, 5 priesthood, summer or fall 1845) - Franklin County, Alabama, northernmost branch in NW Alabama.
  6. Big Sandy Branch (7 members, 2 priesthood, summer or fall 1845) (Southside of Tuscaloosa County, Alabama)
  7. Indian Camp Creek Branch (11 members, 4 priesthood, summer or fall 1845) - Located possibly on Indian Camp Creek in Pickens County, Alabama


Mississippi Branches 1845[]

  1. Buttahatchie 1845 LDS Branch located in Monroe County, Mississippi - very large branch on Buttahatchee River and site of Mormon Springs - kickoff point for their trek to the west
  2. Noxubee 1845 LDS Branch - Noxubee County, Mississippi - home of the Richey Family.
  3. Itawamba 1845 LDS Branch located in Itawamba County, Mississippi
  4. Chickasaw 1845 LDS Branch located in Chickasaw County, Mississippi
  5. Tombigbee 1845 LDS Branch located in Monroe County, Mississippi - a very large church branch along the Tombigbee River.
  6. Tishomingo 1845 LDS Branch located in Tishomingo County, Mississippi -

Trek to Fort Pueblo[]

William Crosby (1808-1880) led them from Mississippi, as far as Fort Pueblo, where they spent the winter. Most of the group continued on in the spring of 1847, under the direction of Amasa Lyman, who was sent from Brigham Young's vanguard company to collect them, arriving in July of 1847.

By 26 May 1846, this group reached Independence, Missouri where they were joined by Robert Crow (1794-1876) and his family who had traveled here directly from Perry County, Illinois, his wife being a relative of the Brown Family that was also trekking west from Dixie. The company reorganized its leadership for crossing the plains selecting William Crosby as their captain with John D. Holladay and Robert Crow as his counselors. From Independence this company "traveled the Oregon Road" to the Platte River where they expected to join "the company from Nauvoo or find their trail, but ... [they] found neither.” Nevertheless, they continued along the south bank of the Platte, crossed the South Platte, and nearly reached Fort Laramie before meeting a plainsman who told them he “had heard the Mormons were going up the South Fork of the Platte.” In council, Robert Crow and other members of the wagon train decided to winter east of the Rocky Mountains and, at the suggestion of the plainsman, headed for the village of Pueblo on the Arkansas River in what is today southeastern Colorado.

This group waited for two weeks for the Nauvoo Saints to arrive. When they felt it was futile to continue to wait they moved on the Oregon Trail towards Fort Laramie. Here they were advised to continue on to Fort Bend Colorado. Here they obtained corn, food, and needed supplies. On August 7, 1846 they arrived at Pueblo, Colorado where it was decided that they would wait out the winter. Absalom P. Dowdle was appointed Presiding Elder of the Latter-day Saint Pueblo branch.

The Howard Egan account indicates that at the time the company met up with Brigham Young's 1847 company, after wintering at Fort Pueblo, that there were 161 people in the company and "They have five wagons, one cart, eleven horses, twenty-four oxen, twenty-two cows, three bulls and seven calves. The number of animals in the camp are ninety-six horses, fifty-one mules, ninety oxen, forty-three cows, nine calves, three bulls, sixteen chickens, sixteen dogs, seventy-nine wagons and one cart."[1]



Family Units[]

List of Passengers[]

Name / Age / Birthdate / Deathdate

  1. Brown, John 25 23 October 1820 4 November 1896 - group leader
  2. Chesney, James Albert 21 20 September 1824 October 1869
  3. Crow, Benjamin Brown 26 5 April 1819 10 May 1897
  4. Crow, Elizabeth 50 1 April 1795 25 May 1870 (Mother). Sister of James Brown who led another company and large family from Dixie west.
  5. William Crosby (1808-1880) = group leader as far a Pueblo CO.
  6. Crow, Elizabeth Jane Infant About 1846 Unknown
  7. Crow, Elizabeth Jane - Aunt/namesake to infant Elizabeth Jane (1837-c1860)
  8. Crow, Harriet Brunt 27 ca. 1819 Unknown (Wife of Benjamin)
  9. Crow, Ira Minda Almarene 12 21 October 1833 1 January 1860
  10. Crow, Isa Vinda Exene 12 21 October 1833 13 August 1851
  11. Crow, John McHenry 22 9 February 1823 30 May 1894
  12. Crow, Robert 51 22 June 1794 29 May 1876 (Father)
  13. Crow, Walter Hamilton 19 8 June 1826 15 May 1906
  14. Crow, William Parker 17 6 July 1828 17 December 1903
  15. Dowdle, Absalom Porter 28 1 June 1819 June 1897
  16. Dowdle, Sarah Ann (Holladay) 17 28 April 1828 2 February 1915
  17. Dowdle, Sarah Catherine Infant 6 May 1846 27 March 1936 - Born on the trail at Osage County, Missouri.
  18. Gibson, Frances Abigail 13 15 May 1832 23 October 1913
  19. Gibson, George Washington 45 17 June 1800 17 August 1871
  20. Gibson, Joseph Smith 1 24 October 1844 22 July 1892
  21. Gibson, Laura Arrilla 8 27 June 1837 4 July 1905
  22. Gibson, Lydia Areelicia 20 1826 1915 - While at Fort Pueblo she marries a Mormon Battalion Soldier - Gilbert Hunt (1825-1858).
  23. Gibson, Manomas Lovina 3 10 March 1842 31 May 1940
  24. Gibson, Mary Ann 43 1802-1871
  25. Gibson, Moses Washington 5 21 January 1840 14 February 1912
  26. Gibson, Robert Pilaskey 18 24 April 1827 21 May 1909
  27. Gibson, William Gilbert 11 1 September 1834 2 November 1908
  28. Harmon, James 46 29 September 1801 14 September 1851
  29. Harmon, James Bartlett 7 6 January 1840 22 March 1913
  30. Harmon, John Taylor Infant 6 April 1847 1 March 1926 - Born on the trail during winter stayover at Fort Pueblo.
  31. Harmon, Josephine Smithson 2 16 March 1845 13 October 1927
  32. Harmon, Mary Ann Blanks Smithson 38 25 December 1808 25 January 1897
  33. Harmon, Paralee America 12 14 July 1835 18 July 1875
  34. Harmon, Sarah Elizabeth 6 18 August 1841 15 October 1888
  35. Holladay, Caron Happuch 17 4 May 1830 18 January 1915
  36. Holladay, Catherine Beasley 49 14 November 1797 20 April 1877
  37. Holladay, David Hollis 14 31 October 1826 29 January 1874
  38. Holladay, John 49 10 March 1798 31 December 1862
  39. Holladay, John Daniel 19 22 June 1826 16 September 1909
  40. Holladay, Keziah Donnell 12 12 October 1834 29 November 1853
  41. Holladay, Lenora McCray 8 7 May 1839 20 February 1853
  42. Holladay, Thomas Wiley Middleton 10 2 September 1836 10 December 1921
  43. Kartchner, Margaret Jane Casteel 20 1 September 1825 11 August 1881
  44. Kartchner, Sarah Emma Infant 17 August 1846 5 December 1934 - Born at Fort Pueblo.
  45. Kartchner, William Decatur 25 4 May 1820 14 May 1892
  46. Little, Archibald Unknown Unknown Unknown - mentioned in Robert Crow's diary as part of the advance party of the company travelling from Pueblo to Salt Lake. Otherwise lost to history.
  47. Mathews, Benjamin Franklin 28 16 April 1819 18 August 1888
  48. Mathews, Elizabeth Adeline Henderson 38 10 August 1807 1875
  49. Mathews, Elizabeth Jane 14 28 October 1831 23 September 1868
  50. Mathews, Elvira Narcissus 6 25 February 1839 1863
  51. Mathews, Emma Louisa 1 18 March 1844 18 February 1918
  52. Mathews, Ezekiel Cunningham 10 5 June 1835 17 March 1896
  53. Mathews, John Lynn 12 24 April 1833 18 September 1916
  54. Mathews, Maria Celeste 8 21 March 1837 7 November 1868
  55. Martha Rosanna Mathews (1846-1846) - died 16 May 1846, 3AM, Sat, while group was crossing Missouri, 10 days before arrival at Independence.
  56. Mathews, Mary Elizabeth 5 6 July 1842 13 December 1912
  57. Mathews, Sallie 1 1845-1887
  58. Mathews, Sarah Jane 6 1840 - 1934
  59. Mathews, Temperance Weeks 29 About 1817 19 April 1859 - Much of her family would follow in 1856.
  60. Mathews, Thomas Jeptha infant 1847-1904 : Born on the trail in Natrona County, Wyoming
  61. Mathews, Thomas Marion 15 2 July 1830 - 1893
  62. Mathews, William 37 28 January 1808 27 November 1888
  63. Myers, J. B. Unknown Unknown Unknown
  64. Myers, Lewis B. Unknown Unknown Unknown
  65. Ritter, Sarah Ann Lowery 20 22 May 1825 -1876
  66. Ritter, William Taylor Infant 22 March 1847 - born during stayover in Pueblo?
  67. Ritter, William Christopher 21 19 February 1824 -1875
  68. Roberds, Frances Eleanor 2 1844-1924
  69. Roberds, Harriet Luanna 6 1840-1923
  70. Roberds, John 45 15 August 1800 4 September 1873
  71. Roberds, Lodeskey Ann 10 28 July 1835 2 September 1922
  72. Roberds, Martha Tucker Walpole 28 16 May 1817 1897
  73. Roberds, Mary Bell 6 15 September 1839 About 1919
  74. Roberds, Richard Thomas 8 9 April 1837 15 May 1915
  75. Roberds, William Brown Infant 24 December 1846 November 1926
  76. Smithson, Allen Freeman 29 11 February 1816 27 September 1877
  77. Smithson, Almira Lucinda 3 1 May 1842 26 November 1914
  78. Smithson, Fereba Elvira 1 25 December 1844 22 December 1910
  79. Smithson, James Daniel 1 19 September 1844 10 September 1908
  80. Smithson, John Bartley 4 6 October 1841 7 August 1910
  81. Smithson, Letitia (Holladay} 21 24 November 1824 15 August 1849
  82. Smithson, Lucinda Wilson 32 14 March 1813 7 May 1899
  83. Smithson, Martha Serilda 6 21 December 1839 after 1897
  84. Smithson, Mary Emma Infant 1 March 1846 19 November 1921
  85. Smithson, Sarah Catherine 2 19 February 1843 About 1897
  86. Smithson, Sarah Elizabeth 12 24 October 1833 Unknown
  87. Smithson, Susan Elzira 8 4 August 1837 18 November 1915
  88. Smithson, William Bartley 10 9 May 1835 13 November 1907
  89. Smithson, William Cox 41 30 March 1804 2 March 1889
  90. Sparkes, Mary Ann 43 10 June 1802 7 September 1871
  91. Sparks, George Washington 26 19 April 1819 18 October 1906
  92. Sparks, Luana Roberds 27 15 December 1818 17 October 1895
  93. Sparks, Mary Ann Infant 18 January 1846 8 January 1858
  94. Sparks, William Thomas 2 2 February 1843 3 January 1906
  95. Terrill, William Unknown Unknown Unknown
  96. Threlkel, George Washington 25 26 January 1820 3 January 1900
  97. Threlkel, James William 1 22 August 1844 9 October 1921
  98. Threlkel, Matilda Jane Crow 20 June 1825 6 April 1906 (daughter of Benjamin Crow)
  99. Threlkel, Milton Howard 2 About 1844 11 August 1847

Reference Sources[]

  • Mississippi Saints 1846 Company - LDS History Pioneer Overland Companies
  • Robert Crow - Pioneer Database
  • Egan, Howard, Pioneering the West, 1846 to 1878, ed. and comp. William M. Egan [1917] 21-105.
  • Journal History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 29 July 1847, 3-9.
  • Kartchner, William Decatur, Reminiscences and diary 1878-1884, 27-32.
  • Names of Pueblo Soldiers and Mississippi brethren arrived in Great Salt Lake City, August 1847.
  • "R. T. Roberds," In An Illustrated History of Southern California (Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1890), 553.
  • Woodruff, Wilford, Journal, 1847 Jan.-1853 Dec., box 2, fd. 3, in Journals and papers 1828-1898, 26-77.
  • Autobiography of John Brown (1820-1896), p. 66-68
  • UtahCrossroads - History of the Mississippi Saints

See Also[]

References[]

  1. ^ [Egan, Howard, Pioneering the West, 1846 to 1878, ed. and comp. William M. Egan (1917) 21-105. Howard Egan Pioneering the West]

Recap[]

Mississippi Saints 1846 Pioneer Company[]

Wagontrain1861.jpg

Numbered amoung the participants in the Mississippi Saints 1846 Pioneer Company, a early Mormon pioneer wagon train that left Mississippi in 1846 to join the Mormon exodus to Utah. This group Brigham Young's vanguard company and spent the winter of 1846/47 at Fort Pueblo where the were joined by soldiers of the sick detachment of the Mormon Battalion. They reached Salt Lake City in late summer of 1847.

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