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Middlesex County, New Jersey
Seal of Middlesex County, New Jersey
Map of New Jersey highlighting Middlesex County
Location in the state of New Jersey
Map of the U.S. highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
Founded 1675
Seat New Brunswick[1]
Largest city Edison
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

322.83 sq mi (836 km²)
308.91 sq mi (800 km²)
13.91 sq mi (36 km²), 4.31%
 - (2010)
 - Density

2,612/sq mi (1,008.5/km²)

Middlesex County is a county located in Central New Jersey in the United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, its population was 809,858,[2] an increase of 59,696 (8.0%) from the 750,162 enumerated in the 2000 Census,[3] making it the second-most populous county in the state.[4] The county is part of the New York City Metropolitan Area, and its county seat is New Brunswick.[5][1] Unofficially, it is also considered part of the Delaware Valley (Philadelphia) Metropolitan Area. The center of population of the state of New Jersey is located in Middlesex County, in the township of East Brunswick, just east of the New Jersey Turnpike.[6] The 2000 Census showed that the county ranked 63rd in the United States among the highest-income counties by median household.[7] The Bureau of Economic Analysis ranked the county as having the 143rd-highest per capita income of all 3,113 counties in the United States (and the 10th-highest in New Jersey) as of 2009.[8]

Geography[edit | edit source]

According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 322.83 square miles (836.1 km2), of which 308.91 square miles (800.1 km2) (or 95.69%) is land and 13.91 square miles (36.0 km2) (or 4.31%) is water.[9] The county is named after the historic English county of Middlesex.[10]

Bisected by the Raritan River, the county is topographically typical of Central Jersey in that it is largely flat, with minimal relief. The highest point is a hill scaled by Major Road near Route 1 in South Brunswick Township of approximately 300 feet (91 m) above sea level; the low elevation is sea level.

Adjacent counties[edit | edit source]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 15,956
1800 17,890 12.1%
1810 20,381 13.9%
1820 21,470 5.3%
1830 23,157 7.9%
1840 21,893 * −5.5%
1850 28,635 30.8%
1860 34,812 21.6%
1870 45,029 29.3%
1880 52,286 16.1%
1890 61,754 18.1%
1900 79,762 29.2%
1910 114,426 43.5%
1920 162,334 41.9%
1930 212,208 30.7%
1940 217,077 2.3%
1950 264,872 22.0%
1960 433,856 63.8%
1970 583,813 34.6%
1980 595,893 2.1%
1990 671,780 12.7%
2000 750,162 11.7%
2010 809,858 8.0%
Est. 2012 823,041 [11][12] 9.7%
* lost territory
historical census data sources:
[13][14] 2000-2010[15]

Census 2010[edit | edit source]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 809,858 people, 281,186 households, and 203,016 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,621.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,012.2 /km2). There were 294,800 housing units at an average density of 954.3 per square mile (368.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 58.60% (474,589) White, 9.69% (78,462) African American, 0.34% (2,777) Native American, 21.40% (173,293) Asian, 0.03% (251) Pacific Islander, 6.99% (56,569) from other races, and 2.95% (23,917) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.40% (148,975) of the population.[2]

There were 281,186 households out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.8 and the average family size was 3.29.[2]

In the county the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.2 years. For every 100 females there were 96.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94 males.[2]

As of the 2010 Census, there were 170,070 people of Asian descent in Middlesex County accounting for 21% of the county's total population. At 61.57% of the population of Asian descent, Asian Indians account a majority of the county's Asian population or 12.93% (104,705 people) of the county's total population, more than that of all the other sub-groups combined.[16] Middlesex County had the largest population of Asian Indians of all the counties in New Jersey. Only Santa Clara County, California (117,596) and Queens County, New York (117,550) had a larger population of Asian Indians.[17]

Middlesex County has the largest and fastest growing population of Chinese Americans of all counties in New Jersey in places such as East Brunswick, Edison is also developing a sprawling suburban Chinatown, Highland Park, Milltown, New Brunswick, Old Bridge, South River, and Spotswood.

Census 2000[edit | edit source]

As of the 2000 United States Census[18] there were 750,162 people, 265,815 households, and 190,855 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,422 people per square mile (935/km²). There were 273,637 housing units at an average density of 884 per square mile (341/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.42% White, 9.13% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 13.89% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 5.71% from other races, and 2.60% from two or more races. 13.59% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.0% were of Italian, 9.8% Irish, 8.0% Polish and 6.2% German ancestry according to the 2000 Census.[3]

There were 265,815 households out of which 34.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.00% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.20% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.23.[3]

In the county the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 32.80% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 12.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.[3]

The median income for a household in the county was $61,446, and the median income for a family was $70,749. Males had a median income of $49,683 versus $35,054 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,535. About 4.20% of families and 6.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.20% of those under age 18 and 6.00% of those age 65 or over.[3]

Government[edit | edit source]

Middlesex County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders. The Freeholders are elected at-large to staggered three-year terms in the November general election. In January of each year, the Board reorganizes, selecting one Freeholder to be Freeholder Director and another to be Freeholder Deputy Director. The Freeholder Director appoints Freeholders to serve as Chairpersons and members on the various committees which oversee county departments.

Middlesex County's Freeholders are:[19]

  • Christopher Rafano (South River) – Director; Chairman, Committee of Law and Public Safety (1998)
  • Ronald Rios (Carteret) – Deputy Director; Chairman, County Administration
  • Stephen J. "Pete" Dalina (Fords, Woodbridge) – Chairman, Infrastructure Management Committee (1990)
  • H. James Polos (Highland Park) – Chairman, Public Safety and Health Committee (1998)
  • Blanquita Valenti (New Brunswick) – Chairperson, Community Services Committee (2005)
  • Carol Barrett (Monmouth Junction) — Chairwoman, Finance Committee
  • Charles Tomaro (Edison) — Chairman, Business Development and Education Committee (2011)

The 6th and 12th Congressional Districts cover the county. New Jersey's Sixth Congressional District is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch). New Jersey's Twelfth Congressional District is represented by Rush D. Holt, Jr. (D, Hopewell Township).[20]

Politics[edit | edit source]

Middlesex County is a Democratic stronghold. In the 2004 U.S. Presidential election, John Kerry carried the county by a 13.6% margin over George W. Bush, with Kerry carrying the state by 6.7% over Bush.[21] In 2008, Barack Obama carried Middlesex by a 21.8% margin over John McCain, with Obama winning New Jersey by 15.5% over McCain.[22] However, in the 2009 Gubernatorial Election, Republican Chris Christie received 47% of the vote, defeating Democrat Jon Corzine, who received around 45%.

Transportation[edit | edit source]

Middlesex County hosts various county routes, state routes, US Routes, Interstates and toll highways.

County roads include County Route 501, County Route 514, County Route 516 (only in Old Bridge), County Route 520, County Route 522, County Route 527, County Route 529, County Route 531 and County Route 535. The state routes are: Route 18, Route 26 (only in North Brunswick – entirely concurrent with Livingston Avenue), Route 27, Route 28, Route 32, Route 33 (only in Monroe), Route 34 (only in Old Bridge), Route 35, Route 91 (concurrent with Jersey Avenue in North Brunswick and entering New Brunswick), Route 171, Route 172 (only in New Brunswick), Route 184 and Route 440.

US Routes include: U.S. Route 1, U.S. Route 9, U.S. Route 1/9 (only in Woodbridge), and U.S. Route 130.

Middlesex hosts a few highways/interstates as well. Middlesex County hosts the southern end of the Middlesex Freeway (Interstate 287) which then turns into Route 440 that connects to the Outerbridge Crossing. The Garden State Parkway passes through the eastern edge of the county, which features nine interchanges and the northern start/end of the split-roadways (Express & Local Lanes). The New Jersey Turnpike carries Interstate 95 through the center of the county. The Turnpike has five interchanges in Middlesex: Exit 12 in Carteret, Exit 11 in Woodbridge, Exit 10 in Edison, Exit 9 in East Brunswick and Exit 8A in Monroe. The turnpike also features the southern end of the "dual-dual" configuration (inner car lanes and outer truck lanes) which is one mile south of IC 8A at the border of Cranbury and Monroe.

The NJDOT is currently upgrading the Route 18 "avenue" to a freeway between the Route 1 interchange all the way up to the new 18 Extension in Piscataway.

The Turnpike Authority planned to build Route 92, which was to start near the intersection of Ridge Road & Route 1 in South Brunswick Township to Interchange 8A in Monroe Township. This plan was cancelled on December 1, 2006. Instead, the Turnpike Authority will extend the "dual-dual" from Monroe Township, south to the interchange with the Pennsylvania Extension (Exit 6) in Mansfield Township. This widening is anticipated to be finished by 2014.

Middlesex is also served by many county routes as well. See a full list here.

Public transportation[edit | edit source]

Middlesex County is served by New Jersey Transit for rail service and both New Jersey Transit and Coach USA for bus service. There are bus routes that serve all townships in the county. The main rail lines that serve Middlesex are: North Jersey Coast Line, Northeast Corridor Line, and Raritan Valley Line. The North Jersey Coast Line runs through the eastern part of the county. The Northeast Corridor Line runs through the northern and central part of the county. The Raritan Valley Line serves some communities along the county's northern border with Union County.

Intercity rail service is also provided by Amtrak. The routes that runs through Middlesex are the Acela Express, Keystone, Northeast Regional, and Vermonter services, although only the Keystone and Northeast Regional stop within Middlesex County, at either New Brunswick or Metropark.

Higher education[edit | edit source]

Healthcare[edit | edit source]

The county boasts capacity of more than 1,900 hospital beds among 5 major hospitals.[24]

Major employers[edit | edit source]

Major non-governmental employers in Middlesex County include the following, grouped by ranges of employees:[25]

Municipalities[edit | edit source]

1947 road map
Index map of Middlesex County municipalities (click to see index key)

The following is a list of the municipalities in Middlesex County. Other, unincorporated communitys in the county are listed below their parent municipality (or municipalities, as the case may be). Most of these areas are census-designated places that have been created by the United States Census Bureau for enumeration purposes within a Township. Other communities and enclaves that exist within a municipality are marked as non-CDP next to the name.

County parks[edit | edit source]


Thompson Park in Monroe Township, Middlesex County, New Jersey.

  • Donaldson Park
  • Carteret Park
  • Carteret Waterfront Park
  • Edison Park
  • Fords Park
  • Johnson Park
  • Medwick Park
  • Merrill Park
  • Raritan Bay Waterfront Park
  • Roosevelt Park
  • Spring Lake Park
  • Thompson Park
  • Warren Park
  • Old Bridge Waterfront Walkway
  • Alvin P. Williams Memorial Park
  • Ambrose & Doty's Brooks Park
  • Davidson's Mill Pond Park
  • Ireland Brook Park
  • Jamesburg Park Conservation Area
  • John A. Phillips Open Space Preserve
  • John A. Phillips Park

Climate and weather[edit | edit source]

Climate chart for New Brunswick, New Jersey
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: The Weather Channel[26]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of New Brunswick have ranged from a low of 22 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −13 °F (−25.0 °C) was recorded in January 1984 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in July 1999. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.98 inches (76 mm) in February to 5.08 inches (129 mm) in July.[26]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. ^ a b Middlesex County, NJ, National Association of Counties. Accessed January 21, 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e DP1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 22, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d e DP-1 - Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000; Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 22, 2013.
  4. ^ Table 1. The Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 9, 2012.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ "Population and Population Centers by State: 2000". Retrieved July 5, 2011.  (see map of location)
  7. ^ "Census 2000 Demographic Profiles". Retrieved July 5, 2011. 
  8. ^ 250 Highest Per Capita Personal Incomes of the 3113 Counties in the United States, 2009, Bureau of Economic Analysis. Accessed April 9, 2012.
  9. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 5, 2011. 
  10. ^ Kane, Joseph Nathan; and Aiken, Charles Curry. The American Counties: Origins of County Names, Dates of Creation, and Population Data, 1950-2000, p. 202. Scarecrow Press, 2005. ISBN 0810850362. Accessed January 22, 2013.
  11. ^ PEPANNRES: Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  12. ^ State & County QuickFacts for Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  13. ^ "New Jersey Resident Population by County: 1880 – 1930". 
  14. ^ "Geostat Center: Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 2, 2007. 
  15. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers New Jersey's 2010 Census Population Totals". U.S. Census Bureau. February 3, 2011. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  16. ^ Ensslin, John C.; and Sheingold, Dave. "Census: Asian Indians one of the fastest growing groups in North Jersey", The Record (Bergen County), May 29, 2011. Accessed January 22, 2013. "Middlesex County has by far the largest Indian-American population, with about 104,705 people, followed by Hudson County, with 37,236, and Bergen County, with 24,973."
  17. ^ Haydon, Tom. "South Brunswick schools observe Hindu holiday, district becomes second in N.J. to close for Diwali", The Star-Ledger, October 23, 2011. Accessed January 22, 2013. "The 2010 Census counted 104,705 residents of Indian descent in Middlesex County, ranking it third among U.S. counties for that population behind Queens, N.Y., and Santa Clara, Calif."
  18. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  19. ^ "Elected County Officials". Middlesex County. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  20. ^ Municipalities, Congressman Rush D. Holt, Jr. Accessed June 29, 2008.
  21. ^ New Jersey Presidential Election Returns by County 2004, Eagleton Institute of Politics at Rutgers University. Accessed August 31, 2008.
  22. ^ U.S. Election Atlas
  23. ^ Forrestal Campus, Princeton University. Accessed July 23, 2008.
  24. ^ "About Middlesex County". Retrieved July 6, 2011. 
  25. ^ MAJOR EMPLOYERS LOCATED IN MIDDLESEX COUNTY, NEW JERSEY, Middlesex County Department of Economic Development, March 2006. Accessed July 5, 2007.
  26. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for New Brunswick, New Jersey". The Weather Channel. Retrieved October 13, 2012. 

External links[edit | edit source]

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Coordinates: 40°26′N 74°25′W / 40.44, -74.41

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