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{{Navbox county-uk}}<!--copy this line to other articles for this county! -->
 
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{{Perspective-Place article}} <!--delete this warning if the article has reached minimal family history standards -->{{infobox Wales historic county|
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{{Perspective-Place article}} <!--delete this warning if the article has reached minimal family history standards -->
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{{Infobox historic subdivision|
|County= Merionethshire
 
|Image= [[Image:WalesMerionethTrad.png]]
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|Name= Merionethshire
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|HQ= [[Dolgellau]]
|SizeRank= 6th
 
|Size= 427,810 (1,731 km²)
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|Government= Merionethshire County Council (1889-1974)
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|Origin=
|CountyTown= {{wp|Dolgellau}}
 
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|Status=
|ChapmanCode=MER
 
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|Start= 1284
}}
 
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|End=
'''Merionethshire''' ({{lang-cy|Meirionnydd, Sîr Feirionydd}}) is one of thirteen {{wp|traditional counties of Wales|historic counties}} of {{wp|Wales}}, and a former administrative county.
 
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|Code= MER
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|CodeName= [[Chapman code]]
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|Replace= [[Meirionnydd]]
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|Motto= Tra môr, tra Meirion <br />(While the sea lasts, so shall Meirionnydd)
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|Divisions=
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|DivisionsNames=
  +
|DivisionsMap=
   
 
|Image=
The administrative county of Merioneth, created under the {{wp|Local Government Act 1888}}, was abolished under the {{wp|Local Government Act 1972}} on {{wp|April 1}}, {{wp|1974}}. The bulk formed the {{wp|Meirionnydd}} district in the new county of {{wp|Gwynedd}}, with a small protusion in the north-east (the {{wp|Edeyrnion Rural District}}) becoming part of the {{wp|Glyndŵr}} district of {{wp|Clwyd}}. Since {{wp|Local Government (Wales) Act 1994}} came into force in 1996 the Glyndwr part now forms part of the principal area of {{wp|Denbighshire}}, with the rest remaining in Gwynedd.
 
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|Map= [[Image:WalesMerionethTrad.png|Merionethshire]]<br>''Ancient extent of Merionethshire''
 
|Arms= [[Image:Merioneth arms.png|150px|]]<br>''Coat of arms of Merionethshire County Council''
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|Civic=
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|PopulationFirst= 35,315<ref name=census_1831>Vision of Britain - [http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/census/table_page.jsp?tab_id=GB1831ABS_M%5B1%5D&u_id=10001043&show=DB&min_c=11&max_c=15 1831 Census]</ref>
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|PopulationFirstYear= 1831
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|AreaFirst= {{convert|385291|acre|km2}}
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|AreaFirstYear= 1831
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|DensityFirst= 0.1/acre
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|DensityFirstYear= 1831
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  +
|PopulationSecond= 45,565
  +
|PopulationSecondYear= 1911
  +
|AreaSecond= {{convert|422372|acre|km2}}
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|AreaSecondYear= 1911/1961
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|DensitySecond= 0.1/acre
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|DensitySecondYear= 1911
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|PopulationLast= 38,310
  +
|PopulationLastYear= 1961
  +
|AreaLast=
  +
|AreaLastYear=
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|DensityLast= 0.1/acre
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|DensityLastYear= 1961
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}}
 
'''Merionethshire''' ({{lang-cy|Meirionnydd, Sir Feirionnydd}}) is one of thirteen [[historic counties of Wales|historic counties]] of [[Wales]], a [[Watsonian vice-counties|vice county]] and a former administrative county.
  +
 
The administrative county of Merioneth, created under the [[Local Government Act 1888]], was abolished under the [[Local Government Act 1972]] on April 1, 1974. The bulk formed the [[Meirionnydd]] district in the new county of [[Gwynedd]], with a small area in the north east, [[Edeirnion|Edeirnion Rural District]], becoming part of the [[Glyndŵr]] district of [[Clwyd]]. As a result of the [[Local Government (Wales) Act 1994]], which came into force in 1996, the Glyndŵr area lies within the county of [[Denbighshire]], with the rest of the old county remaining in Gwynedd.
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The administrative entity of Merionethshire was briefly revived in 1996, when the unitary area of Caernarfonshire and Merionethshire was created. It was, however, renamed Gwynedd almost immediately. <ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.opsi.gov.uk/legislation/wales/wsi2002/20023274e.htm |title=The County of Gwynedd (Electoral Changes) Order 2002, Welsh Statutory Instrument 2002 No. 3274 (W.312) |accessdate=2008-07-27 |author= |date=2002 |work= |publisher=Office of Public Sector Information}}</ref>
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The spelling of the Welsh name in standard modern orthography is ''Meirionnydd'' (for the geographical area) or ''Sir Feirionnydd'' (for the county), with a double <nowiki><nn></nowiki>, but the variant with a single <nowiki><n></nowiki> is sometimes found in older works.<ref>Double 'nn' is found in the title of a number of Welsh-language books, e.g. ''Crwydro Meirionnydd'', a companion to the area by [[T. I. Ellis]] (Llandybie, 1954), and the county atlas published by the old county council (''Atlas Merionnydd'', Y Bala, 1972).</ref><ref>For the single 'n' variant see, for example, Melville Richards, ''Welsh Administrative and Territorial Units''. University of Wales Press, Cardiff 1969.</ref>
   
 
==Geography==
 
==Geography==
Merionethshire is a maritime county, bounded to the north by {{wp|Caernarfonshire}}, to the east by {{wp|Denbighshire}}, to the south by {{wp|Montgomeryshire}} and {{wp|Cardiganshire}}, and to the west by {{wp|Cardigan Bay}}. Its total area is 1,731 km², and it is one of the more sparsely populated counties of the {{wp|United Kingdom|UK}}. It is also one of the strongest {{wp|Welsh language|Welsh-speaking}} parts of {{wp|Wales}}. The coastline consists alternately of cliffs and stretches of sand and the county generally is the most mountainous in Wales; a large part of the {{wp|Snowdonia National Park}} lies within it. The greatest heights are {{wp|Aran Fawddwy}} 905 m (2970 ft) and {{wp|Cadair Idris}} 893 m (2929 ft). The chief rivers are the {{wp|River Dwyryd|Dwyryd}}, the {{wp|Mawddach}} and the {{wp|Afon Dyfi|Dyfi}}. Waterfalls and small lakes are numerous, the largest being {{wp|Bala Lake}} (4 miles long and 1 mile broad).
 
   
 
Merionethshire is a maritime county, bounded to the north by [[Caernarfonshire]], to the east by [[Denbighshire]], to the south by [[Montgomeryshire]] and [[Ceredigion|Cardiganshire]], and to the west by [[Cardigan Bay]]. With a total area of 1,731 km², it is one of the more sparsely populated counties in [[Great Britain]]. The Merioneth area is also one of the strongest [[Welsh language|Welsh-speaking]] parts of [[Wales]]. The coastline consists alternately of cliffs and stretches of sand and the area generally is the most mountainous in Wales; a large part of the [[Snowdonia National Park]] lies within it. The greatest heights are [[Aran Fawddwy]] 905 m (2,970 ft) and [[Cadair Idris]] 893 m (2,929 ft). The chief rivers are the [[River Dwyryd|Dwyryd]], the [[Mawddach]] and the [[Afon Dyfi|Dyfi]]. Waterfalls and small lakes are numerous, the largest being [[Bala Lake]] (4 miles long and {{convert|1|mi|km|sing=on}} broad).
The county was formed in {{wp|1284}} under the terms of the {{wp|Statute of Rhuddlan}} from the ''{{wp|Cantref}}i'' of:
 
   
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==History==
* {{wp|Meirionnydd}}
 
* {{wp|Dunoding}} (but only the larger {{wp|Ardudwy}} ''{{wp|commote}}'')
 
* {{wp|Penllyn (cantref)|Penllyn}} and the ''Lordship'' of {{wp|Lordship of Dinmael|Dinmael}}
 
   
 
The county was formed in 1284 under the terms of the [[Statute of Rhuddlan]] from the ''[[Cantref]]i'' of:
The main towns are {{wp|Bala, Gwynedd|Bala}}, {{wp|Barmouth}}, {{wp|Blaenau Ffestiniog}}, {{wp|Corwen}}, {{wp|Dolgellau}}, {{wp|Ffestiniog}} and {{wp|Tywyn}}. The main industries are agriculture and tourism.
 
   
 
* [[Meirionnydd]]
Places of special interest ({{wp|British national grid reference system|grid reference}}): {{wp|Castell y Bere}} ({{gbmappingsmall|SH667085}}); Cymer Abbey ({{gbmappingsmall|SH721195}}); {{wp|Ffestiniog Railway}} ({{gbmappingsmall|SH6946}}); {{wp|Harlech Castle}} ({{gbmappingsmall|SH5731}}); {{wp|Portmeirion}} Italianate village ({{gbmappingsmall|SH589372}}); Rhug Chapel ({{gbmappingsmall|SJ063439}}); Tomen-y-mur Roman Fort ({{gbmappingsmall|SH7038}}).
 
 
* [[Dunoding]] (but only the larger [[Ardudwy]] ''[[commote]]'')
 
* [[Penllyn (cantref)|Penllyn]] and the ''Lordship'' of [[Lordship of Dinmael|Dinmael]]
   
  +
Merioneth was an important part of the Welsh [[slate]] industry in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with major quarrying centres at [[Blaenau Ffestiniog]] in the north of the county and [[Corris]] in the south.
[[Image:Merioneth_arms.png|thumb|140px|left|The Arms of '''Merionethshire County Council''']]
 
   
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==Main Towns==
{{Wales traditional counties}}
 
   
  +
The main towns are
[[Category:1284 establishments]]
 
[[Category:Historic counties of Wales]]
 
[[Category:Merionethshire|*]]
 
   
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* [[Bala, Gwynedd|Bala]]
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* [[Barmouth]]
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* [[Blaenau Ffestiniog]]
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* [[Corwen]]
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* [[Dolgellau]]
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* [[Ffestiniog]]
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* [[Tywyn]]
   
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The main industries today are agriculture, forestry and tourism.
<noinclude><small>{{usedwp|Merionethshire}}</small></noinclude>
 
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== Places of special interest [[British national grid reference system|(with grid reference)]] ==
  +
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* [[Cadair Idris]] ({{gbmappingsmall|SH711130}})
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* [[Castell y Bere]] ({{gbmappingsmall|SH667085}})
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* Cymer Abbey ({{gbmappingsmall|SH721195}})
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* [[Harlech Castle]] ({{gbmappingsmall|SH5731}})
  +
* [[Portmeirion]] Italianate village ({{gbmappingsmall|SH589372}})
  +
* [[Rhug]] Chapel ({{gbmappingsmall|SJ063439}})
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* Tomen-y-mur Roman Fort ({{gbmappingsmall|SH7038}})
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* [[Ffestiniog Railway]] ({{gbmappingsmall|SH6946}})
  +
* [[Corris Railway]] ({{gbmappingsmall|SH7507}})
  +
* [[Talyllyn Railway]] ({{gbmappingsmall|SH5800}})
  +
* [[Fairbourne Railway]] ({{gbmappingsmall|SH6112}})
  +
  +
==References==
  +
{{Reflist}}
  +
  +
{{Wales subdivisions}}
  +
  +
{{coord|52|50|N|3|50|W|display=title|region:GB_type:adm2nd_source:GNS-enwiki}}
  +
  +
[[Category:History of Gwynedd]]
 
[[Category:Historic counties of Wales]]
 
[[Category:Merionethshire|*]]
  +
[[Category:Established in 1284]]
 
{{usedwps|Merionethshire}}

Latest revision as of 18:18, 20 August 2011

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Merionethshire
Motto: Tra môr, tra Meirion
(While the sea lasts, so shall Meirionnydd)
Merionethshire
Ancient extent of Merionethshire
Geography
1831 area 385,291 acres (1,559.217 km2)
1911/1961 area 422,372 acres (1,709.279 km2)
HQ Dolgellau
Chapman code MER
History
Created 1284
Succeeded by Meirionnydd
Demography
1831 population
- 1831 density
35,315[1]
0.1/acre
1911 population
- 1911 density
45,565
0.1/acre
1961 population
- 1961 density
38,310
0.1/acre
Politics
Governance Merionethshire County Council (1889-1974)
Merioneth arms.png
Coat of arms of Merionethshire County Council

Merionethshire (Welsh: Meirionnydd, Sir Feirionnydd) is one of thirteen historic counties of Wales, a vice county and a former administrative county.

The administrative county of Merioneth, created under the Local Government Act 1888, was abolished under the Local Government Act 1972 on April 1, 1974. The bulk formed the Meirionnydd district in the new county of Gwynedd, with a small area in the north east, Edeirnion Rural District, becoming part of the Glyndŵr district of Clwyd. As a result of the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994, which came into force in 1996, the Glyndŵr area lies within the county of Denbighshire, with the rest of the old county remaining in Gwynedd.

The administrative entity of Merionethshire was briefly revived in 1996, when the unitary area of Caernarfonshire and Merionethshire was created. It was, however, renamed Gwynedd almost immediately. [2]

The spelling of the Welsh name in standard modern orthography is Meirionnydd (for the geographical area) or Sir Feirionnydd (for the county), with a double <nn>, but the variant with a single <n> is sometimes found in older works.[3][4]

Geography[]

Merionethshire is a maritime county, bounded to the north by Caernarfonshire, to the east by Denbighshire, to the south by Montgomeryshire and Cardiganshire, and to the west by Cardigan Bay. With a total area of 1,731 km², it is one of the more sparsely populated counties in Great Britain. The Merioneth area is also one of the strongest Welsh-speaking parts of Wales. The coastline consists alternately of cliffs and stretches of sand and the area generally is the most mountainous in Wales; a large part of the Snowdonia National Park lies within it. The greatest heights are Aran Fawddwy 905 m (2,970 ft) and Cadair Idris 893 m (2,929 ft). The chief rivers are the Dwyryd, the Mawddach and the Dyfi. Waterfalls and small lakes are numerous, the largest being Bala Lake (4 miles long and 1-mile (1.6 km) broad).

History[]

The county was formed in 1284 under the terms of the Statute of Rhuddlan from the Cantrefi of:

  • Meirionnydd
  • Dunoding (but only the larger Ardudwy commote)
  • Penllyn and the Lordship of Dinmael

Merioneth was an important part of the Welsh slate industry in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with major quarrying centres at Blaenau Ffestiniog in the north of the county and Corris in the south.

Main Towns[]

The main towns are

  • Bala
  • Barmouth
  • Blaenau Ffestiniog
  • Corwen
  • Dolgellau
  • Ffestiniog
  • Tywyn

The main industries today are agriculture, forestry and tourism.

Places of special interest (with grid reference)[]

References[]

  1. ^ Vision of Britain - 1831 Census
  2. ^ "The County of Gwynedd (Electoral Changes) Order 2002, Welsh Statutory Instrument 2002 No. 3274 (W.312)". Office of Public Sector Information. 2002. http://www.opsi.gov.uk/legislation/wales/wsi2002/20023274e.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-27. 
  3. ^ Double 'nn' is found in the title of a number of Welsh-language books, e.g. Crwydro Meirionnydd, a companion to the area by T. I. Ellis (Llandybie, 1954), and the county atlas published by the old county council (Atlas Merionnydd, Y Bala, 1972).
  4. ^ For the single 'n' variant see, for example, Melville Richards, Welsh Administrative and Territorial Units. University of Wales Press, Cardiff 1969.

Coordinates: 52°50′N 3°50′W / 52.833, -3.833

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Merionethshire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.