|— City —|
|• Mayor||Maureen Donker|
|• City Manager||Jon Lynch|
|• City||35.69 sq mi (92.44 km2)|
|• Land||33.70 sq mi (87.28 km2)|
|• Water||1.99 sq mi (5.15 km2)|
|• Urban||30.69 sq mi (79.48 km2)|
|Elevation||636 ft (193 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||42,020|
|• Density||1,242.2/sq mi (479.6/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||48640, 48641, 48642, 48667, 48670, 48674, 48686|
|GNIS feature ID||0632282|
Midland is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan in the Tri-Cities region of the state. It is the county seat of Midland County. The city's population was 41,863 as of the 2010 census. It is the principal city of the Midland Micropolitan Statistical Area. In 2010, the city was also named #4 Best Small City to raise a family in by Forbes Magazine.
- 1 History
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Government
- 4 Transportation
- 5 Geography
- 6 Education
- 7 Sites of interest
- 8 Retail
- 9 Infrastructure
- 10 Historical markers
- 11 Awards
- 12 Notable people
- 13 Sports
- 14 Local media
- 15 Sister cities
- 16 See also
- 17 References
- 18 External links
History[edit | edit source]
Midland was a fur trading post of the American Fur Company under the post at Saginaw by the late 1820s. Here agents purchased furs from Ojibwe trappers. The Campau family of Detroit also operated their own fur trading post at this location in the late 1820s.
The Dow Chemical Company was founded in Midland in 1897. Its world headquarters are still located there. Through the influence of a Dow Chemical plant opening in Handa, Aichi, Japan, Midland and Handa have become sister cities. The Dow Corning Corporation and Chemical Bank are also headquartered in Midland.
Demographics[edit | edit source]
2010 census[edit | edit source]
As of the census of 2010, there were 41,863 people, 17,506 households, and 10,766 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,242.2 inhabitants per square mile (479.6 /km2). There were 18,578 housing units at an average density of 551.3 per square mile (212.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.0% White, 2.0% African American, 0.3% Native American, 3.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.5% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.
There were 17,506 households of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.1% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.5% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.94.
The median age in the city was 38.3 years. 23.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.8% were from 25 to 44; 26.2% were from 45 to 64; and 15.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.
2000 census[edit | edit source]
As of the census of 2000, there were 41,685 people, 16,743 households, and 11,000 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,254.9 per square mile (484.5/km²). There were 17,773 housing units at an average density of 535.0 per square mile (206.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.38% White, 1.82% African American, 0.29% Native American, 2.69% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.92% of the population.
There were 16,743 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.4% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $48,444, and the median income for a family was $64,949. Males had a median income of $53,208 versus $31,098 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,818. About 5.5% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.
Government[edit | edit source]
Midland uses the council-manager form of government. The council consists of five members elected from geographic wards. Council members serve a two-year term, and the full council is elected during odd years. The mayor and the mayor pro tem are chosen from the elected council by a vote of the council, who also appoint the city manager and city attorney, who serve at the pleasure of the council.
Transportation[edit | edit source]
Scheduled airline service is available from MBS International Airport near Freeland and Flint's Bishop International Airport. The Jack Barstow Municipal Airport, dedicated May 30, 1936, is a general aviation airport operated by the city and available for private planes.
There is no regularly scheduled public transportation (bus service). Residents can call in advance to schedule pickup or return transport within the county by one government sponsored agencey "Dial-A-Ride" offering transport within the city only. Then "County Connection" a private run public transport for those outside the city of Midland but still within Midland County both for a nominal fee. Both also offer reduced fare rides for elderly and youth.
A limited number of taxicab companies operate in the city, but must be requested by phone.
- US 10, a freeway passing the northern edge of Midland, connects with Bay City on the east; Clare and Ludington (as a two-lane highway) to the west. The highway was originally part of Interstate 75 in Michigan.
BUS US 10 is a business loop through the downtown.
- M-20 connects Midland with Mount Pleasant and Big Rapids to the west.
- M-30 runs northerly from nearby Sanford to West Branch.
- M-47 links from US-10 east of the city to Saginaw and MBS International Airport.
Geography[edit | edit source]
Topography[edit | edit source]
- According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.69 square miles (92.44 km2), of which, 33.70 square miles (87.28 km2) is land and 1.99 square miles (5.15 km2) is water.
- Midland is part of the Flint/Tri-Cities.
Climate[edit | edit source]
|Climate data for Midland, Michigan|
|Record high °F (°C)||61
|Average high °F (°C)||31
|Average low °F (°C)||16
|Record low °F (°C)||−24
|Precipitation inches (mm)||1.6
Education[edit | edit source]
- Midland Academy of Advanced & Creative Studies - K-12 College Preparatory
- Bullock Creek Public Schools - home of the Lancers
- Michigan State University (research facility)
- Blessed Sacrament
- Northwood University
- Delta College Midland Center (DCMC)
- Secondary Schools
- Education and Training Connection (ETC)
- Windover High School - home of the Bull Dogs
Sites of interest[edit | edit source]
Midland has many cultural opportunities in fields ranging from music and theater to science and the arts. The Midland Center for the Arts delivers hands-on exhibits in science, art and technology, at the Alden B. Dow Museum of Science and Art. The Center also provides two state-of-the-art auditoriums for audiences of 400 to 1500 to enjoy everything from the Midland Symphony Orchestra and Center Stage Theatre, to professional programming through MATRIX: Midland.
Midland County Historical Societies Heritage Park provides an opportunity to explore Midland County's history through a variety of avenues. The Herbert D. Doan Midland County History Center houses a research library, gift shop and the interactive Dorothy Dow Arbury Midland County History Gallery, which provides hands on exhibits for exploring Midland County's history. Also located at Heritage Park is the Herbert H. Dow Historical Museum, which explores the history and growth of the Dow Chemical Company founded in Midland by Herbert H. Dow. Also located on the campus is the Bradley Home Museum and Carriage House; the home built in 1874 by Benjamin F. Bradley provides an opportunity to experience a hands on historic home while the Carriage House hold an extensive collection of sleighs, carriages and the largest working blacksmith shop in the Mid-Michigan area.
Midland City parks number 72 with over 3,000 acres (1,200 ha) of park land. Seven are classified as Regional Parks, typically larger than 200 acres; seven are considered Community Parks, normally over 15 acres; Neighborhood Parks number 19, usually from five to ten acres are nestled within residential areas; and the 36 Mini-Parks are mostly less than an acre. Other city-owned land includes pathways, undeveloped areas intended for "passive recreation", waterfrontage and protected natural areas.
Skaters of all skill levels utilize Midland’s new 107,000-square-foot (9,900 m2) Civic Arena, which has two NHL-sized rinks and one Olympic-sized rink. A BMX track is located in Midland’s Stratford park. Winner of a 2005 Michigan Cool Cities grant (a grass-roots, volunteer-based training program to revitalize a downtown area), Downtown Midland offers dining, shopping and entertainment for the whole family.
Walkers, joggers, bikers, and skaters can use the Pere Marquette Rail-Trail, a ribbon of asphalt stretching 30 miles (50 km) to the neighboring city of Clare. Midland County’s system of natural pathways continues to expand, with the recent addition of the Chippewa Trail, which connects to the Pere Marquette trail. The Chippewa Trail ends at the Chippewa Nature Center and their facilities of over 1,000 acres (400 ha) of deciduous and coniferous woods, rivers, ponds, wetlands (marsh, fen, bog, and swamp) and upland fields.
Also in the recreation mix are two golf courses, the Midland Community Center (with multiple swimming pools and exercise facilities), the West Midland Family Center, the North Midland Family Center, the Midland Gymnastics Training Center, the Midland Community Tennis Center and the Midland Curling Center.
Nature is found in abundance at Midland’s Dow Gardens. The 100-acre (40 ha) flower & vegetable gardens plus arboretum were the original gardens of the Herbert H. Dow homestead and are open for tours. In addition, the Alden B. Dow Home and Studio offers tours of this landmark American architect’s unique and influential style. Alden Dow designed the Grace A. Dow Memorial Library, Midland's public library named in his mother's honor.
More than 100 places of worship county-wide represent a variety of denominations and architectural styles, earning Midland the nickname "City of Beautiful Churches". Midland’s Volunteer Center recruits upwards of 2,000 volunteers each year, and the United Way of Midland County supports 25 community organizations.
List of notable places[edit | edit source]
- Alden B. Dow Home & Studio
- Chippewa Nature Center
- Dahlia Hill
- Dow Chemical Company headquarters
- Dow Corning headquarters
- Dow Corning Midland plant
- Dow Diamond, Home of the Great Lakes Loons, the Single-A Affiliate of the Los Angeles Dodgers of the National League in Major League Baseball
- Dow Gardens
- Grace A. Dow Memorial Library
- Herbert H. Dow House
- Midland Center for the Arts
- Midland Civic Arena, a 1,000-seat indoor arena
- Midland Community Center
- Midland Community Stadium
- Midland Community Tennis Center
- Pere Marquette Rail-Trail
- The Tridge, a 3-way pedestrian bridge over the Tittabawassee and Chippewa rivers.
Retail[edit | edit source]
The city's major shopping district is located north of town, on Eastman Avenue near US-10. There are several Big-box stores located here, as well as the Midland Mall, which includes Barnes & Noble, JCPenney, Target, Younkers, Dunhams, and Sears. Midland also has a downtown on Main Street which includes local restaurants, artist co-ops, and local retail.
Infrastructure[edit | edit source]
Power[edit | edit source]
In 1967, Dow Chemical attained criticality on a 100 kW nuclear research reactor at the Midland facility, primarily as a neutron source and to irradiate samples. The reactor continues to operate.
In 1968, Consumers Power began construction of a nuclear power plant in Midland, primarily for the Dow Chemical Company. The project's budget was $257 million, with completion anticipated in 1972. Extreme construction problems caused years of delays and costs soared. The Three Mile Island accident in 1979 resulted in a massive change in nuclear regulatory requirements and system redesign. When it was revealed that the containment buildings were settling and foundation cracks were discovered, Dow cancelled their contract with Consumers Power, and the project was abandoned in 1984. The $4.1 billion investment nearly bankrupted Consumers Power. However, in 1985, Consumers Power formed a partnership with eight other companies to convert Midland's abandoned nuclear plant into a gas-fired power plant. Transformation of the plant began in 1986 and was completed at a cost of $500 million. The Midland Cogeneration Venture began producing power in 1991 and that success restored faith in Consumers Power. The facility now produces 10% of the power consumption for the lower peninsula of Michigan.
Historical markers[edit | edit source]
There are four recognized Michigan historical markers in the city.
- John and Almira Kelly House
- Midland County Courthouse
- Origins of Salt Industry / State Salt Well No. 1
- The Upper Bridge
Awards[edit | edit source]
Midland has been recognized repeatedly at the national level for its business friendly attitude and high quality of life. A sampling includes.
- Top Ten Metropolitan Areas for Economic Growth with a population under 200,000: Third Place. Business Facilities magazine
- Top Ten Alternative Energy Leaders: Third Place, Business Facilities
- Best Communities for Cultivating Entrepreneurs: Five-Star Honoree (2010), Top Honoree (2009) (University of Michigan-Dearborn eCities initiative)
- Best Small Cities to Raise a Family: Fourth Place 
- Best Tennis Town in America (U.S. Tennis Association, 2009)
- 100 Best Communities for Young People: Honoree (America’s Promise Foundation, 2009 and 2008)
- Michigan Companies to Watch Competition: 15 small business winners from 2006-2009 (Michigan Small Business and Technology Development Center and the Edward Lowe Foundation)
Notable people[edit | edit source]
- Jeff Backus, former offensive tackle for the National Football League Detroit Lions
- David Lee Camp, member of the United States House of Representatives
- Michael Cohrs, Member of Court and Financial Policy Committee Bank of England
- Terry Collins, manager New York Mets
- Mikey "Bug" Cox, ex-Drummer of Coal Chamber
- Alden B. Dow, architect
- Herbert H. Dow, founder of Dow Chemical
- Gary Gerould, sports announcer National Basketball Association with the Sacramento Kings and other sports
- Cathy Guisewite, cartoonist known for the strip, Cathy
- James Aloysius Hickey, Cardinal Archbishop of Washington, DC
- Robert Jarvik, inventor of the Jarvik-7 artificial heart
- Larry Jaster, former Major League Baseball pitcher with the St.Louis Cardinals, Montreal Expos, and Atlanta Braves
- Nancy LaMott, cabaret singer
- Logan Lynn, American musician, writer, composer, singer, producer and LGBT activist
- Meredith McGrath, former Women's Tennis Association professional
- Matt Mieske, former baseball player for the Milwaukee Brewers, Chicago Cubs, Seattle Mariners, Houston Astros, and the Arizona Diamondbacks
- Chuck Moss, member of the Michigan House of Representatives
- Howard Mudd, Pro Bowl offensive guard for the San Francisco 49ers and assistant coach for Indianapolis Colts
- Jalen Parmele, National Football League running back for the Jacksonville Jaguars
- Bill Schuette, Michigan Attorney General, former District Court of Appeals Judge, former member of the United States House of Representatives
- Kerry Collins, Philanthropist and cycling enthusiast
- Bob Scurfield, former professional ice hockey player
- Jim Shaw, visual artist
- Steve Shelley, drummer of Sonic Youth
- Mary P. Sinclair, nuclear activist
- Cheryl Studer, opera singer
- Tom Vaughn, Jazz pianist and Episcopal Priest formerly at St. John's Episcopal Church
- Scott Winchester, former pitcher for the Cincinnati Reds
Sports[edit | edit source]
Midland is home to many recreational sporting facilities and organizations. These include the civic ice arena which hosts 2 NHL and one Olympic-sized rinks, a skate park downtown, and the Midland Community Tennis Center and its 32 courts. The tennis center also hosts a USTA Pro Circuit event and was part of the USTA award to Midland as America's Best Tennis Town 2009.
Midland is also host to the following professional sports teams.
|Great Lakes Loons||Baseball||Midwest League||Dow Diamond|
|Tri City Barbarians||Rugby||Michigan Rugby Football Union||St. Charles Park|
Local media[edit | edit source]
Midland Community Television Network (Cable Channels 96,97,98,& 99) is the City of Midland's public, government, and education access cable television channel group. As Midland's only TV station, it is the purpose of MCTV to provide the people and organizations in the Midland area with an opportunity to be involved in using the television medium to inform, communicate, educate, and entertain. Midland Community Television Network is a service of the City of Midland serving the residents of the City of Midland and outlying areas through Charter Cable. MCTV is funded through Cable TV franchise fees paid by Charter Communications to the City of Midland for use of the public rights-of-way. Franchise fees are composed of a small percentage of cable subscriber fees. MCTV is a non-profit, non-commercial organization open to the citizens of the city or county of Midland.
Midland is the city of license of two FM radio stations serving the Tri-Cities (Saginaw/Bay City/Midland) area. WKQZ ("Z93") is an active rock station owned by Citadel Broadcasting and broadcasting at 93.3 FM. WUGN is a non-commercial station at 99.7 FM owned by Family Life Communications, broadcasting adult-contemporary Christian music and teaching.
WMPX (1490 AM) is Midland's "hometown" locally-owned radio station, owned by Steel Broadcasting and airing an adult standards ("Timeless Classics") format satellite-fed from ABC Radio. WMPX has an FM simulcast station in Beaverton, Michigan, WMRX (97.7 FM), which airs a small amount of local weekend programming separate from the AM. Other area stations include WEJC (88.3 FM) in White Star, Michigan, which airs contemporary Christian music and is affiliated with the Lansing-based "Smile FM" network; WPRJ (101.7 FM) in Coleman, Michigan, a Christian CHR station known as "The Fuse"; and country music station WGDN (103.1 FM) in nearby Gladwin, Michigan.
Midland is also served by radio and television stations from Saginaw, Bay City, Flint, Mount Pleasant, and Houghton Lake.
Midland's main newspaper is the Midland Daily News.
Sister cities[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/files/Gaz_places_national.txt. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/popest/data/cities/totals/2012/SUB-EST2012.html. Retrieved 2013-06-03.
- ^ "Midland, Michigan Zip Code Map". http://michigan.hometownlocator.com/zip-codes/zipcodes,city,midland.cfm. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ USGS GNIS: Midland, Michigan
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- ^ The Best Small Cities To Raise A Family Forbes, Retrieved 1-19-2011
- ^ History of Saginaw County, Michigan (Chicago: Charles C. Chapman & Co., 1881) p. 126
- ^ "Sister City Relationships - Handa, Japan". City of Midland, Michigan. http://www.midland-mi.org/government/manager/sistercity.htm. Retrieved 2008-09-11.
- ^ "City Council Your Elected Representatives". City of Midland, Michigan. http://www.midland-mi.org/government/citycouncil.htm. Retrieved 28 June 2012.
- ^ MBS International Airport
- ^ Flint Bishop International Airport
- ^ "Jack Barstow Municipal Airport" City of Midland, City Engineering Department
- ^ Dial-A-Ride homepage
- ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Saginaw, Michigan, United States of America". July 2011. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=072037. Retrieved November 29, 2007.
- ^ "Midland Academy of Advanced & Creative Studies". https://midlandacademy.com. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
- ^ "Parks Division homepage". City of Midland, Michigan. http://www.midland-mi.org/government/departments/dps/p&rhome.htm. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- ^ "Parks & Recreation Master Plan 2010-2015". 2010. City of Midland, Michigan. http://www.midland-mi.org/government/departments/dps/parks/midland_rec_plan_2010.pdf. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- ^ Maddex, Diane. Alden B. Dow: Midwestern Modern (Midland, Michigan: Alden B. Dow Home and Studio, 2007) Pages 22, 80. ISBN 0-393-73248-7; ISBN 978-0-393-73248-1
- ^ http://www.mcfta.org/C_MCFTA/index.html
- ^ "USTA Outstanding Facility Awards, showing history of past recipients". United States Tennis Association. http://www.usta.com/USTA/Global/Active/News/Community%20Tennis/Volunteers/155336_USTA_Outstanding_Facility_Awards.aspx. Retrieved 2008-09-11.
- ^ "RCW Trainers - Midwest Section". United States Tennis Association. http://www.usta.com/?sc_itemid=%7B0997409D-A9FD-4DD8-8194-EF2609135857%7D&340472_RCW_Trainers__Midwest_Section. Retrieved 2008-09-11. , Midland Community Tennis Center was awarded Midwest USTA Organization of the Year in 2005
- ^ "Satellite photo". Google Maps. http://maps.google.com/maps?ll=43.611075,-84.248679&spn=0.004324,0.008256&t=k&hl=en. Retrieved 2008-09-11.
- ^ Safety Evaluation Report related to the renewal of the facility license for the research reactor at the Dow Chemical Company U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, April 1989
- ^ 
- ^ Hylton, Richard D.: "Market Place; Nuclear Write-Off To Success Story" New York Times, September 25, 1989
- ^ Lascari, Tony: "Former Midlander, ‘Pioneer for the Environment’, dies at 92" Midland Daily News, January 15, 2011
- ^ "Midland Cogeneration Venture" EQT Private Equity Funds, Investments
- ^ Michigan Historical Markers
- ^ a b Business Facilities, summer 2010
- ^ Forbes magazine, fall 2010
- ^ "CAMP, David Lee, (1953 - )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=c000071. Retrieved October 14, 2012.
- ^ 2009 Best Tennis Town Retrieved 2010-5-18
[edit | edit source]
- City of Midland web site
- Midland Area Chamber of Commerce web site
- Midland Tomorrow (economic development corporation)
- Midland, Michigan at the Open Directory Project
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