m (update from Wikipedia)
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  +
{{bdm}}
 
{{Infobox settlement
 
{{Infobox settlement
 
|official_name = Milford, Connecticut
 
|official_name = Milford, Connecticut
 
|settlement_type = [[City]]
 
|settlement_type = [[City]]
 
|nickname = A Small City with a Big Heart
 
|nickname = A Small City with a Big Heart
|image_skyline = M281.jpg
+
|image_skyline = Milford, CT Town Hall.jpg
 
|imagesize =
 
|imagesize =
 
|image_caption = Milford City Hall, 110 River Street, sits along the Wepawaug River downtown. Built in 1916, it is the fifth town hall to occupy the site.
 
|image_caption = Milford City Hall, 110 River Street, sits along the Wepawaug River downtown. Built in 1916, it is the fifth town hall to occupy the site.
 
|image_seal = MilfordCTseal3.jpg
 
|image_seal = MilfordCTseal3.jpg
  +
|image_flag = Milford CT flag.jpg
 
|image_map = Milford CT lg.PNG
 
|image_map = Milford CT lg.PNG
 
|mapsize = 250px
 
|mapsize = 250px
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|subdivision_name2 = Bridgeport-Stamford
 
|subdivision_name2 = Bridgeport-Stamford
 
|subdivision_type3 = Region
 
|subdivision_type3 = Region
|subdivision_name3 = South Central Region
+
|subdivision_name3 = South Western Region
  +
|government_type = [[Mayor-council#Weak-mayor, or ceremonial, form|Mayor–Board of Aldermen]]
|subdivision_type2 =
 
|subdivision_name2 =
 
|government_type = [[Mayor-council#Weak-mayor, or ceremonial, form|Mayor-Board of Alderman]]
 
 
|leader_title = [[Mayor]]
 
|leader_title = [[Mayor]]
|leader_name = [[James L. Richetelli, Jr. (politician)|James L. Richetelli, Jr.]] [[Republican Party United States|(R)]]
+
|leader_name = [[Benjamin G. Blake]] ([[Democratic Party United States|D]])
 
|area_magnitude = 1 E9
 
|area_magnitude = 1 E9
 
|area_total_km2 = 67.9
 
|area_total_km2 = 67.9
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|area_water_sq_mi = 1.5
 
|area_water_sq_mi = 1.5
 
|area_water_percent =
 
|area_water_percent =
|population_as_of = 2005
+
|population_as_of = 2010
|population_total = 54802
+
|population_total = 52759
 
|population_density_km2 = 936
 
|population_density_km2 = 936
 
|timezone = [[Eastern Standard Time Zone|Eastern]]
 
|timezone = [[Eastern Standard Time Zone|Eastern]]
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|postal_code = 06460, 06461
 
|postal_code = 06460, 06461
 
|elevation_m =
 
|elevation_m =
|elevation_ft =
+
|elevation_ft =
 
|latd = 41 |latm = 13 |lats = 27 |latNS = N
 
|latd = 41 |latm = 13 |lats = 27 |latNS = N
 
|longd = 73 |longm = 03 |longs = 35 |longEW = W
 
|longd = 73 |longm = 03 |longs = 35 |longEW = W
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|footnotes =
 
|footnotes =
 
}}
 
}}
'''Milford''' is a city in southwestern [[New Haven County, Connecticut|New Haven County]], [[Connecticut]], [[United States]], located between [[Bridgeport, Connecticut|Bridgeport]] and [[New Haven, Connecticut|New Haven]]. The population was 50,594 at the [[2000 United States Census|2000 census]]. The city contains the incorporated [[borough (Connecticut)|borough]] of [[Woodmont, Connecticut|Woodmont]] and the unincorporated village of Devon. The current mayor of Milford is [[James L. Richetelli, Jr. (politician)|James L. Richetelli, Jr.]]
+
'''Milford''' is a coastal city in southwestern [[New Haven County, Connecticut|New Haven County]], [[Connecticut]], [[United States]], located between [[Bridgeport, Connecticut|Bridgeport]] and [[New Haven, Connecticut|New Haven]]. The population was 52,759 at the [[2010 United States Census|2010 census]]. The city contains the incorporated [[borough (Connecticut)|borough]] of [[Woodmont, Connecticut|Woodmont]] and the unincorporated village of Devon.
 
The city has grown noticeably over the years, including rapid revitalization of the downtown and retail growth along [[Route 1 (Connecticut)|Route 1]], and today Milford faces the typical modern issue of deciding how much land to develop and how much to keep natural, especially in light of the city's location at the mouth of the [[Housatonic River]]. Laws favoring the preservation and restoration of older homes have helped maintain a traditional [[New England]] town ambiance.
 
 
''Further information: [[Economic development of Milford, Connecticut]]''
 
   
 
==History==
 
==History==
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Interestingly, the boundaries of the final town charter granted by the State of Connecticut in 1899 to Laurel Beach are contained entirely within Milford. Residents of Laurel Beach must therefore pay taxes to both Laurel Beach as well as Milford, and all mail to Laurel Beach residents is mailed to Milford.
 
Interestingly, the boundaries of the final town charter granted by the State of Connecticut in 1899 to Laurel Beach are contained entirely within Milford. Residents of Laurel Beach must therefore pay taxes to both Laurel Beach as well as Milford, and all mail to Laurel Beach residents is mailed to Milford.
  +
'''
 
In 1903 the southeastern portion of the town was incorporated as the Borough of Woodmont. In 1959, the town of Milford including the Borough of Woodmont was incorporated as the City of Milford.''''''
+
In 1903 the southeastern portion of the town was incorporated as the Borough of Woodmont. In 1959, the town of Milford including the Borough of Woodmont was incorporated as the City of Milford.
   
 
===Towns created from Milford===
 
===Towns created from Milford===
  +
[[File:Milford Connecticut old bridge.jpg|thumb|left|landscape|View of Milford's greens on a 19th century naïve landscape painting.]]
[[Image:MilfordCtAreaOutlineMap.png|thumb|200px|right|<small>Map showing Milford and neighboring towns</small>]]
 
  +
[[Image:MilfordCtAreaOutlineMap.png|thumb|200px|right|Map showing Milford and neighboring towns]]
 
Milford was one of the early settlements in south central Connecticut and, over time, gave rise to several new [[New England town|towns]] that broke off and incorporated separately. The following is a list of towns created from parts of Milford.
 
Milford was one of the early settlements in south central Connecticut and, over time, gave rise to several new [[New England town|towns]] that broke off and incorporated separately. The following is a list of towns created from parts of Milford.
   
Line 89: Line 86:
 
* [[Orange, Connecticut|Orange]] (originally North Milford) in 1822 (also partly from [[New Haven, Connecticut|New Haven]])
 
* [[Orange, Connecticut|Orange]] (originally North Milford) in 1822 (also partly from [[New Haven, Connecticut|New Haven]])
 
** [[West Haven, Connecticut|West Haven]] created from Orange in 1921
 
** [[West Haven, Connecticut|West Haven]] created from Orange in 1921
  +
  +
===The "oatmeal lots" of Liberty Park===
  +
Starting in 1902, [[Quaker Oats]] oatmeal boxes came with a coupon redeemable for the legal deed to a tiny lot in Milford. The lots, sometimes as small as 10 feet by 10 feet, were carved out of a 15-acre tract in a never-built subdivision called "Liberty Park." A small number of children (or their parents), often residents living near Milford, collected the deeds and started paying the extremely small property taxes on the "oatmeal lots." The developer of the prospective subdivision hoped the landowners would hire him to build homes on the lots, although several lots would need to be combined before building could start. Since the subdivision into small lots predated Milford's planning and zoning regulations, the deeds were entirely legal, although they created a large amount of paperwork for town tax collectors, who frequently couldn't find the property owners and received almost no tax revenue from the lots.<ref name=fnolg>{{Cite news|last=Juliano |first=Frank |url=http://www.ctpost.com/local/article/Oatmeal-lots-gave-officials-indigestion-687006.php |title='Oatmeal lots' gave officials indigestion |pages=A1, A12 |date=October 3, 2010 |accessdate=October 23, 2010 |newspaper=[[Connecticut Post]]}}</ref>
  +
  +
In the mid-1970s, when the town wanted to develop the area, town officials put an end to the oatmeal lots in a "general foreclosure" that avoided the enormous expense of individual foreclosures by condemning nearly all of the property in one legal filing. One of the streets in the Liberty Park subdivision plans, Shelland Street, was later built in the late 1990s as an access road to the Milford Power Company. The site is currently home to the [[BIC Corporation]]'s lighter factory at 565 Bic Drive. (In a separate land giveaway in 1955 tied to the ''[[Sergeant Preston of the Yukon]]'' television show, [[Quaker Oats]] offered in its [[Puffed Wheat]] and [[Puffed Rice]] cereal boxes genuine deeds to land in the [[Klondike, Yukon|Klondike]].)<ref name=fnolg/>
   
 
===Post-World War II development===
 
===Post-World War II development===
 
In the post-[[World War II]] period, Milford—like many other New England towns—underwent significant suburbanization. [[Interstate 95 in Connecticut|Interstate 95]] was routed through town and the Milford section was completed in 1958.
 
In the post-[[World War II]] period, Milford—like many other New England towns—underwent significant suburbanization. [[Interstate 95 in Connecticut|Interstate 95]] was routed through town and the Milford section was completed in 1958.
   
The 1960s and '70s witnessed the construction of the [[Westfield Connecticut Post|Connecticut Post Mall]], one of the state's largest shopping malls, and the extensive commercial development of the town's stretch of the [[Boston Post Road]]. One notable small business located on the Boston Post Road during the 1970s was [[SCELBI]] Computer Consulting, credited by many as being the world's first personal-computer manufacturer.
+
The 1960s and '70s witnessed the construction of the [[Westfield Connecticut Post|Connecticut Post Mall]], one of the state's largest shopping malls, and the extensive commercial development of the town's stretch of the [[Boston Post Road]]. One notable small business located on the Boston Post Road during the 1970s was [[SCELBI]] Computer Consulting, credited by many as being the world's first personal-computer manufacturer. Starting in 1975, the city began hosting the [[Milford Oyster Festival]], which has since become firmly established as an annual Milford tradition that is held "rain or shine."<ref>"[http://dailypostal.com/2010/08/21/milford-oyster-festival-2010/ Milford Oyster Festival 2010]." ''Daily Postal''. August 21, 2010</ref><ref name=misur2010>Misur, Susan. "[http://www.newhavenregister.com/articles/2010/08/22/news/milford/doc4c70a51c00ba8527828365.txt Annual Oyster Festival draws thousands in Milford]." ''New Haven Register''. Sunday, August 22, 2010</ref>
   
The city became host to several headquarters of multinational corporations, including the Schick Shaving company [http://www.shaving.com/home.asp], [[Subway (sandwich)|Subway]] fast-food corporation. [[BIC Corporation]] was headquartered in Milford, but in March 2008, moved most of its operations to [[Shelton, CT]]. [[Milford Hospital (Connecticut)|Milford Hospital]] has also developed into an important health care resource for the area.
+
The city became host to several headquarters of multinational corporations, including the [[Schick]] Shaving company,<ref>[http://www.shaving.com/home.asp]</ref> Doctor's Associates, Inc., owners of the [[Subway (sandwich)|Subway]] chain of fast-food restaurants. The US operations of [[Société Bic|BIC]] were headquartered in Milford, but in March 2008, moved most of its operations to [[Shelton, Connecticut|Shelton]]. [[Milford Hospital (Connecticut)|Milford Hospital]] has also developed into an important health care resource for the area.
  +
  +
{{further2|[[Economic development of Milford, Connecticut]]}}
  +
  +
{{Gallery
  +
| title = Milford, Connecticut
  +
| lines = 3
  +
| width = 180
  +
| height = 180
  +
|File:River_Street_Milford.jpg|alt1=|River Street in Downtown Milford
  +
|File:Milford_Harbor.jpg|alt2=|Milford Harbor Seen from Pond Street
  +
|File:Trumbull_and_Gulf_Beaches.jpg|alt3=|View of Coastline from Fort Trumbull Beach With Gulf Beach in Distance
  +
|File:Milford_Green.jpg|alt4=|Milford Green, the Second Longest Green in [[New England]]
  +
|File:Milford_Beach.jpg|alt5=|View of [[Long Island Sound]] from a Milford Beach
  +
|File:Milford_Metro_North_Station.jpg|alt6=|The [[Milford (Metro-North station)|Milford Metro North Rail Station]]
  +
}}
   
 
==Government==
 
==Government==
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===Elected positions===
 
===Elected positions===
 
{{See also|List of mayors of Milford, Connecticut}}
 
{{See also|List of mayors of Milford, Connecticut}}
The following is a list of city government positions elected by city residents and the terms thereof:
+
The following is a list of city government positions elected by city residents and the terms thereof:<ref>''An Act Concerning a Charter for the City of Milford'', Articles II-III. City of Milford, Connecticut. Effective November 9, 1959. Revised November 8, 1983.</ref>
 
* Mayor: The mayor is the city’s chief executive and is elected in odd-numbered years. The mayor receives compensation for his or her services.
 
 
* Board of Aldermen: The Board of Aldermen consists of 15 members elected in odd-numbered years, three from each of the city’s five political districts. Per City Charter requirements, only two of the three aldermen elected from each district may be from one political party to allow for minority representation on the board; voters are permitted to vote for any three aldermen in their district. Members of the Board of Aldermen receive no compensation for their services.
 
 
* Board of Education: The Board of Education deals with educational matters in the city and consists of 10 members elected in odd-numbered years, two from each of the city’s five political districts. Members receive no compensation for their services.
 
 
* Planning & Zoning Board: The Planning & Zoning Board deals with development and land use issues and consists of 10 members, two from each of the city’s five political districts. Members serve a four-year term, with one of the two members of each political district up for election during each odd-numbered year’s election cycle, ensuring that no more than half of the board is made up of new members at the start of a new session. Members of the Planning & Zoning Board receive no compensation for their services.
 
   
* City Clerk: The city clerk is elected in odd-numbered years and receives a compensation for services provided.
+
*Mayor: The mayor is the city's chief executive and is elected in odd-numbered years. The mayor receives compensation for his or her services.
  +
*Board of Aldermen: The Board of Aldermen consists of 15 members elected in odd-numbered years, three from each of the city's five political districts. Per City Charter requirements, only two of the three aldermen elected from each district may be from one political party to allow for minority representation on the board; voters are permitted to vote for any three aldermen in their district. Members of the Board of Aldermen receive no compensation for their services.
  +
*Board of Education: The Board of Education deals with educational matters in the city and consists of 10 members elected in odd-numbered years, two from each of the city's five political districts. Members receive no compensation for their services.
  +
*Planning & Zoning Board: The Planning & Zoning Board deals with development and land use issues and consists of 10 members, two from each of the city's five political districts. Members serve a four-year term, with one of the two members of each political district up for election during each odd-numbered year's election cycle, ensuring that no more than half of the board is made up of new members at the start of a new session. Members of the Planning & Zoning Board receive no compensation for their services.
  +
*City Clerk: The city clerk is elected in odd-numbered years and receives a compensation for services provided.
  +
*Constables: Seven constables are elected in odd-numbered years, though individual voters are only permitted to vote for any four of their choosing on the ballot. They are compensated on a case-by-case basis.
  +
*Registrars of Voters: Pursuant to Connecticut state law, each town must have a [[Republican Party United States|Republican]] and [[Democratic Party United States|Democratic]] registrar of voters to serve as election administrators, though an additional third party registrar is permitted if they receive more votes than either of the major parties' registrar. Registrars in Milford are elected to two-year terms, their election taking place during each even-year state election cycle. Registrars are compensated for their services. Voters may only vote for one choice for registrar.
   
  +
==Emergency services==
* Constables: Seven constables are elected in odd-numbered years, though individual voters are only permitted to vote for any four of their choosing on the ballot. They are compensated on a case-by-case basis.
 
  +
===Fire department===
  +
The city of Milford is protected by the Milford Fire Department.
   
  +
===Police department===
* Registrar of Voters: Pursuant to Connecticut state law, each town must have a [[Republican Party United States|Republican]] and [[Democratic Party United States|Democratic]] registrar of voters to serve as election administrators, though an additional third party registrar is permitted if they receive more votes than either of the major parties’ registrar. Registrars in Milford are elected to two-year terms, their election taking place during each even-year state election cycle. Registrars are compensated for their services. Voters may only vote for one choice for registrar.
 
  +
The Milford Police Department is led by Chief Keith L. Mello, a 1981 graduate of the town's police academy.<ref>http://www.ci.milford.ct.us/public_documents/FOV1-0001066B/Chief%20Of%20Police</ref> On May 12, 2011 the Police Officer Standards & Training Council Re-accedited the department's Tier I & II State Accreditation.<ref>http://www.ci.milford.ct.us/Public_Documents/MilfordCT_Police/Public%20Announcements</ref>
   
 
==Principal communities of Milford==
 
==Principal communities of Milford==
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*Walnut Beach
 
*Walnut Beach
 
*Wildermere Beach
 
*Wildermere Beach
*[[Woodmont, Connecticut|Woodmont borough]] ([http://www.woodmontday.org])
+
*[[Woodmont, Connecticut|Woodmont borough]], Also known as "Woodmont On the Sound" ([http://www.woodmontday.org])
   
Other minor communities and geographic features are: Anchor Beach, Bayview, Bayview Heights, Burwells Beach, Cedar Beach, Ettadore Park, Far View Beach, Fort Trumbull, Gulf Beach, Laurel Beach, Merwin's Beach, Merwin's Point, Milford Point, Myrtle Beach, Naugatuck Gardens, Point Lookout, Pond Point Beach, Silver Beach, Wheelers Farms.
+
Other minor communities and geographic features are: Anchor Beach, Bayview, Bayview Heights, Burwells Beach, Cedar Beach, Ettadore Park, Far View Beach, Forest Heights, Fort Trumbull, Great River, Gulf Beach, Laurel Beach, Lexington Green, Merwin's Beach, Merwin's Point, Milford Lawns, Milford Point, Myrtle Beach, Naugatuck Gardens, Point Lookout, Pond Point Beach, Silver Beach, South of the Green, Wheelers Farms.
   
 
==Culture==
 
==Culture==
  +
{{See also|Milford Oyster Festival}}
  +
{{Unreferenced section|date=April 2011}}
 
[[Image:Oyster Festival1.JPG|thumb|right|300px|2006 Milford Oyster Festival Banner]]
 
[[Image:Oyster Festival1.JPG|thumb|right|300px|2006 Milford Oyster Festival Banner]]
Every year in August, Milford celebrates its annual Oyster Festival, which serves as a combination of a typical town fair with a culinary celebration of the town's location on historically shellfish-rich [[Long Island Sound]]. This festival is held on the Milford Green, in the center of town, and features a wide variety of events including [[canoe]] and [[kayak]] races, musical performances, and [[classic car]] shows.
+
Every year on the third Saturday in August, Milford celebrates its annual Oyster Festival, which serves as a combination of a typical town fair with a culinary celebration of the town's location on historically shellfish-rich [[Long Island Sound]]. This festival takes place in and around the Milford [[Village green|Green]], near the center of town, as well as in various locations throughout the downtown area, and features a wide variety of events including [[canoe]] and [[kayak]] races, musical performances, and [[classic car]] shows.
   
  +
The Milford Oyster Festival has drawn large musical acts over the years including Joan Jett, The Marshall Tucker Band, John Cafferty and the Beaver Brown Band, Soul Asylum and many more.
Milford is home to a substantial art community. The Milford Cultural Center, operated by the Milford Council for the Arts, offers various events throughout the year. The Firehouse Art Gallery was recently opened in Devon . The beach resort quality of the town lives on, with several beaches, [[Silver Sands State Park]], the [[Connecticut Audubon Society Coastal Center at Milford Point]], [[Charles Island]], two [[golf course]]s, and numerous other recreational facilities available for residents and tourists, while the proximity to New Haven, rail transport to [[New York City]], a good school system, and a shuttle bus service that traverses the town supply some urban conveniences.
 
   
  +
Milford is home to a substantial arts community. The Milford Cultural Center, operated by the Milford Council for the Arts, offers various events throughout the year. The Firehouse Art Gallery was recently opened in Devon. The beach resort quality of the town lives on, with several beaches, [[Silver Sands State Park]], the [[Connecticut Audubon Society Coastal Center at Milford Point]], [[Charles Island]], two [[golf course]]s, and numerous other recreational facilities available for residents and tourists.
[[Image:Milfordluft 2.jpg|thumb|left|300px|Aerial view of Milford including Charles Island]]
 
   
  +
==Economy==
==Geography and environment==
 
  +
===Top employers===
According to the [[United States Census Bureau]], Milford has a total area of 23.7&nbsp;[[square mile]]s (61.5&nbsp;[[km²]]), of which, 22.3&nbsp;square miles (57.7&nbsp;km²) of it is land and 1.5&nbsp;square miles (3.8&nbsp;km²) of it (6.15%) is water.
 
  +
According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,<ref>[http://www.ci.milford.ct.us/Public_Documents/MilfordCT_Finance/statement/Opinion%20and%20Financial%20Statements.pdf City of Milford CAFR]</ref> the top employers in the city are:
 
  +
{| class="wikitable" border="1"
Milford's [[Devon (Milford)|Devon]] neighborhood<ref>[http://www.villageofdevon.com/ Village of Devon Official Web Site]</ref> is located at the mouth of the [[Housatonic River]] near [[Stratford, Connecticut|Stratford]], and features an [[Audubon|Audubon Center]] overlooking the [[estuary]].
 
 
===Islands and coastline===
 
A large portion of Milford's shoreline forms the [[Silver Sands State Park]]. [[Charles Island]] is also a part of the park and is a protected bird nesting ground. There is a sand bar (more correctly called a [[tombolo]] since it is perpendicular, not parallel to the coast) accessible during low tide that people can walk on from Silver Sands Beach to Charles Island.
 
 
The island is a part of the Hamonasset-Ledyard [[Moraine]] and was formed as glaciers retreated at the end of the last ice age. The [[Wisconsin Continental Ice Shelf|Wisconsin glaciation]] formed [[drumlin]]s in Milford: Clark, Burwell, Eels, Bryan and Merwin hills.<ref name=jwsrgcri>Skehan, James W., ''Roadside Geology of Connecticut and Rhode Island'', p 218, Missoula, Montana: Mountain Press Publishing Co., 2008, ISBN 9780828425471</ref>
 
 
Milford also owns three islands in the [[Housatonic River]]: [[Fowler Island]], just to the south of the [[Igor I. Sikorsky Memorial Bridge]], [[Duck Island (Connecticut)|Duck Island]] and [[Nells Island]], both near the mouth of the river.
 
 
==Demographics==
 
{| class="wikitable" style="float:right;"
 
| colspan="2" align="center" |'''Historical<br /> population of<br />Milford''' [http://www.sots.state.ct.us/RegisterManual/regman.htm]
 
 
|-
 
|-
  +
! #
|1756
 
  +
! Employer
|1,633
 
  +
! Employees
 
|-
 
|-
  +
| 1
|1774
 
  +
|City of Milford, Board of Education
|2,127
 
  +
|1,251
 
|-
 
|-
  +
|2
|1782
 
  +
|[[Milford Hospital (Connecticut)|Milford Hospital]]
|2,195
 
  +
|850
 
|-
 
|-
  +
|3
|1790
 
  +
|[[Subway (restaurant)|Subway]]
|2,098
 
  +
|660
 
|-
 
|-
  +
|4
|1800
 
  +
|[[Schick (razors)|Schick]]
|2,417
 
  +
|580
 
|-
 
|-
  +
|5
|1810
 
  +
|City of Milford
|2,674
 
  +
|561
 
|-
 
|-
  +
|6
|1820
 
  +
|[[Macy’s]]
|2,785
 
  +
|336
 
|-
 
|-
  +
|7
|1830
 
  +
|A&A Drywall
|2,256
 
  +
|271
 
|-
 
|-
  +
|8
|1840
 
  +
|Hasler Neopost
|2,455
 
  +
|260
 
|-
 
|-
  +
|9
|1850
 
  +
|Alinabal
|2,465
 
  +
|259
 
|-
 
|-
  +
|10
|1860
 
  +
|[[ShopRite (United States)|ShopRite]] of Milford
|2,828
 
  +
|251
 
|-
 
|-
|1870
 
|3,405
 
|-
 
|1880
 
|3,347
 
|-
 
|1890
 
|3,811
 
|-
 
|1900
 
|3,783
 
|-
 
|1910
 
|4,366
 
|-
 
|1920
 
|10,193
 
|-
 
|1930
 
|12,660
 
|-
 
|1940
 
|16,439
 
|-
 
|1950
 
|26,870
 
|-
 
|1960
 
|41,662
 
|-
 
|1970
 
|50,858
 
|-
 
|1980
 
|50,898
 
|-
 
|1990
 
|49,938
 
|-
 
|2000
 
|52,212
 
|-
 
|2002
 
|53,472<br /> (est.)[http://eire.census.gov/popest/data/cities.php]
 
 
|}
 
|}
  +
As of the [[census]]{{GR|2}} of 2000, there were 52,212 people, 20,138 households, and 13,613 families residing in Milford. The [[population density]] was 2,270.7 people per square mile (876.8/km²). There were 21,145 housing units at an average density of 949.0/sq&nbsp;mi (366.4/km²). The racial makeup of Milford was 93.55% [[White (U.S. Census)|White]], 1.91% [[African American (U.S. Census)|African American]], 0.13% [[Native American (U.S. Census)|Native American]], 2.36% [[Asian (U.S. Census)|Asian]], 0.03% [[Pacific Islander (U.S. Census)|Pacific Islander]], 0.88% from [[Race (United States Census)|other races]], and 1.14% from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic]] or [[Latino (U.S. Census)|Latino]] of any race were 3.34% of the population.
 
  +
==Geography and environment==
  +
  +
[[Image:Milfordluft 2.jpg|thumb|left|300px|Aerial view of Milford including Charles Island]]
  +
According to the [[United States Census Bureau]], Milford has a total area of 23.7&nbsp;square miles (61.5&nbsp;km²), of which 22.3&nbsp;square miles (57.7&nbsp;km²) is land and 1.5&nbsp;square miles (3.8&nbsp;km²) (6.15%) is water.
  +
  +
Milford's [[Devon (Milford)|Devon]] neighborhood<ref>[http://www.villageofdevon.com/ Village of Devon Official Web Site]</ref> is located at the mouth of the [[Housatonic River]] near [[Stratford, Connecticut|Stratford]], and features the Connecticut Audubon Coastal Center overlooking the [[estuary]].
  +
  +
===Islands and coastline===
  +
Milford has over 14 miles of shoreline facing [[Long Island Sound]], the most of any town in Connecticut.<ref>Charles, Eleanor [http://www.nytimes.com/2002/04/07/realestate/if-you-re-thinking-living-milford-conn-long-shoreline-wealth-activities.html "If You're Thinking of Living In/Milford, Conn.; Long Shoreline and a Wealth of Activities"], ''The New York Times'', April 7, 2002, accessed July 3, 2011.</ref> A large portion of Milford's shoreline forms the [[Silver Sands State Park]]. A newly built mile-long [[boardwalk]] was opened in 2011 that connects Silver Sands to Walnut Beach in Devon. [[Charles Island]] is also a part of the park and is a protected bird nesting ground. There is a sand bar (called a [[tombolo]] since it is perpendicular, not parallel to the coast) accessible during low tide that people can walk on from Silver Sands Beach to Charles Island.
  +
  +
The island is a part of the Hamonasset-Ledyard [[Moraine]] and was formed as glaciers retreated at the end of the last ice age. The [[Wisconsin Continental Ice Shelf|Wisconsin glaciation]] formed [[drumlin]]s in Milford: Clark, Burwell, Eels, Bryan and Merwin hills.<ref name=jwsrgcri>Skehan, James W., ''Roadside Geology of Connecticut and Rhode Island'', p 218, Missoula, Montana: Mountain Press Publishing Co., 2008, ISBN 978-0-8284-2547-1{{Please check ISBN|reason=Check digit (1) does not correspond to calculated figure.}}</ref>
  +
  +
Milford also owns three islands in the [[Housatonic River]]: [[Fowler Island]], just to the south of the [[Igor I. Sikorsky Memorial Bridge]], [[Duck Island (Connecticut)|Duck Island]] and [[Nells Island]], both near the mouth of the river.
  +
In addition to [[Silver Sands State Park]], Milford has five public beaches with lifeguard services for its residents - Gulf Beach, Anchor Beach, Hawley Avenue Beach, Walnut Beach, and Middle Beach - as well as seven private beaches.
  +
  +
==Transportation==
  +
[[Interstate 95 (Connecticut)|Interstate 95]] and [[U.S. Route 1 (Connecticut)|U.S. Route 1]] pass through the southern part of Milford. The [[Wilbur Cross Parkway]] cuts across the northern part of the city and is connected to I-95 and Route 1 via the [[Milford Parkway (Connecticut)|Milford Parkway]], AKA as the Daniel S. Wasson connector. Named for the first police officer to die in the line of duty in the city of Milford. He was killed on April 12, 1987, when he was shot by a motorist he had pulled over. The [[Metro-North]] [[New Haven Line]] also has a station stop in downtown Milford ([[Milford (Metro-North station)|Milford station]]). The [[Milford Transit District]] provides in-town service to major attractions. Connections with the [[Greater Bridgeport Transit Authority]] and [[Connecticut Transit New Haven]] are also available.
  +
  +
==Demographics==
  +
{{historical populations
  +
|source = [http://www.sots.state.ct.us/RegisterManual/regman.htm]
  +
|1756|1633
  +
|1774|2127
  +
|1782|2195
  +
|1790|2098
  +
|1800|2417
  +
|1810|2674
  +
|1820|2785
  +
|1830|2256
  +
|1840|2455
  +
|1850|2465
  +
|1860|2828
  +
|1870|3405
  +
|1880|3347
  +
|1890|3811
  +
|1900|3783
  +
|1910|4366
  +
|1920|10193
  +
|1930|12660
  +
|1940|16439
  +
|1950|26870
  +
|1960|41662
  +
|1970|50858
  +
|1980|50898
  +
|1990|49938
  +
|2000|52212
  +
|2010|52759
  +
}}
  +
As of the [[census]]{{GR|2}} of 2000, there were 52,212 people, 20,138 households, and 13,613 families residing in Milford. The [[population density]] was 2,270.7 people per square mile (876.8/km²). There were 21,145 housing units at an average density of 949.0 per square mile (366.4/km²). The racial makeup of Milford was 93.55% [[White (U.S. Census)|White]], 1.91% [[African American (U.S. Census)|African American]], 0.13% [[Native American (U.S. Census)|Native American]], 2.36% [[Asian (U.S. Census)|Asian]], 0.03% [[Pacific Islander (U.S. Census)|Pacific Islander]], 0.88% from [[Race (United States Census)|other races]], and 1.14% from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic]] or [[Latino (U.S. Census)|Latino]] of any race were 3.34% of the population.
   
 
There were 20,138 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were [[Marriage|married couples]] living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.04.
 
There were 20,138 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were [[Marriage|married couples]] living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.04.
Line 303: Line 328:
 
* [[David Miles]] (1871–1915), early movie actor & director.<ref>http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0587097/bio</ref>
 
* [[David Miles]] (1871–1915), early movie actor & director.<ref>http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0587097/bio</ref>
 
* [[Ellen Muth]], actress.<ref>http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0616091/bio</ref>
 
* [[Ellen Muth]], actress.<ref>http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0616091/bio</ref>
*[[Erin Pac]], [[Bobsleigh at the 2010 Winter Olympics|2010 women’s bobsled]] Olympic bronze medalist<ref>http://www.acorn-online.com/joomla15/milfordmirror/news/localnews/50528-olympic-bobsledder-from-milford-in-second-place-so-far.html</ref>
+
* [[Erin Pac]], [[Bobsleigh at the 2010 Winter Olympics|2010 women’s bobsled]] Olympic bronze medalist<ref>http://www.acorn-online.com/joomla15/milfordmirror/news/localnews/50528-olympic-bobsledder-from-milford-in-second-place-so-far.html</ref>
* [[Dan Patrick]] (Pugh), NBC's Football Night in America co-host, [[SportsCenter|ESPN SportsCenter]] anchor, and senior writer for [[Sports Illustrated]].<ref>http://www.nhregister.com/articles/2009/06/10/news/milford/a1_--_man_caves.txt</ref>
+
* [[Dan Patrick]] (Pugh), NBC's ''[[Football Night in America]]'' co-host, senior writer for ''[[Sports Illustrated]]'', and former [[SportsCenter|ESPN ''SportsCenter'']] anchor.<ref>http://www.nhregister.com/articles/2009/06/10/news/milford/a1_--_man_caves.txt {{Dead link|date=December 2010}}</ref>
 
* [[Jason Peter]], Collegiate All-American defensive tackle (1997) & defensive end for the [[Carolina Panthers]] attended Milford Academy.<ref>{{cite news| url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B01E1D6143EF931A25751C0A9609C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all | work=The New York Times | title=IN PERSON; When the Cheers Aren't Enough | first=Bill | last=Finley | date=February 12, 2006 | accessdate=May 12, 2010}}</ref>
 
* [[Jason Peter]], Collegiate All-American defensive tackle (1997) & defensive end for the [[Carolina Panthers]] attended Milford Academy.<ref>{{cite news| url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B01E1D6143EF931A25751C0A9609C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all | work=The New York Times | title=IN PERSON; When the Cheers Aren't Enough | first=Bill | last=Finley | date=February 12, 2006 | accessdate=May 12, 2010}}</ref>
 
* [[Catherine Pollard (Scouting)|Catherine Pollard]] (c. 1918 - 2006), first female Scoutmaster in the [[Boy Scouts of America]]
 
* [[Catherine Pollard (Scouting)|Catherine Pollard]] (c. 1918 - 2006), first female Scoutmaster in the [[Boy Scouts of America]]
 
* [[Peter Pond]] (1739/40?–1807), the first explorer of the [[Athabasca]] region of [[North America]] in the 1780s & founding member of the [[North West Company]].<ref>http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=2615</ref>
 
* [[Peter Pond]] (1739/40?–1807), the first explorer of the [[Athabasca]] region of [[North America]] in the 1780s & founding member of the [[North West Company]].<ref>http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=2615</ref>
* [[Peter L. Pond]] (1933–2000), human rights activist and philanthropist who adopted 16 Cambodian orphans<ref>Mooney, Tom, "Peter Pond's War," Providence Journal, Oct 15, 1989 p. M-06.</ref>.
+
* [[Peter L. Pond]] (1933–2000), human rights activist and philanthropist who adopted 16 Cambodian orphans.<ref>Mooney, Tom, "Peter Pond's War," Providence Journal, Oct 15, 1989 p. M-06.</ref>
 
* [[Charles H. Pond]] (1781–1861), judge of the New Haven County Court, sheriff of New Haven, Lieutenant Governor & 37th Governor of Connecticut.<ref>http://www.cslib.org/gov/</ref>
 
* [[Charles H. Pond]] (1781–1861), judge of the New Haven County Court, sheriff of New Haven, Lieutenant Governor & 37th Governor of Connecticut.<ref>http://www.cslib.org/gov/</ref>
  +
* [[John Ratzenberger]], actor, owns a home in town.
 
* [[Christy Carlson Romano]], actress.<ref>http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0005579/</ref>
 
* [[Christy Carlson Romano]], actress.<ref>http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0005579/</ref>
 
* [[Dan Rusanowsky]], NHL radio broadcaster for the [[San Jose Sharks]].<ref>http://sharks.nhl.com/club/page.htm?bcid=29683</ref>
 
* [[Dan Rusanowsky]], NHL radio broadcaster for the [[San Jose Sharks]].<ref>http://sharks.nhl.com/club/page.htm?bcid=29683</ref>
Line 321: Line 347:
 
==Movies filmed in Milford==
 
==Movies filmed in Milford==
 
Movies filmed at least in part in Milford include:<ref>[http://imdb.com/List?locations=Milford,+Connecticut,+USA&&tv=on Internet Movie DataBase Web site's page for Milford, Connecticut]</ref>
 
Movies filmed at least in part in Milford include:<ref>[http://imdb.com/List?locations=Milford,+Connecticut,+USA&&tv=on Internet Movie DataBase Web site's page for Milford, Connecticut]</ref>
  +
<!--Note: IMDB's list includes New Milford, Connecticut, so be careful when adding to check each entry individually-->
  +
*''[[The Light That Failed]]'' (1916) - Smith's Point was used in a desert battle scene using camels from Barnum's circus in Bridgeport.<ref>Dooling, Michael C. Milford Lost & Found, The Carrollton Press, 2009</ref>
  +
*''[[Man on a Swing]]'' (1974)
  +
*''[[Daylight (film)|Daylight]]'' (1996)
  +
*''[[Furious Fish]]'' (2005)
  +
*''[[Save the Forest]]'' (2005)
  +
*''[[December Plans]]'' (2007)
  +
*''[[Righteous Kill]]'' (2008)
  +
*''[[Sad Sack Sally]]'' (2009)
 
*''[[A Dance for Grace]]'' (2010)
 
*''[[A Dance for Grace]]'' (2010)
 
*''[[This Wretched Life]]'' (2010)
 
*''[[This Wretched Life]]'' (2010)
*''[[Sad Sack Sally]]'' (2009)
 
*''[[Righteous Kill]]'' (2008)
 
*''[[December Plans]]'' (2007)
 
*''[[Furious Fish]]'' (2005)
 
*''[[Save the Forest]]'' (2005)
 
*''[[The Hero]]'' (2003)
 
*''[[Daylight (film)|Daylight]]'' (1996)
 
*''[[Man on a Swing]]'' (1974)
 
   
 
==References==
 
==References==
Line 346: Line 373:
 
*[http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~riggs/Maps/MilfordCT.gif 1646 Map of Milford, CT]
 
*[http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~riggs/Maps/MilfordCT.gif 1646 Map of Milford, CT]
 
*[http://www.downtownmilfordct.com/ Downtown Milford Business Association]
 
*[http://www.downtownmilfordct.com/ Downtown Milford Business Association]
  +
*[http://www.milfordradio.com/ MilfordRadio.com]
   
 
{{Coord|41.22623|-73.06263|region:US_type:city|display=title}}
 
{{Coord|41.22623|-73.06263|region:US_type:city|display=title}}
   
{{Connecticut}}
 
 
{{New Haven County, Connecticut}}
 
{{New Haven County, Connecticut}}
  +
{{Connecticut}}
  +
{{New York metropolitan area}}
  +
{{New England}}
   
 
[[Category:Milford, Connecticut| ]]
 
[[Category:Milford, Connecticut| ]]
 
[[Category:Cities in Connecticut]]
 
[[Category:Cities in Connecticut]]
 
[[Category:Settlements in New Haven County, Connecticut]]
 
[[Category:Settlements in New Haven County, Connecticut]]
  +
[[Category:Census balances in the United States]]
 
   
 
{{usedwps|Milford, Connecticut}}
 
{{usedwps|Milford, Connecticut}}

Revision as of 07:33, 3 June 2012

Main Births etc
Milford, Connecticut
—  City  —
Milford City Hall, 110 River Street, sits along the Wepawaug River downtown. Built in 1916, it is the fifth town hall to occupy the site.
Flag of Milford, Connecticut
Flag
Official seal of Milford, Connecticut
Seal
Nickname(s): A Small City with a Big Heart
Location in New Haven County, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°13′27″N 73°03′35″W / 41.22417, -73.05972
Country United States
State Connecticut
NECTA Bridgeport-Stamford
Region South Western Region
Settled 1639
Incorporated (city) 1959
Government
 • Type Mayor–Board of Aldermen
 • Mayor Benjamin G. Blake (D)
Area
 • Total 23.7 sq mi (67.9 km2)
 • Land 22.3 sq mi (58.5 km2)
 • Water 1.5 sq mi (9.3 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 52,759
 • Density 2,420/sq mi (936/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 06460, 06461
Area code(s) 203
FIPS code 09-47515
Website http://www.ci.milford.ct.us/

Milford is a coastal city in southwestern New Haven County, Connecticut, United States, located between Bridgeport and New Haven. The population was 52,759 at the 2010 census. The city contains the incorporated borough of Woodmont and the unincorporated village of Devon.

History

Early history

File:BarberJohnWarnerOysterHutsMilfordPoint.jpg

Oyster Huts on Milford Point a sketch by John Warner Barber for his Historical Collections of Connecticut (1836). Barber wrote that he found 15 or 20 of these seaweed-covered huts along the shore when he visited the town in 1836. Oystermen used the huts in the winter.

The land which today comprises Milford, Orange and West Haven, Connecticut was "purchased" on February 1, 1639 from Ansantawae, chief of the local Paugussets (an Algonquian tribe) by English settlers affiliated with the contemporary New Haven Colony. Originally, the area was known as "Wepawaug", after the small river which runs through the town, and which has given its name to several streets in both Milford and Orange.

During the Revolutionary War the Milford section of the Boston Post Road, a vital route connecting Boston, New York and other major coastal cities, was blockaded by Continental forces and Fort Trumbull was constructed to protect the town. The site of the blockade is commemorated by the Liberty Rock monument.

By 1822, the town had grown large enough that residents in the northern and eastern sections of Milford chartered their own independent course as the town of Orange. During the next century and a half, the remaining section of Milford was known for shipbuilding, farming and oystering, although a small subset of industrial facilities also developed in town. During this time, Milford also became known as a beach resort for residents of New Haven and Bridgeport.

Interestingly, the boundaries of the final town charter granted by the State of Connecticut in 1899 to Laurel Beach are contained entirely within Milford. Residents of Laurel Beach must therefore pay taxes to both Laurel Beach as well as Milford, and all mail to Laurel Beach residents is mailed to Milford.

In 1903 the southeastern portion of the town was incorporated as the Borough of Woodmont. In 1959, the town of Milford including the Borough of Woodmont was incorporated as the City of Milford.

Towns created from Milford

View of Milford's greens on a 19th century naïve landscape painting.

Map showing Milford and neighboring towns

Milford was one of the early settlements in south central Connecticut and, over time, gave rise to several new towns that broke off and incorporated separately. The following is a list of towns created from parts of Milford.

The "oatmeal lots" of Liberty Park

Starting in 1902, Quaker Oats oatmeal boxes came with a coupon redeemable for the legal deed to a tiny lot in Milford. The lots, sometimes as small as 10 feet by 10 feet, were carved out of a 15-acre tract in a never-built subdivision called "Liberty Park." A small number of children (or their parents), often residents living near Milford, collected the deeds and started paying the extremely small property taxes on the "oatmeal lots." The developer of the prospective subdivision hoped the landowners would hire him to build homes on the lots, although several lots would need to be combined before building could start. Since the subdivision into small lots predated Milford's planning and zoning regulations, the deeds were entirely legal, although they created a large amount of paperwork for town tax collectors, who frequently couldn't find the property owners and received almost no tax revenue from the lots.[1]

In the mid-1970s, when the town wanted to develop the area, town officials put an end to the oatmeal lots in a "general foreclosure" that avoided the enormous expense of individual foreclosures by condemning nearly all of the property in one legal filing. One of the streets in the Liberty Park subdivision plans, Shelland Street, was later built in the late 1990s as an access road to the Milford Power Company. The site is currently home to the BIC Corporation's lighter factory at 565 Bic Drive. (In a separate land giveaway in 1955 tied to the Sergeant Preston of the Yukon television show, Quaker Oats offered in its Puffed Wheat and Puffed Rice cereal boxes genuine deeds to land in the Klondike.)[1]

Post-World War II development

In the post-World War II period, Milford—like many other New England towns—underwent significant suburbanization. Interstate 95 was routed through town and the Milford section was completed in 1958.

The 1960s and '70s witnessed the construction of the Connecticut Post Mall, one of the state's largest shopping malls, and the extensive commercial development of the town's stretch of the Boston Post Road. One notable small business located on the Boston Post Road during the 1970s was SCELBI Computer Consulting, credited by many as being the world's first personal-computer manufacturer. Starting in 1975, the city began hosting the Milford Oyster Festival, which has since become firmly established as an annual Milford tradition that is held "rain or shine."[2][3]

The city became host to several headquarters of multinational corporations, including the Schick Shaving company,[4] Doctor's Associates, Inc., owners of the Subway chain of fast-food restaurants. The US operations of BIC were headquartered in Milford, but in March 2008, moved most of its operations to Shelton. Milford Hospital has also developed into an important health care resource for the area.

Milford, Connecticut
River Street in Downtown Milford  
Milford Harbor Seen from Pond Street  
View of Coastline from Fort Trumbull Beach With Gulf Beach in Distance  
Milford Green, the Second Longest Green in New England  
View of Long Island Sound from a Milford Beach  

Government

Government in the city is set up with the mayor as chief executive and the Board of Aldermen as a legislative body. The mayor is permitted to propose legislation to the Board of Aldermen and introduces the city budget, but possesses no veto power over what the Aldermen choose to pass.

Elected positions

The following is a list of city government positions elected by city residents and the terms thereof:[5]

  • Mayor: The mayor is the city's chief executive and is elected in odd-numbered years. The mayor receives compensation for his or her services.
  • Board of Aldermen: The Board of Aldermen consists of 15 members elected in odd-numbered years, three from each of the city's five political districts. Per City Charter requirements, only two of the three aldermen elected from each district may be from one political party to allow for minority representation on the board; voters are permitted to vote for any three aldermen in their district. Members of the Board of Aldermen receive no compensation for their services.
  • Board of Education: The Board of Education deals with educational matters in the city and consists of 10 members elected in odd-numbered years, two from each of the city's five political districts. Members receive no compensation for their services.
  • Planning & Zoning Board: The Planning & Zoning Board deals with development and land use issues and consists of 10 members, two from each of the city's five political districts. Members serve a four-year term, with one of the two members of each political district up for election during each odd-numbered year's election cycle, ensuring that no more than half of the board is made up of new members at the start of a new session. Members of the Planning & Zoning Board receive no compensation for their services.
  • City Clerk: The city clerk is elected in odd-numbered years and receives a compensation for services provided.
  • Constables: Seven constables are elected in odd-numbered years, though individual voters are only permitted to vote for any four of their choosing on the ballot. They are compensated on a case-by-case basis.
  • Registrars of Voters: Pursuant to Connecticut state law, each town must have a Republican and Democratic registrar of voters to serve as election administrators, though an additional third party registrar is permitted if they receive more votes than either of the major parties' registrar. Registrars in Milford are elected to two-year terms, their election taking place during each even-year state election cycle. Registrars are compensated for their services. Voters may only vote for one choice for registrar.

Emergency services

Fire department

The city of Milford is protected by the Milford Fire Department.

Police department

The Milford Police Department is led by Chief Keith L. Mello, a 1981 graduate of the town's police academy.[6] On May 12, 2011 the Police Officer Standards & Training Council Re-accedited the department's Tier I & II State Accreditation.[7]

Principal communities of Milford

Seaside Avenue, 1911 postcard

Other minor communities and geographic features are: Anchor Beach, Bayview, Bayview Heights, Burwells Beach, Cedar Beach, Ettadore Park, Far View Beach, Forest Heights, Fort Trumbull, Great River, Gulf Beach, Laurel Beach, Lexington Green, Merwin's Beach, Merwin's Point, Milford Lawns, Milford Point, Myrtle Beach, Naugatuck Gardens, Point Lookout, Pond Point Beach, Silver Beach, South of the Green, Wheelers Farms.

Culture

2006 Milford Oyster Festival Banner

Every year on the third Saturday in August, Milford celebrates its annual Oyster Festival, which serves as a combination of a typical town fair with a culinary celebration of the town's location on historically shellfish-rich Long Island Sound. This festival takes place in and around the Milford Green, near the center of town, as well as in various locations throughout the downtown area, and features a wide variety of events including canoe and kayak races, musical performances, and classic car shows.

The Milford Oyster Festival has drawn large musical acts over the years including Joan Jett, The Marshall Tucker Band, John Cafferty and the Beaver Brown Band, Soul Asylum and many more.

Milford is home to a substantial arts community. The Milford Cultural Center, operated by the Milford Council for the Arts, offers various events throughout the year. The Firehouse Art Gallery was recently opened in Devon. The beach resort quality of the town lives on, with several beaches, Silver Sands State Park, the Connecticut Audubon Society Coastal Center at Milford Point, Charles Island, two golf courses, and numerous other recreational facilities available for residents and tourists.

Economy

Top employers

According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[8] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer Employees
1 City of Milford, Board of Education 1,251
2 Milford Hospital 850
3 Subway 660
4 Schick 580
5 City of Milford 561
6 Macy’s 336
7 A&A Drywall 271
8 Hasler Neopost 260
9 Alinabal 259
10 ShopRite of Milford 251

Geography and environment

Aerial view of Milford including Charles Island

According to the United States Census Bureau, Milford has a total area of 23.7 square miles (61.5 km²), of which 22.3 square miles (57.7 km²) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.8 km²) (6.15%) is water.

Milford's Devon neighborhood[9] is located at the mouth of the Housatonic River near Stratford, and features the Connecticut Audubon Coastal Center overlooking the estuary.

Islands and coastline

Milford has over 14 miles of shoreline facing Long Island Sound, the most of any town in Connecticut.[10] A large portion of Milford's shoreline forms the Silver Sands State Park. A newly built mile-long boardwalk was opened in 2011 that connects Silver Sands to Walnut Beach in Devon. Charles Island is also a part of the park and is a protected bird nesting ground. There is a sand bar (called a tombolo since it is perpendicular, not parallel to the coast) accessible during low tide that people can walk on from Silver Sands Beach to Charles Island.

The island is a part of the Hamonasset-Ledyard Moraine and was formed as glaciers retreated at the end of the last ice age. The Wisconsin glaciation formed drumlins in Milford: Clark, Burwell, Eels, Bryan and Merwin hills.[11]

Milford also owns three islands in the Housatonic River: Fowler Island, just to the south of the Igor I. Sikorsky Memorial Bridge, Duck Island and Nells Island, both near the mouth of the river. In addition to Silver Sands State Park, Milford has five public beaches with lifeguard services for its residents - Gulf Beach, Anchor Beach, Hawley Avenue Beach, Walnut Beach, and Middle Beach - as well as seven private beaches.

Transportation

Interstate 95 and U.S. Route 1 pass through the southern part of Milford. The Wilbur Cross Parkway cuts across the northern part of the city and is connected to I-95 and Route 1 via the Milford Parkway, AKA as the Daniel S. Wasson connector. Named for the first police officer to die in the line of duty in the city of Milford. He was killed on April 12, 1987, when he was shot by a motorist he had pulled over. The Metro-North New Haven Line also has a station stop in downtown Milford (Milford station). The Milford Transit District provides in-town service to major attractions. Connections with the Greater Bridgeport Transit Authority and Connecticut Transit New Haven are also available.

Demographics

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1756 1,633
1774 2,127 +30.3%
1782 2,195 +3.2%
1790 2,098 −4.4%
1800 2,417 +15.2%
1810 2,674 +10.6%
1820 2,785 +4.2%
1830 2,256 −19.0%
1840 2,455 +8.8%
1850 2,465 +0.4%
1860 2,828 +14.7%
1870 3,405 +20.4%
1880 3,347 −1.7%
1890 3,811 +13.9%
1900 3,783 −0.7%
1910 4,366 +15.4%
1920 10,193 +133.5%
1930 12,660 +24.2%
1940 16,439 +29.8%
1950 26,870 +63.5%
1960 41,662 +55.1%
1970 50,858 +22.1%
1980 50,898 +0.1%
1990 49,938 −1.9%
2000 52,212 +4.6%
2010 52,759 +1.0%
Source: [3]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 52,212 people, 20,138 households, and 13,613 families residing in Milford. The population density was 2,270.7 people per square mile (876.8/km²). There were 21,145 housing units at an average density of 949.0 per square mile (366.4/km²). The racial makeup of Milford was 93.55% White, 1.91% African American, 0.13% Native American, 2.36% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.34% of the population.

There were 20,138 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.04.

In Milford the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.

The median income for a household was $51,167, and the median income for a family was $61,175 (these figures had risen to $71,818 and $85,902 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[13]). Males had a median income of $48,368 versus $36,770 for females. The per capita income was $28,773. About 2.4% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 28, 2008[14]
Party Active voters Inactive voters Total voters Percentage
  Democratic 9,421 276 9,697 27.98%
  Republican 7,223 236 7,459 21.52%
  Unaffiliated 16,788 638 17,426 50.28%
  Minor parties 62 6 68 0.20%
Total 33,494 1,156 34,650 100%

On the National Register of Historic Places

Notable residents

Movies filmed in Milford

Movies filmed at least in part in Milford include:[39]

References

  1. ^ a b Juliano, Frank (October 3, 2010). "'Oatmeal lots' gave officials indigestion". Connecticut Post: pp. A1, A12. http://www.ctpost.com/local/article/Oatmeal-lots-gave-officials-indigestion-687006.php. Retrieved October 23, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Milford Oyster Festival 2010." Daily Postal. August 21, 2010
  3. ^ Misur, Susan. "Annual Oyster Festival draws thousands in Milford." New Haven Register. Sunday, August 22, 2010
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ An Act Concerning a Charter for the City of Milford, Articles II-III. City of Milford, Connecticut. Effective November 9, 1959. Revised November 8, 1983.
  6. ^ http://www.ci.milford.ct.us/public_documents/FOV1-0001066B/Chief%20Of%20Police
  7. ^ http://www.ci.milford.ct.us/Public_Documents/MilfordCT_Police/Public%20Announcements
  8. ^ City of Milford CAFR
  9. ^ Village of Devon Official Web Site
  10. ^ Charles, Eleanor "If You're Thinking of Living In/Milford, Conn.; Long Shoreline and a Wealth of Activities", The New York Times, April 7, 2002, accessed July 3, 2011.
  11. ^ Skehan, James W., Roadside Geology of Connecticut and Rhode Island, p 218, Missoula, Montana: Mountain Press Publishing Co., 2008, ISBN 978-0-8284-2547-1
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=ChangeGeoContext&geo_id=16000US0947515&_geoContext=&_street=&_county=milford&_cityTown=milford&_state=04000US09&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=
  14. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 28, 2008" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. http://www.sots.ct.gov/sots/lib/sots/electionservices/registration_and_enrollment_stats/2008_registration_and_enrollment_statistics.pdf. Retrieved 2009-04-13. 
  15. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0116465/
  16. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1662443/
  17. ^ http://www.motorcyclemuseum.org/halloffame/hofbiopage.asp?id=377
  18. ^ http://www.simonlake.com/html/inventor___engineer.html
  19. ^ http://www.cslib.org/gov/lawj.htm
  20. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0516830/bio
  21. ^ http://www.ci.milford.ct.us/Public_Documents/FOV1-0000F6DA/aldermenmeetings/BOAMinutes080607.pdf
  22. ^ http://oceanvoyaging.com/SnippetPages/Snippets2009/SnippetsOctober2009.html
  23. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0587097/bio
  24. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0616091/bio
  25. ^ http://www.acorn-online.com/joomla15/milfordmirror/news/localnews/50528-olympic-bobsledder-from-milford-in-second-place-so-far.html
  26. ^ http://www.nhregister.com/articles/2009/06/10/news/milford/a1_--_man_caves.txt
  27. ^ Finley, Bill (February 12, 2006). "IN PERSON; When the Cheers Aren't Enough". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B01E1D6143EF931A25751C0A9609C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all. Retrieved May 12, 2010. 
  28. ^ http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=2615
  29. ^ Mooney, Tom, "Peter Pond's War," Providence Journal, Oct 15, 1989 p. M-06.
  30. ^ http://www.cslib.org/gov/
  31. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0005579/
  32. ^ http://sharks.nhl.com/club/page.htm?bcid=29683
  33. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm2463516/
  34. ^ http://www.edwardsanddowdle.com/_mgxroot/page_10780.php?id=483319
  35. ^ http://www.theelevatormuseum.org/e/e-1.htm
  36. ^ http://www.cslib.org/gov/treatr.htm
  37. ^ http://kings.nhl.com/club/player.htm?id=8471734#&navid=lak-keymatch
  38. ^ http://www.miap.us/media.htm
  39. ^ Internet Movie DataBase Web site's page for Milford, Connecticut
  40. ^ Dooling, Michael C. Milford Lost & Found, The Carrollton Press, 2009

External links

Laurel Beach, 1910

Coordinates: 41°13′34″N 73°03′46″W / 41.22623, -73.06263


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