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Mettmann District
—  District  —
Kreiswappen des Kreises Mettmann.png
Coat of arms
North rhine w me.png
Country Flag of Germany.svg Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Adm. region Düsseldorf Region
Capital Mettmann
Area
 • Total 407.09 km2 (157.18 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2010)[1]
 • Total 495,155
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration ME
Website www.kreis-mettmann.de

Mettmann District is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring are the Ennepe-Ruhr and the district-free cities Wuppertal, Solingen, Düsseldorf, Duisburg, Mülheim, Essen. It is the most densely populated rural district in Germany; it borders Düsseldorf International Airport in the northwestern district borders, on the city limits of Ratingen, and is also near Cologne Bonn Airport. It was named after Mettmann, its district seat.

HistoryEdit

In the 12th century the area of today's district became the property of the earldom Berg. When Napoleon occupied the area in 1792 it became a canton in the arrondissement Düsseldorf.

After the Congress of Vienna the area went to Prussia in 1816 as part of the province Westphalia, and the first district Mettmann was created. This district was merged from 1820 till 1861 with the district Elberfeld, which then became a city in its own right, now it's part of Wuppertal. In 1877 the administrative seat was moved to Vohwinkel. In 1929 more of the area was given over to Wuppertal, and the district was merged with the district Düsseldorf (Landkreis, excluding the city itself), to form the district Düsseldorf-Mettmann, with administrative seat in Düsseldorf. In 1952 the seat went back to Mettmann, and after the last reorganization of 1975/76 the district got back the old name. The cities Langenfeld and Monheim were included into the district then, while Kettwig became part of the city Essen.

GeographyEdit

The district Mettmann is located just south of the Ruhr area, next to the big cities of Düsseldorf.

Points of interestEdit

Most famous is the valley of the small river Düssel, the Neanderthal, where the fossils of the human species Neanderthals were first found.

Coat of armsEdit

Kreiswappen des Kreises Mettmann The red lion with the blue tongue is the sign of the earldom Berg. In the black border it has the symbols for the two most important industries of the district - the production of locks, and agriculture. The coat of arms was designed in 1936 by the painter and herald Pagenstecher from Düsseldorf.

Towns and municipalitiesEdit

  1. DEU Erkrath COA Erkrath
  2. DEU Haan COA Haan
  3. DEU Heiligenhaus COA Heiligenhaus
  4. DEU Hilden COA Hilden
  5. DEU Langenfeld COA Langenfeld
  1. DEU Mettmann COA Mettmann
  2. DEU Monheim COA Monheim am Rhein
  3. DEU Ratingen COA Ratingen
  4. DEU Velbert COA Velbert
  5. DEU Wülfrath COA Wülfrath

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 51°15′N 7°00′E / 51.25, 7.0


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Mettmann District. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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